Memorial Book of Tlumacz
(Tlumach, Ukraine)

48°52' / 25°00'

Translation of
Tlumacz-Tlomitsch Sefer Edut-Ve-Zkaron

Edited by: Shlomo Bond et al.

Published in Tel Aviv, Tlumacz Society, 1976


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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Harold Sandler

 

Our sincere appreciation to Susan Dressler
for typing up the English text to facilitate its addition to this project.

 

This is a translation from Tlumacz-Tlomitsch Sefer Edut-Ve-Zkaron (Memorial Book of Tlumacz),
Editors: Shlomo Bond et al., Published in Tel Aviv, Tlumacz Society, 1976 (H,Y,E, 720 pages)

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Tlumacz


This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
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Translated by Yocheved Klausner

Hebrew Section
 
Members of the Book Committee and Editorial Board 4
Memorial plaque in the Martef Hashoah [Holocaust cellar] in Jerusalem   5
Map of the concentration camps where Tlumacz Jews were murdered   6
Drawing of Tlumacz - the ghetto area can be seen   7
Words of thanks   8
Preface by the Chairman of the Organization Dr. Alexander Schwarzbard 9
Preface by a member of the editorial board   11
The geographical position of Tlumacz Munyu Wurman 12
 
Tlumacz and its Jews
 
Tlumacz and its Jews Munyu Wurman 25
The Zlotchow episode Yeshayahu Jung 33
“Safe” Shelter in Hriniowce Efraim Schreier 36
Memories from the time of Petlura Prof. Dr. Zigmund Lewittus 37
 
The Community Life
 
The Community Life Efraim Schreier 43
Jewish-Christian relations Efraim Schreier 48
Dr. Ivan Makoch Efraim Schreier 49
Jews in the Tlumacz district villages Gusta Wurman 52
Market days Efraim Schreier 56
Santa Anna Efraim Schreier 58
“Mexico” Efraim Schreier 59
The synagogues Dr. Alexander Schwarzbard 61
Hadarim and melamdim Efraim Schreier 63
The “blind” night Efraim Schreier 65
Klezmer and weddings Efraim Schreier 66
Shabat Hagadol [the Sabbath before Passover] Efraim Schreier 67
The “abstainers” Efraim Schreier 67
The bathhouse Efraim Schreier 68
The Old Cemetery Efraim Schreier 70
My grandfather R'Note Shmuel the dayan [Judge in religious court] Efraim Schreier 71
R'Moshe Hurwitz z”l Rav Zalman Hurwitz 72
My father the cantor Rivka stockhammer 74
 
Personalities
 
Personalities Efraim Schreier 75
A town of Jews Efraim Schreier 77
Shlomo the cobbler Efraim Schreier 78
Mendele the water carrier Efraim Schreier 80
Israel “Cuba” Efraim Schreier 80
Tchome Efraim Schreier 81
Brish'l Efraim Schreier 82
 
Movements and Organizations
 
Tlumacz Jews in the National Movement Munyu Wurman 84
Yechiel Fishel ben R'Yakov Kastelman Munyu Wurman 91
Shalom Shtreit Munyu Wurman 92
About Shalom Shtreit G. Shofman 93
Yeshayahy Shtreit Yakov Yariv 93
Prof. David Diringer Munyu Wurman 94
Prof. Dr. Yitzhak Schlesinger Munyu Wurman 96
Emigration and Aliya Munyu Wurman 97
 
Parties, Organizations and Youth Movements
 
Tze'irei Zion Efraim Schreier 102
Po'alei Zion left Efraim Schreier 103
The Bund Efraim Schreier 105
Hashomer Hatza'ir Munyu Wurman 106
Hechalutz Efraim Schreier 109
General Zionists Efraim Schreier 109
The Mizrachi Efraim Schreier 110
The Mizrachi and Hechalutz Hamizrachi movements in Tlumacz Dov Wiener 111
Hit'achdut Munyu Wurman 114
Gordonia Zvi Drapper 115
Revisionists-Metzada-Brit Hachayal Munyu Wurman 116
Beitar (Brit Trumpeldor) Munyu Wurman 117
The Judenstaadts [Jewish State] party Munyu Wurman 119
Kadima - Emunah Munyu Wurman 120
Jewish communists Efraim Schreier 122
Yad Charutzim Zvi Drapper 122
Drama clubs Efraim Schreier 123
Dicker Efraim Schreier 124
The Hashmona'im sports club Efraim Schreier 126
Assimilationists Efraim Schreier 127
Converts Efraim Schreier 127
 
