Many thanks to Harry Mayo who guided me through the use of Wordperfect, Roots3 & 4, and fixed all the glitches on my computer. I would have given up years ago without Harry. My most fervent thanks to, Bob, my husband, who has put up with my moods while I tried to master Polish and Russian and who has endured many evenings as I rambled on about families that lived in the 18th and 19th centuries. Thank you , Bob, it was really appreciated.
Koden, once a city, now a village lies on the left bank of the Bug River, in Poland, about 10 miles south of Brzesc and 26 miles from the border town of Terespol (the crossing point to Brzesc and the Belarus Republic). The town is pronounced "KAW-dane" by the Polishpeople and pronounced "KUD-na" by the Jews who once lived there. (The city got its name from a battle cry, TO DEN;" IT'S THE DAY ", later corrupted to KODEN.) It was founded in 1511 by the Sapieha family, famous in Polish history.
The village houses a Seminary and is known for a painting OUR LADY OF GUADELUPE (now OUR LADY OF KODEN), which was pilfered from Rome in the 17th century.
In 1864, according to Polish sources, the village in 1864 was home to 1,588 Christians, 792 "Old Testamentarians" (Jews), 9 brick and 251 wooden houses. In 1939 there were 541 Jews living in Koden. All were led out of town by the Nazis, and shot. If any managed to get across the border to Russia and escape , noone I have contacted has ever heard from them. The Jewish cemetery is no more. The Nazis used all the tombstones to put on the dirt roads so their tanks could travel easier. What remains is a large empty field (fenced in by the Polish government).
From the records that I have translated, I know a few more facts about the Jews of Koden. Koden was a 'service' community of Brzesc and the surrounding larger cities.Most of the trades were tailoring, furriers, shoemakers, etc. Their records start in 1810 but I have determined that they were living in Koden as early at 1725. They intermarried with the towns of Biala Podlaski, Brzesc, Terespol, Lomazy, Radzyn Podlaski, Miedzyrzec Podlaski, Slawatycze, Wisznice,Wlodawa, Janow Podlaski, Kobrin and Domacheva. In 1855 the death toll was triple the average. I have no idea if it was the result of disease or a pogram. The years 1865,66 and 67 very few births , marriages and deaths were recorded..The next few years all the vital records from those years were entered. Whether the reason for this was political turmoil, or war, I don't know. Then in 1873 there was a cholera epidemic that tripled the number deaths in the Jewish community. Sadly, these facts are all I know about the history of all the Jewish families that lived and died in Koden.
*RIFKA (MAJZLIC) BLUMENKRANE, WIFE OF MOSES AVIGDOR BLUMENKRANE. KILLED 1941
*SAUL BLUMENKRANE, SON OF MOSES AND RIFKA (MAJZLIC) BLUMENKRANE,BORN 1929, KILLED 1941
*GITEL BLUMENKRANE, MARRIED NAME UNKNOWN,DAUGHTER OF BERKO AND BASIA (GARFINKEL) BLUMENKRANE. BORN KODEN 1876, KILLED WWII. AT TIME OF DEATH WAS MOTHER OF 10 CHILDREN AND GRANDMOTHER TO 90 CHILDREN.
*HUDES BLUMENKRANE, WIFE OF ? OLINSKI, DAUGHTER OF BERKO AND BASIA
(GARFINKEL) BLUMENKRANE. BORN ABT. 1872 KODEN, KILLED IN WARSAW WITH HUSBAND AND 2 SONS.
* SZEYNA PERLA GOLDWASER, WIFE OF LEJZOR JABLONKA,DAUGHTER OF ITZIK AND GITEL MALKA (ZYLBERWASER) GOLDWASER, BORN 20 NOV. 1911. KILLED 1943.
*FEMALE JOBLONKA,DAUGHTER OF LEJZOR AND SZEYNA (GOLDWASER) JABLONKA. BORN ABT. 1930. KILLED 1943.
*ITZEK GOLDWASER, SON OF SHLOMO AND BASIA (MORGANSTERN) GOLDWASER. BORN KODEN, 1870. KILLED 1942/43 IN BIALA PODLASKA.
*MOSHE KOPYTOWER GOLDWASER, SON OF SHLOMO AND BASIA (MORGANSTERN) GOLDWASER,BORN KODEN 1876, KILLED 1943 IN LOMAZY. WAS HIDING ON TOP OF A TALL OVEN WHEN A LOCAL POLE POINTED OUT HIS HIDING PLACE TO THE GESTAPO.
*NUCHEM CZERK/CZERSKI, SON OF LEYBU AND NECHEMA (GOLDWASER) CZERSKI,BORN ABT. 1920 kODEN, KILLED 1942 VILNA, LITHUANIA.
*FRAIDL CZERK/CZERSKI, DAUGHTER OF LEYBU AND NECHEMA (GOLDWASER) CZERSKI, WIFE OF NATAN ??, BORN ABT. 1914 KODEN,KILLED 1942 VILNA, LITHUANIA.
*IDES GOLDWASER, WIFE OF IZEK GROBMAN, DAUGHTER OF MOISHE AND LIBA RUCHEL GOLDWASER, BORN 22 MAR 1889 KODEN, KILLED 1943 MIEDZYRZEC PODLASKI.
