Page created: 6 January 2012
Latest revision or update: 4 August 2016
Press Reports relating to Jewish
Community in South Shields
1857 - 1910
Jewish Chronicle, 11 December 1857, page 1241
On 7th Isaac Jacob of South Shields aged 63, the oldest member of
the South Shields congregation. He also founded the North Shields
synagogue. He lodged, fed, clothed and educated orphans in his own
house and established them in life when grown up age.
Jewish Chronicle, 11 December 1857, page 1244
Subscriptions to JC. Henry Isaacs of S Shields to 3.3.1858
Jewish Chronicle, 13 January 1860, page 8
Appeal by Sunderland. Donations included from H. Isaacs and H.
Jackson, S Shields
Jewish Chronicle, 14 August 1863, page 1
North Shields congregation. Wanted - Shochet and Chazan for the N
Shields Congregation. Apply to H. Jackson, President, 77 West
Holborn, S Shields
Jewish Chronicle, 7 July 1865, page 2
Appeal for N Shields building fund. President Henry Jackson, West
Holborn, S Shields.
Jewish Chronicle, 16 February 1866, page 1
Repeat of 7.7.1865
Jewish Chronicle, 14 February 1868
A PIECE OF INTOLERANCE (from a Correspondent)It was never thought
possible that in our enlightened century, and particularly in
boasted liberal England, there could be committed such an act of
intolerance as recently took place in a court of justice in South
Shields. The unjust act to which I allude was the compelling of a
Jew, against his conscience, and in spite of all his remonstrances,
to break his Sabbath by signing his name. The case is reported in
the "Newcastle Chronicle," and I beg you kindly to to give publicity
to this intolerant proceeding in your valuable paper, in order to
show the world that the time is past when a Jew may be persecuted
for the sake of his faith. The English colonies have acted in a more
becoming manner in similar cases than the mother country, it having
been decided some time ago in an Australian court, to postpone the
hearing of a trial in which a Jew was concerned from Saturday to the
following Monday, so as to do no violence to his conscience.
Subjoined is the extract from the local paper:
CURIOUS "SCENE" IN A POLICE COURT. - On Saturday morning, an amusing
"scene" was presented at the South Shields Police Court, arising out
of the strong Sabbatarian views of a member of the Jewish
persuasion. Mr. Thomas Jackson, pawnbroker, East Holborn, being
summoned to give evidence in the case of the seaman Froude, having
sold a watch to him, and on the case being completed he was
requested to sign his name to the depositions. - Mr Jackson: But I
cannot do that to-day. It is our Sabbath - the clerk: Oh, but you
must Mr. Jackson: But I cannot to-day. I will to-morrow. It will
make no difference. - The Clerk: No, that won't do. You have given
your evidence. What difference is there in signing your name and
coming here. - Mr. Jackson: I was forced to come here. - Ald.
Glover: Mr. Jackson, you must sign the depositions before you leave
the court. - Mr. Jackson: Then, I'll stay until our Sabbath is over.
Councillor Anderson: A Christian respects his Sabbath as much as you
(Mr. Jackson) respect yours, and he wouldn't refuse to sign a paper.
- Mr. Jackson: It's breaking our law. You know I have been brought
up to it. - Mr. Jackson sat down, and the business of the court
proceeded. During the hearing of the other cases against Froude,
Jackson left the court and fortified himself with a "drink", and on
his return was remonstrated with in such terms that he consented to
make his mark, but this would not do, and a threat of seven or
fourteen days being held over him, he at last signed his name.
Jewish Chronicle, 1 November 1872
"CONSCIENTIOUS SCRUPLES. - At the South Shields Police Court, Henry Vandyke, a
hawker, was charged on remand with obtaining a watch and albert, value £16. from
Henry Summerfield, outfitter. Mr Purvis asked prosecutor, who is a
Jew, if he would sign his name to the depositions, and he firmly refused, it
being a Jewish Holyday. - Alderman Glover explained that the prisoner would be
discharged, unless legally proved guilty, but prosecutor persisted in his
refusal. - On the application of Mr. Richardson, prisoner was thereupon
discharged. Some time after Mr. Summerfield applied for a warrant,
explaining that he was now ready to sign his name, not having liked to do so on
the previous occasion, when Mr. Aaron Simon, one of the witnesses in the case,
had also refused to sign. - The Bench, on the advice of Mr. Purvis, refused
to grant a warrant. In addition to the loss of the watch, Mr.
Summerfield has had to pay the expenses of a detective's journey to Liverpool,
and the costs of the court."
Jewish Chronicle, 11 April, 1873 page 28
Congregation of N and S Shields have obtained a site for a synagogue
Jewish Chronicle, 18th September 1878
North and South Shields (link to an article as an image)
Jewish Chronicle, 10 October 1884, page 6
‘The Recent Festivals’.
‘At South Shields the hall which was hired for religious festivals
during the holydays has been secured as a permanent place for Divine
Jewish Chronicle, 20 July 1894, page 22
‘The Jewish community at South Shields at present hold their
services in temporary premises and they intend to erect a synagogue
for which they seek the support of coreligionists in the South and
Jewish Chronicle, 30 November 1894, page 16
A number of members of the South Shields congregation have seceded
from the N & S Shields Chovevie Zion and have formed themselves into
a separate branch. Has a membership of 21. Elected: Sol Levy
Commander, J. Gompertz, treasurer, Rev Mr Lipkin Secretary.
