Page created by David Shulman: 7 November 2011
Latest revision or update: 21 October 2014

Jewish Community of Gibraltar
 

The Rock of Gibraltar

Gibraltar (often referred to affectionately as the Rock or Gib) is an overseas territory of the UK, occupying a narrow peninsula protruding from Spain's southern Mediterranean coast. It was captured from Spain in 1704 and formally ceded to the Kingdom of Great Britain (later the United Kingdom), in perpetuity, under the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.

Gibraltar became a British Crown Colony in 1830. In 1981, its status was changed to that of a "British Dependent Territory", which term was replaced by "British Overseas Territory" in 2002. Gibraltar is part of the European Union and Gibraltarians have full British citizenship.


The Gibraltar Jewish Community

It is believed that there were Jews in Gibraltar prior to its capture in 1462 by Spanish (Castilian) forces, which ended 700 years of Moorish rule. In 1474, Gibraltar was sold to a group of Jewish conversos (Spanish and Portuguese Jews who, generally under force, had converted to Catholicism). However, two years later, the conversos (estimated to number some 4,350) were expelled as part of the Spanish Inquisition.

In 1705, shortly following the capture of Gibraltar by Anglo-Dutch forces, a number of Jewish merchants (primarily from London, Lisbon, Livorno and Tetuan, Morocco) settled in the town and established a community, only to be expelled in 1717, at Spain's insistence, pursuant to the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht. Within a year or two, Jews again resettled in Gibraltar, principally from Tetuan, and by 1754, formed one third of the total population.

The present Jewish population, almost exclusively Sephardic, numbering some 600 persons, maintains a vibrant community, with four active synagogues, Jewish schools and kosher restaurants. 
 

Search the Gibraltar Records

Surname:


Births:       1808 - 1894:  2,820 Records:
Marriages:
1810 - 1883:     554 Records:
Deaths:     
1829 - 1931:   3,095 Records
Census:      1777 & 1791:     805 Records

It should be noted that this is ongoing and more records will be added as they are transcribed from the original registers and census documents.

PLEASE NOTE:  The results of your search will produce a number of records from Births, Marriages, Deaths and Censuses. To view individual records you will need to log in to JewishGen, which is where these records are housed.  Joining JewishGen is free of charge. If you do not have a JewishGen ID, then please click here and join up.

Jewish Congregations in Gibraltar

Gibraltar Jewish Cemeteries Information

A photograph of Jews' Gate Cemetery (the "old" cemetery), Gibraltar
Louise Messik 2012

Gina Marks and Louise Messik are undertaking photographing the graves in the two cemeteries.
Historian and Researcher Joshua Marrache is providing information from various sources and translations of the graves which are in Hebrew.
The Jews' Gate Cemetery ('old' cemetery) should be on line in the searchable database within the next couple of months.

Other Gibraltar Jewish Information

Jewish Population Data

1725
1754
1777
1881
2008
137
573
863
1,800
600

(10% of population) - Community website
(33% of population) - Community website
(25% of population) - Community website
(10% of population) - Community website
 
(2% of population) - Community website

Explanations of Terms Used
 

 
   

 

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