the former

Rickmansworth & Croxley Green United Synagogue Membership Group

Rickmansworth, Three Rivers, Hertfordshire




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Rickmansworth and Croxley Green

Rickmansworth (population about 23,000) is a town in Hertfordshire situated about five miles to the west of Watford and a few miles to the northeast of the administrative boundary of Greater London. Croxley Green is a suburb of Rickmansworth.

Rickmansworth is now in the Three Rivers District, a local government district in the county of Hertfordshire, formed in 1974. Until 1974, Rickmansworth was an Urban District.

Rickmansworth Jewish Community

An evacuee Jewish community was founded in Rickmansworth during World War II, but which did not survive long after the cessation of hostilities. However, although there is currently no extant Jewish congregation in the Three Rivers District, it is, according to National Censuses, among the thirty local authorities with the largest number of Jewish residents (see details below).

Congregation Data


Rickmansworth & Croxley Green United Synagogue Membership Group(ii)


Old School House, Talbot Road &Old School House, Talbot Road & High Street, Rickmansworth High Street, Rickmansworth.(iii)

Formation :

Congregation was formed during World War II primarily by evacuees from heavily populated areas of Central and Eastern London.(v)


The congregation was a Membership Group linked to the United Synagogue.(vi)

Date Closed:

Closed in about 1946.(vii)


Ashkenazi - Orthodox

Minister & Secretary:

Rev. Maurice Brody - minister from about 1940 until about 1946.(x)

Lay Officers:(xi)

President - L. Jaffe until about 1946

Treasurer - A. Barnett until about 1946

Registration District (BMDs):

Hertfordshire since 1 April 2008(xii) - link to register office website.

Cemetery Details

There is no Jewish cemetery in Rickmansworth.

Although Bushey United Synagogue Cemetery is only about 7 miles away, this was not established until 1947. The most likely cemetery used by members of the congregation was Willesden United Cemetery. See Cemeteries of the United Synagogue.


Three Rivers Jewish Population Data



(2001 Census of England & Wales*)



(2011 Census of England & Wales*)



(2021 Census of England & Wales*)

*For details, see table in the resport of first results of 2021 Census, listed here.


Notes & Sources
( returns to text above)

  • (i) Reserved.

  • (ii) The congregation was listed under this name in the Jewish Year Book 1945/6.

  • (iii) Jewish Year Book 1945/6.

  • (iv) Reserved.

  • (v) All United Synagogue Membership Groups were formed during World War II by evacuees from London.

  • (vi) Listed as such in the Jewish Year Book.

  • (vii) Not listed in the Jewish Year Book 1947.

  • (viii) and (ix) Reserved.

  • (x) He was listed solely in the Jewish Year Book 1945/6. However in the Encyclopaedia of British Jewish Cantors, etc, by Michael Jolles, his year of appointment is given as 1940.

  • (xi) Listed in the Jewish Year Book 1945/6.

  • (xii) The previous registration district was Watford from 1 July 1837 to 1 April 2008. Any registers would now be held by the current register office.

List of United Synagogue Comgregations (and Membership Groups)

World War II Evacuee Communities

Jewish Congregations in Hertfordshire

Jewish Communities of England homepage

Page created : 2 May 2006
Data significantly expanded and notes added: 29 December 2022
Page most recently amended: 10 September 2023

Research and formatting by David Shulman

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