*RIVA NORTMAN, WIFE OF HERSHEL KOHN, DAUGHTER OF MOISHE AND ESTER (CELNIK) NORTMAN. BORN ABT. 1890 KODEN, KILLED 1943 MIEDZYREC PODLASKI.
*FEIGE PYTERMAN, WIFE OF SHLOIME KERNER, DAUGHTER OF VICTOR AND BRUCHA (LEJBZON) PYTERMAN, BORN 1876/79 TERESPOL, STARVED TO DEATH 2 OCT 1943 MOGOLOVSKAGA OBLAST, USSR.
*SHLOIME KERNER, SON OF MOSHE AND BRAJNA KERNER, BORN 4 AUGUST 1874 TERESPOL, STARVED TO DEATH 4 AUGUST 1943, MOGOLOVSKYA OBLAST, USSR.
*CHANA ROZENSZAJN, , WIFE OF NUCHEM GOLDWASER,DAUGHTER OF JANKIEL AND DWERA (RAJZNER) ROSENSZAJN BORN 1889/99 TERESPOL.KILLED 1942 BREST LITOVSK USSR.
*JANKIEL GOLDWASER,SON OF NUCHEM USZER AND CHANA (ROZENSZAJN) GOLDWASER,BORN 17 JAN 1926. KILLED 1942 BREST LITOVSK.
*MALE GOLDWASER( FIRST NAME UNKNOWN), SON OF NUCHEM USZER AND CHANA (ROZENSTZAJN) GOLDWASER, BORN ABT. 1928 TERESPOL, KILLED 1942 BREST LITOVSK.
* 33 MEMBERS OF THE MARGOLIS FAMILY ALL BORN IN KODEN WERE KILLED IN WWII.
*JOSEPH NUDENBERGER, SON OF DAVID BORUCH AND LEAH (ROSENBAUM) NUDENBERGER, AND FAMILY. BORN IN NAPUTCHNA. KILLED IN WWII
*GEDALIA NUDENBERGER, SON OF DAVID BORUCH AND LEAH (ROSENBAUM) NUDENBERGER, AND FAMILY. BORN IN NAPUTCHNA, KILLED WWII.
*BRONKA NUDENBERGER, SON OF DAVID BORUCH AND LEAH (ROSENBAUM),BORN IN NAPUTCHNA, AND FAMILY,KILLED IN WWII.
*LAIBEL SHULMAN, SON OF SMILA AND ELKA SHULMAN, BORN 1900? KODEN. KILLED IN WWII
* 3 CHILDREN OF LAIBEL SHULMAN. BORN IN KODEN, KILLED IN WWII
* 2 DAUGHTERS OF JOSEPH SHULMAN. BORN IN KODEN, KILLED IN WWII .
* PASCAL SHULMAN, SON OF BUMAN AND BAYLA (SZEYNERSZNAYDER) SHULMAN. BORN KODEN, KILLED WITH WIFE AND FAMILY IN WARSAW, WWII
* SON OF PASCAL SHULMAN. BORN IN KODEN, KILLED IN WWII IN WARSAW
* LEAH SHULMAN, WIFE OF ? GUTMAN, DAUGHTER OF BUMAN AND BAYLA SURA (SZEYNERSSZNAYDER) SHULMAN, BORN KODEN, KILLED WWII IN BELGIUM
*SQALIA SZEYNERSZNAYDER, SON OF CHASKIEL AND BRYNA SZEYNERSZNAYDER, BORN ABT 1878 KODEN. KILLED IN WWII IN BERLIN
*?? SZEYNERSZNAYDER, WIFE OF SQALIA, BORN KODEN. KILLED WWII, BERLIN
*RIFKA SZEYNERSZNAYDER, DAUGHTER OF SQALIA AND ?, BORN ABT 1910 KODEN. WROTE TO AMERICA FOR TICKETS IN 1930'S TO LEAVE BERLIN. SOLD TICKETS AND USED MONEY FOR DOWERY TO MARRY A BUTCHER. KILLED IN WWII.
*MALE SZEYNERSZNAYDER, SON OF SQALIA SZEYNERSZNAYDER,.KILLED WWII. BERLIN.
*LEA ZISHE SZEYNERSZNAYDER, WIFE OF MORGANSTERN, DAUGHTER OF ITCHA SZEYNERSZNAYDER, BORN ABT 1910 KODEN. A SEAMSTRESS. MOVED TO BIALYSTOK. KILLED IN WWII.
*FOLICE SZEYNERSZNAYDER, SON OF ITCHA SZEYNERSZNAYDER,BORN ABT 1912. MOVED TO BIALYSTOK TO BE WITH SISTER, LEAH. KILLED IN WWII.
*CHASKIEL? SZEYNERSZNYADER, BORN ABT 1908 KODEN, SON OF LAYB (LOUIS SCHNEIDER) AND YETTA SZEYNERSZNAYDER. YETTA WOUlD NOT COME TO AMERICA WITH HER CHILD TO JOIN HUSBAND. BOTH KILLED IN WWII.
*AVRIMEL SZEYNERSZNAYDER, SON OF MORDECAI, WAS LIVING IN NEWARK NJ. WENT BACK TO BREAST LITOVSK 3 TIMES TO CONVINCE HIS WIFE AND CHILDREN TO JOIN HIM IN AMERICA. SHE REFUSED SO HE RETURNED TO BREST. ALL WERE KILLED IN WWII.
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