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BELSK (BIELSKI) UEYZD OR DISTRICT


 
List of Towns in Bielsk District
Bielsk 52° 46' 23° 12'
Bocki 52° 39' 23° 03'
Bransk 52° 44' 22° 51'
Ciechanowiec 52° 40' 22° 31'
Czeremcha 52° 31' 23° 21'
Drogoichin
Kleszczele 52° 53' 23° 19'
Malesze 52° 48' 22° 58'
Melenik
Narew 52° 55' 23° 31' 
Niemirow 52° 18'  23° 45' 
Nurzec 52° 29' 23° 10'
Orla 52° 42' 23° 20'
Siemiatycze 52° 27'  22° 53' 

   No coordinator at present, please volunteer!
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BIELSKI (52 11', 25 09') UEZD INFORMATION: including Aleksin, Aleksinskaya, Bocky, Belsk, Botzki, Bryansk, Cehanovec, Drogichin, Dubyazhin, Dubyzhinskaya, Gacki, Grodek, Grodisk, Grodiskaya, losinka, Kleniki, Klenikskaya, Kleshiely, Klestcheli, Losinskaya, Maleshki, Maleshevskaya, Melnik, Narev, Nemerivo, Novoberezovskaya, Orlya, Orlyanskaya, Pasynki, Pasykovaya, Pavly, Pavlovskaya, Putyski, Raiskaya, Semetichi, Semyatichi, Shkurec, Shkureckaya, Tehanovets, Tzehanovetz

Belsk
 According to the chronicles, the town was destroyed by the horde of Khan Batyi. Troops of Danil Romanovich, who tried to conquer Lithuania, also reached Belsk. In 1284, Duke Vladimir Vasiljevich presented the local church with the icons and books. The following year, Belsk was conquered, descimated, and abandoned by Duke Yuri Lvovich. Other sources provide information that this same Duke Vladimir Vasiljevich founded the church of St.Boris and Gleb there in 1288. At the same time, and in 1377, the palace in Belsk was attacked and finally burned in 1570. Belsk first was granted the Right in 1430 by Bitavt. Very soon, it became the main town uniting three povets: Bransk, Tykotsinski and Surazhski. In 1495, the Grand Duke of Lithuania, Alexander, granted Maideburg Rights to Belsk that were reconfirmed in 1499 and in 1501. The owner of Belsk, Zhigimont Stary, presented the town to the widow of Grand Duke Alexandr. She obtained the right to own Belsk until the end of her life. In 1508, the church was founded in Belsk Palace. Shortly, in 1596, the fight lasting one hundred years between Catholic and Orthodox churches commenced. The majority of the population belonged to the Orthodox church. Belsk burned in 1664.The North War and the famine in 1710 emptied Belsk lands. In 1698, the Catholic church was built, with a second one was built in 1780. After the division of Rech Pospolotaya, Belsk was given to Prussia. In 1807, it was included in the Russian Empire, first in Belostok district and later in Grodno gubernya. In 1857, Belsk had five Orthodox churches, ten brick houses and 316 wooden houses. The population was 2,788. At the same time, there were five factories in the town and the total number of masters was 212, of whom 188 had a very high qualification. Judicially, the Belsk governor administered seven villages: Vidava, Spichki, Shastaly, Striki, Partsevo, Avgustav and Pasechniki. The population was 1,169 men and 1,188 women. In 1897, the population of Belsk was 5,780 (3,968 Jews, 940 Orthodox, 865 Catholics and seven Evangelicals). 1880: Yitzchak Zvi Horvitz was the Bielsk correspondent for Hamelitz . Now, Belsk belongs to Poland and is the povet center in Belostok voevodstvo.
 

