“Lawoczne” - Encyclopedia of Jewish
Communities in Poland, Volume II
(Lavochnoye, Ukraine)

48°49' / 23°22'

Translation of “Lawoczne” chapter from
Pinkas Hakehillot Polin

Published by Yad Vashem

Published in Jerusalem


Click here to see how to add a Memorial Plaque to this Yizkor Book
GoldPlaque SilverPlaque BronzePlaque

 

Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

 

Our sincere appreciation to Yad Vashem
for permission to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Pinkas Hakehillot Polin:
Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities, Poland, Volume II, pages 527-528, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem


This material is made available by JewishGen, Inc. and the Yizkor Book Project for the purpose of
fulfilling our mission of disseminating information about the Holocaust and destroyed Jewish communities.
This material may not be copied, sold or bartered without JewishGen, Inc.'s permission. Rights may be reserved by the copyright holder.


JewishGen, Inc. makes no representations regarding the accuracy of the translation. The reader may wish to refer to the original material for verification.
JewishGen is not responsible for inaccuracies or omissions in the original work and cannot rewrite or edit the text to correct inaccuracies and/or omissions.
Our mission is to produce a translation of the original work and we cannot verify the accuracy of statements or alter facts cited.


(Page 527)

Lawoczne

Stryj district, Stanislawow province

Translation by Jerrold Landau

In 1921, approximately 140 Jews lived in Lawoczne. After the outbreak of the Second World War, the town of Lawoczne was under Soviet rule from September 1939 until June 1941. At the end of June, after the retreat of the Soviets from Lawoczne, the Ukrainians perpetrated pogroms against the Jews throughout the region and killed many in the villages around Lawoczne (among others: In Slawsko 6 Jews, in Wolosianka – 33, in Rozanka – more than 60, and in Truchanow – 35 Jews). The Ukrainian Priest in Lawoczne enticed the farmers to these bloody actions. There were no fatalities in Lawoczne itself. On July 5, 1941, the Hungarian army conquered Lawoczne, and put an end to the pogroms of the Ukrainians in the region. They even brought the guilty to a military court. Under Hungarian rule, the Jews of Lawoczne suffered only from confiscation of property for the army. Their situation deteriorated when the government was transferred to the Germans on August 15, 1941. Already during the first days of their government, two Jewish political refugees from Hungary were taken out to be shot. The Jews of Lawoczne were frequently ordered to give over luxuries such as wine and liquor to the Germans. The Gestapo men in the region of Drohobycz would come to Lawoczne on occasion in order to collect the contribution. Jewish men between the ages of 14-60 were drafted to forced labor in building or repairing streets and bridges, and in cutting down trees in the forest. A group of youths were captured and sent to the work camp in Sinowodzko Wizna. In July 1942, Gestapo men came to Lawoczne. With the assistance of the Ukrainian police, they captured 15 Jews from among the Hungarian refugees and took them out to be killed. The bodies were buried in a communal grave near the train station in Lawoczne. In August 1942, there were still approximately 60 Jews in Lawoczne. On September 2, 1942 (according to another opinion, on August 2, 1942), the Gestapo men, the Ukrainian police, and the German border guard surrounded the Jewish homes and the area of the forest where the Jews worked, and deported them all to

(Page 528)

Skole (about 30 kilometers away). Many of the elderly and ill were murdered during the aktion. A few Jews succeeded in escaping and fleeing across the border to Hungary. In Skole, the deportees from Lawoczne were loaded upon transport trucks and sent to the Belzec death camp during the expulsion aktion of the Jews of that city (September 4, 1942).


 Yizkor Book Project    JewishGen Home Page  


Yizkor Book Project Manager, Lance Ackerfeld
Emerita Yizkor Book Project Manager, Joyce Field
Contact person for this translation
This web page created by Max Heffler

Copyright ©1999-2014 by JewishGen, Inc.
Updated 18 May 2007 by LA