The Establishment of Golders Green Synagogue by Lynne Fertleman
One of the main reasons for the continued rise of Jewish immigration to the suburbs is that the Jews were still largely an immigrant population and the London County Council of 1923 had in force an anti-alien housing policy. This policy meant that only British citizens were eligible to accommodation on the council’s housing estates. This approach was strengthened in 1925 when no alien was eligible for council housing even if they were paying rates.(71) The areas of Golders Green, Finchley and Hendon were still in the County of Middlesex and were, therefore, not within the borders of the London County Council.
Whilst the Golders Green Synagogue at Dunstan Road was the first synagogue to be established in the area, as the Jewish population increased, other synagogues were established in the district. A reform congregation was established in Alyth Gardens in 1933.(72) and a more orthodox congregation, the Golders Green Beth Hamedrash Congregation, made up mostly of the newly arrived German refugees, was established initially in 1934.(73)
The general population moved
further into suburbia with the expansion of the railway network, which was
extended in 1924 from Golders Green to Edgware.(74)
As the railway networks grew, so did the outlying Jewish communities. In
Finchley they formed a congregation in 1926 with 20 members,(75)
in Hampstead Garden Suburb a synagogue was formed in 1933;(76)
and in Hendon regular services began in 1928 and the Foundation Stone for their
own synagogue building was laid in 1935.(77)
References (which also appear if you hold the cursor over the number of the note in the text):
(71) Alderman. pp.257.
(73) http://www.ggbh.org.uk/our_kehilla.htm (known as ‘Munks’)
(74) Alderman. pp.212-3.
(75) Pollins, Harold Economic History of the Jews in England (London: Associated University Press Ltd, 1982) pp184.
(77) Raleigh Close Up (London: Hendon Synagogue Magazine, 2003).
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