Bielski Uezd Population by Religion in 1887
 
Religion Belsk Drogichin Bryansk Narev Klestsheli Melnik Belski uezd
men wom. men wom. men wom. men wom. men wom. men wom. men wom.
Orthodox 1248 1495 620 340 125 136 895 865 574 551 380 410 32758 32096
Catholic 936 972 350 280 481 500 280 290 87 79 240 270 24855 25180
Protestant 13 11 4 6 7 3 238 215
Jewish 1267 876 150 200 578 626 249 257 220 200 103 89 6849 7496
Moslem 5 3
Total 3469 3360 1124 826 1184 1262 1424 1412 881 830 730 772 64693 64984

1887 Bielski Uezd Population by Social Class
 
Title of the Estates Belsk town Drogichin Bryansnk Narev Kletsheli Melnik Belski uezd<= /TD>
men wom. men wom. men wom. men wom. men wom. men wom. men wom.
Nobility 1) hereditary 15 11 9 12 1 2 4 3 1037 1070
2) personal 22 16 6 2 3 5 1 2 5 7 4 38 44
Clergy 1) Orthodox "White" 5 19 13 14 2 4 2 3 8 11 104 126
1) Orthodox "Monkish"
2) Catholic "White" 1 1 1 1 15
2) Catholic "Monkish"
3)
4)
5) Jewish 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 17 11
6) Moslem
Urban Estates 1) Citizens (hereditary) 3 4 2 1
1) Citizens (personal) 4 3 1 6 10 1 1 4 1 69 74
2) Merchants 39 39 645 727 840 960 1320 1350 829 813 580 620 20038 21286
3) Middle-class 2773 3044 241 166 616 546
4) 52 41
Rural Estates 1) State peasants 11980 12100
2) Settlers 50 65 4 11 60 49 24705 26750
3) Peasants-proprietors
4) town peasants
5) Free people 10 13
6) 365 1221 7
Military Estates 1) regular troops 343 35
2) irregular troops 20 12 35 36 25 15 22 27 2097 905
3) 117 69 18 25 39 35 10 45 58 1737 1000
4) retired lower ranks 56 49 5 7 35 55 10 6 308 359
5) soldiers' children 32 24 4 6 11 12 1 1 3 2 7 3 289 279
Foreign VI. Foreign Subjects 6 5
VII. People who do not belong above<= /TD>
TOTAL 3469 3360 1124 826 1184 1262 1424 1412 881 830 730 772 64693 64984

Bielski uezd, Grodno gubernia fairs in 1887

Bielsk: 6 Jan, 1st Wed of Lent; Wed of 4th week of Lent; Ascension Da= y, Trinity Day,

Bartolomei the Apostle Day, 8 Sep. 6 Dec

Briansk: 21 Feb, Trinity Day, 10 Jun, 17 Sep, 22 Nov

Kleshiely: 9 May, 1 Oct

Botzki: 8 Sep, 8 Nov, 27 Dec

Tzinanovetz: 9 Sep, 18 Nov

Grodek village: Mon after Palm Sunday, 24 Apr, 10 May, 17 Jun, 30 Oct, 7 = Dec

Bielsk town and Bielski uezd Livestock in 1884:

Horses: 246/19272

Cattle: 591/61846

Sheep, simple: 487/74354

Sheep with thin fleece: 0/0

Pigs: 387/44632

Goats: 0/139

Donkeys/mules: 0/6

Total livestock in Bielsk: 1,711

Total livestock in Bielski uezd: 225,006

Buildings in Belsk town in 1887: stone/wood

Habitations =96public: 4/

- church/monastery: 1/6

- social: 3/9

- private: 7/586

Public shop:

Social shop: /3

Private shop: 2/8

Social store: 2/1

Private store: 5/81

Theater:

Total: 24/694

Buildings in Kleshielu, Belsk in 1887: stone/wood

Habitations =96public:

- church/monastery: /4

- social: /3

- private: 1/557

Public shop:

Social shop:

Private shop: 1/1

Social store: /4

Private store: /12

Theater:

Total: 2/581

Buildings in Melnik, Belsk in 1887: stone/wood

Habitations =96public:

- church/monastery: 1/1

- social: /1

- private: 1/232

Public shop:

Social shop:

Private shop:

Social store:

Private store: /9

Theater:

Total: 2/243

Buildings in Narev, Belsk in 1887: stone/wood

Habitations =96public:

- church/monastery: /2

- social: /1

- private: 1/410

Public shop:

Social shop:

Private shop:

Social store: /3

Private store: /10

Theater:

Total: 1/426

Belski Uezd statistics in 1887 for these zashtatnye cities, places, an= d posady
 
Name of Settlement 1887 Population Distance from Gubernia city= Distance from district city= Lat/ Long Postal Address (P.S)
Bocky p 1625 141 16 52 39 41 13 Bocky 
Belsk d.c. 2446 126 24 52 45 41 49 Bryansk
Belostok d.c. 6829 125 52 46 41 21 Belsk
Drogichin z.c. 1950 179 54 52 24 40 49 Drogichin
Klescheli z.c. 1711 148 23 52 35 41 29 Belsk
Melnik z.c. 1502 172 47 52 20 41 13 Semyatichi
Narev p 2836 155 30 52 55 41 41 Belsk
Nemerivo p 516 179 54 52 17 41 20 Semyatichy
Orlya p. 4158 135 10 52 42 41 30 Belsk
Semyatichi p 9355 170 45 52 26 41 1 Semyatichi
Cehanovec p 4480 160 47 52 41 40 40 Cehanovec

Belski uezd 1887 GRODNO camps (colony?) and Volosts with postal addres= ses (volost=3Dsmallest administrative/territorial unit of pre-Revolution= ary Tsarist Russia; Guberniya=3DBasic administrative/territorial unit of pre= -Revolutionary Russia.

1 desyatina =3D 1.0925 hektar; 1 hectar =3D 10,000 square meters
 
CAMP Designa-tion Name of district camps name of places: camp flats & volosts go= vernment Post Address Distance from camp flat (unit unknown) Distance from district city Distance from gubernia city
1st Volost place: Orlya city: Belsk 10 135
1st  Volost Orlyanskaya place: Orlya city: Belsk 10 135
1st  Volost Novoberezovskaya f. Putyski city: Belsk 18 25 115
1st  Volost Losinskaya village: losinka city: Belsk 25 30 105
1st  Volost Klenikskaya village: Kleniki city: Belsk 20 20 105
1st  Volost Pasykovaya village: Pasynki city: Belsk 15 10 112
1st  Volost Dubyzhinskaya village: Dubyazhin city: Belsk 12 10 115
2nd  2nd camp  city: Bryansk city: Bryansk 24 126
2nd  Volost Aleksinskaya village: Aleksin city: Belsk 8 24 145
2nd  Volost Maleshevskaya village: Maleshki city: Belsk 10 18 130
2nd  Volost Pavlovskaya village: Pavly city: Belsk 40 22 100
2nd  Volost Raiskaya village: Gacki city: Belsk 25 10 113
3rd  3rd camp place: Cehanovec place: Cehanovec 47 160
3rd  Volost Shkureckaya village: Shkurec place: Cehanovec 12 50 155
3rd  Volost Grodiskaya village: Grodisk place: Semyatichki 20 40 160
4th  4th camp place: Semyatichi place: Semyatichi 45 170
4th  Volost Semyatichskaya place: Semyatichi place: Semyatichki 45 170
4th  Volost Aleksandrovskaya village: Aleksandrovka place: Semyatichki 16 48 171
4th  Volost Naroiskaya village: Naroiki place: Semyatichki 12 45 168

