JCR-UK

Bath Jewish Community

and Synagogues

Bath, Somerset

 
 

 

   
 


Page created: 21 August 2005
Consolidation of Bath community & congregation pages: 5 May 2017
Latest revision or update: 7 May 2017

City of Bath

Bath is an historic and elegant city of about 90,000 inhabitants in southwest of England, renowned since Roman times for its hot mineral springs. It forms the principal urban area of the district of Bath and Northeast Somerset, which is unitary authority created 1996 and placed for ceremonial purposes in the county of Somerset.  Until 1996, Bath was a district of the now defunct county of Avon, which had been formed in 1974. Prior to then, Bath was a borough in the county of Somerset.

The Bath Jewish Community

Jews began to settle in Bath dates from the mid-eighteenth century, although the first synagogue was not established until the early nineteenth century. By 1874, services had effectively ceased. Later, in the mid-twentieth century, a new congregation was established, but this also closed and there is no longer a Jewish community.

The Jewish Congregations in Bath

19th Century Congregation

Congregation Data

Name:

Bath Old Synagogue

Last Address:

 

Corn Street, Bath 

Corn Street, Street, Bath, Somerset (building dedicated in about 1841).

This was a purpose-built synagogue, the cost for which was provided in the will of Moses Samuel, who had founded of earlier synagogue (in Kingsmead Street) and who had died in 1839. The site is now part of the Technical College.

Former Address:

 

Kingsmead Street, Bath 

19 Kingsmead Street, Bath (now James Street West and Monmouth Street), from about 1815 to about 1841. The synagogue lay due west of Abbey Square. The building had formerly been the New Theatre and then a girls' school. The site is now ocupied by a DHSS building and telephone exchange.

Date Founded:

Community founded in about 1742. The synagogue dates from about 1815

Current Status:

Closed.

Regular services ceased in about 1874 and the synagogue fell into a state of disrepair. Attemps were made to raise funds to restore the building and the synagogue was reactivated by 1880, with the assistance of 'minyan men' from Bristol. However, it fell on hard-times again and by 1881 was largely defunct. In 1894, the synagogue was badly damaged in flood and by 1903, has fallen completely out of use. In 1911, the lease expired and the building, now derelict, was taken over by St Paul's Church, before being compulsory purchased by the local authority in 1938 as part of the Technical College development.

Ritual:

Ashkenazi Orthodox

Minister:

Revd. Solomon Wolfe - 1816 - 1866 (date of death). The Congregation's first "minister". He was actually the Reader of the Congregation, but effectively performed the functions of the minister

President:

1874 - David Nyman(i)

Membership Data:

1845 - 4 ba'alai batim and 5 seatholders (Chief Rabbi's Questionnaire)
1852 - 10 seatholders (Board of Deputies return)
1860 - 17 seatholders (Board of Deputies return)
1870 - 14 seatholders (Board of Deputies return)
1893 - 16 seatholders (Board of Deputies return)
1900 - 0 seatholders (Board of Deputies return)

Notes & Sources ( returns to text above)

  • (i) Jewish Director of 1874, compiled by Asher I. Myers.


20th Century Congregation

Congregation Data

Name:

Bath Hebrew Congregation

Address:

In 1930's and 1940's services were held at Kerstein's Private Hotel, 10 Duke Street, Bath, Somerset

Date Founded:

Congregation re-established sometime following closure of earlier synagogue in 1911.

Current Status:

Closed

Ritual:

Ashkenazi Orthodox

 


Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with Bath include:

1851 Anglo Jewry Database, including Frome (10 miles to the south) (updated 2016)

Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in:
Bath during the 1780s (1 record), 1790s (8 records), 1800s (6 records), 1810s (13 records); 1820s (20 records), 1830s (25 records), 1840s (36 records), 1850s (46 records), 1860s (11 records), 1870s (4 record), 1880s (9 records), 1890s (6 records), 1900s (2 records) and 1910s (1 record); and
Frome during the 1800s (7 records), 1810s (7 records), 1820s (8 records), 1830s (1 record) and 1860s (1 record).

 

On-line Articles and Other Material
relating to the Bath Jewish Community

on JCR-UK

 

Bath Jewish Cemetery
Bath Old Jewish Burial Ground
ęDavid Shulman May 2016

Bath Jewish Cemetery Information

There is an Old Jewish Burial Ground in Bradford Road, Coombe Hill, Bath, with some 50 burials dating from 1812 to 1921.

Articles on JCR-UK:

(See also IAJGS International Jewish Cemeteries Project - Bath)

 

Bath Jewish Population Data

1742

Community founded

1946

40

(The Jewish Year Book 1947)

 
Jewish Communities in Somerset

Jewish Communities of England home page

 

 

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