Pinkas HaNitzolim I — Register of Jewish Survivors I

Lists of Jews Rescued in Different European Countries
(61,697 Names)

JERUSALEM 1945
PUBLISHED BY THE JEWISH AGENCY FOR PALESTINE
SEARCH BUREAU FOR MISSING RELATIVES
Printed in Palestine / Hamadpis Liphshitz Press, Jerusalem

Pinkas HaNitzolim - Volume I, published in Jerusalem in 1945, contains 166 different lists of Jewish survivors rescued in various European countries.  These lists are each described in the table at the bottom of this file.

INTRODUCTION - by Ada Holtzman

After completing the computerization of Pinkas Hanitzolim II, I volunteered to coordinate the second most important project of computerizing the Pinkas Hanitzolim I: Register of Jewish Survivors Lists of Jews Rescued in Different European Countries, published by The Jewish Agency, Jerusalem 1945.

My relation to this Registers of Survivors published by the Jewish Agency (“Suchnut”) right after the Holocaust in 1945, is explained in my Introduction to the database compiled from Pinkas Hanitzolim II. I was very pleased that JewishGen managed to put this most precious database online, available to the whole Jewish world, but I felt that the first volume of the Register should also be on the Internet. Before computerizing the first volume it was extremely difficult to search a survivor in this register, because it was made from various lists and sub-lists (166) and one had to review them all in order to search for a name. So even if you had the book (which is very rare now), one could not use it efficiently. All this is solved now.

I got the initial scanned file from Yad Vashem and I sent the various lists to seven dear volunteers all around the globe, who did the necessary proofreading. JewishGen, Yad Vashem and myself are very grateful to these volunteers and extend our sincere thanks to them. Without their dedicated work on the lists, the project couldn’t have been materialized. One volunteer phoned me after finishing her part and told me that she was proud to be chosen to work in this important project... And I am proud to have these dedicated volunteers who also work for JewishGen and Yad Vashem in other various projects. The volunteers whom we all thank very much were: Alex P. Korn from Canada, David Amdurer from U.K., Morris Wirth and Sandra Krisch from U.S.A. and Asher Jung, Erica Marom, Shmuel Kehati and myself from Israel.

There is a very popular radio program in Israel “Kol Israel Reshet Bet”: “Hamador Lechipus Krovim” (“Searching Relatives Bureau”) which is broadcast every day. One of those days recently, in one of the programs, I heard the voice of an old man, sounds in his 80s, stating solemnly that he is looking for …his mother… After her name, he recited other 47 names, all close relatives of him, all perished eventually in the Holocaust but the old man has still a hope... Because the hope also survives and only when he dies, the hope dies with him... (Halina Birenbaum "Hope is the Last to Die").

Each name is the whole world! In this volume they all come to you, the survivors of Buchenwald, the women survived in Bergen-Belsen, the inmates of Dachau, the refugees in Sweden, the Jews surviving in Theresienstadt, the remnants of the grand European Jewry... Through each individual story, you can learn about the Jewish People and their tragic history in the last century. One special survivor shone to me in bright light: Primo Levi, Torino, list nr. 32 "Jewish Survivors in Some Italian Cities - Milan - 32I", page 270, the survivor of Auschwitz, writer of the unforgettable book: "Se questo e un uomo". He is one name, one world, out of 61,697 names, 61,697 worlds, recorded in the Survivors Register...

The first Volume of the register ("Pinkas I") is much more complex than the second one, and many of the various lists contain much more genealogical details than Pinkas II, such as current residence, year of birth, age, father’s name, occupation, previous residence, and more. It was very difficult to compile the original book, as written in the book’s own introduction. Now imagine the difficulties I faced when all those lists had to be converted into one comprehensive database. I needed minimum knowledge of Hungarian, Dutch and Czech Jewish Genealogy, which I didn’t have. Through help of various people from JewishGen SIGs I managed to acquire that basic knowledge.

I would like to review some of the technical problems and how we solved them.

I wish to stress once again the fact that we had a huge and difficult task to convert 166 various lists into a one comprehensive unified searchable database and overcome other various technical problems. Our rule was to be as much faithful to the written lists as possible. Unfortunately we don't have more details than those published in the database.