Party Activists
 
Dr. Maurici Rosenkranz Efraim Schreier 128
Dr. Max Halpern Efraim Schreier 128
Chaim Lamm and Moskowitz Efraim Schreier 129
Wolf Spund Efraim Schreier 129
Yosi Zommer Efraim Schreier 129
Shaya Jung Efraim Schreier 129
Eliyahu Radner and Mendzi-Menachem Krom Efraim Schreier 130
Yosel Korn Efraim Schreier 131
Shmuel Mautner Efraim Schreier 131
Meir Seifer Efraim Schreier 131
Mordechai Feierman Efraim Schreier 132
 
The Educational System in Tlumacz
 
The educational system in Tlumacz Munyu Wurman 133
The high-school, the teachers and other personalities Prof. Dr. Eliezer Feuerman 140
Outings Munyu Wurman 144
Free bird Yitzhak Hoz-Katz z”k 146
My town Tlumacz Dr. Israel Zvi Kanner 148
From the mouths of the Elders of Tlumacz Efraim ben Yehoshua Kanner 151
A true story from our town Tlumacz Efraim ben Yehoshua Kanner 152
As I see you, Tlumacz Prof. Dr. Zigmund Lewittus 153
Once, in the evening Efraim Schreier 158
Tzvia Spiegel 159
Notes of remembrance on my town Esther Shahar (Weissman) 160
 
The Soviet Rule
 
The days of the Soviet rule   163
 
The Holocaust
 
The Survivors Tell their Stories
Minutes of Idel Feier's testimony, Bucharest 14 April 1945 Idel Feier 169
Deportation Moshe Gotstein-Leski 175
How it happened Mina Bikles Rottenstreich 176
Memories Conversations with survivors 178
The Judenrat [“Jewish council”] in the ghetto Blond Shlomo 182
Days of calamity and destruction Moshe Gotstein-Leski 186
What happened to me Max Ben-Efraim 190
From the diary of Max Hertenstein Max Hertenstein 192
The Tlumacz Rav, R'Yitzhak Hager, may God avenge his blood Moshe Flescher 196
Doctors and matters of health Dr. Philip Hodish 198
Behind the plow Moshe Gotstein-Leski 201
Excerpts from the letters of Mrs. Doler z”l Mrs. Doler z”l 206
The relations between Tlumacz Jews and the local population Munyu Wurman 207
 
Tlumacz - the Resistance Movement
 
Tlumacz - the Resistance Movement Munyu Wurman 210
The story of the “Tlumacz Band” Lontzo Lepold 221
Tlumacz after liberation Shlomo Blond 224
 
In Memoriam
 
The Rav Dr. Henrik Kaufmann Munyu Wurman 226
Magister Yehoshua Bildner Munyu Wurman 228
Magister Yulek Fischer Munyu Wurman 229
The Mendel brothers Munyu Wurman 229
Magister Lunek Hartenstein Munyu Wurman 230
Moshe Katz (Hoz) Munyu Wurman 231
Orchiu Schwarzbard Munyu Wurman 231
Doghu Kreindler Munyu Wurman 232
 
Thanks to Them
 
Zvi Henigsberg Shlomo Blond 233
Memories Esther 234
itzhak Lepold Efraim Schreier 236
Yitzhak Hoz-Katz Efraim Schreier 237
Gofer - Schwefelgeist Baruch z”l Efraim Schreier 238
Arie Avni Efraim Schreier 239
Frieda Seiffer Efraim Schreier 239
Yoel Radner Efraim Schreier 240
Yankel Kerner z”l Efraim Schreier 240
Izyu Lepold z”l Efraim Schreier 240
The Tlumacz community workers Munyu Wurman 241
Tlumacz in 1974 N. Rinzler 248
The establishment of our organization Efraim Schreier 249
 
Yiddish Section
 
Unveiling of the monument on Har Zion in Jerusalem   259
The editorial committee   261
Words of thanks   263
From the chairman of the Organization Dr. Alexander Schwarzbard 265
From the editorial board   269
History and Geography of Tlumacz Munyu Wurman 271
The town park Efraim Schreier 278
 
The Tlumacz Jews
 
History of the Tlumacz Jews Munyu Wurman 280
The Tlumacz Jews   290
The Zlotchow episode Shaye Jung z”l 294
 
