Darlington Jewish Community

Darlington, County Durham




Page created: 16 January 2015
Latest revision or update: 4 August 2016

Press Reports regarding the Darlington Jewish Community
1910 - 1939

Compiled by Harold Pollins

Information within square brackets is from the compiler

Jewish Chronicle, 1 April 1910, page 16

'The Dispersion of the Ghetto. The Story of an Interesting Movement. INTERVIEW WITH MR. J.E, BLANK'.

'Among other places which received our families were Reading, Blackburn, Chatham, Chester, Wrexham, Huddersfield, Dover, Durham, Stockport, Dewsbury, Darlington, Blackpool, Leicester, and Oxford'.

Jewish Chronicle, 8 July 1910, page 14

Rev Dayan and Mrs Hyamson arrived in Darlington yesterday. Met at station by Rev B. Moss, Messrs S. Levi, L. Hush, B. Kletz, and Rev M. E. Davies of Middlesbrough. He examined the children. He appealed to the members to work in harmony and ‘to make an effort to provide suitable class rooms, and a more convenient place of worship’. On Friday morning he examined Rev B. Moss Chalofim. During their stay they were guests of Mr and Mrs L. Hush.

Jewish Chronicle, 30 September 1910, page 36

New Year Greetings. Mr and Mrs Bernard Kletz, 38 Swinbourne Road, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 11 November 1910, page 14

Elected: President, S. Levi; Treasurer, L. Hush; Hon Sec, B. Kletz; Trustees, E. Sliufko and L. Hush. And a Committee.

Jewish Chronicle, 18 November 1910, page 1

Death on 13 November at 54 Camp Road, Leeds, of Annie Bessie, wife of Lewis Greenbaum of 2 Dixon Terrace, Darlington

[Death. Annie B. Greenbaum December 1910 aged 33 Leeds 9b 243]

Jewish Chronicle, 30 June 1911, page 17

Dispersion Committee. Vacancies for tailors at Hanley, Nottingham and Darlington. ‘In the latter case a large factory has just been opened by a well-known firm of clothiers, who wanted six, and perhaps more skilled Jewish workmen.

Jewish Chronicle, 20 October 1911, page 30

At the annual meeting of the Darlington Chess Club Mr Solomon Cohen of Corporation Road was elected Vice-President.

Jewish Chronicle, 2 June 1912, page 23

Received, for The Relief Fund, S. Cohen, Darlington, 2 shillings

Jewish Chronicle, 20 September 1912, page 20

The Congregation has received notice to quit the premises which they now rent as a synagogue and classrooms, they accordingly appeal for donations for the purpose of erecting a permanent place of worship. They have only one room in which to hold services and give religious instruction to children, and there is no accommodation whatsoever for ladies who desire to attend services. The appeal, which is signed by Mr. Sliufko, president of the congregation, 6 Station Road, Darlington [who, with Mr. S. Abrahams, chairman, L. Hush, treasurer, and B. Kletz, hon. Secretary, of the Building Committee will be glad to received contributions], states:

‘The present congregation had been in existence since 1904, during which period we have had to remove our quarters several times. Our congregation consists of over twenty families, and there are a considerable number of children receiving religious instruction, which is free to all. Several of the Jewish residents are too poor to pay towards the expenses of the congregation, and are unable to help us to erect a synagogue. We have already purchased a site, and have been promised donations amounting to £80 by our own membership which together with the balance from the Levin Fund brings the amount to £130 but as this is far from being sufficient for our purpose, we hope that this appeal will not be in vain’.

Jewish Chronicle, 24 January 1913, page 1

Death of Hannah Cohen, wife of Joseph Cohen, 267 Fieldgate Mansions, E, mother of Solomon Cohen of Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 28 February 1913, page 26

Mr E. Sliufko, president of Darlington Hebrew Congregation, unanimously elected Treasurer of the Darlington Liberal Club.

Jewish Chronicle, 28 March 1913, ‘Young Israel’ page 3

Welcome to Ray Wilson of Darlington

Jewish Chronicle, 15 August 1913, page 2

Darlington Hebrew Congregation

Wanted. Shochet, Reader and Teacher, 25s weekly and perquisites. Apply to secretary, 36 Swinbourne Rd, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 19 September 1913, ‘Young Israel’ page 4

Competition result. Highly commended Grendle Cohen, 10 Corporation

Jewish Chronicle, 21 November 1913, page 25


Letter from Mr E. SLIUFKO, president of the congregation and chairman of the Building Committee, Sycamore House, Pierremont Crescent, Darlington.

The town had a congregation as far back as 1865. Then dwindled as several families saw no prospect of there being a larger Jewish population and making a congregation, so they left. Those remaining continued until 1894 during which they had to travel to neighbouring towns for High Holydays and kosher meals. There were no Saturday services. But from 1894 there were more Jewish families and now there are about 30 plus several single, young men.

Up to now several places have been rented for synagogue, now having to move as a larger room is needed. Now under notice to quit present premises within a few months.

On the advice of the late Chief Rabbi a beginning has been made to form a permanent congregation and to raise money for building a proper synagogue and classrooms.

So far the Jews of Darlington have raised £350 – themselves £150, Stockton £10, Middlesbrough £55, Hartlepool £4, Sunderland £12, Newcastle £25, Hull £6, Durham £3, The Levene Trust £53, Liverpool £7, A. H. Jessel KC £2, C. G. Montefiore £5.5.0, L.L. Cohen £3.3.0, the late N. L. Cohen £5.

Of the £340 so far £150 spent on a freehold site. Now appeal for £300 which together with the £200 will allow building to begin. The saving of rent and annual surpluses (about £10 per year) will be enough to meet additional costs over and above the £500.

Expected that the synagogue will cost £850. Darlington is a prosperous town and therefore many Jewish people will be attracted to it. A number of workers who were offered employment have refused because of uncertainty of establishing ‘a proper congregation’.

A shochet is employed and he is also Hebrew teacher. Between 20 and 30 children receive instruction.

[Includes letter from Chief Rabbi which mentions that the late Chief Rabbi was in favour.]