I wish to extend my thanks and appreciation to Joyce Field, JewishGen Research Director for her constant help, dedication, persistence and vision.  I wish to thank Warren Blatt and Michael Tobias from JewishGen for their wonderful masterpiece, converting a giant database into one compact, comprehensive and simple searchable database.  My thanks are also extended to Yad Vashem for scanning the lists and giving them to JewishGen for proofreading and eventually post them in the Internet. I also thank Shalom Eitan from Israel for his help in obtaining the permission from the Jewish Agency to publish the lists on the web. Heartfelt thanks to the Jewish Agency for its agreement to post the lists and have them available to the whole Jewish world. I learned that recently the Sochnut closed their "The Search Bureau for Missing Relatives" headed by Batya Unterschatz for many years and which used the Survivor Registers as part of their main sources, but I hope it will be re-opened, because people are still searching their lost family members and the hope is the last to die...

Finally I wish to dedicate this project to all those who did not return and who are not registered in this book...

Ada Holtzman
21 April 2003


Here is the introductory text published in the original volume:

THE JEWISH AGENCY’S SEARCH BUREAU for Missing Relatives, the purpose of which is to facilitate the re-establishment of contact between the remnants of Jewry in Europe and their relations in the Land of Israel and overseas, submits herewith the first volume of the "Register of Jewish Survivors" to the public. The Register contains the names of 60,000 Jews of various countries, saved from the camps and the ghettoes, who have been registered wherever they were found following the liberation of Europe from Nazi servitude.

For several months the Search Bureau has published lists of Jewish survivors through the mediums of the press, the radio and special bulletins, issued under the general name "To Those Near and Far" However, such forms of publication are only of partial value. The limited space available in the newspapers or the Bulletins permit them to submit the names of rescued persons to the general public only a few at a time. Furthermore, the impermanent nature of these publications and the inevitable dispersal of the material have the result that their aim is not entirely achieved as they do not always reach those relatives and acquaintances of rescued Jews who are in a position to extend aid.

The "Register of Jewish Survivors" aims to satisfy all requirements by issuing lists of names in book form, which will be available at all times for those who need them. This volume is the first of the series, and will be followed by others which will contain further lists received from representatives of the Jewish Agency, the Jewish Brigade and other institutions which are registering and aiding the remaining Jews in Europe. The following lists of names have been prepared under conditions, which are not conducive to exact registration or checking of details. For this reason they are not without errors, and garbling may have occurred. We have endeavoured to correct errors as far as we could, but this has proved impossible in many cases. There are still numerous difficulties in postal communication, which is only now being following the war years. Further changes have occurred in the governing authorities at places where the rescued Jews are concentrated. In addition there have been frequent movements of the rescued Jews themselves. Hence it has proved impossible to the necessary checking and counter- checking required to correct the garbled and doubtful names, without deferring the publication of this volume for a prolonged period, with the resultant increase in anguish and deferment of hopes on the part of all those affected. However, we are of the opinion that even garbled and incorrect names may service to provide information to relations and acquaintances, who will frequently be able to interpret and correct them with ease.

These lists are incomplete. They do not, that is, include the names of all those saved within the limits of the specific spot (camp, town or country) where it was drawn up. Hence the reader who does not find a certain name in a given list should not give up hope on that account; for it may well be found in one or other of the lists to be published in forthcoming volumes, or in those published in the Bulletin "La-Rahoq we-la Qarov" ("To Those Near and Far").

The lists included in the latter Bulletin, it should also be noted, are for the greater part not included in this Register. Hence persons who seek for news of their kindred, should also watch these lists as they are published.

The technical difficulties with which we met in the publication of this volume were exceedingly numerous, and in certain cases even proved insurmountable. For this reason there are a number of unavoidable defects in the present volume, which we shall endeavour to eliminate in those to follow. We shall be grateful if our attention is drawn to any defects etc., we may have overlooked, and shall do everything in our power to ensure that forthcoming volumes may be more adequate to their purpose. For the convenience of those using the lists we supplement the contents with an explanation of the arrangement of each separate list; and recommend all users to refer to his before proceeding to the lists they require.

