who realized the importance of observing the Jewish traditions to the community in general and their families in particular.

Mr. Rosenberg's father, Sam, was also well schooled in the prayers, the tenets, and principles of Judaism. Albert said that they learned at home what it meant to be a Jew, what it meant to be an observant person who recognized that the relationship with fellow human beings was paramount, and in addition those basic principles of Judaism which are well accepted and well recognized in all religions. Mr. Rosenberg also recalled an older gentlemen in the community, a Mr. Parnes, who "sorta took over

the role of mentor and teacher of Hebrew to the Jewish young-

18 sters living in Vincennes at that time."

Stan Dumes1 childhood was quite different than that ex­perienced by Phyllis and Albert. His father, although he knew Hebrew, wanted to forget it as was pointed out earlier. Once when Stan asked him to teach him Hebrew, he merely uttered the Hebrew phrase for "go to sleep." Later he realized the mistake of his youth and became an active member of the congretation, but at that time he wanted to forget the pain and misery he had endured.

However, Stan's Uncle Jake, who was a rabbi and a shocket, as well as the owner of the first liquor license in Vincennes, lived with the family and helped him through the first Hebrew reader. He never advanced further than the first reader be­cause each new teacher started him over again, but even though he wasn't a good student of the language, the customs were diligently taught to him.