The Book of Strzyzow and Vicinity

49°52' / 21°48'

Translation of Sefer Strzyzow ve-ha-seviva

Edited by: Itzhok Berglass and Shlomo Yahalomi-Diamond

Published in Los Angeles, 1990

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Project Coordinator

Phyllis Kramer


The Hebrew-Yiddish text was printed in Israel and translated by Harry Langsam in Los Angeles, USA

Our sincere appreciation to Harry Langsam for permission
to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Strzyzow, Poland: Sefer Strizhuv ve-ha-seviva (Memorial Book of Strzyzow and vicinity), Editors: J. Berglas, Sh. Yahalomi (Diamant), Tel Aviv, Former Residents of Strzyzow in Israel and Diaspora, 1969
(H,Y, 480 pages).

This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
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JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
JewishGen is not responsible for inaccuracies or omissions in the original work and cannot rewrite or edit the text to correct inaccuracies and/or omissions.
Our mission is to produce a translation of the original work and we cannot verify the accuracy of statements or alter facts cited.

Welcome to Strzyzow

Map of Galicia Strzyzow (also known as Strizev in Yiddish and Strezow in German) is today a major town in southern Poland (it was in Galicia, an Imperial Province of Austria Hungary, from 1776 to 1919). The earliest known Jewish community appeared in the 16th century, but it was not until the 18th century that the synagogue was built. Strzyzow is located in the Rzeszow region at latitude 49 52', longitude 21 48' , 40 km south of Rzeszow, 75 km west of Przemysl. Today there are no Jews in Strzyzow.

My great grandmother Frieda Necha KANDEL was born in Strzyzow in 1860 (the photo is from 1913). Frieda married Josef SCHEINER , a Schochet from the nearby town of Dubetsk. They emigrated to the United States in the late 1890s.
Frieda Necha Kandel Scheiner

In loving memory of those who lived and died there, and of those who ventured out, I have created two web pages, one devoted to the town (on JewishGen's Shtetlinks), and this one, devoted to the Yizkor Book.

Sefer Strizhuv, the Yizkor Book

The Yizkor Book, Sefer Strizhuv, was published in 1969 in Tel Aviv. It has 480 pages; mostly Hebrew and Yiddish. In 1990, Harry Langsam translated it into English, and published it in Los Angeles, entitling it "The Book of Strzyzow and Vicinity". Harry Langsam has given JewishGen permission to reproduce the contents on this web page. To date, I have entered the table of contents, the list of names, the index and a few of the most poignant stories. With time, I will add other stories to this page.

I hope you will find this interesting and helpful. Please contact me if you have questions or comments. As with any genealogical research, this is an evolving project.

Phyllis Kramer, Wilton, Conn & Savannah, Georgia

* * * *

The Book of Strzyzow and Vicinity

published by the “Natives of Strzyzow Societies” in Israel and the Diaspora;

edited by Itzhok Berglass, and Shlomo Yahalomi-Diamand;

supervised by the publishing committee:

Itzhok Berglass, Shlomo Yahalomi, Pinchos Aloni, Simcha Langsam,
Leah Loos, Moshe Mussler

Those articles where part or all of the text is available, are highlighted.

