David Szmulewski:
"Souvenirs de la Resistance dans le Camp d' Auschwitz-Birkenau"

Mise en form par Dr. Noe Gruss, Published by author, Paris 1984, Yiddish, 352 pages.

David Szmulewsky:
"The Resistance in Auschwitz"
Translation of the Book from Yiddish

Book Committee: Samuel Pisar, Karen Scharl, Darty Natan, Gutman Simon, Skalka Yurek and Liberty Maxim.

"To my Parents and Sisters: Chaja, Gittel, Ester and all the Family and the Memory of all the Victims of the Nazi Occupation."


Commemoration Project in Memory of my cousin Mordka (Max) Zavier (Zawierucha) and the Anonymous Jewish Victim of Auschwitz-Birkenau Death Camp, oppressed, murdered, and burned for the only sin of having being born Jewish.

Translation: Haim Avi-Mor, Tel Aviv, June 1999


List of Contents:

(Pages 350-352)

 

Pages

1.

Introduction by Samuel Pisar

9

2.

In the Streets of Kolo

13

3.

Three Years in Eretz Israel

19

4.

In the Botwin Group

24

5.

The Establishment of Auschwitz

29

 

1) Why Auschwitz?

29

 

2) The First Jewish Prisoners ("Kaczetniks") in Auschwitz

31

 

3) The List of Crimes

32

6.

A Parade("Appell")in the Death Camp

37

7.

The Beginning of the Resistance

51

8.

The Tragedy and the Heroism of the Greek Jewry

65

9.

The Factory for Shoes Paste "Erdal"

83

10.

"Kol Nidrei"in the Camp

89

11.

Christian Holiday

94

12.

The Spanish Traditions of Botwin in the Camp

102

 

1) The Organization

104

 

2) The Organization' Activities

105

13.

Balicki Ziegmont

107

 

1) The Hiding Place

113

 

2) The Strategic Plan of the Revolt

116

 

3) The Free Balicki

117

14.

A Funeral in Auschwitz

122

15.

Good People in the Women Camp

127

 

1) The Women Camp

127

 

2) Orly Rejchrat

128

 

3) The Meeting

129

 

4) Receiving Water

130

 

5) A Birthday Present

131

 

6) Dr. Adeliada Hotwal

132

 

7) Dr. Monci Szwalwowa

133

 

8) Dr. Olga Nikiticzna

135

 

9) The Women Heroines

137

 

10) Block of the Leprosy Sick

137

16.

The Second Commando of the Roof-Covering Workers

142

 

1) History

142

 

2) The Commando of the Roof Covering Workers and their Role in the Resistance.

144

 

3) How to remove a bad Kapo?

149

 

4) Our Contacts with the Doctors

152

 

5) Philipek becomes a Merchant

155

 

6) Szimon Gutland - the Expert

147

 

7) Melinka and Baretzki

159

17.

The Escapee's from the Camp

163

 

1) Kostek and Tomek

163

 

2) They Were Three...

170

 

3) The Informer - Provocateur: Doroszewicz and his Victim

174

 

4) 24 Days in a Bunker

176

 

5) The First Swallows Leave the Camp

181

 

6) Two Jews visit the Nuncio of the Pope

187

 

7) Wolodia

188

18.

The Revolt of the Sonderkommando

197

19.

The Long March from Auschwitz to Berlin

232

 

1) the last Days in the Camp

232

 

2) In the Starving Transport

235

20.

From Berlin to Dachau and Kaufering

241

 

1) Berlin

241

 

2) Dimitri Korbishev

242

 

3) Sachsenhausen

243

 

4) Russian Partisans in Chains

244

 

5) "Privileged" Prisoners (Kateczniks)

244

 

6) Continue in the Wandering Roads

245

 

7) To Dachau

248

 

8) Dachau - Allach

250

 

9) Kaufering near Landsberg

250

21.

The Trial of Dr. Wladislav Dering against the Writer Leon Yuris

253

22.

Official Letters and Documents with Commentaries

268

 

1) First Steps

270

 

2) Frankfurt for the Second Time

275

 

3) Dix Visits Auschwitz

277

 

4) "The Pleasure Trip" of the Provocateurs

279

 

5) The Nazi Archive

281

 

6) The Interrogation

283

 

7) The Viennese Meetings

284

 

8) On the Eve of the Process

286

 

9) The First Impression

287

 

10) The Role of the Diplomats

288

 

11) The Pre-History of the Local Vision

293

 

12) Again in Auschwitz

294

 

13) The Verdict

296

 

14) The Jackals

297

 

15) A Messenger from the General Motzar

299

 

16) The Last Road of Professor Jan Sehan

300

23.