Donations to L. Hush, treasurer of building fund, 60 East Mont Terrace, Mr S. Cohen, hon secretary, 10 Corporation Road, or to himself.

Jewish Chronicle, 12 December 1913, page 25

Letter from Mr S. Cohen, Hon Sec, correcting Sliufko’s letter. Name of A. H. Jessel among contributors should have been Captain Jessel.

Jewish Chronicle, 6 February 1914, page 1

Marriage. On 28 January at the synagogue, North Church Street, Sheffield, Sarah, daughter of Mr and Mrs L. Isaacs to Solly, son of Mr and Mrs E. Sliufko of Darlington.

[Marriage. Solomon A. Slinfko[sic] Sheffield 9c 855//Fanny S. Isaacs]

Jewish Chronicle, 25 September 1914, New Year Greetings page xvi

Mr and Mrs E. Sliufko, 34 Pierremont Crescent.

Jewish Chronicle, 12 March 1915, page 3

Central Committee for Relief of Polish Jews

B. Kletz Darlington £3.10

Jewish Chronicle, 12 March 1915, page 4

Central Committee for Relief of Polish Jews.

Members of Jewish community of Darlington £1

Jewish Chronicle, 16 April 1915, page 3

Central Committee for Relief of Polish Jews

Members of Darlington Hebrew Congregation £3.10

Jewish Chronicle, 30 July 1915, page 18

Rev Saul Cohen during visit to Darlington was instrumental in the formation of a branch of the Sinai League. Elected: hon president, Rabbi Dr Jung, Hon Rabbi, Rev A. Hyams, President A. Richardson, Hon Sec S. Cohen, and a Committee.

Jewish Chronicle, 30 July 1915, page 20

The Sinai League. The first provincial branch established at Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 22 October 1915, page 19

The Sinai Association meets three times weekly for purposes of study. Rev A. Hyams conducts an Ayin Jacob Study Circle. Jewish youths in this and neighbouring districts are invited to attend. Contact Solomon Cohen, Hon Sec, 10 Corporation Road.

Jewish Chronicle,

3 March 1916, page 1

Engagement. Ada, only daughter of Mr and Mrs A. Bloom of Pentrebach, Wales, to Henry Gilbert, second son of late Mr and Mrs S. Gilbert of Darlington and residing at 10 East Adam Street, Edinburgh.

Jewish Chronicle, 20 October 1916, page2

Death of Deborah[in Hebrew] Richardson, 50 Corporation Road.

[Death. Deborah Richardson December 1916 aged 66 Darlington 10a 5]

Jewish Chronicle, 1 December 1916, page 22

S. Levi, president of the congregation, died suddenly on Tuesday week at age 72. Only 14 days previously he had been re-elected unopposed to the office which he has held for many years.

[Death. Simon Levi December 1916 aged 72 Darlington 10a 5]

Jewish Chronicle, 22 December 1916, page 12

A complaint has been made against Stockton congregation for having demanded £50 for the burial of a member of the Darlington congregation. Subsequently it agreed to accept £15. It was stated that Stockton was a good congregation and poor people were buried free, but wealthier ones from neighbouring congregations could be charged. In this case the deceased’s family had made no objections which had been made by outsiders.

Jewish Chronicle, 5 January 1917, page 4

Fund for the Relief of Jewish Victims of the War in Russia.

Darlington Committee £5.15.6

Jewish Chronicle, 12 January 1917, page 11

At the Christmas exam at the Bondgate Girls’ Higher Elementary School, Gwen Cohen aged 13, daughter of Mr and Mrs Cohen of Craigmont, Stanhope Road, became the first girl in the school. She gained 447 marks out of 450.

Jewish Chronicle, 19 January 1917, page 15

On Sunday Mr Abrahams conducted a service for soldiers.

Jewish Chronicle, 19 January 1917, page 18

Letter from S. Abrahams president of the congregation, which appeared in the Darlington Times regarding the ‘Jewish’ Flag Day proposed to be held on 13th inst. This was a missionary event.

Jewish Chronicle, 23 February 1917, page 18

Service for soldiers at Darlington conducted by Rev M. Abraham[sic]

Jewish Chronicle, 23 February 1917, page 24

Last Sunday Rev M. Abrahams BA of Leeds preached at the synagogue. In afternoon examined the children and addressed children and parents.

Jewish Chronicle, 20 April 1917, page 3

Fund for the Relief of Jewish Victims of the War in Russia

Darlington per B. Kletz £5.4.0.

Jewish Chronicle, 20 April 1917, page 16

Service for soldiers conducted by Rev B. Hyams.

Jewish Chronicle, 14 September 1917, New Year Greetings page xv

Mr and Mrs E. Sliufko Pierremont Crescent

Jewish Chronicle, 17 May 1918, page 10

At annual meeting of the Darlington Liberal Association E. Sliufko elected members of the executive committee.

Jewish Chronicle, 15 September 1918, page 15

Mosha Aaron Cohen (known as Maurice) eldest son of Mr and Mrs S. Cohen of Craigmont, Stanhope Road aged 12 has won a secondary school scholarship tenable at Darlington Grammar School for 4 years.

Jewish Chronicle, 20 December 1918, page 6

General Election. Mr Solomon Cohen wrote to the local candidates asking them if they supported Mr Balfour’s scheme for the return of the Jews to Palestine and also guaranteeing protection from ill-treatment in many countries. Both candidates replied in affirmative.

Jewish Chronicle, 31 January 1919, page 9

Board of Deputies. Ref to B. A. Fersht as representative for Darlington [and appears frequently in reports of B o D].

Jewish Chronicle, 2 May 1919, page 3

Advert. PICTURE Framing. Practical Frame Maker wanted; good wages for energetic and useful man. – Apply, the Acme Picture Framing Co., Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 27 June 1919, page 9

Fund for the Relief of Jewish Victims of the War in Russia: Appeal for Poland and Eastern Europe

Darlington Hebrew Congregation £10
Darlington Committee £5.15.6

Jewish Chronicle, 17 October 1919, page 1

Death on 4 October in Middlesbrough of Isaac Hush aged 78. Father of, inter alia, Lipman Hush of 70 Bloomfield Road, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 5 November 1920, page 2

Thanks for condolences Mr and Mrs Max Jokelson, 67 Parkgate, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 26 November 1920, page 2

Fund for the Relief of Jewish Victims of the War in Russia: Appeal for Poland and Eastern Europe

Darlington per B. Kletz £2.10.6.

