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In the last six months of the war, as Russian forces approached, thousands of Jewish and non-Jewish prisoners were transported westward from Auschwitz and Gross Rosen to camps in Germany, such as Buchenwald. Auschwitz and Gross Rosen records were frequently destroyed, and these transport lists are often the only lists available showing who had been held in the east. The largest categories of prisoners sent at that time were Polish and Hungarian Jews, mostly males, but virtually every nationality is included as are significant numbers of non-Jewish prisoners.
This database includes records for two transports: 22-Jan-1945 and 26-Jan-1945.
The 22-Jan-1945 transport arrived in Buchenwald on January 22, 1945. The list, compiled from the Captured German Records collection (A-3355 reel 133 at NARA and 1996 A-0342 reel 165 at the USHMM), is of poor legibility. Nevertheless, it was possible to decipher almost all the names. Blank spaces were left where the material was illegible. The information was entered as it appeared, i.e. categories of prisoners, personal names and town names were entered as they appeared. The last column, Auschwitz prisoner number, was particularly difficult to read, and since it is impossible to confirm these numbers, they should be used with caution.
The 26-Jan-1945 transport arrived in Buchenwald on January 26, 1945 and was one of the largest transports, with over 3,000 prisoners. While the project is not complete, I have entered the names of all Polish, German, Austrian, French, Czech, Dutch and Belgian Jews. I began by including information on their profession and Auschwitz prisoner numbers, but this proved to be too difficult. Accordingly, I have limited the data to names and dates and places of birth, as well as category of prisoner. As information on other prisoners in this transport are digitized, they will be added.
The fate of these persons once they arrived in Buchenwald is not given. Researchers seeking such information on individuals should contact the Buchenwald Gedenkstätte (D-99427 Weimar, Germany, email firstname.lastname@example.org, or fax 49 3643 43010.).
This database includes 4,359 records; 2,207 from the 22-Jan-1945 Transport and 2,152 from the 26-Jan-1945 Transport. The fields of the database are as follows:
For assistance in translating German professions, please see: http://www.jewishgen.org/InfoFiles/GermanOccs.htm.
The information contained in this database was indexed from the files of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (22-Jan-1945 Transport: A-3355 reel 133 at NARA and 1996 A-0342 reel 165 at the USHMM / 26-Jan-1945 Transport: 1996-A-0342 reel 165 at the USHMM.) Peter Landé compiled these lists.
In addition, thanks to JewishGen Inc. for providing the website and database expertise to make this database accessible. Special thanks to Warren Blatt and Michael Tobias for their continued contributions to Jewish genealogy. Particular thanks to the Research Division headed by Joyce Field and to Nolan Altman, coordinator of Holocaust files.
This database is searchable via JewishGen's Holocaust Database.
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Last Update: 15 Mar 2008 by MFK