To see the list of names from the index, click on Names from the Index


Dedication 1
Acknowledgment 2
Commemoration of Martyrs 3
Quotation from poems of Reb Yehuda Halevi, and Uri 'Tzvi Greenberg 4
Strzyzow my little town - Shlomo Yahalomi 5
The book of remembrance - Itzhoc Berglass 7
Do Not Forget - Shlomo Yahalomi 8
ABOUT THE RABBIS IN STRZYZOW - Shlomo Yahalomi 10-19
The spiritual Strzyzow
Rabbis who served in Strzyzow and became famous
Rabbi Aryeh Leib Halevi
The godly kabalist, Rabbi Eliezer Fishel
The Tzadik from Ropczyce, Rabbi Naphtali Horowitz
Rabbi Tzvi Elimelech Shapiro
The holy Rabbi Elazar from Lancut and Strzyzow
Rabbi Israel Dov Gelernter
Rabbi Shlomo Shapiro
The Tzadic Rabbi Alter Zev Horowitz
The Assistant Rabbis in Strzyzow
Strzyzow my birthplace
The population in Strzyzow
How did the Jews make a living
The Rabbis in Strzyzow
The Rabbi from Sassov
The community leadership. "The Kehillah"
The spiritual and social life of the Jews
Sabbath and holidays in Strzyzow
Family life in Strzyzow
The synagogues in Strzyzow
The public bathhouse
The cemeteries in Strzyzow 39
Charity institutions and their activities 40
Jewish traditional education in Strzyzow 43
Secular education 47
Political parties in Strzyzow 50
The Zionist Movement 51
Professionals and intelligentsia in Strzyzow 57
Negative types 57
Converts 57
The relationship between Jews and Poles 58
The Ritter story  
The pogrom in 1898 59
Memories from the 1898 pogrom - Tzvi Sternberg 61
The pogrom in Strzyzow in 1918 - Itzhok Berglass 62
The blood libel in Strzyzow - Itzhok Berglass 63
These I Will remember - Shlomo Yahalomi 68
People who studied the Torah - Shlomo Yahalomi 70
The Yeshiva Eitz Chaim In Strzyzow - Shlomo Yahalomi 71
The cheders and the melamdim - Shlomo Yahalomi 71
Reb Mordechai Rosenbaum - Shlomo Yahalomi 72
Reb Yechezkiel Gorgel - adam's apple - Shlomo Yahalomi 72
Reb Yosl from Brzozow - Shlomo Yahalomi 73
Reb Israel Leib Karp - Shlomo Yahalomi 73
The Agudat Israel - Shlomo Yahalomi 73
The relationship between Agudat Israel and Zionists - Shlomo Yahalomi 75
One among thousand - Moshe Mussler 76
When did the Jews settle in Strzyzow - Moshe Mussler 77
First rays of progress in Shtetl - Moshe Mussler 78
The forbearers Of the Holocaust - Moshe Mussler 80
To you Kaddish I say my dear Shtetl - Pinchos Klotz-Aloni 81
Strzyzow - Harry-Yechezkiel Langsam 85
The Bais Yacov school in our shtetl - Golda Miller-Langsam 85
Chassidim in Strzyzow - Mordechai Schiff 87
My shtetl - Eliezer Gruber 88
How Mordechai Goldberg saved the town - Tzvi Elazar Sternberg 90
My shtetl Strzyzow - Leah Loos 91
About the old Strzyzow - Shlomo Yahalomi 96
A royal visit at Reb Aaron Kanner - Shlomo Yahalomi 96
Reb Joel Margalit of blessed memory - Shlomo Yahalomi 98
Reb Itziki Diller makes a choice between Sandz and Sadigora - Shlomo Yahalomi 98
How Rabbi Chaim Halberstam from Sandz gave a trashing to Reb Shlomo from Zyznow - Shlomo Yahalomi 99
Rabbi Alter Zev Horowitz - Shlomo Yahalomi 100
Rabbi Nechemiah Shapiro - Shlomo Yahalomi 103
The Assistant Rabbi, Yacov Shpalter - Shlomo Yahalomi 106
Memories from Strzyzow - Itzhok Deutch 107
A miracle - Itzhok Deutch 108
A Jewish heart - Itzhok Deutch 110
Hanukkah in Shtetl - Harry Langsam 111
Piquant Stories from Strzyzow - Herschel Diamand 113
An awful story about "Revee" - Herschel Diamand 113
How Reb Yosl the secton had suddenly gone deaf - Herschel Diamand 113
Reb Baruch Berglass - Shlomo Yahalomi 114
Reb Avrehmal'e Goldman - Shlomo Yahalomi 116
Reb Hershel Gelander who chanted Mussaf - Shlomo Yahalomi 116
My father, my teacher, Reb Joseph Diamand - Shlomo Yahalomi 118
Re Elazar Wurtzel, the man of hints - Shlomo Yahalomi 120