Life in the Community
 
Life in our Community Efraim Schreier 296
Ivan Makoch Efraim Schreier 302
Market days Efraim Schreier 305
Santa Anna Efraim Schreier 306
“Mexico” Efraim Schreier 307
The synagogues Dr. Alexander Schwarzbard 310
Hadarim and melamdim Efraim Schreier 314
The “blind” night Efraim Schreier 317
The “abstainers” Efraim Schreier 318
Shabat Hagadol [the Sabbath before Passover] Efraim Schreier 319
Klezmer and weddings Efraim Schreier 320
The bathhouse Efraim Schreier 321
The Old Cemetery Efraim Schreier 322
My grandfather R'Note Shmuel the dayan [Judge in religious court] Efraim Schreier 324
My father the cantor Rivka stockhammer 325
 
Personalities
 
Profiles Efraim Schreier 327
A town of Jews Efraim Schreier 330
Shlomo the cobbler Efraim Schreier 332
Mendele the water carrier Efraim Schreier 333
Israel “Cuba” Efraim Schreier 334
Tchome Efraim Schreier 335
berish'l Efraim Schreier 336
Nicknames Efraim Schreier 338
 
Tlumacz Jews in the National Movement
 
Tlumacz Jews in the National Movement Munyu Wurman 340
Yechiel-Fishel ben R'Yakov Kastelman Munyu Wurman 351
Shlomo Schtreit 352
 
Emigration and Aliya
 
Emigration and Aliya Munyu Wurman 354
Aliya Munyu Wurman 356
 
Parties and Organizations
 
Tze'irei Zion Efraim Schreier 362
Po'alei Zion left Efraim Schreier 363
Hechalutz Efraim Schreier 365
The “Bund” Efraim Schreier 366
Hashomer Hatza'ir Munyu Wurman 367
General Zionists Efraim Schreier 371
The Mizrachi Efraim Schreier 372
Hit'achdut Munyu Wurman 372
Gordonia Zvi Drapper 373
Revisionists-Metzada-Brit Hachayal Munyu Wurman 374
Beitar (Brit Trumpeldor) Munyu Wurman 377
Jewish communists Efraim Schreier 380
Kadima, Emunah, Achva Munyu Wurman 382
Yad Charutzim Zvi Drapper 385
Drama clubs Efraim Schreier 386
The Hashmona'im sports club Efraim Schreier 387
 
Party Activists
 
Dr. Maurici Rosenkranz   388
Dr. Max Halpern   389
Chaim Lamm and Moskowitz   389
Wolf Spund   390
Yosi Zommer   390
Shaya Jung   391
Elie Radner and Mendze Krom   391
Yosel Korn and Munyu Wurman   392
Shmuel Mautner   392
Meir Seifer   393
Mordechai Feierman   394
 
Schools in Tlumacz
 
Schools in Tlumacz Munyu Wurman 396
Reflections from the old home Dr. Israel Zvi Kanner 407
One, in the evening Efraim Ben Yechezkel 409
 
The Soviet Rule
 
Minutes of Idel Feier's testimony, Bucharest 14 April 1945 Idel Feier 410
Deportation Moshe Gotstein-Leski
 
The Holocaust
 
Minutes of Idel Feier's testimony, Bucharest 14 April 1945 Idel Feier 416
Deportation Moshe Gotstein-Leski 427
Days of calamity and destruction 429
How it happened Mina Bikles Rottenstreich 433
Doctors and matters of health Dr. Philip Hodish 435
How the Nazis forced the Tlumacz rabbi
R'Yitzhak Hager to sing on the way to the Belzec death camp
Moshe Flescher z”l 440
Behind the plow Moshe Gotstein-Leski 443
The relations between Tlumacz Jews and the local population Munyu Wurman 447
Tlumacz Jews in the resistance movement Munyu Wurman 450
The story of the “Tlumacz Band” Lontzi Lepold (America) 468
Tlumacz after liberation Shlomo Blond 471
The ghetto Judenrat Shlomo Blond 474
Tlumacz in 1974 477
The establishment of our association Efraim Schreier 478
At the fresh graveside of Moshe Flescher z”l Shlomo Blond 482
Pages of remembrance 485
In memory of three departed friends 529
 