Jewish Chronicle, 24 May 1895, page 11
Pastoral visit of Chief Rabbi. Met at Ferry by President S. Weinberg
and Treasurer J. Pearlman. Examined children. Mert Burial board and
at cemetery inspected piece of ground which has been granted to the
S Shields congregation..
Jewish Chronicle, 30 August 1895, page 14
After having been in temporary premises for five years members of
congregation have purchased a building at 38 Charlotte St for
purpose of a permanent synagogue which will be ready for High
Jewish Chronicle, 28 February 1896, page 2
Advert. Appeal for funds for S. Shields congregation. Seven
years since congregation established. About 50 families, mostly
working people. Want a more suitable place for services. Premises
have been found for new synagogue and school . Cost £400. Levin
Bequest = £100 therefore need £300.The burial authorities have set
aside a place for Jewish burials but cost of railings to be borne by
Jewish Chronicle, 5 November 1897, page 1
On 30 October 1897 at 6 Wharf St, Stockton on Tees, Izak Meyer Cohen
in his 91st year father of Mrs J.M. Fisher and Mrs B. Levy
Jewish Chronicle, 4 November 1898, page 27
Meeting of Jewish ladies of N & S Shields held last week at
synagogue chambers [N Shields?] to inaugurate a Hebrew Ladies’
Benevolent Society. Over 30 ladies present gave in their names as
members and others are expected to join. Elected: President Mrs H.
Alprovich; Treasurer, Mrs Isaac Pearlman; Hon Sec, Mrs M. Kossick.
Committee: Mrs J. Jacobs, Mrs Weinberg, Mrs Asher Cohen, Mrs Wolfe,
Mrs D. Josephs, Mrs Fisher, Mrs J. Levy. Master Jacob Pearlman
volunteered to act as hon collector.
Jewish Chronicle, 3 March 1899 page 30
On Sunday last a burial ground for the Jewish community was
consecrated at Harton Cemetery. Up to now S Shields dead taken to N
Jewish Chronicle, 8 March 1901, page 24
Presentation to Mr Sol Levy, retiring president of congregation. Has
been president for two and a half years during which community has
increased from 15 to 60. Levy has lent money. Financial position
better - balance in hands of treasurer £40.
Jewish Chronicle, 17 May 1901, page 29
Enthusiastic meeting last Sunday for purpose of furthering a scheme
for a new synagogue. President L. Josephs in chair. Some 9 months
ago a ball held in aid of the scheme. ‘It was unanimously resolved
that the project should be started forthwith’. Building committee
Jewish Chronicle, 23 August 1901, page 22
70 children in Hebrew school
Jewish Chronicle, 22 November 1901, page 35
AGM of S Shields Hebrew Board of Guardians held at 38 Charlotte St.
Ref to election of J. Gompertz as Hon Sec for 3rd year.
Jewish Chronicle, 21 February 1902, page 28
Ref to Rev Mr Rosenberg, minister of congregation.
Jewish Chronicle, 28 February 1902, page 28
Sunday last meeting held to form a society to be affiliated to the
English Zionist Federation.
Jewish Chronicle, 18 July 1902, page 2
Advert. South Shields Hebrew Congregation wants Reader,
Shochet and Mohel. £2 a week. Apply M. Levy 4 Aberdare Terrace.
Jewish Chronicle, 8 August 1902, page 2
Advert repeated [of 18 July 1902]
Jewish Chronicle, 14 November 1902, page 2
Meeting held to consider appointment of an assistant teacher ‘as the
community is largely increasing’. Resolved, to appoint ‘an English
minister .. Who should also act as head teacher’.
Jewish Chronicle, 9 January 1903, page 23
Ref to general meeting of the New Synagogue Building Fund in
connection with the Hebrew Congregation.
Jewish Chronicle, 7 August 1903, page 24
First annual meeting of the New Hebrew Congregation.
Jewish Chronicle, 20 May 1904, page 26
Chief Rabbi’s pastoral visit. Rev S. Adler, son of Chief Rabbi,
examined the children. ‘After the examination a conference took
place between the congregation and a number of dissentients in South
Shields. After some discussion, a suggestion made by the Chief Rabbi
was adopted, which will most likely prove a uniting link between the
two bodies’ Later he ‘exhorted them all to unite in building a new
Jewish Chronicle, 10 June 1904, page 32
At meeting of members of S Shields Hebrew Congregation and a
dissentient Jewish body it was decided to settle differences between
them and agreed to amalgamate.
Jewish Chronicle, 26 April 1907, page 2
APPEAL FOR A SYNAGOGUE IN SOUTH SHIELDS
Nearly 100 families in S Shields. Present place of worship utterly
inadequate (‘merely an ordinary dwelling house’) so is schoolroom.
Ground was bought 5 years ago and partly paid for but no funds to
build. Need £2,000. Chief Rabbi has assigned £100 from the bequest
of the late F.D. Mocatta.
Jewish Chronicle, 12 March 1909, page 4
‘South Shields Synagogue and School-Room Building Fund’ 2nd list of
donations, many from Sunderland and Liverpool. Still need £750.
Jewish Chronicle, 19 August 1910, page 10
General meeting to bid farewell to Rev I. Litovich who has served
for 8 years as Chazan, Shochet, Mohel and Teacher. Going to USA.
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Articles and Press Extracts by Harold Pollins