Jewish Chronicle, 26 November 1920, ‘Young Israel’ page 2

New member Beryl Kletz 38 Swinburne Road.

Jewish Chronicle, 31 December 1920, page 2

Mr and Mrs Markovitch and family of London, Bournemouth, Glasgow and Darlington thank Mr and Mrs Jackson of Leeds for hospitality in Leeds for the marriage of Reuben Markovitch and Sarah Jackson.

Jewish Chronicle, 27 May 1921, page 3

Ukrainian Relief for Victims of Pogrom

Darlington Hebrew Congregation. Collected by Messrs Richardson and Wilkes.

From A. Richardson, D. Wilkesm S. Raphael, B. Kletz, L. Hush, M. Jokelson, S. Abrahams, W. Kletz, F. Rachkind, M. Raphal, N. Cohen, H. Raphael, I.Cohen, A. D. Raphael, Barnett, N. Wilson, I. Callier, C. Newman.

Jewish Chronicle, 26 August 1921, page 2

Marriage. On 16 August Millicent, younger daughter of Mr and late Mrs B. Fish of Leeds to Maxwell, son of the Mr and late Mrs A. Raphael of Darlington. Solemnized at Harrogate.

[Marriage. Max Rapahael September 1921 Leeds 9b 1164//Millie Fish]

Jewish Chronicle, 2 September 1921, page 33

At Redcar, through the courtesy of Mr and Mrs Wilson of Darlington who provided accommodation, and Mrs A. Levy of Middlesbrough, who lent her Sepher Torah, Saturday morning services were held for the visitors.

Jewish Chronicle, 4 November 1921, page 1

Farvish, 2nd son of Mr and Mrs Solomon Cohen of Sunderland, and grandson of Isaac Richardson of Darlington, will read Maftir on November 12 at the Beth Hamedrash.

Jewish Chronicle, 18 November 1921, page 30

Annual meeting of the congregation. Elected: President A. Richardson, Treasurer S. Raphael, Hon Sec B. Kletz, Committee – L. Hush, S. Abrahams, M. Jokelson, and F. Rachkind. In response to appeal by Rev B. Hyams on behalf of the Ukrainian Relief Fund. £20.4.6. collected and handed to the Ukrainian Committee.

Jewish Chronicle, 25 November 1921. page 30

A Jewish Literary and Debating Society has been formed. President L. Hush, Vice-president M. Jokelson, Treasurer S. Abrahams, Hon sec W. Kletz. Committee – Mrs W. Kletz, Mrs S. Raphael, Mrs B. Kletz, S. Abrahams.

Jewish Chronicle, 16 December 1921, page 41

Last week Mr Solomon Abrahams read a paper on Judaism to the Jewish Literary and Debating Society. Later there was a debate on ‘Platonic Friendships’. Mrs F. Rachkind presided.

Jewish Chronicle, 6 January 1922, page 33

The Jewish Literary and Debating Society gave a Chanukah treat to the children. The Ladies Committee supplied refreshments. Rev B. Hyams conducted a service.

Jewish Chronicle, 27 January 1922, page 29

Rabbi J. Epstein BA of Middlesbrough lectured to the Literary Society on ‘Literary Societies in the Talmud’.

Jewish Chronicle, 10 February 1922, page 26

Jewish War Memorial. Newcastle and District (Area Committee). Report of meeting. Present included Messrs Richardson and Kletz, Darlington.

Resolved. That it be desirable to form a Central Committee for purpose of co-ordinating and supervising Jewish education in the North-Eastern area.

Jewish Chronicle, 17 February 1922, page 32

Rabbi J. Kyanski of Newcastle lectured to members of the Literary Society on ‘Jewish savants of Provence in the 13th and 14th centuries’. Rev B. Hyams proposed vote of thanks.

Mr Samuel Abrahams read a paper on ‘A Survey of Jewry’.

Jewish Chronicle, 10 March 1922, page 41

Rev E. Drukker of Newcastle read paper on Maimonides to the Literary Society.

Jewish Chronicle, 28 July 1922, page 1

Birth of a son on 17 July at ‘Howness Gill’, West Crescent Darlington, to Mr and Mrs David Wilkes nee Rosetta Cohen of Newcastle.

[Birth. Victor E. Wilkes September 1922  Darlington 10a 38  Mother Cohen]

Jewish Chronicle, 27 October 1922 page 1

On 23 October son born to Mr and Mrs W. Kletz (nee Frances Amschewitz) 27 Windsor Terrace, Darlington.

[Birth. Trevor A. Kletz December 1922 Darlington 10a 31]

Jewish Chronicle, 3 November 1922, page 1

Engagement. Gwendle, eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs Solomon Cohen of Sunderland, formerly of Darlington, to Menachem B. Rothenberg, eldest son of the Chief Rabbi of Antwerp.

Jewish Chronicle, 17 November 1922, page 44

Fund for Relief of Jewish Victims of the War in Eastern Europe

Miss Q. Wilson, Darlington, £1.2.6.

Jewish Chronicle, 24 November 1922, page 28

Annual meeting of congregation. President S. Raphael, Treasurer F. Rachkind, Hon Sec B. Kletz, and a Committee. B. Kletz elected life-member of the Committee.

Jewish Chronicle, 1 December 1922, page 33

Inquest at Sunderland on Israel Cailler of Darlington who committed suicide by eating bread on which rat poison had been spread. Brother-in-law said he had business worries and had been depressed.

[Death. Israel Cailler December 1922 aged 25 Sunderland 10a 543]

Jewish Chronicle, 20 July 1923, page 2

Engagement. Eva, eldest daughter of the late Mr and Mrs Raphael, Victoria Road, Darlington, to Charles, eldest son of Mr and Mrs L. Caller, Linden Terrace, Newcastle.

