“Bürstadt”
Encyclopaedia of Jewish Communities:
Germany volume 3
(Germany)

49°39' / 08°28'

Translation from Pinkas ha-kehilot Germanyah

Published by Yad Vashem

Published in Jerusalem, 1992


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This is a translation from: Pinkas Hakehillot: Encyclopaedia of Jewish Communities, Germany
Volume 3, pages 108-109, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, 1992


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[Pages 108-109]

Bürstadt, Germany

A city in the Darmstadt region

Donated by David Zinner
Translated by Jerrold Landau

 

Population

YearPopulationJews%
1806 27 
18281,875442.4
18612,759451.0 (1.6) [1]
18803,221310.1 (1.0) [1]
19004,906440.9
19106,117290.5
19247,158380.5
19337,983230.3
19398,22150.1
Feb 5, 1942 1 

Religious affiliation by percentage in 1933

JewsCatholicsProtestantsOthers
0.393.55.21.0

In the 1700s, Jewish residents of Bürstadt are mentioned as paying protection tax, and at approximately at the middle of that century, a community was established there. A synagogue, with a school and a mikva (ritual bath,) was built in Burstadt in 1861. The deceased were buried in the Jewish cemetery of Alsbach (see entry). At first, the community belonged to the Orthodox rabbinate of Darmstadt (see entry), and in 1926 it joined the liberal rabbinate of that place.

In the Reichstag elections of September 14, 1930, the Nazis received 17.0% of the votes, in 1932, 25.8%, and on July 31, 1932, only 18.8%, less than half of the votes that they received in all of Hessen (44%). On the other hand, the Catholic Centrum party went up from 45.0% to 50.5%; and the Social Democrats and Communists together went down from 32.0% to 29.3%

During the years 1933-1939, 17 Jews left Bürstadt. Ten of them emigrated – four to Argentina, three to the United States, two to the Land of Israel, and one to England. The remainder moved to various places in Germany. Three Jews died there. In 1940, three additional people moved to Frankfurt. A Jewess aged approximately 65 was deported to a concentration camp in 1942. The synagogue was sold in 1935 or at the latest 1936, and as dismantled after a few years.

Y.L.

Translator's Footnotes

  1. Evidently, the author made some errors in the percentage calculations. The numbers in parentheses are my corrections. Return

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