JCR-UK

Birmingham Jewry
in Victorian Britain

 

 

   
 


Extract from papers on
Provincial Jewry in Victorian Britain

Papers prepared by Dr. (later Prof.) Aubrey Newman for a conference at University College, London, convened on 6 July 1975 by the Jewish Historical Society of England
(Reproduced here with Prof. Newman's kind consent)

Paper first published on JCR-UK: 21 February 2004
Reformatted: January 2012 and November 2015
Latest revision: 7 January 2016

Addendum to
A PORTRAIT OF BIRMINGHAM JEWRY IN 1851
by the Birmingham Jewish Local History Study Group

(For main article, see A portrait of Birmingham Jewry in 1851)


BIRMINGHAM CENSUS 1851

Approx. population:

Residents 663

Lodgers 89

(Male 304; Female 359)

(Male 79; Female 10)

 

Households 169

Nuclear Families 229

Lodgers living with:

Jewish Families 39

non-Jewish Families 50

Jewish households on census without heads recorded

4

Multi-occupied premises used by Jewish families

21

 

Resident Males   -   Places of Birth

Age:

 0-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 21+ TOTAL
Poland

2

1

-

1

43

47

Prussia

-

1

-

1

27

29

Germany

-

1

-

-

16

17

Amsterdam

-

-

-

-

2

2

Russia

-

-

-

-

1

1

Austria

-

-

-

-

1

1

Strasbourg

-

-

-

-

1

1

France

-

-

-

-

1

1

Scotland

-

-

-

-

1

1

Jerusalem

-

-

-

-

1

1

Birmingham

39

39

19

5

25

118

London

1

3

5

2

29

40

Bristol

3

1

-

2

-

6

Norwich

-

1

2

1

1

5

Sheffield

2

-

-

-

1

3

Exeter

-

2

1

-

-

3

Manchester

2

-

-

-

1

3

Lymington (Hants)

-

2

-

-

-

2

Falmouth

-

-

-

-

2

2

Oxford

-

-

1

1

-

2

Wolverhampton

-

1

-

-

1

2

Liverpool

-

1

-

-

1

2

Darleston (Staffs)

-

-

-

-

1

1

Canterbury

-

-

-

-

1

1

Southampton

1

-

-

-

-

1

Deal

-

-

-

-

1

1

Cheltenham

-

-

1

-

-

1

Maidstone

-

-

-

-

1

1

Coventry

-

-

-

-

1

1

Plymouth

-

-

-

1

-

1

East Retford

-

1

-

-

-

1

Portsea

1

-

-

-

-

1

Nottingham

-

-

-

1

-

1

Chatham

-

-

-

-

1

1

Leamington Spa

-

-

1

-

-

1

Stourbridge

-

-

1

-

-

1

Swansea

-

-

-

-

1

1

Total

304

 

Resident Females   -   Places of Birth

 

0-55

6-10

11-15

16-20

21+

TOTAL

Poland

3

3

3

2

18

29

Prussia

-

4

-

1

15

20

Germany

-

-

-

-

6

6

Alsace

-

-

1

-

2

3

Flanders

-

-

-

-

2

2

Russia

-

-

-

-

1

1

Austria

-

-

-

-

1

1

Jerusalem

-

-

-

-

1

1

Scotland

-

-

-

-

1

1

Birmingham

59

32

15

17

39

162

London

5

1

7

1

45

59

Bristol

3

3

2

2

1

11

Norwich

-

-

1

1

3

5

Liverpool

-

-

-

-

6

6

Portsea

1

1

-

-

2

4

Sheffield

-

-

-

2

2

4

Exeter

1

1

-

-

2

4

Henley-in-Arden

2

1

-

1

-

3

Cheltenham

1

2

-

-

-

3

Lancashire

-

-

-

-

1

1

Dudley

2

1

-

-

-

3

Portsmouth

1

-

-

-

2

3

Plymouth

-

-

1

-

1

2

Nottingham

-

-

-

1

1

2

Sheerness

-

-

-

-

2

2

Hull

-

-

1

-

1

2

Gloucester

-

-

-

-

1

1

Coventry

-

-

-

-

1

1

Jersey

-

-

1

-

-

1

Neath

-

-

-

-

1

1

Haverford West

-

-

-

-

1

1

Kings Lynn

-

1

-

-

-

1

Rochford (Essex)

--

-

-

-

1

1

Peterborough

-

-

-

-

1

1

Dover

-

-

-

-

1

1

Leamington Spa

-

1

-

-

1

2

Stourbridge

-

-

-

1

-

1

Stafford

-

-

-

-

1

1

Manchester

1

-

-

-

-

1

Uttoxeter

--

-

-

-

1

1

Brighton

-

-

-

-

1

1

Wolverhampton

-

-

-

-

1

1

Falmouth

-

-

-

-

1

1

Houghton (Staffs)

-

-

-

-

1

1

Total

359

 

Occupations of Residents
Shopkeepers, Retail Tradesman, etc.