[Marriage. Charles Caller March 1924 Darlington 10a 53//Eva Raphael]

Jewish Chronicle, 20 July 1923, page 13

At conference convened by the Central Committee for Jewish Education, stated that a teacher visits Darlington 4 times a week and York 3 times.

Jewish Chronicle, 18 July 1924, page 10

‘The Kiddies’ [fund]

Victor’s second birthday 10.0.

[Birth. Victor E. Wilkes September 1922  Darlington 10a 38 ]

Jewish Chronicle, 27 March 1925, page 36

As result of a girls’ quarrel about a boy Elizabeth Rourke, 20, was remanded at Darlington on charge of attempting to murder Annie Hyams.

Jewish Chronicle, 11 June 1926, page 2

Death. On 1 June at 38 Swinburne Road, Bertha, wife to Bernard Kletz and mother of Beryl and Teviot.

[Death, Bertha Kletz June 1926 aged 47 Darlington 10a 38]

Jewish Chronicle, 8 April 1927, page 1

Bar mitzvah. Teviot, only son of Mr and the late Mrs Bernard Kletz, 38 Swinburne Road, will read portion of the Law at Darlington synagogue on 16 April.

Jewish Chronicle, 10 June 1927 page 2

Tombstone in memory of Beryl Kletz will be consecrated on 19 June at West Cemetery.

Jewish Chronicle, 1 July 1927 page 10

‘The Kiddies and the Holiday’ fund

B. Kletz Darlington £2.12.6.

Jewish Chronicle, 29  July 1927, page 48

Last week Rabbi J. Kyanski, Newcastle, examined the children attending Darlington Hebrew Classes. In an address he expressed pleasure in finding children so forward in their work and impressed by their keenness.

Jewish Chronicle, 2 March 1928, page 2

Marriage will take place on March 4 at Ealing and Acton Synagogue of Maurice, eldest son of Mr and Mrs N. Wigdor (Cohen) of Norwood House, North Lodge Terrace, Darlington, to Yetta, daughter of Mr and Mrs M. Kanal of Ealing.

[Marriage. Yetta Kanal March 1928 Brentford 3a 297//Maurice A. Wigdor (Cohen)]

Jewish Chronicle, 13 July 1928 page 10

Jewish War Memorial. Central Committee for Jewish Education

Application for renewal of grant for Classes at Darlington. (No statement as to outcome.)

Jewish Chronicle, 14 September 1928 New Year Greetings page xxiii

Mr and Mrs E. Sliufko, 21 Pierremont Crescent.

Jewish Chronicle, 14 December 1927, page 2

Death on 30 November in Manchester of Fanny Goodman, mother. Inter alia, of Lazzy-Ellis, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 28 December 1928, page 24

At a dinner held to celebrate the marriage of Lili Raphael, daughter of the president of the congregation [Samuel Raphael], to Dr R. Lipman, a Kiddush cup was presented to the bride by Mr S. Abrahams on behalf of the congregation.

[Marriage. Reuben Lipman December 1928  Darlington 10a 85//Lily Raphael]

Jewish Chronicle, 19 March 1929

Chief Rabbi’s Passover Relief Appeal. To provide matzot for famine sufferers in Russia and Bessarabia.

Mr E. Sliufko £1.1.0.

Jewish Chronicle, 5 July 1929, page 2

Death of Julius Hyams, Southampton, uncle of Rev B. Hyams, Victoria
Road, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 4 October 1929, page 39 New Year Greetings

Mr and Mrs S. Raphael and daughters, Ivy House, 12 Corporation Road

Jewish Chronicle, 6 December 1929, page 26

Two silk mantles for Sefer Torahs presented by Mr E. Sliufko.

Jewish Chronicle, 4 March 1930, page 47 Young Israel.

New member Netta Raphael, Ivy House, 12 Corporation Road

Jewish Chronicle, 28 March 1930, page 2

Death on 21 March at 21 Pierremont Crescent, Ellius Sliufko Husband of Kate.

[Death. Ellius Sliufko March 1930 aged 63 Darlington 10a 54]

Jewish Chronicle, 28 March 1930, page 18

Obituary of Ellius Sliufko. Treasurer of the congregation. Native of Poland. Emigrated 45 years ago. Had been president for many years and also held honorary office at Middlesbrough and Stockton.

Jewish Chronicle, 30 May 1930, page vii

Jewish Communities of the British Isles. Populations as per Jewish Year Book.

Darlington 82 [?blurred]

Jewish Chronicle, 6 June 1930, p. 36

New member of Young Israel. Harry Rachkind, 42 Park Lane, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 8 August 1930, page 21

Darlington. Stanley R. Musgrave, son of Mr M. Musgrave, president of the congregation, has been awarded a junior scholarship. Placed first in the town out of 215 by competition for the scholarship.

Jewish Chronicle, 26 September 1930, page 32 Young Israel.

The ‘Young Israel’ cot at the London Jewish Hospital
Stanley R. Musgrave 2s.6d.

Jewish Chronicle, 21 November 1930, page 40

Annual meeting of the congregation. President M. Musgrave, Treasurer H. Abrahams, Committee: A. Abrahams, S. Abrahams jnr, S. Raphael, F. Rachkind, H. Raphael. Gifts to synagogue: pair of silver bells Mr and Mrs M. Musgrave, mantle Mrs Rosen (Hull), hangings for synagogue Mrs F. Rachkind, oak stand and fittings H. Abrahams.

Jewish Chronicle, 13 February 1931, page 30

First public dance of the Jewish community was held last week in the Queen’s Hall, in aid of the extension building of the synagogue in Victoria Road. Organised by Harry Rachkind and S. H. Sherman[sic] assisted by Mesdames G. Hyams, S. Greenberg, A. Hyams and P. Raphael. Over 200 people were present including the Mayor and Mayoress and Councillor B. Jackson. Mr M. M. Musgrave, president of the congregation, thanked the Mayor and Mayoress for their attendance. The Mayor congratulated the congregation on acquiring their own synagogue and paid tribute to his old friend and fellow citizen the late Mr Sliufko. Mesdames B. Jackson and Harry Raphael (hostesses) presented prizes for the dance competition and Mrs G. Alderson was responsible for the successful cabaret. Among donors of prizes were Messrs B. Kletz, Newman, S. Raphael, H. Raphael, Shurman[sic], Musgrave, Rachkind, H. Abrahams, and Councillor Jackson.

