|Gdud Mishmar Haemek Hashomer Hatzair in 1933|
|The Gordonia Movement|
Under the Austro-Hungarian occupation (1914-1918), the military au authorities permitted public activities of a cultural nature, which had been forbidden prior to that time. It was then that the Hebrew organization Tarbut was founded. It served as a vanguard for all Zionist, public and educational Jewish activities in Piotrkow. The first leaders were general Zionists, without specifically defined doctrines.
This led to the creation of various parties, such as the Mizrahi in 1918; this was the socialists' party of the Tseirey Zion, which was represented in the Municipality by two members (Berish Rosenblum and Jacob Malo). In 1925, they joined forces with the socialist block consisting of PPS, Bund, and Poaley Zion. This coalition gave them a majority on the Council. Later on, TseireyZion and Right Poaley Zion fused into a united party and founded a local branch of the League for the Working Eretz Israel. Piotrkow became an active center for neighboring towns such as Tomaszow, Sulejow, Rozprza, Belchatow, etc.
In 1925, a local branch of Hitachdut was
established. Its committee consisted of representatives from all the Zionist institutions: Keren Kayemet,
the Keren Hayesod,
the League for Working Eretz Israel and the Hehalutz. Its
cultural activities were conducted in Yiddish and Hebrew. Hitachdut established a library, a Hebrew evening center, and a drama circle; the members met frequently. A Hachshara point
was founded in Sulejow, which sent several dozen olim to Eretz Israel in 1929.
The youth movement, Gordonia, established in 1927, followed the ideas and teaching of the great thinker, A.D. Gordon. Its goals were the achievement of Aliah, work on the land, self-realization, simplicity, and a life of justice and equality.
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