“Jasienica Rosielna” - Encyclopedia of Jewish
Communities in Poland, Volume III
(Poland)

49°45' / 21°57'

Translation of “Jasienica Rosielna” chapter from
Pinkas Hakehillot Polin

Published by Yad Vashem

Published in Jerusalem


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Ada Holtzman

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This is a translation from: Pinkas Hakehillot Polin: Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities, Poland,
Volume III, pages 220-221, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem


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(pages 220-221)

Jasienica Rosielna, Poland

(Brzozow District, Lvov Province)

by Wila Orbach

Translated by Meir Garbarz Gover

YearTotal
Population
Jews
18802,091487
19002,302546
19212,090479

Sources mention Jasienica as a 15th century nobility owned village. Information about Jews in this village is from 19th & 20th century. This poor municipal settlement held 3 annual fairs and a weekly market day. Poles in this village were fabric weavers. Jews were mainly small traders, peddlers and craftsmen. Some of them marketed the fabric produced in the village to other places.

First known Rabbi in the village was R' Abraham Josef Jacob Gelernter appointed in 1858, and known to be alive still in 1912. An offspring of this Gelernter served as Rabbi between the two World Wars and perished in the Holocaust.

The Jewish Community was headed at the end of the 1920's by a man named Shachna. Jewish Benevolent Association records for 1929 indicate that 7 people got benevolent loans for a total amount of 460 Zloty. A Sick Help Association “Bikur Holim” was functioning as well.

1935 Zionist Congress records indicate 64 votes to “General Zionists” and 10 votes to Orthodox “Hamizrachi”. Akiva Youth Group Organization was established and run in the years of 1933-1934.

Information about Nazi occupation days is partial: A Ghetto was established in Jasienica in the second half of 1942.

In July 1942, a few hundred Jews from jointing villages were herded into this Ghetto, including from Domaradz [6 JM north of Jasienica, coordinates 4947 2157] and Barycz [10KM north east of Jasienica, coordinates 4949 2202]. Records indicate deportation of 11 Barycz Jewish farming families who previously held a special license from the Germans to keep and cultivate their land).

Due to the overcrowding in the ghetto, refugees did not have rooms and had to board in the streets. The Ghetto inhabitants suffered from hunger. 200 young men were forced into slave labor at this village and in Plaszow Death Camp [coordinates 5003 1959] near Krakow [coordinates 5005 1955].

Jasienica Ghetto was liquidated in an aktzia on August 12, 1942.
All 600 Jews were massacred into nearby Extermination Pits. Same aktzia eliminated nearby Korczyna (20km south west of Jasienica, coordinates 4943 2149) Jews.

Sources:

Yad Vashem Archive: 016/2045, 016/4536.
Zionist Archive: Z-4/234-13, Z-4/226-24B
AJDC Archives: Countries-Poland, Medical report 377: Reconstruction 399.
“Chwila” 23 Jan 1928.
“Diwrej Akiba” 8 Dec 1933, 22 Dec 1933.
“Nowy Dziennik” 24 Jan 1931, 18 Oct 1934.


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