Reb David Wiener - Shlomo Yahalomi 122
Reb Feitel Last and his son Shlomo - Shlomo Yahalomi 123
Reb Chaim Mandel - Shlomo Yahalomi 126
Reb Yeshayahu Mandel - Shlomo Yahalomi 127
Reb Chaim Yacov Nuremberg - Shlomo Yahalomi 128
"A prayer of the afflicted when he is overwhelmed" - Shlomo Yahalomi 129
Reb Yacov Schiff - Shlomo Yahalomi 135
Half of the reward in hereafter - Shlomo Yahalomi 136
When the world shall be perfect - Shlomo Yahalomi 139
In memory of the faultless and the simple Jews - Shlomo Yahalomi 139
The righteous and beloved, Reb Eisik Holles - Moshe Mussler 143
Reb Eisik the Sexton - Moshe Mussler 143
The Teaching of Moshe Mendelson - Moshe Mussler 143
A tree was cut down prematurely - Moshe Mussler 146
The faultless - Moshe Mussler 146
Meir Hertzkes - Moshe Mussler 146
The clever and not so clever, Shlomo Bier - Moshe Mussler 146
Meir Ber, who was intimate with the authorities - Moshe Mussler 146
The eccentric, Herschel Holoshitz - Moshe Mussler 146
The needy - Moshe Mussler 146
The unfortunate families in Strzyzow - Itzhok Berglass 160
The first Zionist in Strzyzow - Itzhok Berglass 160
R, the righteous - Itzhok Berglass 160
There were three of us - Itzhok Berglass 160
Reb Simcha Feingold - Ben Ami Feingold 164
The large well-rooted families in Strzyzow - Shlomo Yahalomi 165
The Adest family, The Berglass family, The Diamand Family - Shlomo Yahalomi 165
The Holles family, The Kanner family, the Mandel family - Shlomo Yahalomi 165
The Mintz family - Shlomo Yahalomi 165
Reb Hershel Ressler, and his sons-in-law - Shlomo Yahalomi 165
The Rosen brothers, the Schefler family, the Sturm family - Shlomo Yahalomi 165
The Tenzer family - Shlomo Yahalomi 165
The conscientious ignoramus - Itzhok Berglass 160
How the Jews saved gentile property during the flood - Itzhok Berglass 160
Gentiles reciting the prayer "Shema-Israel" - Itzhok Berglass 173
The District Commission's party - Itzhok Berglass 173
The thousands that were burned - Itzhok Berglass 175
The prescription - Itzhok Berglass 175
The resolution by the Rabbis to observe the Sabbath twice a week- Itzhok Berglass 175
The relations between the Jews and the gentiles - Itzhok Berglass 176
The Jews extinguished the fire in a gentile house - Itzhok Berglass 176
The Zionist movement and my road to Zionism Repentance - Leah Loos 178
The deal with the Ukrainians - Itzhok Berglass 180
The elections to the city government - Itzhok Berglass 180
The unsuccessful intervention - Itzhok Berglass 180
Jewish contact with the authorities - Itzhok Berglass 180
How the word "Chushiver" was changed to "Hashomer" - Itzhok Berglass 180
The elections to Polish Parliament - Itzhok Berglass 180
The kindergarten inspection - Itzhok Berglass 180
This also happened in our town - Moshe Mussler 189
Long live the Kaiser - Moshe Mussler 189
Books burned on the auto-de-fe - Moshe Mussler 189
Inference - Moshe Mussler 189
The man who was no coward - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
A proper answer - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
A clever Jew - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
The merchandise is already packed - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
A powerful word - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
Everything has to be her way? - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
What was Reb Hersh Ber the sexton doing? - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
The Rabbi's insinuation - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
The righteous who never sinned - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
Good morning - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
