The Book of Memory to the
Jewish Community of Shebreshin
(Szczebrzeszyn, Poland)

50°42' / 22°58'

Translation of
Sefer zikaron le-kehilat Shebreshin

Editors: Dov Shuval, Association of Former Inhabitants
of Shebreshin in Israel and the Diaspora

Published in Haifa, 1984

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for the submission of this material for placement on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation of: Sefer zikaron le-kehilat Shebreshin (Book of memory to the Jewish community of Shebreshin),
Editors: Dov Shuval, Haifa, Association of Former Inhabitants of Shebreshin in Israel and the Diaspora, 1984 (Y,H,E, 518 pages)

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Szczebrzeszyn

This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
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JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
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Translated by Yocheved Klausner


Foreword [H] The Editor 11
Foreword [Y] The Editor 15
Everyday life
The desire to acquire knowledge [H] Moshe Messinger 23
The desire to acquire knowledge Moshe Messinger 29
How the young generation flourished [H] David Fuks 36
How the young generation flourished David Fuchs 39
The struggle for cultural progress Yehoshua Zisbrenner 43
How we have thrown away the long Kapotas [Hasidic garment] Yehuda Kelner 45
You need to see a psychiatrist Baruch Bibel 47
Memories of a non-Shebreshiner Luba Gall 49
A street in Szczebrzeszyn Emanuel Chmielash 56
On the shore of Lake Wyepsz Rivka Smoli (Katz) 59
The competition Aharon Shrift 62
Episodes of heroism Yankel Lamm 67
Poland (a poem) Pinchas Bibel 71
Economic sources Moshe Messinger 75
Making a living was very hard [H] Zvi Treger (Tal) 78
Making a living was very hard Zvi Treger (Tal) 80
Respectful behavior, honest trading Emanuel Chmyelash 82
Breaking windows-winning the strike Yankel Itche Treger & Leibl Akerflug 84
On weekdays and on holidays Yankel Frost 87
Night work in a bakery Avigdor Rieder 89
Do not miss the train! Abraham Becher 92
The Devil was out of work… Pinchas Bibel 96
The Religious Life
The Synagogue in Szczebrzeszyn, a Work of Art
   Modest on the outside, beautifully decorated inside [H] Eng. David Davidowitz 103
   One of the famous synagogues Meir Balaban 107
   Little angels sing a song of praise Menachem Messinger 109
   Crowns of gold and diamonds Mendel Farber 113
   Superb holiness Chava Sapian 116
   A resemblance to the Amsterdam Synagogue [H] Aharon Less 119
Sabbath in my town Emanuel Chmielash 120
Illegal activity in the shtibl Moshe Zisser 125
“Herzl's Blue-White Box” Feige Ethel Boim 127
Memories from the Heder and the Shtiebl Aharon Less 128
On the Chair of the Rabbinate Yankel Lamm 131
The Rabbi is dead Yosef Boim 133
Legends and Mystery Stories
Why Szczebrzeszyn? [H] Moshe Messinger 137
Why Szczebrzeszyn? Moshe Messinger 138
“The Jewish School” Feige Ethel Boim 139
About the Spanish Exiles in Poland Menashe Ungar 140
“To hasten Deliverance” [lidchok et haketz] [H] Efraim Ferber 141
To bring Salvation before its time Efraim Ferber 143
“Angels transported him from Szczebrzeszyn to Eretz Israel” [H] Avraham Stern 146
Folk Tales Mendel Messinger 147
Legendary figures Yehuda Kelner 149
A far echo from King Solomon's Judgement Zanvil Aschenberg 152
In the Cemetery Mendel Farber 155
The Magnificient road of the Seer of Lublin Aviezer Burstein 156
Deterred by Heaven [H] Rav Menachem Guttman 161
Days of Suffering and Destruction
Between life and death [H] Yitzhak Stemmer 167
Between life and death Yitzhak Stemmer 179
Echad B'Yameinu - Hersh Getzl Hochbaum Emanuel Chmielash 195