English Section
 
Foreword Dr. A. Schwarzbard VII
Tlumacz: Location and Locality M. Wurman X
The Jewish Community of Tlumacz M. Wurman XIV
The Zloczow Episode Y. Jung XX
The “Safe” Shelter; in Hriniowce E. Schreier XXIII
Petlura Prof. Dr. Z. Lewittus XXIV
Tlumacz: Community Life E. Schreier XXX
Jewish – Christian Relations E. Schreier XXXIII
Jews in the Villages of Tlumacz Province Gusta (Weitz) Wurman XXXV
Market Days in Tlumacz E. Schreier XL
St. Anna's Day E. Schreier XLI
“Mexic” E. Schreier XLII
The Synagogues of Tlumacz Dr. A. Schwarzbard XLIV
Cheders and Melamdim E. Schreier XLVII
Weddings and the Music–Makers E. Schreier XLIX
The Great Sabbath E. Schreier L
The Abstinence E. Schreier LI
The Public Bathhouse E. Schreier LII
The Old Cemetery E. Schreier LIII
The Personalities of Tlumzcz E. Schreier LIV
Reb Moishe Horowitz Rabbi Z. Horowitz LV
Reb Yitzhak Hager, Rabbi of Tlumacz M. Flesher LVI
My Father the Cantor R. Shtockhammer LVIII
A Town of Jews E. Schreier LIX
Shloimeh the Cobbler E. Schreier LX
Tchome E. Schreier LXI
Yisroel “Cuba” E. Schreier LXII
Mendl the Water Carrier E. Schreier LXII
Tlumacz Jewry and the Nationalist Movement M. Wurman LXIII
Yehiel Fishel B”R Yaacov Kastelman M. Wurman LXIX
Sholom Streit M. Wurman LXIX
Prof. David Diringer M. Wurman LXX
Migration and Aliya M. Wurman LXXII
 
Youth Movements and Organizations
 
Ze'irei Zion E. Schreier LXXVII
“Poale Zion Left” E. Schreier LXXVII
“Hashomer Hatzair” M. Wurman LXXVIII
Gordonia Z. Drapper LXXX
The Mizrachi Movement and “Hehalutz Hamizrachi” in Tlumacz D. Wiener LXXXI
“Hechalutz” E. Schreier LXXXIII
The “Mizrachi” E. Schreier LXXXIII
The General Zionists E. Schreier LXXXIV
Hitachdut M. Wurman LXXXIV
The Revisionists – Metsada– Brit Hachayal M. Wurman LXXXVI
Betar (Brit Trumpeldor) M. Wurman LXXXVII
“Kadima” – “Emuna” M. Wurman LXXXVIII
Judenstaatpartei M. Wurman XC
The Communist Jews E. Schreier XC
The “Bund” E. Schreier XCI
“Yad Harutzim” (The Diligent Hand) Z. Drapper XCII
Drama Circles E. Schreier XCII
“Hashmonaim” Sports Club E. Schreier XCIV
The Political Leaders in Tlumacz E. Schreier XCIV
Tlumacz's System of Education M. Wurman XCVIII
The High School Prof. A. Feuerman CIII
Fond Memories of Tlumacz Dr. M. Hoffman CVII
Trips and Hikes M. Wurman CIX
Tlumacz, My Town Dr. I.Z. Kanner CXI
People and Images E. Schreier CXV
The Days of Soviet Rule E. Schreier CXIX
 
Holocaust and Destruction
 
For the Record I. Feuer CXXII
How it Happened M. B. Rotenstreich CXXVIII
What Happened to Me M. Ben–Ephraim CXXX
The Judenrat in the Ghetto S. Blond CXXXII
Doctors and Health Services Dr. F. Hudish CXXXIV
Reminiscing I. Feuer, M. Sommerfreund CXXXVIII
Max Hartenstein's Diary W. Sisser, S. Blond CXLII
Days of Calamity and Destruction M. Leski–Gutstein CXLVI
The Deportations M. Leski–Gutstein CXLIX
Behind the Plow M. Leski–Gustein CL
The Tlumacz “Banda” Chapter L. Lepold CLIII
Tlumacz and the Resistance Movement M. Wurman CLVI
The Underground Movement in the Ghettos and Camps S. Blond CLIX
Tlumacz After Its Liberation M. Wurman CLXIV
IN MEMORIAM: Dr. Henryk Kaufman, Y. Bildner J. Fischer B. Mandel,
Y. Hartenstein, M. Katz, O. Schwarzbard, D. Kreindler
M. Wurman CLXVI
The Mandel Brothers   CLXX
Local Population M. Wurman CLXXIII
Z. Heningberg S. Blond CLXXIV
I. Lepold E. Schreier CLXXV
The Public Figures in Tlumacz M. Wurman CLXXVII
Tlumacz - 1974 M. Wurman CLXXXI
At the Graveside of Moshe Flesher S. Blond CLXXXII
 
Names from the Tlumach Yizkor Book

 


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