Page created: 21 August 2005
Latest update or revision: 11 March 2016

Rhondda Cynon Taf Jewish Communities
(Valleys of South Wales, Western Section)

County Borough of Rhondda Cynon Taf

The western part of the valleys of south Wales, including the urban districts of Aberdare, Mountain Ash, Pontypridd and Rhondda, were part of the old county of Glamorganshire. In 1974, as a result of reorganization of local government in Wales, these areas became part of the districts of Rhondda, Cynon Valley and Taff-Ely, three of the six districts of the newly-formed county of Mid Glamorgan. In 1996, the administrative status of Mid Glamorgan was abolished and these areas were merged into the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taf, a unitary authority. The Welsh Valleys were traditional mining areas and most of the towns of the region were built up in the second half on the nineteenth century when "coal was king".  With the decline of the coal industry and the accompanying steel industry, commencing in the 1930's, many of the towns become economically depressed.

The Jewish Communities

From the 1870's, new Jewish communities sprung up across the Valleys, those in the western sector being situated in Merthyr Tydfil (discussed separately) and towns now located in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taf. There are now very few Jews left in the region.

Jewish Congregations

The following are the Jewish congregations that existed in what is now Rhondda Cynon Taf:

Jews also settled in a number of other towns and villages in the area, but did not establish an organized congregation.


On-line Articles relating to the Welsh Valleys


  • How 'Greeners' Came to the Valley' - an article by Michael Wallach, which appeared in the Jewish Chronicle Colour Magazine in 1975 and makes reference to many of the Communities in the Welsh Valley.

For Other Information on the Jewish Communities -

see under individual congregation pages


Jewish Congregations in the former county of Glamorganshire

Jewish Congregations in Wales, listed according to current unitary authorities

Jewish Communities & Congregations in Wales home page



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