From Slavery to Freedom

319

 

1) Wood for Bread

319

 

2) The March - First Day, One Day

325

 

3) The Death March (Todesmarsche) - Second day

326

 

4) ...And the Evening and the Morning were the Third Day

327

 

5) On the Eve of Redemption ("Geula")

329

24.

"With the Wanderer's Staff in Hand"...

334

25.

From Vienna to Paris

339

26.

List of Names

340

27.

List of Photographs and Documents

347


Partial List of Names
(pages 340-346)

"This list consists of people I remember as the prisoners and victims of the Concentration Camps, who participated in the acts and in the events described in my memories" - David Szmulewski

A BC D EF GHIJ K LM NO P R STU V WX Y Z

Abramowicz AlbertAntipaw
Afner Dr.Aplatowa Dr. Liowow
Alkan LouiseAyasz
Androsiak 
  
Balicki ZiegmontBirenbaum Cypora
Baranowski ZbigniewBirenbaum Sezanne
Barlicki NorbertBirger Ernest
Barszczewski Korman JudelBlas Walter
Bartaszewski StanislawBloch Fjer
Baruch From RadomBojaken Aleksander
Bass LudwikBoratinski Stefan
Baum BrunoBotczynski Felix
Bekas WolfBowkes Haim
Berlau MorisBratra Zofia
Berliner SamBraun Aleksander
Besserman AlfredBrewda Dr. Halina
Besserman RojzaBuchman Josef
Betleim OskarBulawka Henri
BiadawladislawBursztejn Pesach
Bialek Moris 
  
Celmejster Moris Dr.Cohen Mary Louise
Chmielnik SzlomoCzirankowicz Josef
Cimetbaum Heintz 
  
Dajmlerowa MarusiaDirmajer Dr. Heinc
Daniman FrancDirmajer Jehudith
Darenbaum Josef (Warszawski)Doszyk
Darty NatanDragon (The Brothers)
Diamanski HermanDrozszdzinski Aleksander
Dibua Sranislaw 
  
Elina OdetteEpsztejn Welwel
Elkikn Lucian 
  
Falcyn TadeuszFisher Ladzia
Feinstejn AdaFisher Pepa
Feinstejn NechamaFoltinowa Wera
Fejgenbaum Dr.Forster Tauba
Fejkel Wladislaw Prof.Fridman Iciek
Feldenkrajcz EwaFridman Jenine
Ferencz DrFried
Fiderkowicz Alfred Dr.Frimel Rudolf
Filatau ValentinFroch Chaim
Finkelkrojt DanielFrochczwejg Dawid
Finzilber AlterFuks Lajb
Fiodorowa NinaFurmanski Jack
  
Galinski Edward (Adek)Gorin Abraham
Garbarz MoszeGoz Juliusz
Gebel RudiGraf Dr.
Gertner EllaGrodawski Zalman
GlaserGrosman
Glowa StanislawGurand Josef
Gocman SzmuelGurfinkel Daniel
Gold Dr. SergeGurska Maria
Goldberg Dr.Gusiewa Nina
Goldgewicht EwaGutkind Vladimir
Goldszal HenrykGutland Szimon
Goldsztejn Dr.Gutman Dawid
Goldsztejn Haim IczelGutman Israel
Goldsztejn JackGutman Szimon
Golik IgnacyGutterman Perelka
  
HajneHerszenzag Hersz
Halewi TadeuszHirsz Fredy
Halon KarzimierzHoch Hania
Handelsman JankelHocz Richter
Harczyk AbrahamHorczakcrisitina
Hejman StefanHorst Janas
Hercberg WalterHotwal Dr. Adeliada
  
Igel Simon 
  
Jagella KonstantinJurkowicz Lariska
Jakobowska WandaJurkowicz Wyla Prof.
Jakowlew Liuwau Sr 
  
Kafka OzerKorilowicz Adam
Kagan RayaKorin Charl
Kaminer RaymondKorin Shmuel
KaminskiKorman Bela
Kaner JosefKorman Jdel
Kaninska ReginaKoszczuszkowa Dr. Janina
Kapler MaksimilianKot Ada
Kaufman CharlKowalczyk Ludwik
Kazanowa DanielKowileczky Frantiszek
Kenka Dr.Kozszelczyk Jakob
Kiellar WieslawKrauze Etta
Kiemar FranczKrauze Henri Dr.
Kieta MieczislawKrawczyk Moniek
Kirszland RitaKulka Erich
Klein Dorota Dr.Kupenberg Maks
Klinger JackKwater Polette
Klodzinski Stanislaw Dr.Kwiatek Wolf
Kordek Ryszard 
  
