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The Jewish population of Mogilev gubernia in uezds, towns, and shtetls (1777-1926)

Data compiled by L.Plotkin,Mogilev,Belarus

The first known mention of Jews in the Mogilev gubernia is from 1536.  The mentioned Jews from Brest collected custom taxes in Mogilev.  In Gomel there were 1500 Jews in 1648, 300 Jews in Byhov in 1659, 200 Jews in Belynichi in 1618, and 70 Jews in Mogilev in 1588. The Mogilev gubernia was formed in 1772.  In 1777, there was 11455 Jews  in the gubernia: 5494 in towns and 5961 in shtetls and villages.  In 1850 there was 85 Jewish communities in in the gubernia with a total population of 110000.  The greatest Jewish shtetl in the gubernia was Shklov, followed by Mogilev, Dubrovno, Gomel, Tolochin, and Smoliany.  In 1850-1889 Jews moved actively from shtetls to the towns of Mogilev, Orsha, Gomel.  Since 1880 Jews began actively to emigrate abroad.

Kopys was the capital of a uezd until 1861, when it was changed by Gorky
Belitza was the capital of a uezd until 1852, changed changed by Gomel
Babinovichi was the capital of a uezd until 1840
The uezd was abolished in 1840

 
1777 1847 1865 1897 1903 1909 1926
Mogilev uezd 20833 36502 34255 39636 36936
Towns              
Mogilev 1500 7897 22345 21539 25837 27176 17105
Shtetls            
Belynitchi   1087   1063    
Buynitchy   417   100    
Knyazhitsy   473   668    
Drutzk   400   50    
Golovchin   600        
Krucha     220 713   805
Teterino     69 500   339
Krugloe 70   173     600
Shklov   8600   6700 6700  
Shepelevichi     49 150    
             
Klimovichi uezd 5930 12389 15561 14369
Towns            
Klimovichi 12   952 2263 2559 3347
Shtetls            
Khotimsk       2200    
Schumiachi            
Rodnia     405      
Petrovichi       900    
Kostujukovichi            
Samotevichi             378
Miloslavichi            
Kanichi            
Belynkovichi            
Zabytchanje            
Lozoviza            
Khotovizh            
Cherikov uezd 7092 12956 13807 14828
Towns            
Cherikov 200 1800 1997 2698 3069 3435
Shtetls          
Krasovichi          
Krasnopol          
Studenez     199    
Kritchev   1470   2100  
Maliatichi          
Dmitrievsk          
Gomel uezd 7121 32392 40306 62869
Towns          
Gomel 858 ? 2950 2840 20385 26504 48503
Shtetls          
Vetka   1770      
Dobrush          
Uvarovichi          
Antonovka          
Nosovichi   1400      
Belitza          
Poddobrianka          
Khaltch   1115      
           
Chausy uezd 5801 7453 8112 7991
Towns          
Chausy 820   3248 2515 3452 3263
Shtetls          
Dribin       900  
Chernevka          
Riasna     542    
Suchari     380    
Gory       900  
Radoml          
           
Mstislavl uezd 9201 16733 18593 23245
Towns            
Mstislavl 1022 3815 4150 5076 6287 6621 3371
Shtetls            
Kadin            
Chislavichi   1480   4700    
Tatarsk       1000    
Shamovo             607
Zacharino            
Monastyrshtina            
Kazimirova-Sloboda            
Gorky uezd 10994 15735 19529 22637
Towns            
Gorky   1700 2578 3029 3363 3754
Kopys     1697 1399 1581 1968
Shtetls            
Liady   1570   400    
Romanovo     208 800  
Baevo          
Dubrovna   3440      
Rasosna     286    
Zaretchny-Shklov          
Bychov uezd 7028 11352 12250 13109
Towns          
Old Bychov   4125 3254 3037 3580 3817
Shtetls          
Gorodetz          
Propoisk     611 1500  
Daschkovka          
Geischin          
New Bychov       700  
           
           
Senno uezd 3929 12544 14651 20405
Towns          
Senno   1000 1459 2471 2337 3345
Shtetls          
Tolochin   2000   1300  
Bobr          
Krupki       700  
Tchereja   1000   1500  
Lukoml   400   700  
Ostrovna          
Zarechny          
Obchugi          
           
Orsha uezd 2306 22874 27284 28956
Towns          
Orsha 866   2306 7383 12306 9842
Babinovichi 8 600 469 552 598 430
Shtetls          
Kochanovo          
Lubavichi   1200   1500  
Liozno          
Alexandria          
Smoliany   1120 688 2000  
Dobromysl          
Rudnia     721 2000  
Mikulino       800  
Zaretchno-Tolotchin          
Obtchugi          
Obolitza       350  
Rogachev uezd 8558 21879 24620 25955
Towns          
Rogachev 208   2595 5045 7538 10437
Shtetls          
Zhlobin   1700   1700  
Korma          
Tchetchersk          
Karpilovka          
Streshin     452 1100  
Tichinichi          
Sverzhen     345 800  
Zuravichi   1000   1700  
Gorodetz          
Sherstin          
Gubernia          
total 11455   122546 203946 234349 274648
in towns 5494?   49015 73393 94409 125938

Sources:

Last modified May 28, 2001