by Yefim Kogan
New set of records found from 1860s
I want to introduce you to a new set of records I found among the Revision lists. Before doing this, I want to go back to the history of our region.
You probably remember that in 1812, by the Treaty of Bucharest, the Ottomans gave to the Russian Empire the eastern part of the Principality of Moldavia (Moldova), and also parts in the South which were under Turkish rule. That territory constituted Bessarabia. I would suggest checking out an article about the History of Jews in Bessarabia 15-19c at:
The Budjak part of Bessarabia (south-west part) went back to Moldavia Principality in 1856 and returned back to Russia in 1878. You can see in the article I referenced on page 4, “Map7-Southern Bessarabia 1856-1878 – part of Moldavia Principality/Romania.”
You can see a south-western part of Bessarabia with towns on the map – Cahul and Chilia under Moldavia Principality, later Romania. This part of Bessarabia, with towns of Cahul (Kagul), Chilia (Kiliya), also Izmail, Leovo, Reni, and some smaller towns, went from Moldavia Principality to Russia in 1812, back to Moldavia Principality in 1856, and back to Russia in 1878.
Records we found are exactly from that region from that time. This is a “List of residents of that Southern region in 1860 who relisted [probably moved] to different places in Bessarabia and got all privileges and monetary allowance.”
What is interesting is that the list has Jewish records together with non-Jewish. That is a very rare case. I think I only found another small set like that.
The records, unfortunately, do not have the towns people lived in and/or moved to. It is possible that they did not move, but lived in the same towns, and had “Russian” protection of a sort. There is, though, the amount of money they received. It is usually 35 rubles per person. Also, there is a column of who signed when receiving money. In some cases, it was the person who got the money, but in many cases it was somebody else, because a person was not literate.
We are going to translate all that is in these pages. If anyone is interested in working on these documents, please let me know. There is a total of about 10-12 pages, handwritten in Russian.
All the best, be safe and healthy,