"Będków" - Encyclopedia of Jewish
Communities in Poland, Volume I
(Poland)

51°35' / 19°45'

Translation of "Będków" chapter from
Pinkas Hakehillot Polin

Published by Yad Vashem

Published in Jerusalem


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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Morris Wirth

Our sincere appreciation to Yad Vashem for permission
to put this material on the JewishGen web site.

This is a translation from: Pinkas Hakehillot: Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities, Poland,
Volume I, page 77, published by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem


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(page 77)

Będków
(District of Brzeziny)

Translated by Morris Wirth

Year General
Population
Jewish
Population
18083640
182774967
1857602248
1921696228

In the 15th century, Będków was granted town status. Beginning early in the 18th century, there were Jewish innkeepers leasing the municipal inn from the clergy, the owner of the town of Będków. However, when the lease agreement expired, these Jews then left the town.

The beginning of a permanent Jewish community in Będków coincides with the clergy's plan to stimulate population growth. Another goal was to turn the town into an economic center of great importance. So, the clergy began to build a large grain exchange, however, the plan ended in failure.

In 1870 Będków, which belonged to the Jewish community of Ujazd, lost its town status. Also, Jews earned a livelihood from small-time commerce and crafts.

Between World War I and II there was no fundamental change in the economic status of the Jews. Also, the vocational structure of the small Jewish settlement hadn't changed much from the second half of the 19th century.

In the first couple months of the Nazi occupation in World War II, the Jews of Będków all left the town.


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