Jewish Chronicle, 6 March 1931, page 32

Annual meeting of congregation. Thanks for gifts: Mrs C. Rosen (Hull) mantle for Sepher Torah, Mr H. Abrahams table for classrooms, Rev B. and Mrs Hyams megillah and silver Magen David.

Jewish Chronicle, 26 June 1931, page 10

‘For the Kiddies’

‘J.R.H.’ Darlington in memory of my brother 2.6.

Jewish Chronicle, 11 September 1931, New Year Greetings page xxii

Mr and Mrs S. Raphael and daughters, Ivy House, Corporation Road.

Jewish Chronicle, 30 October 1931, page 25

At a meeting at the synagogue chambers, 9 Victoria Road, the following were elected to organise the 2nd annual dance in aid of the Building Fund.

Councillor H. Jackson President, Messrs S. Abrahams Chairman, H. Raphael Treasurer, S. H. Shurman and C. Routledge joint Secretaries, Mesdames Hyams, -Raphael, P. Raphael, B. Kletz, A. Hyams, F. Musgrave, and a Committee: Messrs B. Kletz, M. Musgrave, B. Collins, and S. Abrahams.

Jewish Chronicle, 13 November 1931, pages 23-24

(page 23)
At the annual meeting of the congregation thanks were given to the
Brothers Abrahams for the gift of a Reader’s desk, to Mr and Mrs S. Raphael for the oak Ark presented to commemorate

(page 24)
their silver wedding, to Mr Harry Rachkind for Hebrew and English
prayer books, and to Mrs Rosen of Hull for holy vestments.

The following were elected: President and Warden Mr Samuel Abrahams, Treasurer M. Abrahams, Secretary B. Kletz, and a Committee.

Jewish Chronicle, 20 November 1931, page 8

Forthcoming: Wednesday 25 November, Darlington Hebrew Congregation,
Dance, Queen’s Hall, 8.30

Jewish Chronicle, 27 November 1931, page 30

On Thursday last week Mr Herbert M. Adler MA, Director of Jewish education, examined the children and expressed satisfaction at the improvement in the general work of the children.

Jewish Chronicle, 4 December 1931, page 14

Review of autobiography of J. T. Trebitsch Lincoln who was MP for Darlington in 1910.

Jewish Chronicle, 11 December 1931, page 30

Second annual dance. Over 250 guests including the Mayor and Deputy Mayoress, Mr C. Peat MP, and two Councillors.

Jewish Chronicle, 18 December 1931, page 8

‘The Week’s Pulpit’

Darlington, Victoria Road, Rev M.Isaacs

‘How can we train our next generation in a sense of our duty.’

Jewish Chronicle, 22 January 1932, page 1

Death on 15 January at ‘Ferndale’, Maude Street, Samuel Abrahams, husband of Rally, mourned by wife, son, sister, brothers etc.

[Death. Samuel Abrahams March 1932 aged 58 Darlington 10a 17]

Jewish Chronicle, 18 March 1932, page 32

Middlesbrough. Meeting held to form a B’nai Brith Lodge for Middlesbrough and district. Delegates from West Hartlepool and Darlington were present. Agreed to form a local branch.

Jewish Chronicle, 25 March 1932, page 30

At a meeting of the congregation presided over by Mr H. Abrahams a silver Kiddush cup and a canteen of cutlery were presented to Rev B. Hyams on his retirement from the ministry. Mr B. Kelt made the presentation and spoke of the good feeling that existed between the members and Mr Hyams on his 18 years service to the congregation. Rev M. Isaacs spoke of Mr Hyams’s ability and kindness shown to him on taking up his duties in Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 20 April 1932, page 28 Young Israel

Reference to Stanley Musgrave

Jewish Chronicle, 30 September 1932, New Year Greetings page xxiv

Mr and Mrs S. Raphael and daughters.

Jewish Chronicle, 9 December 1932, page 2

Tombstone setting at West Cemetery of the late Samuel Abrahams


Jewish Chronicle, 16 December 1932, page 36

Elected at annual meeting. President Samuel Raphael, Treasurer H. Abrahams, Secretary B. Kletz.

Committee: Samson Abrahams, A. Richardson, F. Rachkind, H. Raphael, and Symon Abrahams.

Jewish Chronicle, 7 April 1933, page 1

Seath on 27 March at Burnley. Gwenny Cohen, mourned by brother, sister-in-law, nieces Lili, Queenie and Netta [Raphael, daughters of Abraham]. Samson Raphael of Darlington.

[Death. Gwenny Cohen March 1933 aged 35 Barnsley 8e 328]

Jewish Chronicle, 14 April 1933, page 27

A gold watch has been presented by the members of the congregation, on his resignation, to Mr Bernard Kletz for his services as Hon Sec and Registrar for Marriages for 21 years.

Jewish Chronicle, 21 April 1933, page 27

List of meetings of protest against persecution of German Jews includes one by Darlington Hebrew Congregation.

Jewish Chronicle, 14 July 1933, page 22

Central Committee for Jewish Education

Sums allocated to various Classes include Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 21 July 1933, page 1

Death on 31 July at the Darlington War Memorial Hospital of Rachel (nee Fritz), wife of Hyman Abrahams, 31 Westlands Road.

[Death. Rachel Abrahams September 1933 aged 53 Darlington 10a 14]

Jewish Chronicle, 9 September 1933, page 8

Engagement. Rev Simon[sic] I. Susman of Darlington, 2nd son of Mr and Mrs F. Susman, Liverpool, to Sarah, eldest daughter of Mrs Swift and the late Mr D. Swift of Liverpool.