JEWISH AGENCY FOR PALESTINE
Search Bureau for Missing Relatives


Click here for an image of a sample page from Pinkas HaNitzolim I -- Register of Jewish Survivors I.


This book contains 166 different lists, as follows:

LIST DESCRIPTION PAGES
1.   JEWISH WOMEN LIBERATED IN THE BERGEN BELSEN CAMP -
Submitted by the World Jewish Congress, May 1945
Details: Name, first name, birth date, (abridged: 23=1923, 97=1897), or the age (if the number is followed by the word 'years" or the letter "y", birth place of last residence.
1-29
2.   LIST OF POLISH JEWS LIBERATED FROM THE BERGEN BELSEN CAMP -
Submitted by the World Jewish Congress, May 1945
Details as above.
List A:29; List B:30-31; List C:30-31
29-30
3.   LIST OF JEWS LIBERATED FROM THE BUCHENWALD CAMP -
Submitted by the World Jewish Congress, June 1945
Details as above.
List A (6.8.45-8.6.45):33-41; List B(9.6.45): 41-42; List C(10.6.45): 42-43; List D(11.6.45): 43-44 List E(12.6.45): 44-47
33-47
4.   SURVIVING JEWS FROM EUROPEAN EXTERMINATION CAMPS (except Poland) -
The list is based on protocols taken from survivors by the Jewish Agency for Palestine in Bucharest, April 1945
In this list Polish Jews are not included; they are registered in list 14.
Details as above.
List A:48-55; List B (14.IV.45):55-57 List C(19.IV.45):57-70
48-70
5.   JEWISH WOMEN RELEASED ROM THE RENTZMUHLER CAMP (GERMANY) -
Submitted by the World Jewish Congress, June 1945
Details as above; family names in brackets indicate the maiden name of married women; names of places in brackets indicate former residence or birth place.
70-73
6.   LIST OF FOREIGN JEWS IN ROME -
Compiled by the "DELASEM" office in Rome
The alphabetical order in this list is based on names of heads of families; their dependents are to be found with them even if they bear a different name. Places in this list are always birthplaces.
List A:73-80; List B:80-81
73-81
7.   LIST OF JEWISH SURVIVORS IN MILAN -
Compiled by the Jewish Community Council of Milan and submitted by the Italian Settlers Organization in Palestine
Details: name, first name, father's first name, abridged birth date
List A (20.V.45) 81-85; List B:85-89; list C:89-91; List D (10.VI.45): 91-93; List E (17.VI.45): 93-94; List F (22.VI.45) 94-95; List G (30.VI.45) 95-96
81-96
8.   LIST OF POLISH JEWS LIBERATED FROM THE BERGEN BELSEN CAMP -
Submitted by the World Jewish Congress
See also the list on page 29
Details as in list (1)
List A (women):96-99; List B:99-100; List C:100-101 List D:101-102
96-102
9.   LIST OF POLISH JEWS LIBERATED FROM THE DACHAU CAMP -
Submitted by the World Jewish Congress
Details as above.
102-107
10.   LIST OF JEWS (MAINLY POLISH) LIBERATED FROM THE DORA (Nordhausen) CAMP -
Submitted by the World Jewish Congress June 1945
Details as above.
107-108
11.   LIST OF POLISH JEWISH SURVIVORS AT THE BUCHENWALD CAMP -
Submitted by the World Jewish Congress, May, 1945.
Details as above.
109-114
12.   LIST OF JEWS OF POLISH NATIONALITY WHO ARRIVED IN SWEDEN -
Submitted by the World Jewish Congress
Details as above.
List A(30.V.45): 115-117; List B (31.V.45):117-119
115-119
13.   LIST OF SURVIVING POLISH JEWS (LONDON-LIST) -
Submitted by the Representatives of the Polish Jews in London
Details as above, but not full.