Belski uezd surnames and occupation in 1887
 
TOWN 1887? OCCUPATION SURNAME First Name Pharmacy Number
Semetichi physician Cherkovski Ludvig-Mikhael Oomich
Klestcheli pharmacy owner Gorbachovski #33 
Briansk pharmacy owner Kusha #27 
Tzehanovetz pharmacy owner Loman #28 
Belsk physician Masjya Izrael Mihelevich
Botzki pharmacy owner Namitkevich #30 
Botzki pharmacy owner Namitkevich #30 
Drogichin pharmacy owner Neviarovski #31 
Semiatichi pharmacy owner Neviarovski #29 
Orlya  pharmacy owner Oginski #32 
Belsk pharmacy owner Shpitzbart #26 
Tehanovets  physician Sventski  Pavel Rohavich
Bryansk physician Tarashkevich Ivan Ivanovich
Botki  physician Verzhbitski Adrei Feliksovich

Bielski Uezd towns:

Bielsk (Bielsk Polaski), Belsk: BEL'SK

According to the chronicles, the town was destroyed by the horde of Khan Batyi. Troops of Danil Romanovich, who tried to conquer Lithuania, also reached Belsk. In 1284, Duke Vladimir
Vasiljevich presented the local church with the icons and books. The following year, Belsk was conquered, descimated, and abandoned by Duke Yuri Lvovich. Some other sources provide information that this same Duke Vladimir Vasiljevich founded the church of St.Boris and Gleb there in 1288. At the same time, and in 1377, the palace in Belsk was attacked and finally burned in 1570.

Belsk first was granted the Right in 1430 by Bitavt. And very soon, it became the main town uniting three povets: Bransk, Tykotsinski and Surazhski. In 1495, the Grand Duke of Lithuania, Alexander, granted Maideburg Rights to Belsk that were reconfirmed in 1499 and in 1501. The owner of Belsk, Zhigimont Stary, presented the town to the widow of Grand Duke Alexandr. She obtained the right to own Belsk until the end of her life.

In 1508, the church was founded in Belsk Palace. Shortly, in 1596, the fight lasting one hundred years between Catholic and Orthodox churches commenced. The majority of the population belonged to the Orthodox church. Belsk burned in 1664.The North War and the famine in 1710 emptied Belsk lands. In 1698, the Catholic church was built, with a second one was built in 1780.

After the division of Rech Pospolotaya, Belsk was given to Prussia. In 1807, it was included in the Russian Empire, first in Belostok district and later in Grodno gubernya. In 1857, Belsk had five Orthodox churches, ten brick houses and 316 wooden houses. The population was 2,788. At the same time, there were five factories in the town and the total number of masters was 212, of whom 188 had a very high qualification. Judicially, the Belsk governor administered seven villages: Vidava, Spichki, Shastaly, Striki, Partsevo, Avgustav and Pasechniki. The population was 1,169 men and 1,188 women. In 1897, the population of Belsk was 5,780 (3,968 Jews, 940 Orthodox, 865 Catholics and seven Evangelicals). 1880: Yitzchak Zvi Horvitz was the Bielsk correspondent for Hamelitz .

Now, Belsk belongs to Poland and is the center of the povet in Belostok voevodstvo.

EJ has an article "Bielsk (Bielsk Podlaski).

Kagan and Levin (Yiddish and Hebrew Encyclopedias of Lithuania):1243.
 
 

Melnik, Mielnik: on Bug River

Kagan and Levin (Yiddish and Hebrew Encyclopedias of Lithuania) 5030.

Yanov (Yanova, Yanov Sokolski, Janow).

Kagan and Levin (Yiddish and Hebrew Encyclopedias of Lithuania) 3980. 

1880 Hamelitz article by Yitzak Izik Bantzevski about Rabbi Nisan = Perlshtein and Rabbi Yehoshua Pralush's efforts at town improvements.

1887 Hamelitz correspondent: Israel Zvi Pisar.

1920: report by rabbi of Sokolka that several area rabbis died of hunger = and of illness in family of Rabbi Zalman Kosovski of Yanova.

see Piechotka, Maria and Kazimierz. Wooden Synagogues, 1959.
--part1