Zayamochno before 1917


Before 1793

- Zayamochno was a village in Minsk District of Minsk Province of Rech Pospolitaya.


- Zayamochno was a village in Russian Empire.

Since 1801

- Zayamochno was a village in Minsk District of Minsk Empire.


- after the Emperor permitted Jews to live in the rural area and to work in agriculture, Jewish agricultural colony was founded in Zayamochno.

Vital Statistics


Number of Jews

Number of Non-Jews


Specific gravity in total population number


Jewish population appeared



No info

Both sexes

No info

Jewish Life

In 1841, after had got the permission to live in rural area and to work on land, some Jewish families from that area mostly, bought some land and rented it from local landlords, and moved there. The colony was settled finally by 1850. That time there were 21 families there, which lived in Zayamochno and some attached small villages:











In 1840s-1850s there were 2 praying houses in Zayamochno.

In 1896 (about a year before the colony was closes finally), he monitor of it was LEVITAS Ghirsh son of Mordukh.

Economical Review.

Traditional activities of local population were agriculture and chopping of wood. That settlement was out of any trade ways and was not interesting for non-agricultural matters.

During Russian principality the authorities did a lot to develop the region because of military and fiscal reasons mostly. But Zayamochno itself and the other small villages, which were attached officially to that colony, were agricultural settlements, as many other ones in the locality, and the authorities saw no reason to change or develop anything new there.

In XIX, because of development of the AllRussian Market, new types of communications appeared in the area in 1871. Construction of the railroad and highways provoked new increase of development of local settlements. But it did not effect seriously on the development of Zayamochno and its "suburbs", because they were agricultural settlements. That was why it took long enough time to involve local habitants in market economy environment even in small extent.

It was not too popular and profitable to work in agriculture, and since 1860s local Jews started to leave the colony and to return to their traditional life.

The colony was officially liquidated in late 1890s.

General cultural information.

In the end of XIX century in Zayamochno there were nothing special. The closest doctor, synagogue and post office were 10 km afar in Minsk.



Copyright 1997-1998 Oleg Perzashkevich and Sergey Rybchenok