[Marriage. Samuel[sic] I. Susman December 1933 Liverpool 8b 483//Sarah Swift]

Jewish Chronicle, 15 September 1933 New Year Greetings page xix

Mr and Mrs B. Hyams and family 91 Victoria Road

Jewish Chronicle, 15 September 1933, New Year Greetings page xx

Mr and Mrs S. Raphael and daughters send good wishes to daughter, son-in-law and grandchildren

Jewish Chronicle, 15 September 1933, page 60

Mr and Mrs S. Rubinstein of Hull have presented the Darlington congregation a Scroll of the Law and a clock in memory of their son-in-law Mr Samuel Abrahams of Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 20 October 1933, page 33

Simchat Torah. Bridegrooms of the Law: S. Raphael and F. Rachkind.

Jewish Chronicle, 8 December 1933, page 31

Annual meeting. Balance sheet satisfactory. Elected: President A. Richardson, Treasurer Hyman Abrahams, Hon Sec Samson Abrahams and a Committee.

Jewish Chronicle, 15 December 1933, page 39

Last Sunday a Sepher Torah, presented by Mrs  S. Abrahams and her son, was consecrated in memory of Mr Samuel Abrahams, founder and past president of the congregation. The service was conducted by Rev J. Friedberg of the Western Synagogue, Hull, assisted by his choir and the local minister, Rev S. I.Susman. Sermon was delivered by Rev M. Isaacs of Hanley and formerly of Darlington. A reception followed.

Jewish Chronicle, 26 January 1934, page 29

Mr B. A. Fersht, representative of the congregation at the Board of Deputies, visited his constituency and addressed the members.

Jewish Chronicle, 23 February 1934, page 35

Bristol. At a recent meeting the Rev S. I Susman of Darlington was elected Shochet, Second Reader, and Teacher.

Jewish Chronicle, 16 March 1935, page 3

WANTED. Chazan, Shochet, Teacher and Bal Korah. £3.10 per week and perquisites. Apply S. Abrahams, 84 Greenbank, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 16 March 1934, page 13

Engagement. Hyman Saul Shoham, 3nd son of Rev L. and Mrs Shoham of Stamford Hill, to Queenie daughter of Mr and Mrs S. Raphael of Ivy House, Corporation Road, Darlington and granddaughter of Mr Jacob Swift of Liverpool.

[Marriage. Hyman S. Shoham March 1935 Leeds North 9b 513//Queenie Raphael]

Jewish Chronicle, 1 June 1934, page 2

Died as a result of a tragic accident, at Darlington, on 22 May, Gerald Judah, aged 32, husband of Dora Rachel Morris of Newcastle upon Tyne.

Jewish Chronicle, 27 July 1934, page 48, Young Israel

Harry Rachkind, congratulations on success in scholarship exam, and
thanks to his mother for a gift in his name.

Jewish Chronicle, 31 August 1934, page 30

Rev D. Garb, late of the Lennox Street Synagogue, Dublin, appointed Minister and Teacher at the Darlington Hebrew Congregation.

Jewish Chronicle, 7 September 1934, New Year Greetings page xviii

Mr and Mrs B. Hyams and family, 91 Victoria Road.

Jewish Chronicle, 7 September 1934, New Year Greetings page xx

Mr and Mrs S. Raphael and daughters wish daughter, son-in-law and grandchildren good wishes for High Holydays.

Jewish Chronicle, 7 December 1934, page 2

Tombstone of late Rachel Abrahams will be consecrated  at the West
Cemetery on December 16.

Jewish Chronicle, 7 December 1934, page 36

Annual election. President A. Richardson, Treasurer H. Abrahams. Hon Sec S. Abrahams, Auditors G. Routledge and H. Musgrave, and a Committee of four.

Mr Herbert M. Adler, Director of Jewish Education, visited Darlington on 22nd ult, and examined the children. ’His report was considered satisfactory’.

Jewish Chronicle, 8 February 1935, page 27

Mrs D. Garb and Mrs Samson Abrahams appointed official collectors for the Jewish National Fund (blue box) in Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 5 April 1935, page 60

Middlesbrough. Children’s Purim Party. Children from Sunderland, Stockton, Darlington, and South Shields were present.

Jewish Chronicle, 3 May 1935, page 2

Death in Hull on 23 April of Samuel Rubinstein, father, inter alia, of Mrs Rally Abrahams, Darlington, and Mrs Ray Abrahams, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 12 July 1935, page 12

‘ “Mentor” Memorial Fund for the Kiddies’

Mrs J. R, and Mother, Darlington, Jahrzeit gift 10s.

Jewish Chronicle, 2 August 1935, page 10

‘ “Mentor” Memorial  Fund for the Kiddies’

Gertie and Anne, Darlington, 5s. [?Hyams]

Jewish Chronicle, 27 September 1935, New Year Greetings page xxii

Mr and Mrs B. Hyams and family, 91 Victoria Road.

Jewish Chronicle, 27 September 1935, New Year Greetings page xxiv

Mr and Mrs S. Raphael and daughter wish daughters, sons-in-law and
grandchildren good wishes for High Holydays.

Jewish Chronicle, 18 October 1935, page 1

Death on 11 October of Brahna Feige, wife of Bernard Hyams, mother of Ben (USA), Gertie, Anne, Max, Miriam and Nat.

[Death. Brenda Hyams December aged 57 Darlington 10a 10]

Jewish Chronicle, 1 November 1935, page 1

Harry, son of Mr and Mrs Fred Rachkind, ‘Beth Shalom’, 19 Elton Road, Darlington, will read portion of the Law at Darlington Synagogue on 9 November.

Jewish Chronicle, 13 December 1935, page 21

United Appeal for Poland
Darlington (Second Instalment)

M. Bruce £1.1.0, H. Abrahams £1, Donations under £1  £7

Jewish Chronicle, 20 December 1935, page 29

Annual meeting. Treasurer presented balance sheet ‘which was considered satisfactory’.  Elected: President and Warden A. Richardson, Treasurer H. Abrahams, Hon Sec Samson Abrahams, Trustees Sol Abrahams and S. Raphael, Committee: S. Raphael, Sol Abrahams, M. Musgrave, and G. Routledge.

