Rohatyn (also known as Rogatin) is located 30 miles southeast of Lvov (Lemberg) in Ukraine, an area the residents referred to as Eastern Galicia. Neighboring villages included Bukachevtsky (Bukaczowce), Bolszowce, Burstyn, Knihenich, Zhorov, Chesniki, Lipitz-Gorna. Prior to World War II, a majority of Rohatyn's 10,000 inhabitants were Jewish.
The German army entered Rohatyn in July 1941. A ghetto was established and the Jews endured severe hunger and disease. On March 20, 1942, the Germans and their helpers entered the ghetto and murdered 3,000 adults and 600 children who were buried in a mass grave. On Yom Kippur, September 21, 1942, 1,000 more Jews were either shot or put on transports to the Belzec death camp about 100 miles northwest of Rohatyn. In October, Jews from the neighboring towns were brought into the Rohatyn ghetto. On December 8, 1942, more than 2,000 more Jews were sent from Rohatyn to Belzec. On June 5, 1943, the Gestapo murdered the remaining Jews in the ghetto.
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U.S. Holocaust Museum at http://www.ushmm.org/
The Washington, D. C. museum has a database of documents you can search for references to Rohatyn.
Shtetlinks Page: Rohatyn Vital Records and Photographs
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Updated 11 Dec 2005 by LA