Sub-Carpathia Jewish History
For close to a thousand
years, the region known as Sub-Carpathian Ruthenia had belonged to the
Hungarian Empire. Tax records indicate Jewish settlement in the Hungarian
Empire as far back as the 11th century. In the late 17th century, the Austrian
Hapsburgs defeated the Turkish Ottoman Empire and, around this time, a greater
amount of immigration to the Austro-Hungarian Empire occurred.
Jews were among those who came to Hungary looking for a better life and an
escape from persecution. By the end of the 18th century, there were
approximately 80,000 Jews residing within the borders of the Austro-Hungarian
Jewish presence in Sub-Carpathia dates back to at least the 16th century, when
Jews first came to Sub-Carpathian Rus', then covering the four northeastern
counties of the Hungarian kingdom, although their numbers were very small until
the second half of the 18th century.
It's worth noting that outside the major Hungarian towns, the region had the
highest concentration of the pre-Trianon Jewish population, produced many
Manhattan Project physicists and Nobel Laureates.
Click the following topics to open and close them.
- → Jewish History - Hungarian Period
- → Jewish History - Interregnum
- → Jewish History - Czechoslovak State
- → Jewish History - Power Struggle
- → Jewish History - Economy
- → Jewish History - Language and Schooling
- → Jewish History - Annexation by Hungary
- → Jewish History - Post-War Period
- → Jewish History - Data Tables
- → Jewish History - Additional Reading