119-122
14.   LIST OF JEWS SURVIVING IN POLAND (BUCHAREST LIST) -
The list is based on protocols taken from survivors by the Jewish Agency for Palestine in Bucharest
Details as above.
122-127
15.   SECOND LIST OF JEWS SURVIVING IN POLAND (COMPILED IN KRAKOW) -
Submitted by the Jewish Committee in Krakow
Details as in list (1).
128-145
16.   LIST OF SURVIVING JEWISH CHILDREN IN POLAND -
Submitted by the Jewish Committee in Krakow
Details: name, first name, age.
List A:146-157; List B:147-148
146-148
17.   LIST OF POLISH NATIONALS (MOSTLY JEWS) IN THE BERGEN BELSEN CAMP -
Registered by the International Red Cross, May, 1945
Submitted by the Jewish Agency office in Geneva
Details: name, first name,, profession
148-154
18.   LIST OF JEWISH SURVIVORS IN EASTERN EUROPEAN TOWNS -
Registered with the Jewish Anti Fascist Committee in Moscow and submitted to the Jewish World Congress
The list is based on the alphabetical order of the town; a personal name added in brackets indicated the father's name.
Bialstok:155; Braslaw:155; Bystrzyca:156; Danilowicze:156; Drusk:156; Dubno:156-157; Dwinsk:157-158; Ezerge:158; Glubokie (Glebokie):158-159; Grodno:159; Ignalina (near Swieciany):159; Jezno (?) 159; Kimeliszki (?) 159; Kobylynik:160; Kowno: List A: 160-162, List B: 162-165; Krasny: 165; Lublin: List B: 165, List A:165- 167, List C:167-168; Marcinkance:168; Mejszagola: 168; Michaliszki:168; Olkieniki: 168; Orany:168; Ostrowiec: 169; Piotrkow-Trybulanski:169-170; Postawy: 170; Radin:170-171; Radziwillow: 171; Riga:171-172; Stokliszaki: 172; Swir:172; Turgiel (?); : 172; Widz: 172; Wilejka:173; Wilkomir:173; Wilno:173-176; Wiszniewo: 176; Wolkowysk:176; Wozniany:176
155-176
19.   LIST OF JEWISH WOMEN FROM HUNGARY AND TRANSYLVANIA -
Submitted by the Jewish World Congress
Details as in list (1); the numbers in list B indicate the age and not the birth-date.
List A(1.VI.45): 177-180; List B(10.VI.45):180-184
177-184
20.   LIST OF HUNGARIAN AND TRANSYLVANIAN JEWS LIBERATED FROM GERMAN CAMPS -
Submitted by the Jewish World Congress
Details as in list (1)
List A - ( 13.VI.45 - women in Dachau):184-185; List B ( 1.VIII,45 - men in Dachau): 185-186; List C (1.VIII.45 - men in Buchenwald): 186; List D (1.VIII.45 - women in Allenburg): 189
184-189
21.   JEWS FROM BUDAPEST IN NORTHERN ITALY -
Details: name, first name, former address in Budapest.
189-190
22.   LIST OF JEWISH SURVIVORS FOUND IN GYOR (HUNGARY) -
Submitted by the Hungarian Settlers' Association, Haifa, 15.VI.1945
Details: name, first name.
List A:190-191; List B:191-192
190-192
23.   LIST OF CZECHOSLOVAKIAN NATIONALS (MOSTLY JEWS) REGISTERED IN THE BERGEN-BELSEN CAMP (24.4.45 - 7.5.1945) -
Submitted by the International Red Cross through the Geneva-office of the Jewish Agency
Details: name, first name, profession.
192-197
24.   LIST OF CZECHOSLOVAKIAN NATIONALS (MOSTLY JEWS) REGISTERED IN THE BERGEN BELSEN CAMP ON MAY 9, 1945 -
Submitted by the Relief Committee of Jews from Czechoslovakia in London and the Czechoslovakian Settlers' Center
Details: name, first name, profession.
197-206
25.   LIST OF CZECHOSLOVAKS (MOSTLY JEWS FROM SLOVAKIA) LIBERATED FROM GERMAN CONCENTRATION CAMPS -
Submitted by Czechoslovakian Settlers' Center in Palestine
Details as in list (1)
