Balti Bessarabia:
A Memorial of the Jewish Community
(Bălţi , Moldova)

47°46' / 27°56'

Translation of
Sefer Beltsi Basarabia: yad ve-zekher le-yahadut Beltsi

Edited by: Yosef Mazor (editor-in-chief), Mishah Fuks (editor)

Published in Jerusalem 1993


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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Stephen Yellin

 

This is a translation from: Sefer Beltsi Basarabia: yad ve-zekher le-yahadut Beltsi,
Balti Bessarabia: a memorial of the Jewish community,
ed: Yosef Mazor (editor-in-chief), Mishah Fuks (editor), Jerusalem 1993 (H, Y 655 pages)

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Balti


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Translated by Yocheved Klausner

 

Preface Y. Mazor 5
Introduction Y. Mazor 11
 
Chapter 1. Balti and its Jews
 
A house on the Raut (poem) Y. Fikhman 27
Beltz, mein Stetele Beltz [Balti, my town Balti] (poem) 28
Monograph on Bessarabia Stefan Tchovno 30
Chapters from the history of the Jews Dr. Schwarzfeld 31
The Balti Jewish community until WWI Prof. A. Feldman 33
Balti in the 19th century S. Yovel 44
Balti between the two World Wars 1918-1940 78
 
Chapter 2. The Jewish Community
 
The Balti Community Council Y. Mazor 100
Yerachmiel Jaffe L. Kuperstein 111
Public figures among the Jews in Balti Y. Jaffe 116
Our persistent struggle against the “Korovka” [tax collection] Z. Heinichs 118
Medical aid in Balti until 1940 M. Gafter 119
Pharmacists in Balti until 1940 Bluma Malamud 124
Jews in the City Council and in politics Y. Mazor 126
The Founding Fathers of Balti Y. Mazor 132
The Jaffe family Y. Mazor 134
Elirzer Gick Z. Heinichs 142
Bernard Walter, the Balti community activist Z. Heinichs 143
The Krasiuk family Dr. M. Gafter 144
My father Avraham Goichman L. Staviski (Goichman) 146
Memories from Balti Eng. Yakov Gefter 148
Balti - the charm of Jewish simplicity Prof. Elkana Margalit 152
Memories from Balti Chanoch Goldstein 154
Childhood and adolescence in Balti Misha Fuchs 159
Memories from Balti Y. Mazor 165
The Silbergs Ruth Pri-Paz 167
 
 Chapter 3. Jewish Education
 
Hebrew education Y. Mazor 176
The Talmud Torah schools Y. Mazor 183
School principals of the Talmud Torah schools in the twenties Y. Mazor 188
The beginnings of the Hebrew High-School K. A. Bertini 191
The Hebrew High-School in Balti Y. Mazor 203
The Hebrew High-School orchestra Yitzhak Feldman-Peled 207
Our ever young teacher Yosef Loven 209
L. Kuperstein, teacher, educator and writer Y. Mazor 211
ORT Y. Mazor 229
Buzia Stiebelman Y. Mazor 230
Moisika Sissman Y. Mazor 232
 
