Book of Biala Podlaska
(Biała Podlaska, Poland)

50°02' / 23°08'

Translation of
Sefer Biala Podlaska

Edited by: M. J. Feigenbaum

Published in Tel Aviv, 1961


 

 

Acknowledgments

This is a translation from: Sefer Biala Podlaska, Book of Biala Podlaska,
ed. M. J. Feigenbaum, Tel Aviv: Kupat Gmilut Hesed of the Community of Biala Podlaska, 1961 (Pages 501 H,Y)


Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Biala Podlaska (1961)



This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
This material may not be copied, sold or bartered without JewishGen, Inc.'s permission. Rights may be reserved by the copyright holder.


JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
JewishGen is not responsible for inaccuracies or omissions in the original work and cannot rewrite or edit the text to correct inaccuracies and/or omissions.
Our mission is to produce a translation of the original work and we cannot verify the accuracy of statements or alter facts cited.





Translated by Yocheved Klausner


Title Author Page
Foreword [H] The editors 3
Foreword The editors 5
The Jews in Biala [H] Dr. M. Hendel 9
The Jewish Biala during the last generations [H] M. Y. Feigenbaum 30
Destruction and annihilation [H] M. Y. Feigenbaum 47
The Zionist Organization [H] M. Brochel 77
The book M. Y. Feigenbaum 87
Biala M. Y. Feigenbaum 89
Jews in Biala Dr. M. Hendel 95
Jewish Biala during the last generations M. Y. Feigenbaum 125
 
The Economic Life
   a. Commerce until WWI;
   b. Forerunners of the banks
M. R. 149
Jewish livelihoods M. Y. Feigenbaum 151
Handicrafts Gedalyahu Braverman 157
   a. Industry;
   b. Printing
M. Y. Feigenbaum 159
The Biala [Hasidic] “court” Alter Weiberg 162
The Labor movement Israel Hochman 168
The handicraftsmen's Union B. Vinograd 170
The small-businessmen's Union Shmuel Kahan 171
The Credit Co-operative
   a. Until WWI
A. Weiss 172
   b. In liberated Poland M. Y. Feigenbaum 174
Workers consumer co-operative “Einikeit” [lit. Unity] W. Schuster 177
The mechanical bakery co-operative M. Y. F - M 177
The interest-free loan fund of the small-businessmen's Union   178
 
Parties
The Zionist Organization M. Bruchel 179
Hashomer Hatza'ir   192
The Revisionist Organization Yakov Bornstein 198
The “Mizrahi M. Braverman, A. Brandweinman, Y. Beitel 199
The Po'alei-Zion, left-wing Avraham Lavie 202
The National Funds   204
The “Bund”
   a. From its establishment until 1918
Gedalyahu Braverman 206
   b. Between the two World Wars W. Schuster 215
The rise of Agudat Israel Moshe Braverman 219
The communist movement Gotel Biederman 220
An anarchist group in Biala Gedalyahu Braverman 222
 
The Cultural Life
General overview M. Y. Feigenbaum 224
The “Yavneh” School M. Ravon 230
Nachman Schiwak's Private Elementary School   233
Evening courses for the study of the Polish language Gedalyahu Braverman 234
A cultural experiment M. Ravon 234
The Tarbut Library M. Y. Feigenbaum 235
The Bundist library Gedalyahu Braverman 236
The library of the left-wing Poalei Zion A. Lavie 237
Maccabi Nachman Weinberg 238
The Press Chaim Rosmarin 241
Drama groups Gedalyahu Braverman 243
The Drama Group of Bet Ha'am M. Y. Feigenbaum 245
Purim-Spiel [Purim-play] by the end of the 19th century Gedalyahu Braverman 247
 
The Religious Life
General overview M. Y. Feigenbaum 248
The Talmud Torah   253
Houses of prayer
The synagogue, the Bet-Hamidrash, the Zapasner Bet-Hamidrash, the Wolyer Bet-Hamidrash
M. Y. Feigenbaum 254
Hasidim and Mitnagdim Shtiblech [Synagogues, Lit. little rooms] Feivel Gold 258
Cantors Feivel Gold 261
The Rabiner's [Rabbi] “court” Asher Hoffer 264
Rabbis and Hasidic Rebbes in Biala Meir Edelbaum 266
The Rav Shmuel Arie Leib Zak z”l, the rabbi of Biala Rav S. T. Rubinstein 274
The Rav R'Zvi Hirschhorn   279
Rabbi Berish Landoy (Landau)   280
Rabbi Aharon Landoy (Landau)   282
The ADMOR rabbi Yitzhak Yakov Rabinowitz   283
The Chevra Kadisha [burial society]   284
The cemeteries   284
 
The Hasidic Biala in Literature
Between Two Mountains Y. L. Peretz 286
The Wurker “silent man” Y. Opatoshu 292
Poland Y. Y. Trunk 294
The Biala [hassidic rabbi's] “court” A. Litwin 299
 
Social Institutions
The Hospital M. Y. F – M 301
The Health-Service for the welfare of the population   304
Achi'ezer Moshe Braverman 305
The Home for Children   308
“TOZ” Baruch Vinograd 310
The Home for the Aged M. Y. F – M 313
The Women's help-committee   314
Other benevolent institutions in town M. Y. F – M 315
 