Jewish Chronicle, 13 March 1936, page 37

Middlesbrough. Children’s fancy dress party. Children from Stockton, Darlington and West Hartlepool were present.

Jewish Chronicle, 29 May 1936, page 1

Marriage of Miss Gertrude Hyams and Mr Bernard Kletz will take place on 3 June at the synagogue. No festivities owing to recent bereavement.

[Marriage. Bernard Kletz June 1936 Darlington 10a 101//Gertrude Hyams]

Jewish Chronicle, 11 September 1936, New Year Greetings page xxiv

Mr B. Hyams and family 94 Victoria Road.

Jewish Chronicle, 16 October 1936, page 3

United Synagogue. Hendon. Preacher this Friday evening and Sabbath, Rev D, Garb candidate for office.

23 October 1936 page 2

Tombstone of Mrs B. Hyams will be consecrated at the West Cemetery on 25 October.

Jewish Chronicle, 18 December 1936, page 38

Mr Herbert M. Adler recently examined the pupils of the Classes.

Annual meeting. Elected. President M. Musgrave, Warden A. Richardson, Treasurer, H. Abrahams, Hon Sec S. Abrahams, And a Committee.

Jewish Chronicle, 25 December 1936, page 2

Silver Wedding. On 3 January 1912 at the Philpot Street Synagogue, Jennie Markovitch to Maurice

Musgrave. Present address 54 Victoria Road, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 25 December 1936, page 32

Organised by Rev. I. Waller, Newcastle, and Rev M. Landau, South Shields, the chazanim of various towns in the north-east have formed an Association whose main object is to promote the study of Hebrew Liturgy and chazanut. The services of the Association will be devoted to charitable concerts. Recent election of officers included D. Garb, Darlington, Treasurer.

Jewish Chronicle, 19 March 1937, page 46

Meeting of local community at home of Mrs Harry Raphael was addressed by Mrs G. Wilkes of Newcastle. Decided that Darlington ladies should have a stall at the forthcoming North-East Bazaar at Newcastle. Mrs Harry Raphael elected President, Mrs S. Raphael Treasurer, Mrs B. Kletz secretary. Over £7 collected towards the funds.

Jewish Chronicle, 23 April 1937, page 11

Engagement. Samuel, youngest son of Mr and Mrs L. Greenberg, Glasgow, to Phyllis, youngest daughter of the late Mr and Mrs Max Musgrave, ‘Windsor House’, Victoria Road, Darlington

[Marriage. Samuel Greenberg June 1937 Darlington 10a 73//Phyllis Raphael]

Jewish Chronicle, 21 May 1937, page 30

Rev D. Garb, minister to Darlington Hebrew Congregation, has been awarded the diploma of ALCM with silver medal.

Jewish Chronicle, 3 September 1937 New Year Greetings page xxvi

Mr and Mrs S. Raphael and daughters, Ivy House Corporation Road.

Jewish Chronicle, 15 October 1937, page 10

Leonard, only son of Mr and Mrs A. Atelson of Neasden NW10, to Flora, only daughter of Mr and Mrs M. Musgrave, 51 Victoria Road, Darlington.

[Marriage. Leonard Atelson March 1938 London C 1c 55//Flora S. Musgrave]

Jewish Chronicle, 29 October 1937, page 14

Several obituaries of late Mr Barnett A. Fersht. One by Samson Abrahams, Secretary of the Darlington Congregation. Fersht has been their representative at the Board of Deputies since May 1913. On his occasional visits to Darlington he has endeared himself to all the members. His clear and concise resume of the Board of Deputies’ activities.

Jewish Chronicle, 7 January 1938, page 17

United Appeal for Poland

Synagogue Collections during the High Holydays

Darlington £10.12.0

Jewish Chronicle, 28 January 1938, page 33

Recent meeting of members. Elected: President M. Musgrave, Treasurer H. Prag, Hon Sec S. Abrahams, and a Committee. Mr Herbert M. Adler recently visited and examined the Hebrew and Religion Classes.

Jewish Chronicle, 4 February 1938, page 2

Death on 14 January of Isaac Richardson, late of Darlington, aged 85. Mourned by only sone Abraham and only daughter Sarah Cohen.

[Death. Isaac Richardson March 1938 aged 85 Sunderland 10a 627]

Jewish Chronicle, 4 March 1938, page 39

Special meeting of congregation. Mr Hilary Magnus of London W elected representative at Board of Deputies.

Jewish Chronicle, 6 April 1938, page 2

In Memoriam of mother Rachel Raphael died 10 Nisan 5691. 29 Victoria Road, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 27 May 1938, page 1

Engagement. Nat, youngest son of Rev B. Hyams and the late Mrs Hyams 94 Victoria Road, to Louise, only child of Mr and Mrs Saul Levy of Middlesbrough.

[Marriage. Nathan Hyams March 1939 9d 796//Louise H. Levy]

Jewish Chronicle, 17 June 1938, page 14

‘ “Mentor” Memorial Fund for the Kiddies

‘J.R.’ Darlington, Yahrzeit gift 6s.

Jewish Chronicle, 24 June 1938 page 29

‘The North-Eastern Yeshiva. Conference of Rabbis and Ministers’

Meeting to stimulate interest in the Gateshead Yeshiva, of North-eastern Rabbis and Ministers.

Among those in discussion was D. Garb, Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 22 July 1938, page 22

Letter from Beatrice Cohen 11 Oak Dene Avenue, Darlington. Jewesses can help stricken sisters in Austria and Germany by offering homes. Would be a fitting memorial to Dr Claude G. Montefiore. The writer learned to honour him when at the Froebel Institute, Baron’s Court.

Jewish Chronicle, 29 July 1938, page 1

Death of Chia Minnie, relict of Calmon Rosen of Hull, at her daughter’s residence, 19 Elton Road, Darlington. Mourned by children Abraham, Myer, Joe, Jack, Mark, Jeanette, and Harry.