The treasurers who were forced to resign - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
Reb Beruch Diller explained that the willingness is the essence - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
The dreadful story about mother's earrings - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
With or without a permit - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
What is a mitzva and how Joshua's spies crossed the Jordan River - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
He used hands without saying the proper blessing - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
The special Sabbatical inspiration - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
The father and son's card game - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
The son sued the father - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
Reb Hershil'e Schiff's eye glasses - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
Reb Israel Gertner opposed buying on credit - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
Such a "repentant sinner" - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
Yacov or Yacov Chaim - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
Every Rabbi specializes in a different sickness - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
Which fast is the best - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
And what do you call a 'ruined holiday?" - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
"We implore Thee, O Lord, prosper us - Shlomo Yahalomi 195
In the days past - Professor Dr. Ch. Lehrman 204
Contrasting worlds - Professor Dr. Ch. Lehrman 217
The Second World War and the Holocaust - Itzhok Berglass 233
Children in captivity - Itzhok Berglass 253
After the war and the Holocaust - Itzhok Berglass 255
1967 - Itzhok Berglass 259
Judaism and nationalism - Rabbi Israel Frenkel 262
A partial answer, regret and guilt - Rabbi Israel Frenkel 262
Our strength against a hostile world - Rabbi Israel Frenkel 262
Martyrdom and sanctity of life - Rabbi Isaac Glikman 269
I shall see the Holocaust before my eyes - Shlomo Yahalomi 272
Rembrance and forgetfulness - Rabbi S.N.Frenkel 276
In memory of my family - Itzhok Berglass 279
My family - Shoshana Ginsberg-Schefler 281
My mother - Pinchos Klotz-Aloni 281
Father said: "Do not remain here!" - Shulamit Grinwald-Hasenkopf 282
The bitter account
My father Chaim Itzhok Kalb - Ben Zion Kalb 289
The People of Israel shall live - Leah Loos 290
In memory of my parents - Dr Chanan Lehrman 292
Memories from my father's house - Seryl Fisler-Mandel 294
My holy father, the martyr, Reb Abraham Kalb, the shochet of Strzyzow, of blessed memory - Ben Zion Kalb
In memory of my father and my town - Menachem Kandel-Nuremberg
In memory of my family - Ruth Kremerman-Russ 298
In memory of father, sister, and her family - Harry Langsam 298
Days and years in Strzyzow - Chana Schiff-Shmulewicz 301
Eta Hacker
How I found out about the town of my origin - Shlomo Neuman 304
Letters from Naphtali Mandel 306
Letter from Eta Federbush-Diamand 307
Letter from Liba Greenblatt and Alta Mandel 308
Letter from Eta Falk-Dembitzer 309
Letter from Chaya Feivush-Berglass 309
Letter from Nechama Bernstein-Berglass 310
Letter from the Assistant Rabbi to the Strzyzow Society in U. S. A. 310
Letter of recommendation from Itzhok Berglass 313
Letter of recommendation from Abraham Tenzer 315
Letter from the Free Loan Society to the Relief committee in U. S. A. 315
The little towns - Itzhok Berglass 317
The villages - Itzhok Berglass 318
The village Lutcza - Itzhok Berglass 319
The villagers, the pillars of benefaction - Shlomo Yahalomi 320
