Rivesaltes Deportations to Auschwitz-Birkenau
(As Reported in the Aufbau Newspaper)

Introduction By Dr. Chantal Simon

· Background
· Database
· Acknowledgements
· Searching the Database

Background

The Aufbau Newspaper

The Aufbau Newspaper was started in 1934. It originated as a 12 page newsletter, published in New York, for the German-Jewish club. Printed in German, it was full of advice for new German Jewish immigrants arriving in the United States. The Aufbau flourished and developed, starting to publish news for its exiled German Jewish readers in 1936. It became more widely read, circulating throughout the United States. With news from German Jewish refugee communities elsewhere in the United Kingdom, South Africa, South America, and even further afield, Aufbau became a 'must-read' for those anxious for news about the situation in Europe and their families spread across the world.

When World War II broke out, the Aufbau became an authoritative source of information on the Jewish situation in Germany. Its detailed reports and lists were later used as evidence in the Nuremberg trials. After the war, the paper helped those trying to relocate family and friends by running notices in its "searching for" and "saved" columns. The paper still runs these columns today.

Rivesaltes Camp

Rivesaltes is a French commune in the Pyrenees-Orientales in South West France. Situated on a rail route 40km from the Spanish border it was considered of strategic military importance for the French and in 1935 the French Army took over a large area of land just outside the town to construct a military camp. In 1939, Southern France became a haven for both Spaniards fleeing the civil war in Spain and Jews fleeing Hitler's regime in Germany. The Camp in Rivesaltes became an internment camp to house such refugees. Like Camp de Gurs, conditions were harsh but it was French-run. Some residents did reach freedom both via legal and illegal routes. However in 1942, 2,251 Jews interned at Rivesaltes, including 110 children, were deported via Drancy internment camp near Paris, to Auschwitz and almost-certain death.

The Aufbau Newspaper printed the deportation lists and this database is a transcript of those lists.

Database

This database includes the names of 1,664 people deported from Rivesaltes. The fields for this database are as follows:

Acknowledgments

The information contained in this database was indexed from the Aufbaue issues detailed in the database. The donor compiled the list and donated it to JewishGen for publication in its Holocaust Database.

In addition, thanks to JewishGen Inc. for providing the website and database expertise to make this database accessible. Special thanks to Warren Blatt and Michael Tobias for their continued contributions to Jewish genealogy. Particular thanks to Nolan Altman, coordinator of Holocaust files.

Nolan Altman
June 2009


Searching the Database

This database is searchable via JewishGen's Holocaust Database.


JewishGen Databases

JewishGen Home Page

Copyright 2002-2008, JewishGen, Inc.
Last Update: 07 June 2009 by MFK