List A (Kaunitz Camp): 206-208; List B (Luebeck) - From Banovce n./Bebr., Ban. Bystrica, Dun. Streda, Kosice, Kezmorok, Lipt. Sv. Mikulas, Levoca, Michalovce, Nitra, Presov, Piestany, Ruzomberok, Secovce, Snina, Trebisov, Topolcany, Trencin, Trnava, Zilinam, various places: 208-210; List C (Lipsko) 210-211.
206-211
26.   LIST OF LIST OF CZECHOSLOVAKIAN JEWS WHO ARRIVED IN ITALY AND SWEDEN -
Submitted by the World Jewish Congress, Czechoslovakian Settlers' Center and Jewish Soldiers
Details as above.
List A (in Italy):211-212; List B (in the Bari Camp):212-213; List C:213; List D:213; List E (in Sweden):213-216.
211-216
27.   LIST OF REPATRIATED CZECHOSLOVAKIAN NATIONALS REGISTERED AT THE REPATRIATION OFFICE IN KOSICE -
Submitted by Czechoslovakian Settlers' Center, August 1945
Details as above.
217-221
28.   LISTS OF YOUGOSLAVIAN JEWISH SURVIVORS -
Submitted by Yugoslavian Settlers Association
Details as above, but mostly without indication of birth-date, and in the lists on pp. 226-231 without indication of birth place.
P.O.W. - Officers:221-222; Albach Camp:222; Dachau Camp:222; Back in Belgrad: List A: 222-224; List B:224-226; List C:226-227; Back in Novisad: List A: 227-2288; Novisad Supplement:228-229; Back in Zagreb: 229-231.
221-231
29.   LIST OF JEWS FOUND SURVIVING IN HOLLAND -
Submitted by the Kring van Nederlandsche Joden in England through the Dutch Setllers' Association
Details as in list ().
List A:-233; List B:233-237; List C:237-238; List D:238-240; List E:241-249
.
231-249
30.   LIST OF JEWISH SURVIVORS ARRIVED IN AMSTERDAM FROM CONCENTRATION CAMPS -
Submitted by the Dutch Setllers' Association
Details as above, but in the first six lists without indication of place.
List A(13.6.45):249; List B (14.6.45):249; List C (15.6.45):250; List D (16.6.45):250; Back from Westernbork: 250-252; from Kratzau:252; from Wurtzbach-Allgau: 252-253; from various German Camps: List A (16.6.45): 253-254; List B: 254
249-254
31.   LIST OF DUTCH JEWISH SURVIVORS ARRIVED IN SWEDEN -
Submitted by the Jewish Agency-office in Geneva, July 1945.
List A:254-257; List B:257; List C:257-258
254-258
32.   LIST OF JEWISH SURVIVORS IN SOME ITALIAN CITIES -
Submitted by the Italian Settlers Association and Jewish Soldiers, May 1945.
Details: name, first name' father's name' sometimes birth date and birthplace. Alessandria:258-259; Bologna: List A:259-260, List B: 260-262; Ferrara:262; Florence: 262-267; Genoa:267-269; Meran:269-270; Milan: 270-271; Turin: 271-274; Venice: List A: 275, List B:275; Different cities of Northern Italy: 276-280.
258-280
33.   LIST OF JEWISH SURVIVORS LIBERATED FROM THE SALZWEDEL CAMP -
Submitted by Jewish Soldiers
Details as in list (1).
280-293
34.   LIST OF JEWISH SURVIVORS FOUND IN THERESIENSTADT ON 10.5.1945 -
Submitted by the Executive Committee of "Agudat Israel", Jerusalem, and by the Czechoslovakian Settlers' Association
Details: name, first name.
A: 293-294; B: 294-300; C:300-301; D:301-303; E:303-305; F:305-309; G:309-313; H:313-318; I:318-319; J:319-320; K:320-326; L:326-331; M:331-334; N:334-336; O:336; P:336-340; Q:340; R: 340-343; S:343-352; T:353-354; U:354; V:354-355; W:355-359; Y:359; Z:360
293-360


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