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[Page 119]

DEVECSER

4706' 1726'

The Jewish community was founded in this town of 4,000 inhabitants in 1750. József Lőwy was their first rabbi. He was succeeded by József Cohen, Mór Stern, Dr. Izsák Linksz and Dr. Gábor Deutsch, who died a martyr's death.

The Wisdom of the Fathers (Atyák bölcs mondásai) and Family Happiness as the Source of Blessing (Családi boldogság az áldás forrásai) edited by Dr. Linksz were popular throughout the country. The outstanding rabbi served in Kőszeg later on, and was taken to his fate from there. The Jewish community maintained an elementary school, which had only 22 pupils in the 1930s.

It was a neolog community, which served as a register for 14 small towns and villages with a few Jewish families; among them only Somlóvásárhely had a larger community.

The Jews of Devecser were taken to the Pápa ghetto. One hundred and eighty of our coreligionists became victims of the madness called fascism. Only 13 Jews survived. The last community president Gyula Komlós lives in Budapest. From the 14 villages no Jews were left.

 

Memorial to the martyrs from Devecser

 

[Page 120]

NEMESSZALÓK

4717' 1718'

The Jewish community was founded in this town of 1,500 inhabitants in 1750. Abraham Mayer was their first rabbi, who also died there after a long and blessed service. He was succeeded by Abraham Segall, who was followed by his son-in-law Moshe Link.

Rabbi Link became a dayan at Pápa as well. The last rabbi of the community was David Schükk. They had two small temples, a Talmud Torah and mikveh. In the 1930s their membership was around 200, including affiliated towns and villages in terms of register.

This number dwindled gradually.

The following settlements belonged to the register district: Külsővat, Gergőli, Vinár, Mihályháza, Acsád, Nagypirit, Kispirit, Csögle, Egeralja, Nyárád, Mezőlak, Békás, Felsőgörzsöny, Alsógörzsöny, Adorjánháza, Dabrony, Vid, Kisszöllős, Nagyszöllős, Vecse, Magyargencs, Kemeneshőgyész, Szergény. In some of these places, there were only 4 or 5 Jewish families. They disappeared without a trace.

 

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