Laks SimonLemka
Lammi EliLenczener S.
Landman JackLewi Andrej
Langfelder CylaLewi Robert Prof.
Langfelder LacyLewiedjew Aleksander
LangfusLewinska Pelagia
Langwejn HermanLibenfrejd
Lasaczka TeresaLiberty Maxim
Lechtman SiomaLil Karl
Lederman DawidLingens Ela Dr.
Lek AbaLiwer Izak
Lemberger SergeLudwig Pawel
  
Majzel PepiMink Emanuel
Margolis EsterkaMironao Wasily
Markowicz ErikMiszim Peter
Meczewski HenrykMitelman
Mensze ChaskelMordowicz Czeslaw
Messinger ChaneMordoy
MichaliakMotika Lucian
Migdal AbramMotika Magda
Miller Bondi Dr. 
  
Najman YosefNawakowski Lucian
Nakman (Nakarz) AlfredNawrdalik Wladislaw
Nardman Mary LouiseNikiticzna Dr. Olga
  
Offenceler JohanOnikower Dr.
Oksbaum DanielOtlan Maxim
  
Palant CharlPilieczki Jan
Palmowska JaninaPis Edward
Papoga JosefPitlik Wladislaw
Paremski HenrykPitlyk Danuta
Parkarz Dr.Plaskrua Wera
Pechman-Malinka AronPlaskura Josef
Penczyna JackPlotniczka Helena
Perelmutter HerszelPoliak Josef
Petruszewicz WitoldPozner Kurty
Piekot Warszawska ElzbiettaPukawski Cypora
Pileczka GenowewaPukawski Jehudit
  
Rag JosefRobota Roza
Rajmon SimonRorzanski Zenan
Rawicz JerziRosen Arnosz
Rawin MaszaRoyal Malka
Rebelski SalomonRozensztok Alex Dr.
Rejchart OrlyRusak Henryk Dr.
Resnik Maruricy 
  
Safam JosefSmolen Karzimierz
Samowicz MaksSofa Jack
Sapir ReginaSolarz Artur
Schmidt ErikSosnowski Herta
Sehan Jan Prof.Sowa Kazrzimierz
Sekowski IgnacySowanski Tadeusz
Seroja MariemSowiel Czeslaw
Shejn ArnoszStanianowski Jan
Shejnfeld Szjia Dr.Stasiak Leon
Sherman AdelaStein Martin
Sherman JosefSturdzy Macel Dr.
Shiles Uri Dr.Sumniers Mala
Shindelman MeirSwierczyna Edward
Shlachter YosefSzewczyk Tadeusz
Shlapek Helena Dr.Szmaglawska Swarina
Shneider GerdaSzmer Jack
Shpak HelenaSzmulewski Dawid
Shulewicz MaxSzowinski Serje
Shultz Chaim LuzerSztel Kazimierz
Sliwa RomanSztromberg Maria
Sliwka PoletteSzuter Hans
Slowodanski AnatolSzwalwowa Dr. Monci
Smajer Jack 
  
Tabo JerzyTolski Natan
TauberTom Feliks
Tetmjier AlinaTrejster Noach
Toch Ernest 
  
Uszinski Tadeusz 
  
Wagszal Dr. KubaWkiatek Janina
Wajn Kotirier Mary ClaudeWodka Philip
WassersztrasWojczechowski Mirek
Wejnsztejn MalaWojgodski Stanislaw
Wejsblum GizaWolken Dr. Etta
Werba Rudolf Prof.Wolkes Bernard
Werl LudwigWortman Dr.
Wilner Max 
  
Zalmanowicz RachelZszemniak Szlomo
Zawierucha MaxZylber Godel
ZeielinskaZylber Lajbel
Zejdof SzymonZylbersztejn Yosef
Zielinska AnnaZyra Dr.
Zilbersztejn AnetteZysman Henryk
Zimetbaum MalaZywlska Christina
Zinger Katia 


Introduction

When I was in Paris in 1994, visiting my cousins whose father Max (Mordka) Zawiercucha died a year before, I first saw David Szmulewski book. In this book, the only place in the world, Max's name is mentioned, his sufferings is recorded, his life during three years of abuse and slavery is described, his dreams and daily fight to survive are told. It cannot be left in Yiddish, a language that second generation hardly speak anymore.

