Dubno; a Memorial to the
Jewish community of Dubno, Wolyn
(Dubno, Ukraine)

50°25' / 25°45'

Translation of
Dubno; sefer zikaron

Editor: Y. Adini

Published in Tel Aviv, 1966


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This is a translation of: Dubno; sefer zikaron (Dubno; a memorial to the Jewish community of Dubno, Wolyn),
Editor: Y. Adini, Tel Aviv, Dubno Organization in Israel, 1966 (H,Y 752 columns)


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Hebrew translated by Sara Mages

Yiddish translated by Yocheved Klausner

 

A Jewish Metropolis A. Avtichi-Hadari 17
 
The City and its History Yakov Netaneli-Roitman 21
  A. The outline of the city   25
  B. Jewish Dubno   35
  C. Dubno’s Sages   61
  D. The Hassidut of Baal Shem Tov   65
  E. The Haskalah period and its personalities   67
  F. “Hibbat Zion” and the beginning of Zionism   83
  G. Dubno’s Rabbis   87
  H. Rabbis “Mitaam[1]   97
  I. Dubno in the eyes of the press   99
  J. From “Pinkas Hakehillat Dubno   111
 
The Dubner Maggid   129
The sage and his city Eliezer Shteinman 133
The fables of the Dubner Maggid   135
The Dubner Maggid and his fables Y. P. Ben-Chaya 145
The Dubner Maggid the fable expert and the messenger of realism Rafael Mahler 149
 
The City and its Residents   169
Dubno in the year 5640 [1879/80] Yitzchak Ajzik Feffer 173
Greater Dubno Yakov Netaneli-Roitman 181
Dubno on the eve of the First World War and afterward – Education and teaching/Communal and political work/
Self defense in Dubno in 1919/ From the life of Dubno’s Jews/The war for the Rabbinate Chair/ Under Austrian rule
Yisrael Feffer 191
The pogrom of Purim 5674 [1914] R’ Shaul Virman 209
The Rabbi’s daughter [poem] Shaul Tchernichovsky 211
The livelihood of Dubno’s Jews
A. Industry/ B. Innkeeping/ C. Handicrafts and manual labor/ D. Free professions/ E. Crops and seeds trading
Moshe Cohen 213
Two years under Soviet rule Moshe Cohen 229
 
A. Youth Movements. B. Synagogues and Batei-Midrash. C. The community’s welfare institutions 245
The “Hachshara D. Koren 249
Youth Movements in Dubno A. Cohen 253
The trial of “Hashomer Hatzair Nisan Drori 262
HeHalutz” in Dubno Zelig Freiman 263
The youth pioneer federation “Gordonia” in Dubno Zipora Ampel 269
The youth that is gone Shimon Oz (Guz) 273
Synagogues and Betei-Midrash in Dubno Moshe Kachka 277
Bait- Hamidrash of the Oliker Hassidim in Dubno Z. Friedman 281
Bait-Hamidrash of R’ Avraham Mordechai Moshe Cohen 281
The cantors of the Great Synagogue Moshe Kachka 283
Peretz Markish in Dubno Yisrael Feffer 287
R’ Zeidel Hazan Netaneli-Roitman 289
The Jewish Hospital in Dubno Zev Ziskind 291
Welfare institutions of the Dubno community Shmaryaho Roitman 291
The orphanage G. Steible 297
Passover Seder for Jewish soldiers Moshe Cohen 301
TOZ[2] in Dubno Mania Deibog 303
 
Culture and Way of Life 309
The origin of the historian Shimon Dubnov of blessed memory family and its name Amnon Horovitz 313
The history of printing in Dubno   315
The history of the Jewish-Polish High School G. Bradiga 317
Tarbut” School in Dubno A. Cohen 319
Hakoach” [sports club] B. Bradiga 325
Amateur Theater Moshe Kachka 331
Weddings and Jewish Klezmorim Moshe Kachka 339
The livelihood of the “common folks Asher Rikhman 343
Using Matza baking machines in Dubno Moshe Cohen 345
Baking Matzot in a machine B. Bradiga 347
Zionism – and its reward Aviezer Zaks 349
Or Torah B. Elimelech 353
Images and nicknames of our townsfolk Asher Rikhman 361
 
