JCR-UK

MEDIEVAL (PRE-1290) JEWISH COMMUNITIES
IN ENGLAND & WALES

Page created: 22 April 2005
Latest revision: 26 October 2014

Listed by County
(Click here to view list arranged alphabetically by community)
(Click here to view list of regions)

Counties referred to below are not necessarily the counties in which the towns are now located, but are the historic shires (or counties) in which the relevant towns were situated prior to the reorganization of local government in 1965 and 1974.  Although in many cases they are the counties in which the towns were situated during the medieval period, this is not necessarily the case (especially in Wales).

ENGLAND

Bedfordshire
      BEDFORD 1,  5
      Dunstable

Berkshire
      Abingdon
      Hungerford
      Newbury 6
      Reading
      Sonning
      Speenhamland 6, Newbury
      Windsor 6
      WALLINGFORD 1, 6

Buckinghamshire
     Buckingham
      Newport (Newport Pagnell)
      Wycombe 6

Cambridgeshire
      Bottisham
      CAMBRIDGE 1, 6

Derbyshire
     
Derby 6
      Thornbridge 3

Devon
      EXETER 1 5
      Honiton

Dorset
      Dorchester

Essex
     
COLCHESTER 1 5
      Finchingfield
      Rayleigh

Gloucestershire
      BRISTOL 1,  5
      GLOUCESTER 1, 6
      Tewkesbury

Hampshire
      Basingstoke
      Romsey 6
      Southampton 6
      WINCHESTER 1 5

Herefordshire
     
HEREFORD 1 5
      Weobley

Hertfordshire
      BERKHAMSTED 1
      Hertford
      Hitchin
      Royston

Huntingdonshire
     
HUNTINGDON 1 5

Kent
      Berham (now Barham)
      CANTERBURY 15
      Faversham
      Gillingham
      Hatcham (now New Cross)
      Malling
      Ospringe
      Rochester
      Sandwich
      Shoreham
      Sittingbourne

Lancashire
     
Lancaster

ENGLAND (cont.)

Leicestershire
     
Leicester 6

Lincolnshire
     
Grimsby
      LINCOLN 1 5
      STAMFORD 1,  5

London
     
Camden 3
      LONDON 1,  5
      Southwark

Norfolk
     
Conisford
      Lynn (now King’s Lynn)
     
Newland, Lynn
      NORWICH 1 5
      Thetford
      Yarmouth

Northamptonshire
     
NORTHAMPTON 1 5

Northumberland
     
Newcastle upon Tyne 6

Nottinghamshire
     
NOTTINGHAM 1 5

Middlesex
     
Brentford
      Hampton 4
      Hendon

Oxfordshire
      Burford
      Chesterton 4
      OXFORD 1,  5

Shropshire
     
Bridgnorth
      Ludlow

Somerset
     Bath
     Bridgwater
     Ilchester
     Wells

Staffordshire
     
Colton 4

Suffolk
     
Bungay
      Bury St. Edmunds 6
     
Clare
      Dunwich
      Eye
      IPSWICH 1 5
      Newmarket
      SUDBURY 1, 6

Surrey
      Dorking
      Guildford
      Kingston 4 (now
        Kingston-upon-Thames)
      Merton 4

Sussex
      Arundel
      Bosham
      Chichester
      Hastings
      Lewes
      Rye
      Seaford
      Winchelsea
6

ENGLAND (cont.)

Warwickshire
      Coventry
      WARWICK 1, 6

Westmorland
      Kendal
Wiltshire
     Chippenham
      Cricklade
      DEVIZES 1,  5
      MARLBOROUGH 1, 6
      WILTON 15

Worcester
      Evesham
      WORCESTER 1, 6

Yorkshire
      Beverley
      Doncaster
      Knaresborough
      Pontefract
      YORK
1

 

WALES

Anglesey
      Beaumaris 6
      Newborough 6
Caernarvonshire
      Caernarvon 6
      Conway 6
      Criccieth 6
Flintshire
     Flint 6
      Rhuddlan 6
Merioneth
      Bala 6
      Harlech 6
Monmouthshire
      Caerleon
      Chepstow
 


Not Identified
2

      Berdefield
      Bradesworth
      Eden
      Frenningsham
      Fressinton
      Graham
      Haverford
      Holm
      Pinkeneye
      Rising

 

Notes
1 Appearing in capital letters. Towns with archae (official registers of Jewish financial transactions, created after 1194).
2 Although these communities or places of settlement were listed by Cecil Roth in "A History of the Jews in England", their present day location has not been identified.
3 These communities or places of settlement were listed by Cecil Roth in "A History of the Jews in England", but their location is by no means certain, although no reasonable alternative location could be identified.
4 There are several towns or villages in England or Wales with this name.  However, the location given is most probably the correct location of the Jewish community or place of settlement.
5 Towns from which Jews were expelled in 1290. 
6 Towns, including some with archae, from which Jews had been excluded prior to 1290.


Historical Background and Glossary

Bibliography, Local Research Libraries and other sources

  Return to Medieval (Pre-1290) Jewish Communities Home Page


R
esearched, compiled and formatted for JCR-UK by David M.R. Shulman

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