JCR-UK

Provincial Jewry
in Victorian Britain

 

 

   
 


Extract from papers on
Provincial Jewry in Victorian Britain

Papers prepared by Dr. (later Prof.) Aubrey Newman for a conference at University College, London, convened on 6 July 1975 by the Jewish Historical Society of England
Reproduced here with Prof. Newman's kind consent)

Page created: 12 March 2017
Latest revision: 26 April 2017

        

STATISTICAL ACCOUNTS OF ALL THE
CONGREGATIONS OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE
5606 / 1845

Transcribed by the late Rabbi Bernard Susser, B.A. M.Phil.

First Part
Results of General Questionnaire

Page 3

 

DUBLIN i.

EDINBURGH

EXETER

FALMOUTH

GLASGOW 

OLD SYNAGOGUE ii.

NEW SYNAGOGUE iii.

NO. OF BAALAI BATIM:

19

17iv

14

9

7

13

NO. OF SEATHOLDERS:

21

16v

8

3

14

9

NO OF INDIVIDUALS:

150

Total 107

about 175

Total 50

Total 20

  20 res. visitors
  17 married ladies
    4 single ladies
  20 boys
  25 girls
  Total = 108

Many respectable Germans reside in the city who do not belong, or ever attend, the Synagogue.

NO. OF PAID
OFFICERS:

J. Sandheim, Chazan, Shochet and Secretary;

S. Tobias.

Moses Joel, Shochet.

S. Hoffnung, Chazan and Shochet

Aaron Israel, Shammas.

Jos. Rintel, Shochet, Mohel, Secretary, Chazan, Teacher at 50 p.a.

1 Shochet  

J. Cohen, Shochet and Chazan.

I. Cohen, Kore.

NO. OF
SYNAGOGUES

1vi.

1vii.

1viii.

1ix.

1x.

1xi.

ARE MITZVOT SOLD?

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

IS THERE A MIKVEH?

Public Bathxii.

Yes

One was formed on the same building as the Shool at cost of not less than 80, but from the necessity of its being built on the second floor and the and the apparatus to heat the water being above that again and the difficulty of obtainirg a supply of water and the injury it produced to the premises we were reluctantly impelled to abandon its use within the last eighteen months and consequently the Public Baths are now resorted to where there is a bath constructed which on investigation is found to be within two inches of prescribed rule for size as being kosher. But we regret that on account of a trifling extra expense it is not generally used.

Yes

No, but baths private and public, are used.

?

BURIAL GROUND

Yesxiii.

Yesxiv.

Is charity property held on three lives, the ground is nearly up two out of the lives have dropped and the third is very aged. Which leaves us in a very precarious state, the trustees have offered to receive a piece of ground in lieu of it  convey our present ground to us as freedhold which will cost us 300. We have applied for subscription to the parties who have relatives lying there but have no succeeded.xv.

Yesxvi.

Burial ground purchased by general subscription when all were united and the same is now claimed by the other congregation and they are carrying on a Mishpat.

Yesxvii.

CHARITABLE
INSTITUTIONS

-

Hebrew Philanthropic Society affording a benefit of 10/- weekly to sick members subscribing to the said society, also a branch of this society having a separate fund for relief of casual want to strangers or members. This society and its branch is enrolled under the Act of Parliament for regulating Benefit Societies.

One. Viz, for the support of itinerant poor supported by monthly subscriptions.

Benefit Society for the sick.

A Society or Chevrah for the relief of poor sick Jew

None

Webmaster's Notes (↵ returns to main text)

  1. In the Paper prepared for the Conference, the data on Dublin appeared at the end, following the data on the UK communities and immediately before Jamaica. 

  2. This is reference to a congregation that broke away from the main congregation in 1842 and styled itself the Glasgow Old Hebrew Congregation. The break was extremely acrimonious, as can be seen by the text in "Other Remarks" pertaining to this Congregation in the Second Part of these Statistical Accounts.  In July 1849, the two congregations reunited. 

  3. During the period 1842 to 1849, the Glasgow Hebrew Congregation became known as the Glasgow New Hebrew Congregation, to defreciate the congregation from the rival congregation that styled itself the Glasgow Old Hebrew Congregation. 

  4. As noted in "Other Remarks" under Edinburgh in the Second Part of these Statistical Accounts: "Of the 17 Baalei Batim returned, 4 contributed nothing." 

  5. As noted in "Other Remarks" under Edinburgh in the Second Part of these Statistical Accounts: "The rental received from the 16 seat-holders is 10116d. p.a. The gross expenses of the Congregation exclusive of charity distributed averages 140." 

  6. The then sole synagogue in Dublin was at 12 Mary's Abbey, in use until 1892. 

  7. Reference is to the synagogue in Richmond Court, off Richmond Street, Edinburgh in use until 1867. 

  8. Exeter's synagogue was built in 1763. 

  9. Falmouth's synagogue in Gyllyng Street / Smithick Hill was built in 1806. 

  10. This breakaway congregation, Glasgow Old Hebrew Congregation, continued to meet in the Glasgow Hebrew Congregation's former premises Candleriggs until 1849, when the two congregations reunited and prepared to move to new premises. 

  11. This is a reference to the premises in George Street, Glasgow, used by the congregation from 1842 to 1850, when the again re-united congregation moved to Howard Street. 

  12. As noted in "Other Remarks" under Dublin in the Second Part of these Statistical Accounts: "Some money has been collected for a Mikveh."  

  13. This refers to Ballybough (Old) Jewish Cemetery, Dublin, which dates from 1718. 

  14. This refers to Edinburgh's Old Jews Burial Ground at Braid Place, in use from at least 1820 until 1867. 

  15. Exeter's Old Jews' Burial Ground, Bulls Meadow, dates from 1757. 

  16. Falmouth's Jews' Burial Ground, Penryn Road, dates from about 1780. 

  17. This refers to the Glasgow Necropolis Jews Enclosure, Cathedral Square, dating from 1832. 


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