Fashion Street, London E1 (in 1887),
Widegate Street, London E1 (in 1870)
(Both the above are mentioned in V. D. Lipman's "Social History of
the Jews in England 1850-1950" and it is assumed that they refer to
the same congregation.)
Fashion Street (some 600 feet long), in London's East End, runs east
from Commercial Street to Brick Lane, parallel with Fournier Street (300
feet to the north). (Flower & Dean Street used to run parallel 200 feet
to the south but this no longer exists.)
Widegate Street (some 350
feet long) runs east from Bishopsgate to Sandys Row and is
situated at the northern end of Middlesex Street.
The Mikrah Synagogue, Fashion Street, is among
the 21 or 22 synagogues listed by V. D. Lipman in his "Social History of the Jews in England
1850-1950" (pp120-121) as the founding members of the
Federation of Synagogues on 6 November 1887.
(A meeting had been held on 16 October 1887 to form the Federation,
and neither the name Mikrah Chevra nor Plotzker Synagogue appear in the list
provided by Geoffrey
Alderman in his history of "The Federation of Synagogues 1887-1987"
of the 16 synagogues that attended the meeting, although there
was a congregation named as the Fashion Court Chevra, founded in
The Jewish Year Book 1896-1897, includes a
Synagogue at New Court. (New Court was a courtyard within the
block on the south side of Fashion Street, north of Flower & Dean Street) among the members of the Federation. It is presumed that
this is a separate congregation and not a typographical error.
Widegate Street is in the City of London, having been
situated in the former
civil parish of St. Botolph Without Bishopsgate (abolished 1908) in the
Bishopsgate Ward Without.
Fashion Street is in
the London Borough of Tower Hamlets,
created on 1 April 1965, within the administrative area of Greater London.
Fashion Street was in the Metropolitan Borough of
Stepney (established 1900) in the County of London
(established 1889), both of which entities were abolished in 1965.
Fashion Street was also
within the civil parish of Spitalfields (which was in the former County of Middlesex until 1889)
and which, from 1856 to
1900, was a constituent of the Whitechapel District.
The civil parish of Spitalfields was abolished in 1921, being absorbed
into the civil parish of Whitechapel, which itself was abolished in 1927
to be absorbed into Stepney Borough parish (until that parish's
abolition in 1965).