6

Pawnbrokers

15

Retired pawnbroker

1

Jewellers (inc. assistants)

6

'Toy' Makers

2

Gold chain makers

2

Silversmith

1

Watchmaker

1

Watchmaker apprentice

3

Dealers in watch materials, glassmaker

2

Hawkers, pedlar

11

Frame maker

1

Merchants

3

Factor

3

Cigar manufacturer

1

Cigar maker (sweated?)

7

Cigar Dealer

1

Tobacconist

2

Traveller (unspecified)

6

Traveller in boots and shoes

2

Traveller in jewellery

2

Traveller in watch materials

1

Dentists

2

Paper makers and dealers

2

Cabinet makers (inc. assistants)

5

Draughtsman

1

Lithographer

1

Engraver

1

Tailors, retail

20

Tailors (app. sweated)

3

Clothiers (inc. assistants)

11

Professor of Languages

2

Minister of Religion

1

Teacher of Hebrew

1

Professor of Music

1

Furrier

1

Capmakers (also Hats)

8

Patent collar stocker

1

Shop assistants

5

Book binder

1

Shoe and boot-maker

1

Shoemaker

1

General Dealer

8

General agent & importer of foreign goods

1

Slipper-maker

3

Dealer in embroidery

1

Fishmonger

1

Printer

1

Proprietor of houses

2

Assistant to proprietor

1

Staymaker

1

Glazier

5

Provision dealer

1

Hardware manufacturer

1

Steel pen manufacturer

2

Lodging-house keeper

2

Gilder and carver

1

Housekeeper

1

Optician

1

Dressmaker

2

Gas-fitter

1

Confectioner

1

Broker

1

Wine-merchant

1

Cordwainer

1

Lapidary

1

Book-keeper

1

Dyer

1

Pencil case maker

1

 

 

Occupations of Lodgers
Travellers

11

Scholar

5

Glazier

9

Glazier (prob. sweated)

5

Cigar maker

3

Hawker

9

Slippermaker

1

Banker

1

Slippermaker (prob. sweated)

3

Merchant

3

Clerk

1

Merchant's son

1

Tailor

2

Watch glass maker

3

Tailor (prob. sweated)

2

Shoe maker's assistant

1

Clothier

1

Pawnbroker

1

Cigar manufacturer (prob. sweated)

1

Sponge merchant

1

Ribbon dealer

1

Jeweller

1

General dealer

1

Calico printer

1

Wax-doll manufacturer

1

Watchmaker

1

Artificial flower maker

1

Diamond merchant

1

Glass blower

1

Pearl manufacturer

1

 

Places of origin of Hawkerr

Germany

10

 

Paris

1

Prussia

19

 

Poland

21

New York

1

 

Russia

3

Sweden

1

 

Ireland

1

Holland

6

 

Hull

1

Belgium

1

 

Shropshire

1

Gloucestershire

1

 

Birmingham

6

Exeter

1

 

Devon

1

London

5

 

Norwich

1

Stafford

2

     

 

Servants

76

families

employed

1 servant

19

"

"

2 servants

2

"

" 3      "

1

"

" 4      "

There were 4 nurse girls and 1 monthly nurse entered

 

There were 369 children

26

families

had

1 child

27

" " 2 children

17

" " 3 "

23

" " 4 "
7 " " 5 "
6 " " 6 "
5 " " 7 "
5 " " 8 "

 

Electoral Rolls 1851

44 Jews were on the rolls, i.e. living in property or owning property of more than 10 p.a. rateable value.

 

Rate Books 1851

11 Jews lived in their own houses or owned property.  The Rate books mention the Trustees of the Jews' Synagogue.


A portrait of Birmingham Jewry in 1851 (main article)

Introductory Paper on Birmingham


Provincial Jewry in Victorian Britain - List of Contents


Birmingham Jewish Community home page

Birmingham Hebrew Congregation home page
 

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Reformatted by David Shulman
 

 
   

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