Personalities and Figures 365
To the image of the genius Rabbi, president of the Rabbinical court, our teacher and rabbi R’ Menachem Mendel Yannai 369
The Admor R’ Baruch HaLevi Yozefob R’ Shmuel HaLevi Yozefob 371
The Rabbi “Mitaam[1] R’ Chaim Zev Margaliot   373
To the image of the teacher Chaim Nisan Zaks Naftali Toren 373
The fate of a Hebrew teacher Nisan Machrok (Drori) 379
The teacher R’ Elimelech Bly Yannai 383
The life of the Hebrew teacher Shlomo Balaban Asher Balaban 385
Eliyahu Machrok P.Y. 389
The teacher Shlomo Rikhman Asher Rikhman 389
R’ Motil Luziker Avraham Shritnik 391
The brothers David and Tzvi Perl M. Cohen 393
The brothers Tzvi and Eliyahu Meizler Nisan 395
David Horovitz Nisan 397
Asher-Zelig Bronshtein Nisan 399
Shimon-David Feffer M.C. 399
To the image of R’ Avraham-Moshe Kolton S.K. 399
To the image of R’ Yisrael-Moshe Lashchever Nisan 401
Chana Kagan (Cohen) A.C. 401
R’ Shmuel Koifman-Mutziver H. Koifman-Melamed 403
Avraham Karaulnik B. Bradiga 405
Leib Luchnik Nisan 407
Dr. Isidor Margalit (Margulies) Nisan 409
To the image of Pinchas Pinkhasuvitz Nisan 411
Sarka Dubzits Nisan 411
R’ Avraham Likhter H.L. 413
Yankel Sanis Malka Friman 415
Ester Feffer (née Deibog) Y.P. 415
Eliezer Zorne Nisan 417
Dr. Misha Lichtenstein-Zohar Nisan 417
Shmuelik the watchmaker B. Elimelech 419
Hershel the Great Synagogue beadle Yannai 421
Benedik Nisan 421
Valadia (Frenkel) B. Barigada 423
About one family Shmuel Kolton 423
Berale’ Gulzriker Nisan 425
The activist - Eliyahu-David (Bukrig) Akiva David 427
Four who fell: David Meizler/Tzvi Sternberg/Ozer Shehami/David Sobol Asher Rikhman 431
 
The Holocaust 437
Dubno’s plan/The ghetto’s boundaries   441
The Ikva River Simcha Shtibel 445
The Germans are coming [poem] Moshe Visberg 451
The Valley of Death Yehusua Vovk 453
The life and the loss of Dubno’s Jews Moshe Visberg 459
In hiding places and in the forests Yitzchak Fisher 469
In seven sections of horror Frida Binshtok 473
Testimony in the Nuremberg Trials about the massacre in Dubno   517
The end of the partisan, member of “Betar”, Aizia Wassermann Asher Ben-Oni 519
Historical Questionnaire   529
Historical Questionnaire   531
Passover after the Holocaust Yakov Netaneli-Roitman 533
From the bitter spring [poem] Nathaniel Bahiri (Bilizki) 535
The empty skies R’ Leibish Vinokur 537
From the days of suffering and torture Shoshanna Zamberg-Gun 537
A string of sadness for Senila and the eight hundred children who perished in one day [poem] Yakov Netaneli-Roitman 541
Dubno after the expulsion of the Germans Sioma 545
 
Yiddish Section
Life in Dubno - Dubno, March 1929   549
The town and its history Yakov Netaneli-Rothman 553
From the Pinkas [register] of the Dubno community Yakov Netaneli-Rothman 577
The wise men [scholars] of Dubno Yakov Netaneli-Rothman 577
The“Magid” [preacher] of Dubno Eliezer Steinman 603
Some fables from the Magid of Dubno   607
Dubno, 80 years ago Yitzhak Aizik Pfeffer 613
Dubno between the World Wars   619
The history of Hashomer Hatza'ir and Hehalutz Binyamin Hoz & D. Karin 637
Two years of Soviet rule in Dubno Moshe Cohen 641
Jewish livelihoods, Figures Asher Reichman 657
Names and Surnames Asher Reichman 661
Jewish weddings and Klezmers Moshe Katchke 665
Dobe Tovin-Metz / Yosef Pinchasovitch / Leib Lutchnik / Sara'ke Dobtzes / Shmulik Zeigermacher [watchmaker] /“Benedik   673
 
From the Sad Days   689
The life and the destruction of the Jews in Dubno Moshe Weinberg 693
The liquidation of the Dubno Ghetto Yehoshua Wobek 707
In hiding and in the forest Yitzhak Fischer 711
The days of suffering and of pain Shoshana Somberg-Gon 717
”The Heavens are Empty”…. R'Leibush Winokur 721
Testimony about the slaughter in Dubno M. Grabe 721
Dubno after the liberation Sioma 725
List of the holy victims of the Dubno community [Necrology]   733
 
Translator's Footnotes

  1. Rabbi “Mitaam” – A Rabbi who served as the official liaison to the government, any official dictate or transaction, having to do with Judaism, went only through him Return
  2. TOZ - Towarzystwo Ochrony Zdrowia - Society for the Protection of the Health of the Jews, Poland, between the two World Wars Return

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