My cousin Mordka Zawierucha, the "young friend" of David Szmulewski is mentioned in the book. The book has an index of more than 335 (!) names, (not all the names are included, so this is but a partial index. AH.) but without the page numbers. I don't understand Yiddish, but I can read its Hebrew (my mother's tongue) writing. For a whole night back than, I was scanning the book and on the following morning I gave to my cousin 12 bookmarks which the photocopied for me. Coming back to Israel, my father, Meir Holtzman of blessed memory, translated those 12 pages.

The family Zawierucha originated from Wyszogrod and Gombin Poland and immigrated like thousands of other Polish Jews to France, during the first years of the 30s. The family was expelled to Drancy and from there transported to Auschwitz. They were gassed to death upon arrival at Auschwitz from Drancy, on July 1942. Max (Mordka Zawierucha) was the only survivor. He survived three years in the ghenna (hell) Auschwitz. Father Zajnwil, mother Perla neé Gostynska and two sisters Ryfka and Fajga perished. One family wiped off the earth. One out of millions. Perla Zawierucha nee' Gostinska was my grandfather Jakob's sister. The end of the Gostinski family is already known, tens of descendants from Gombin, Zychlin, Gostynin, Zakroczym, Lodz, Wyszogrod: extermination...

But being so comprehensive and a first sight testimony of the concentration and death camp Auschwitz, I got very interested and looked for the book in Yad Vashem where I found it in their extensive collection. I photocopied it all and decided such a document should be translated to Hebrew and English later (if any financing institute found), otherwise, the book is doomed for oblivion.

It highlights the heroism of the victims in that other planet "Auschwitz". It proofs that whenever it was possible, even against all odds, the Jews fought and resisted the Nazi German oppressors, and the Jews didn't go as sheep to the slaughter. It also describes the horrible Nazi mechanism of extermination, abuse, oppression and humiliation, which killed the spirit of the victims, not only their bodies. The organization of resistance in its own was already a victory over evil.

It is also a breathtaking account of the day-to-day life near the crematoria, in the mist of the ashes...

My late father was willing to continue with the translation, but life is cruel and he died unexpectedly last September, before project could be materialized.

I recently found another Yiddish speaking High School director in pension, Mr. Haim Avi Mor who agreed to do this for a modest symbolic sum, yet to be paid to him. I commissioned him the work and paid an advance from my own pocket.

I start fund-raising through the Internet for this project, aiming to translate and publish the book in Hebrew at the first stage, as no resources to do also the English translation.

Haim Avi Mor (original name was "Piekarz") is a retired Gymnasium director and felt close to the subject, having lost also all his family in the Holocaust. He is from the small town of Zelachow. He translated already the whole book!

I hope anyone will recognize the importance of this project and will help me so that the chapter of the resistance in Auschwitz, the chapter of survival, heroism and fight will not be forgotten. It is also the story of the anonymous Jewish inmates who found the courage and strength to resist their oppressors in the other planet Auschwitz; Their stories were never told as most of them did not see the light of liberation; or were silent about the tragic past, taking their testimony with them to their graves.
Dawid Szmulewski was their voice!
His book should be translated and published!

Tel Aviv 1.12.1999Ada Holztman


Donors and Volunteers for the Project of Translation the Book from Yiddish

Last updated December 17th1999

 Serge Rozenblum, France

 Corinne, Alan, Philip Zavier and their Families, France

  Dawid Lewin, UK

 Nicole Berline, France

Lisa Thaler, U.S.A. : in honor of Michael HONEY

Bernie and Jane Guyer, U.S.A.

Minna Packer Zielonka, U.S.A. in honor of Zielonka and Ber families

The Lupo and Fajgenbaum (Laks) Family, Israel, in memory of Rachmiel Fajgenbaum and Fejge Ruchla Leibman


This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
This material may not be copied, sold or bartered without JewishGen, Inc.'s permission. Rights may be reserved by the copyright holder.


JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
JewishGen is not responsible for inaccuracies or omissions in the original work and cannot rewrite or edit the text to correct inaccuracies and/or omissions.
Our mission is to produce a translation of the original work and we cannot verify the accuracy of statements or alter facts cited.

  Oswiecim, Poland     Yizkor Book Project     JewishGen Home Page


Yizkor Book Project Manager, Lance Ackerfeld
This web page created by Ada Holtzman

Copyright ©1999-2014 by JewishGen, Inc.
Updated 17 Aug 2002 by LA