Personalities, Figures and Types
Political workers   317
Apolinari Maximilian Hartglass Yitzhak Grinboim  
Apolinari Hartglass, Moshe Rubinstein, Yehoshua Fischer M. Y. Feigenbaum  
Yakov Aharon Rosenbaum Moshe Stolyar  
Baruch Weinberg    
Yeshayahu Weinberg    
Elye Shimsheles (Eliyahu Yustman), David Kroses (Goldfarb) Gedalyahu Braverman  
Elie Bobkes (Eliyahu Hoffman), Tanchum Freund P. Gold  
Hirsch Lichter (Luzer the carpenter)    
R'David Fizjitz Eliyahu Mazor  
 
Religious Personalities and Figures   334
R'Dudel Karliner Dr. Shmuel Elyashiv  
The Biala lineage, The Choze, R'Noach, R'Moshe Cohen, R'Moshe Moses (the big one), R'Moshe Shachor (the little one), R' Shimele Kreidstein Feivel Gold  
R'Welvel Moses    
The Rav R'Shmuel Tanchum Halevi Rubinstein    
The Rav R'Shmuel Yakov Rubinstein Rav S. T. Rubinstein  
 
Portraits   342
Yakov Steinman, Menachem Mendel Gelenberg, Moshe Kave, Idel Schwarz, Alter Zukerman, Hershel Zak, Chaim Musavitch (the “Kabriner”), Binyamin Kanolstein, Yakov Virnik, Hershel Nuchovitch, Dr. David Cohen, Dr. Bitche Finkelstein, Dr. Nathan Tzigelnik, Shimon Goldshmit M. Y. Feigenbaum  
 
Communal Workers, Writers and other Figures   358
Yakov Kahan Y. Zeid  
Aharon Bekerman    
Yosl Birstein, Yitzhak Perlov Melech Ravitch  
Yakov Cohen    
Yakov Palatitzki    
Yosef Zeid Yakov Kahan  
Attorney Avraham Yitzhak Gottlieb    
Feivel Friedman P. Gold  
Bernard Lieberman    
Dr. Yehuda Leib Davidsohn Yosef Babitch  
Fritz Kornberg Moshe Ravon  
 
Women Personalities   369
Tile Berlin Yitzhak Schein  
Rivka Akivaches, Pesl “the deaf”, Esther “the lizard” B. Weinberg  
Dina Arbitman    
Chava'le Rodzinek M. Y. Feigenbaum  
 
Types   375
Moshe Tuvia the carpenter B. Weinberg  
Shmerele Beker [lit. the baker] (Hochman) Gedalyahu Braverman  
Leibe Mednik (R'Yehuda Leib Bornstein) Yakov Ben-Yehezkel  
Avik Ogradnik (Avush Rosenblum), Mordche'le Weintraub Berl Pakman  
Baruch Shalom Melamed (Kreidstein), Motl Domachever, Shvalke Cohen, Yosl Vetchik (Gottfried), Pesach Skoss, Moshe Bass, Alter Nemirover, Yitzhak Irtcheles, Meir Talesmacher [lit. prayer shawls maker], Idel Tzinem (Kanalstein), Chaim Chava'les, Moshe Bukes (Futerman), Yas Drozhkarsh (Gherman) P. Gold  
 
F o l k l o r e
Sayings, aphorisms and jokes from the Biala sharp minds and fun lovers; Surnames according to towns of origin, grandfathers and grandmothers and occupations; Mocking surnames and nicknames; Customs and charms; Clothes and fashion of 80 years ago M. Y. Feigenbaum 384
 
Tales and Legends
The “upright” burial   388
Without success   388
The dead man M. Y. Feigenbaum 389
The muddy neighborhood P. Gold 390
Stories M. Y. Feigenbaum 390
In town we used to narrate the following legends P. Gold & G. Braverman 392
The “hero” from Biala A. Litwin 392
A blood-libel M. Y. Feigenbaum 394
Destruction and obliteration M. Y. Feigenbaum 399
 
Survivors tell their stories
The beginning of the end Berish Ossenholz 445
   a. In the Miedzyrzec ghetto;
   b. In a bunker in the center of Miedzyrzec
R. Bachrach 446
Homeless A Bialer resident 460
A bundle of memories Leon Pakman 461
In the liberated Biala   464
 
Bialer in the World
In Israel M. Y. Feigenbaum 470
In North America    
   a. New-York   472
   b. Los Angeles David Gordon 477
In Argentina Yakov Aronovitch 478
In France   481
In Canada Noach Bresker 481
In Australia Hershel Orlanski 483
 
Our townsman, Yakov Virnik, a witness at the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem   484
 
Index of names and places   485


 Yizkor Book Project    JewishGen Home Page  


Yizkor Book Project Manager, Lance Ackerfeld
Emerita Yizkor Book Project Manager, Joyce Field
This web page created by Lance Ackerfeld

Copyright ©1999-2014 by JewishGen, Inc.
Updated 27 Nov 2013 by LA

There have been visits to this page since 19 Nov 2011