[Jeanette married Fred Rachkind in 1920]

[Death. Chia M. Rosen September 1938 Darlington 10a 13]

Jewish Chronicle, 29  July 1938, page 35

Mr Reuben Cohen, Registrar of Middlesbrough and Stockton County Courts, appointed JP in County of Durham. A native of Darlington, successful solicitor with practice in Tees-side. For several years was President of the Stockton Amateur Society, and Past Master of the Freedom Lodge of Freemasons. Past Grand Registrar of the Province of Durham and served for 12 years on the Stockton Town Council.

Jewish Chronicle, 23 September 1938, New Year Greetings page xxvi

Rev B. Hyams and family, 94 Victoria Road
Mr and Mrs Musgrave and son with daughter, son-in-law etc. 51 Victoria Road
Mr and Mrs S. Raphael and daughter etc, Ivy House, Corporation Road.

Jewish Chronicle, 21 October 1938, page 2

Death in Glasgow of Barnett Marks, eldest son of the late Marks and Flora Markovitch, brother of inter alia Jenny (Mrs Musgrave, 51 Victoria Road, Darlington).

Jewish Chronicle, 16 December 1938, page 38

At meeting of junior members of the congregation the Jewish Refugee Relief Organisation was formed.

Elected: President Rev D. Garb, Treasurer L. Routledge, Joint hon secs E. T. Fraise and T. Kletz, and a committee.

Jewish Chronicle, 23 December 1938, page 40

Mr Hilary Magnus, representative on the Board of Deputies, recently addressed the members of the congregation.

Rev D. Garb lectured the local Methodist Brotherhood on ‘Toleration in Religion’.

Jewish Chronicle, 6 January 1939, page 1

Engagement. Frieda, daughter of Mr and Mrs Max Wolfe of Leeds to David Fritz, son of Mr and the late Mrs Hyman Abrahams [Rachel Fritz] 31 Westland Road, Darlington.

[Marriage. David F. Abrahams December 1940 Leeds 9b 1171//Frieda Wolfe]

Jewish Chronicle, 6 January 1939, page 33

£40 realised at a dance in aid of German and Polish refugees. Host and hostess Mr and Mrs Spielman. Guests of honour Mayor and Mayoress. Mr J. Goodman of Leeds was MC. Organising Committee were Rev D. Garb Chairman, Miss I Routledge Treasurer, E. T, Frais and T. Kletz, Hon Secs.

Lady Spielman addressed the congregation on ‘The Care of Refugee Children’, Rev D. Garb appealed on behalf of Lord Samuel’s Save The Children Fund. Mr M. Musgrave, President of the congregation, was in the chair.

Jewish Chronicle, 13 January 1939, page 2

Memorial for Isaac Richardson will be consecrated on January 18 at Bishopwearmouth Cemetery, Sunderland.

Jewish Chronicle, 27 January 1939, page 13

‘The Council for German Jewry’, Ninth List of contributions. Proceeds of a dance per Darlington Refugee Organisation £25

Jewish Chronicle, 17 March 1939, page 50

Rev D. Garb of Darlington addressed the Stockton-on-Tees Brotherhood on ‘ The Jew in the Modern World’.

Jewish Chronicle, 24 March 1939, page 13

Council for German Jewry. 17th list. A. Richardson, Darlington, £5.5.0.

Jewish Chronicle, 31 March 1939, page 2

In Memoriam Rachel Raphael died 2.4.1937. Daughters Mrs Caller, Mrs Zimmerman, Mrs Greene, Sons Harry, Hyman, Maurice.

Jewish Chronicle, 14 April 1939, page 1

Birth of daughter on 30 March 1939 to Mrs and Mrs Samuel Greene (Phyllis Raphael), 29 Victoria Road, Darlington.

[Birth. Ronah Greene June 1939 Darlington 10a 21.Mother Raphael]

Jewish Chronicle, 21 April 1939 page 33

Mr D. Garb has received unanimous call from the members of the Blackpool United Hebrew Congregation. Aged  29, born Warsaw. Started music in Brussels and at London College of Music he obtained ALCM. Has been at Darlington 5 years and has frequently addressed non-Jewish audiences and sung at charity functions. Treasurer of NE Chazanim Association, executive member of Darlington Child Refugee Committee, and a keen Zionist.

Jewish Chronicle, 5 May 1939, page 36

Rev and Mrs D. Garb gave farewell party to members of the Hebrew Congregation. Mr E. Levy proposed toast, seconded by G. Routledge.

Jewish Chronicle, 14 July 1939, page 30

Rev Shalom Barron elected Chazan, Shochet and Teacher to Darlington Hebrew Congregation. Born London 1916 and has been Minister and Reader at the Synagogue, Russell Street, Liverpool, and Teacher to the Southport Hebrew Congregation.

Jewish Chronicle, 4 August 1939, page 25

Closing service of the Russell Street Synagogue prior to its amalgamation with the Nusach Halari Congregation. Rabbi J. Unterman going to Leicester and Rev S. Barron to Darlington.

Jewish Chronicle, 8 September 1939 New Year Greetings page xv

Mr & Mrs S. Raphael, and daughter … Ivy House, Corporation Road.

Jewish Chronicle, 13 October 1939, page 21

On Shemini Ersereth[sic] Rev S. Barron delivered a special children’s sermon largely attended by refugee children, afterwards entertained at a party organised by the ladies of the Refugee Committee.

Jewish Chronicle, 17 November 1939, page 20

Rev S. Barron has recently addressed the Skinnergate Adult School on ‘The History of the Jewish Race and the Teachings of the Talmud’, and the Darlington Corporation Youth League on ‘The Jew in the Modern World’. He has been co-opted on the local Mayor’s committee for refugees.

Jewish Chronicle, 29 December 1939, page 16

Recent annual meeting. Elected: President, S. Raphael; Treasurer, H. Prag; Hon sec, Samson Abrahams, and a Committee.

Rev S. Barron recently addressed the Cockerton Methodist Brotherhood on ‘Some Aspects of Judaism’.

Press Reports regarding the Community 1871 - 1909

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