Page created: 11 June 2006
Latest revision or update: 28 September 2014

Cork Jewish Community

City of Cork

Cork (Irish: Corcaigh) is the second largest city of the Republic of Ireland. The city is a major port, although situated slightly inland from Ireland’s southern coast proper, sitting on the estuary of the river Lee where it flows into Lough Mahon and thence to Cork Harbour. Although geographically part of County Cork, the city of Cork has a separate administration, and was officially referred to as a “County Borough” until 2001, when the term was formally replace by “City”.  Although the city has a population of about 120,000, there are well over 185,000 living in the Greater Cork area.

The Cork Jewish Community

The first Jews to settle to in Cork, were a small community of Sephardi Jews from Portugal in mid eighteenth century (some sources refer to 1772, other as early as 1733). Relatively little is known of this community and it not certain whether they established a synagogue, although if they did, it was likely to be close to their burial ground, which was discovered in Kemp Street, at the rear of the current Cork Synagogue. This community appears to have died out after a short while as a result of intermarriage.

The current Jewish community owes its origins to a group of Ashkenazi Jews who arrived from the town of Yakmyan in the Kovno region of Lithuania in the 1890's.

The following are the Jewish congregations known to have existed in Cork:

Articles on the Cork Jewish Community

The Rise of Provincial Jewry - Cork by Cecil Roth, 1950. Available on JCR-UK as part of the Susser Archive.

Cork's Jewish Community - Small in Size, Grand in Spirit by Marlena Thompson,
an article on the Jewish Federation of America's website.

Nobody Visits Synagogue Now - Vebrant Jewish Community in Irish City of Cork has Dwindled Away,
 article by John Corr in the Seattle Times, August 26, 1990.

Press Reports relating to the Cork Jewish Community 1876 - 1945

Jewish Population Data

1905
1919
1946
1954
1958
1964
2004
2014
  400  - (Jewish Year Book 1906)
  450  - (Jewish Year Book 1920)
  300  - (Jewish Year Book 1947)
  200  - (Jewish Year Book 1955)
  154  - (Jewish Year Book 1959)
    60  - (Jewish Year Book 1965)
   
30  - (Jewish Year Book 2005)
Two families and some scattered Jews in surrounding countryside (Cork Hebrew Congregation's website)

Other Cork Jewish Information


The entrance gates to the Cork Jewish Cemetery in Curraghkippane
© David Shulman 2014

Cork Cemetery Information - IAJGS Cemetery Project

Bibliography

JCR-UK Ireland home page

Explanations of Terms Used

 

 
 


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