From the bunker among the Partisans Yakov Morgenstern 198
Imprisoned by the Germans Ephraim Farber 200
With the partisans in the forest A. H. 223
I participated in the battles [H] Zvi Treger (Tal) 227
Taking part in the battle Zvi Treger (Tal) 229
In the hell of Belzec Efraim Farber 232
Silent weeping (poems) Shalom Stern 246
Uprooting the suffering Szczebreszyn Jews Sigmund Klukovski 253
Observations on the character of Dr. Klukowski Devorah Fleisher 290
Szczebreszyn under Hitler's occupation Devorah Fleischer 291
“Tchotcha Marisha” [H]   299
Twenty-four Children Saved from Christian hands Devorah Fleischer 300
The last train Aharon Shrift 305
The last evening in my home Sarah Fuks (Ingber) 306
My ruined town (poem) Avraham Weinrieb 309
A night of terror Balche Milstein (Langburd) 311
Wandering Shaindl Knabl (Stern) 314
In armed battle Ephraim Farber 318
Do not forget the dead! (poem) Mordechai Elboim 320
Oh, my little town! Pinchas Bibel 322
My ruined home Shlomo Reiter 326
Nights of pogroms (poem) Batya Bibel 329
In the Whirl of War Simah Berger (Elbaum) 331
Memories (poem) Feige Roitman 333
“Why are the survivors silent?” Shimon Kantz 335
My town Szczebreszyn (poem) Bracha'le Stern 337
Hallucinations in the Siberian Taiga Welvel Ingber 339
Posing as Aryans in Belgium Ephraim Farber 342
Disappointment from the socialist regime in Poland [H] Bella Rosenblum (Scher) 344
Returning from the Red Army Yehuda Weinstock 345
In Shebreshin after the war [H] Chanoch Becher 347
In Szczebreszyn after the war Chanoch Becher 349
The Belzec Camp   352
Report about the distribution of lunch and bread to the deported   356
Figures in our town
A gallery of types Moshe Messinger 363
Warmhearted types Yehuda Kelner 366
Praiseworthy doers Yankel Lamm 369
Militarists in appearance - pioneers in spirit Emanuel Chmyelash 370
The leader and teacher of the “Bund” David Fuchs 372
Two activists for the people Zanvil Aschenberg 373
The warmhearted doctor Berl Ettenberg 376
Mohel [circumciser] and “doctor” Mendel Farber 377
Exaggerated fanatics Mendel Farber 378
The Tzadeket [saintly woman] Chava Sapian 380
Zenik the partisan Yankel Lam 381
The Rav and great scholar R'Yechiel Blankman HY"D Rav R'Avraham Goldschmid 383
The cheerful grandfather Efraim Farber 384
Hard work, beautiful manners Ephraim Farber 386
Taking care of the needy Rachel Greenspan 388
Menachem Messinger - an 80-year-old naive person Ariela Reuveni 390
Old Szczebreszyn
Szczebreszyn of long ago Dr. Sigmund Klukovski 393
Geographic, ethnic and historic Szczebreszyn   402
The surroundings Moshe Messinger 408
Szczebreszyn in the Pinkas [register] of the Council of the Four Lands   409
The Life of R'Yakov Reifman
   A great Jew and a genial person Yitzhak Warshavski 417
   A great Szczebreszyn pious man and scholar Yakov Schatzki 423
   “It is not permitted to hold it in one's hand”! Avraham Bernstein 425
   How many Yakov Reifman are there in town? [H] Zvi Kremer 425
   In a room like a cage Solomon Lastik 426
German translatiom of Chanuka and Purim Piyutim [religious poems]   429
“History of the Persecutions”   431
Cover-pages of old books, documents and certificates   432
From the Literature   448
Personalities from the Past   456
Landsmanshaftn [organizations of former residents]
“Former Residents of Szczebreszyn” in Israel   457
The Landsmanschaft in Montreal Emanuel Chmielash 460
The Landsmanshaft in New York Freide Blatt 465
Yizkor pages
In their memory   472
Necrology   473
They fell in the battle with the Hitler enemy   496
They fell in the Israel Wars   497
English Summary
Excerpts from the diary of Dr. Zigmunt Klukowski Dr. Zigmunt Klukowski  


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