Reb Eliyahu Bilut from Lutcza - Shlomo Yahalomi 321
Reb Yechezkiel Wallach from Lutcza - Shlomo Yahalomi 322
The large Diamand family - Shlomo Yahalomi 323
The cup of sorrow from which I drank during the Holocaust years - Moshe Mussler 324
At the edge of the Shoah - Shlomo Yahalomi 332
On the third anniversary of my exile - Shlomo Yahalomi 332
Seven Rosh Hashanas - Shlomo Yahalomi 333
Purim in Jail - Shlomo Yahalomi 334
Passover the Festival of Freedom in prison - Shlomo Yahalomi 337
Rosh Hashana 1940, in Odessa prison - Shlomo Yahalomi 338
Shavuoth night, 1941 - Shlomo Yahalomi 339
Rosh Hashana. 1941, in the collective farm - Shlomo Yahalomi 340
Go ahead pray! Rosh Hashana 1942 - Shlomo Yahalomi 341
"The land of the free" Rosh Hashana 1943 - Shlomo Yahalomi 342
United with my brother again, Rosh Hashana 1944 - Shlomo Yahalomi 343
Rosh Hashana 1945, the last Rosh Hashana in Russia - Shlomo Yahalomi 492
Memories from the land of exile - Itzhok Berglass 345
The place of exile - Itzhok Berglass 345
The protest - Itzhok Berglass 346
Give thanks to the Lord, for He is good - Itzhok Berglass 348
The holidays in Siberia - Itzhok Berglass 348
Memories of the first day of Poland's occupation - Simcha Langsam 352
The situation in Strzyzow - Simcha Langsam 354
Memories - Simcha Langsam 357
Zitomar - Simcha Langsam 359
Ben Zion Kalb saved many Jewish lives - Shlomo Yahalomi 364
Letter from the Jewish Agency 365
Letter from Rabbi Weismandel 370
Letter from Clara Lieber 374
Letter from Itzhok Zukerman and Tzivia Lubetkin 374
Memories from the days of horror, jumping off the death-train - Itzhok Leib Rosen 380
The struggle with the Jewish 'Kapos" - Itzhok Leib Rosen 380
Yiddishkeit in the German concentration camps - Itzhok Leib Rosen 380
The horrible years 1942-1945 - Hilda Mandel-Feit 384
Surviving in the lion's den - Pearl Strengerowski--Rosen 385
"Kol Nidrei" in Auschwitz - Joseph Weinberg 387
The road of suffering - Reuven Greenbaum 390
The Fighters - Itzhok Berglass 391
Yacov Feingold, of blessed memory - Itzhok Berglass 391
A postcard from Yacov Feingold to the Laterbaum sisters - Itzhok Berglass 391
The causalities - Itzhok Berglass 393
Joseph Asher of blessed memory - Leah Laos 393
My brother Michael of blessed memory - Aryeh Kalb 397
Moshe Lehrman of blessed memory - Aryeh Kalb 399
Parting, eulogy by Rabbi M. Shapiro - Aryeh Kalb 399
My comrade Moshe - Shlomo Levi 400
Tzvi Navon, of blessed memory - Shlomo Levi 403
Tzvi Navon, on the "shloshim" of his death - Zalman 402
To my brother - Chaya Levin 404
Aaron, the son of Yacov Kanner of blessed memory - Chaya Levin 406
Aaron Kanner - Chaya Levin 406
Chanan Abraham Kalb of blessed memory - Chaya Levin 406
How the Nazis annihilated a Hassidic shtetl - Menashe Unger 408
The Rabbi of Koloszyce in Frysztak - Menashe Unger 410
The holy headscarf - Chaim Lieberman 412
Of thee I cry, my eye is shedding a tear - Simcha Langsam 415
The list of martyrs 417
The martyrs of Frysztak and Czudec 431
The departed in the Holy Land 433
The monument 434
The Torah scroll 434
The text of the inscription 442
Natives of Strzyzow throughout the world 442
Israel 443
United States of America 446
Canada, Latin America, Brazil 449
Poland, Germany, England, Belgium, France, Switzerland 453-455
Italy, Austria 457
To the Conclusion of this book - Shlomo Yahalomi 458
Update on Strzyzow 462
A memorial to Chudnov 464
Pictures from Strzyzow 466 to 556
The shul in Strzyzow 1
Reb Chaim Elazar Shapiro, the Rabbi of Strzyzow-Munkatch 15
Reb Alter Zev Horowitz, the Rabbi of Strzyzow. 16
Reb Wolf Deutch, the most active Kehillah leader. 17
Reb Heschel Diamand, last presiding Kehillah leader. 18
Copy of a report card and certificate of award. 44
