"Grocholice" - Encyclopedia of Jewish
Communities in Poland, Volume I
(Poland)

51°20' / 19°22'

Translation of the "Grocholice" chapter from
Pinkas Hakehillot Polin

Published by Yad Vashem

Published in Jerusalem


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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Morris Wirth

Our sincere appreciation to Yad Vashem for permission
to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Pinkas Hakehillot: Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities, Poland,
Volume I, page 85, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem


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(page 85 )

Grocholice
(District of Piotrkow Trybunalski)

Translated by Shmuel Kehati

Population
YearTotal
Population
Jewish
Population
180828426
182779261
18571,382151
192192151

Grocholice had city status from 1420 until 1870, and it was the private property of the Gniezno archbishops until the second partition of Poland. Around 1770, one nobleman, who leased all the archbishop's property including Grocholice, foreclose a woman's house because she did not pay her debt for drinks he gave her to sell. Also, a Jewish family, the first Jews in Grocholice, lived in the house. The family traded in whiskey and beer provided by the lessor of the properties.

In 1871 there was a fire that destroyed 13 houses in Grocholice, including this house. A new inn was built and the only Jewish family in town moved there.

A small Jewish community developed at the beginning of the 19th century. They were first affiliated with the Dzialoszyn community and later with Belchatow. During the second half of the 19th century the town's development stopped, and the Jewish community declined. Between the two World Wars only a handful of Jewish families lived here.

The small Jewish community of Grocholice was liquidated during the Holocaust (end of 1941) and the Jews were transferred to nearby Belchatow. In August 1942 they were sent to Chelmno Extermination Camp along with Belchatow's Jewish community.


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