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[Page 97]

Banilov
(Ukraine)

48°22' / 25°21'

Translation of chapter
“Rus-Banila” from Volume II:

Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina

Edited by: Hugo Gold

As told by: Zwi Hermann Neumeir, Tel-Aviv Israel

Published in Tel Aviv, 1962

Translated by:

Jerome Silverbush


This is a translation of the chapter “Rus-Banila”, Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina
{History of the Jews in the Bukovina} Edited by: Dr. Hugo Gold,
As told by: Jakob Enzenberg, Kfar Ata, Israel, Published in Tel Aviv, 1962


Rus-Banila which had many Jews lay between Waschkoutz and Wiznitz. In 1888, of the 4222 residents, 818 were Jewish (19.39%) of whom 358 had citizen's voting rights. The Jews of the town farmed and raised cattle. Among these were landowners and those that leased their land. Mendl Thau, Jankel Leder, and Leiser Nagel should be mentioned. The lessee in Slob. Banila, Eisik Lipmann Eifermann was the father of the lawyer Dr. Nathan Eifermann who lives in Argentina. In the forests of Rus-Banila, engineer Schlomo Geller (died 1961 in Tel-Aviv) had a model enterprise. In 1918, a Zionist organization came into existence in Rus-Banila. Its founders were Israel Sattinger (died in Israel), Hermann Neumeier (both were mentioned in the Golden Book of the K.K.L 1 . for their services), also Hermann Bildner the estate owner in the nearby village of Millie who together with his brother-in-law Benno Herer was deported to Siberia by the Russians. Both perished there. The Zionist organization of Rus-Banila participated in an outstanding way in all collections for the K.K.L. and the K.H 2 and was always at the forefront in all collection efforts. The leadership of the successful and hard working organization was in the hands of Herman Neumeier who later served many years as secretary of the regional Zionist organization in Chernivtsi, the lawyer Dr. Elias Burg (died in Transnistrien) who was in the Bukovina section of the Jewish political federal party and Moses Bildner (presently active in the Defense Ministry in Tel-Aviv). The above named were responsible for the opening of a well attended Hebrew school in Rus-Banila in 1918. Rus-Banila took active part in every Zionist campaign. The first national battle took place with the regional parliment election (1910) as Prof. Kellner and Dr. Straucher ran for office. 705 of the Jewish voters of Rus-Banila voted for Prof. Kellner. David Bildner, a good Talmud scholar and an expert on Maymonides stated at that time that it was in the interest of the national Jews to vote for Prof. Kellner's list. His example was decisive in the outcome of the election. There were 1200 Jews in Rus-Banila.

The rabbi of Rus-Banila, Rabbi Berisch Reimann and his son Elieser and family died on the way to Transnistrien. After, the occupation of Rus-Banila by the German-Romanian armies, 263 Jews were murdered by the Soldateska 3 and the Ukrainian village residents. They were buried in two mass graves in the Jewish cemetery. About 70 families lost their lives in Transnistrien, 15 were transported over the Bug and then murdered by the SS. It is certain that we will remember their fate with great sadness.

As told by Zwi Hermann Neumeier, Tel ľAviv

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Notes:
1) The Keren Kayemet LeIsrael financed the purchase of cattle, horses, agricultural machines, etc for settlers in Israel.

2) The Karen Hayesod, the Jewish National Fund, financed the purchase of land in Israel;

3) A scornful word for soldier.


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