Rules and regulations for students attending the Talmud Torah. 45
The Hebrew kindergarten and nursery. 48
A class in the Polish elementary School. 49
Places where the alleged blood libel took place. 64
The Bais Yacov School for girls. 74
Children in captivity. 250
Rabbi Israel Frenkel from Toronto. 263
Reb Samuel Nachum Frenkel, Toronto. 277
Title page of a prayer book written in a Russian prison. 362
Jan Malec, his son and relatives. 367
Clara Lieber, Mordechai Weinberg's sons, and postcard from the valley of death. 371
Children who were rescued by Ben Zion Kalb. 371
Yacov Feingold, and his postcard. 392
Joseph Asher. 394
Michael Kalb. 396
Moshe Lehrman. 398
Tzvi Navon. 403
Aaron, the son of Yacov Kanner. 405
Chanan Abraham Kalb. 407
Memorial Plaque which was installed in the Holocaust Cellar. 435
The Torah Scroll. 435
The lighting of the memorial candles by Itzhok Berglass. 436
Memorial services for the martyrs of Strzyzow. 436
Shlomo Yahalomi, eulogizing the martyrs. 437
Memorial services in the Holocaust Cellar. 438
Remnants of the Jewry of Strzyzow. 439
The Secretary, Samuel Mussler, and Irving Lev, meeting Ben Gurion. 447
The synagogue in Sao Paulo, the interior of the Synagogue and the consecration of the synagogue. 450
The memorial plaque for the martyrs of Strzyzow, and for the six million Jewish martyrs. 451
Title page of the book Sova Smachot 466
Title page of the book Netivot Olam. 461
Title page of the book Bnuyot Berama 468
Title page of the book Toldot Noah 469
Title page of the book Olam Echad, and the shul before the war 470
The remodeled shul 471
Interior paintings in the shul 472-475
The entrances after the remodeling 476
The new look of the interior 477-478
The marketplace before the war, the Beit Hamidrash alley and kloiz 479
General view of the town, house of the Rabbi and the Unger family 480
The Talmud Torah and Lehavdil the steeple of the church, also the houses of Fishel Goldberg and Reuven Saphire 481
Houses in Strzyzow 482
The club house and the school 483
A village near Strzyzow, the grove "Lentovnia" and the emblem of Strzyzow 484
The river crossings and the railroad station. 485
Youth organizations in Strzyzow. 486-490
A family celebration and stamps of various institutions 491
Various documents 492
Various types in Strzyzow 493
Gravestones of Akiba Shmuel Tenzer, Tzvi Schiff, and Mecha Kanner 494
Desecrated gravestones 495-496
Rachel Bernstein and the Borgenicht family 497
Baruch Berglass' daughters and his grandson David Dov Bernstein 498
The Gruber Family 499
Chaim Shmuel Guttenberg and Moshe Dym 500
The Goldberg family 501
The Diamand family and Yantche Hagel 502-5  
Alter Chaim Weinberg 506
The Weidens and the last mayor of Frysztak 507
The Kalb Family 508
Ben Zion and Mendel Kalb, Malka Halperin with her son Bezalel, Moshe Nuremberg and Menashe Frehman 509
The Loos Family 510
Chaim and Bluma Lehrman, and the children of Yacov Langsam 511
The Mandel family 512-3
The Musslers, the Feingolds, and Hersh Pfeffer 514
Samuel Feit and his family 515
Joseph Klotz, and his family, also Hersh and Yenta Kraut 516
The Russ family 517
Hershel Reslers grandchildren 517
The Deutch family 518
The Sternberg family 520
The Sturm family 521
The Asher family and the Schlisellbergs 522
The Schiff family 523
Itzhok and Deiche Redler, Yacov Sturm, and the Shmulewicz family 524
Feiga and Benjamin Roth, and the Schefler family 525-6
Alter Nechemiah, Reizhi Diamand, and group of girls from the Diamand, Brav, and Feit families 527

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Contact person for this translation Phyllis Kramer
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Updated 19 May 2002 by LA