Chapter 4. Zionism
 
Zionism in Balti Y. Mazor 264
Zionist activity in Balti Z. Heinichs 276
Beginning of the Keren Hayesod activity in 1921 Z. Heinichs 285
Zionism and Zionists in Balti Z. Heinichs 288
Mendel Masis, Zionist No. 1 in Balti Portrayal by his son Shalom 294
Autobiographical notes Z. Heinichs 296
David Bet-Don T. Mazor 299
The Revisionist Zionists in Balti Y. Mazor 300
Doctor Leizer Gurfel Dr. Ben Or Gurfel 304
Avraham Sigberman z”l Y. Mazor 307
Ha'oved Hazioni - Tze'irei Zion - Yoel Schechtman, Yakov Ripstein, David Oleinik, Kalman Seger Y. Mazor 308
The Hashomer Hatza'ir branch in Balti Yosef Loven 311
The Hashomer Hatza'ir branch in Balti on the eve of WWII Yakov Dagan 314
The Balti people Avraham Orin 316
From Balti to Eretz Israel via the Netherlands Fania Lanir 318
Grisha Staroste Z. Heinichs 320
The Finkelsteins 324
Arie (Lionia) Schachter the Jewish Brigade man 333
Levy Greenblatt Izia 336
Nostalgic memories from the Balti branch of Hashomer Hatza'ir Yosef Goldenberg 338
Memories Nona Pozis-Shacham 340
A letter of a bereaved father Chaim and Chantze Flanzenbaum 342
A young turner among students Yosef Loven 343
In memory of Moshe Rady (Radolski) Yitzhak Lanir 344
Yitzhak Lanir Yosef Loven 345
This is the story of Amir Galili z”l 352
Gordonia in Balti Israel (Izia) Galitzki 354
The Gordonia branch in Balti Zerubavel Seker 362
Before sunset Shlomo Yuval (Sturmwasser) 365
Words to the memory of Gershuni Izia 368
Beitar in Balti Y. Mazor 381
Shlomo Trachtman Harary Y. Mazor 404
Figures in the Beitar branch in Balti Y. Mazor 414
Munia Bordman Y. Mazor 424
Yakov Ben Nathan Y. Mazor 428
The visit of the Delegates Y. Mazor 431
The first Aliya through “Af-Al-Pi” from our town Balti Menachem Bordman 433
Hapo'el Hamizrahi Efraim Soibelman 436
David Barzilay, a pioneer, one of the builders of Kfar-Saba 441
 
Chapter 5. Culture
 
Balti in Yakov Fikhman's poetry 445
Yakov Fikhman - his life and work L. Kuperstein 448
With Fikhman Chaim Hochman 454
Efraim Auerbach L. Kuperstein 456
Balti in Auerbach's poetry 463
Poetry from various sources [Y] Alexander Melechsohn 465
The wandering singer A. B. Yaffe 467
Hersch Leib Koszever [Y] Shalom Sudit 473
Purim (poem) [Y] Mendel Geventer 475
Mein Stetele Beltz [My town Balti] (poem) [Y] Shalom Sudit 476
About Aharon Fikhman Y. Mazor 479
Artists from Balti Y. Mazor 481
The cantors in Balti Y. Mazor 485
Maccabi in Balti S. Sodek 489
The musical life in Balti Yakov Soroker 495
The press in Balti Y. Mazor 503
Pinchas Lev-Tov Chava Mernfeld, Giora Levtov 507
 
Chapter 6. The Economy
 
The economy in Balti Y. Mazor 514
Berka Frank Y. Mazor 531
Israel Wolman Y. Mazor 538
The Zimmermans - Reuven (Ruby) Zimmerman Y. Mazor 542
Baruch Rosenberg Y. Mazor 548
 
Chapter 7. The Holocaust
 
The Jewish High-School during the Russian rule Mordechai (Moti) Kogan 560
Th Russian period in Balti until the outbreak of War Tzipora Ungar-Mazor 563
My Balti Menachem (Munia) Ackerman 566
Menachem (Munia) Ackerman Misha Fuchs 570
The deportation Menachem (Munia) Ackerman 571
Memories from the suffering of the Jews deported from Balti Dr. K. 576
Asirei-Zion [persons imprisoned for their Zionism] in Balti Z. Heinichs 578
“May the informers have no hope” Z. Heinichs 582
The Holocaust of the Balti Jews Y. Mazor 585
And it burned and was not consumed Neomi Avi-Yitzhak (Tur Kaspa) 595
Leib Galawati Efraim Auerbach 599
The testimony of Bernard Walter 602
Memories from Balti at the time of destruction [Y] Goldiak Zev 604
Life and death - neighbors in Dubina, the Transnistria camp [Y] Chana Lukatcher-Warshawskaia 607
Memories from Transnistria Bella (Meimis) Raat 609
Beyond the Dniester Hadassa Raam 611
Transnistria Pendler Nechama 616
Episodes from the Jewish tragedy 1941 [Y] Shania Feierstein-Katz, Washington 618
Documents 622
A miracle in Astrakhan Nachum Degani 634
Life during World War II Yakov (Yania) Oren 636
Balti people fight the Nazis Chaim Gorochovski 641
Balti people in the Jewish Brigade Misha Fuchs 645
Impressions from a visit in Balti and Bessarabia today Y. Mazor 653
Epilogue Yitzhak Korn 655

 


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