Würzburg, Germany is located in Lower Franconia at 49°48' N, 9°56' E. This database lists 276 persons from an appendix in the German book Biographisches Handbuch Würzburger Juden 1900-1945, by Reiner Strätz. The appendix lists Jews who were brought to Würzburg only some weeks or months prior to their deportation. They were then provided shelter and gathered in Jewish institutions and thus became inhabitants of Würzburg for a certain period. The list includes also a number of presumably Jewish victims from Würzburg, who were born or lived in Würzburg, but whose residence in Würzburg after 1900 could not be verified or could be evidenced only for a short period. These persons were mainly deported from other towns and communities. (Source: Bundesarchiv Koblenz).
The appendix is not a documentation about all Jews from Lower Franconia who were deported. Deportations of former Würzburgian Jews are listed in the Würzburg database. Lacking are only those persons, who arrived in Würzburg days or hours prior to their deportation.
In the summary of a report concerning the “Evacuations of Jews from Mainfranken” dated 6th August 1943, the Gestapo counts 2063 deportees.Six transports left Würzburg and one departed from Kitzingen near Würzburg. Emigration from the numerous small rural Jewish communities (Landgemeinden) in Lower Franconia, which had been in process for decades, increased after 1933 and extended dramatically immediately after the pogrom of November 1938, when many Jews fled or were displaced. Due to bureaucratic restraints the migration/emigration then reached a certain standstill until villages and small towns, where mostly only a handful of Jews remained, were made “clean of Jews” (judenrein) by order of the “Endlösung” (The Final Solution).
The deportations from Würzburg were as follows:
The fields included in this list are as follows:
|Date of birth|
|Place of birth|
|State, district, country (where place of birth is located)|
|Date of death|
Husband's given name
Wife's given name + maiden name
The following is a list of the institutions in Würzburg where deportees were gathered:
|Heim Bibrastr. 6||ILBA building with dormitories; from 1931 on the dormitories for male students. After closure of ILBA in the November pogrom of 1938, it became a home for the Jewish refugees and displaced persons from rural communities. Finally, it was used to gather persons destined to be deported from Würzburg.|
|Heim Dürerstr. 20||Jewish hospital and home for the aged. At the end it was used to gather persons destined to be deported from Würzburg.|
|Heim Konradstr. 3||Add-on building to the Jewish hospital and home for aged. At the end it was used to gather persons destined to be deported from Würzburg.|
The following abbreviations are used in this list:
|Mfr.||Mittelfranken (Middle Franconia)|
|Ofr.||Oberfranken (Upper Franconia)|
|Ufr.||Unterfranken (Lower Franconia)|
|(siehe Hauptteil)||Person listed in the database: Würzburg Jews 1900-1945|
|ILBA||Israelitische Lehrerbildungsanstalt (Jewish Teachers College)|
The following is a list of towns and villages where persons in this database were born or lived:
|Jastrow (Jastrowie), Westpreussen|
|Schmiegel, Provinz Posen|
|Lower Franconia||Acholshausen, Adelsberg, Aidhausen, Aschaffenburg, Bad Kissingen, Bischwind, Burgsinn, Dittlofsroda, Ermershausen, Eschau, Estenfeld, Gaukönigshofen, Gemünden, Geroda, Geroldshausen, Gerolzhofen, Gnodstadt, Goldbach, Großheubach, Großlangheim, Haßfurt, Heßdorf, Heubach, Hobbach, Höchberg, Höchheim, Homburg a. Main, Hüttenheim, Kaltennordheim, Karbach, Kirchschönbach, Kleineibstadt, Kleinsteinach, Klingenberg, Laudenbach bei Marktheidenfeld, Lendershausen, Mainstockheim, Marktbreit, Marktsteft, Maroldsweisach, Maßbach, Mellrichstadt, Mittelsinn, Mühlfeld, Niederwerrn, Nordheim v.d. Rhön, Oberaltertheim, Oberelsbach, Obereuerheim, Obernbreit, Oberthulba, Oberwaldbehrungen, Platz, Poppenlauer, Prichsenstadt, Reichenberg, Reyersbach, Rimpar, Rödelmaier, Rödelsee, Rottenbauer, Schonungen, Schwanfeld, Segnitz, Steinach a.d. Saale, Sulzdorf a.d. Lederhecke, Tauberrettersheim, Theilheim bei Schweinfurt, Thundorf, Unsleben, Unterriedenberg, Unterthal, Urspringen bei Marktheidenfeld, Völkersleier, Weimarschmieden, Westheim bei Haßfurt, Wiesenbronn, Wiesenfeld, Zeil a. Main, Zeilitzheim|
|Middle Franconia||Ellingen, Fürth, Geiselwind, Gunzenhausen, Leutershausen, Mönchsroth, Nenzenheim|
|Upper Franconia||Aschbach, Aufseß, Heiligenstadt|
|Baden||Eubigheim, Hoffenheim, Wenkheim|
|Hessen||Altengronau, Biblis, Borken, Gersfeld, Höchst, Homberg(?), Ober Seemen, Rhina, Schenklengsfeld, Schlüchtern|
|Poland||Auschwitz (Oswiecim), Lodz|
|Thüringen||Berkach, Hildburghausen, Jena, Stadtlengsfeld, Tiefenort|
|Württemberg||Bad Mergentheim, Olnhausen, Wachbach|
Additional information about Jews in Würzburg can be found in Jews in Würzburg database.
This information is accessible to you today thanks to the effort of Naomi Teveth, who is responsible for the transcription of this file.