Bendery Community Yizkor Book
(Bender, Moldova)

46°50' / 29°27'

Translation of
Kehilat Bendery; Sefer Zikaron

Edited by M. Tamari

Published by Bendery Societies in Israel and the United States


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Acknowledgments

Project Coordinator

Gloria Green

 

This is a translation from Kehilat Bendery; Sefer Zikaron,
(Bendery Community Yizkor Book),
Editors: M. Tamari, Published by Bendery Societies in Israel and the United States,
Tel Aviv 1975 (H,Y,E, 488 pages).

Note: The original book can be seen online at the NY Public Library site: Bender


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BENDERY COMMUNITY

YIZKOR BOOK

 

Editor: M. Tamari

 

Published by the Committee of Bendery Immigrants in Israel

With the participation of the Bendery immigrants in the USA, Tel Aviv -1975

 

Editorial Committee

(in alphabetical order)

 

In Israel: Pinchas Bendersky; Attorney Meir Greenberg, z”l;
Zalman Drowetzky; Chanania Walowetz; Abraham Hayat;
Mordechai Sever; Yitzchak Sverdlik; Yoseph Raviv (Rabinowitz)

*

In the USA; Leon Gurfel; David Carmel; Yakov Fein.

*

The Israeli committee, meeting on the 26 December, 1974, expressed its
appreciation and thanks to PINCHAS BENDERSKY for his devoted
work connected with the publication of this book.

*

The material in the book-photos, documents and lists, were collected
from archives, libraries, science and remembrance institutes,and from
individuals in Israel and abroad by Mordechai Sever. The map at the
beginning of the book was redrawn from an old version by
Mordechai Sever.

*

All rights in this book belong to the committees of Immigrants from Bendery in Israel and the USA

 

TOC translated by Shimon Joffe

M. Tamari: The Book 5
Pinchas Bendersky: Generation to Generation speaks 7
   
HISTORY OF THE CITY (from the encyclopedia) 43
   
Fortress and County Seat 43
At the end of the previous century 44
In the Margins of “Hamelitz” 48
Greeting cards 49
   
BETWEEN TWO WORLD WARS  
   
Bella Shreibman-Rab: Jews between the citadel and the bridge 53
Nachman Lavonsky: Days gone by 55
Shevach (Sioma) Blei: Days of war and revolution 58
Michael Landau: Gone, my beloved brothers 60
Arieh Shreibman: In a sailing boat on a stormy sea 63
Shmuel Giboa: My life in Bendery 65
   
HASSIDISM IN BENDERY  
   
N.Huberman: Bendery in Hassidic literature 75
Yonah Balaban (Hulda): Rabbi Moishele and His Hassidim 77
   
THE SECOND ALIYAH  
   
Rivka Machneimy (Cholodenko): In the days of the Second Aliyah 81
   
THE SHWARTZMAN HIGH SCHOOL  
   
Batia Steiner-Faigenbaum: The Kindergarten in the Schwartzman High School 93
Leah Steiner: The High School day by day and in moments of spiritual uplift 95
Nachman Levonsky: The Tarbut School, which did not survive long 98
   
YOUTH MOVEMENTS  
   
Sonia Etlis: The Maccabi League 101
Yitzhak Sverdlik: Years of Expansion 102
Baruch Kaushansky: Preparation for Aliyah to Eretz Israel 104
Meri Horodetzky: Hashomer Hatzair 105
Pinchas Ben Shaul (Pinko): Hashomer Hatzair Among the First Movements 108
Yonah Balaban: Gordonia Movement 110
Moshe Horovitz And Mordechai Frank: The Beitar Youth Movement 112
   
THE CITY AND ITS INHABITANTS  
   
Chaim Raday: A branch to two trunks 117
Leah Steiner: The last survivor of the Holy Man's family 121
Mordechay Sever: Reminiscences of my fathers home 123
Leah Bath Chaya and Bezalel: A childhood affront 130
Leah Bath Chaya and Bezalel: My father Reb Bezalel the cantor and the Talner synagogue 131
Katia Shai (Fein): Memory fragments of days gone by 133
Abba Sapir (Shaposhnik) : My fathers house open to all 134
Yechiel Efraty: Ordinary folk caught in reality 135
Leah Steiner: Road of suffering 136
Leah Steiner: My Bendery 137
Leah Steiner: Yechiel the cobbler teaches me Zionism 139
Leah Bath Chaya: The intellectual gentleman (on D.A.Nathanson) 141
   
IN THE FUROR OF THE SHOAH  
   
Rabbi Shimon Efrati: From the diary of a wanderer 145
Zvi (Geresh) Sobol: Testament 156
Mira Geva: The valley of slaughter near the castle 157
Dr. T.H. Levinstein: The Tighina Agreement and the expulsion to Trans Dniester 158
Meir Grinberg: Bendery after the destruction 160
Rabbi Shmuel Bronfman: After the Shoah 162
Shmuel Delmetzky: The ancesters graves 167
   
PERSONAE  
  171
I.L.Toibman (Jonathan): The Wertheim dynasty 178
I.L.Toibman (Jonathan): Reb Yossele Wertheim 180
Dr. Shlomo Bendersky 181
Dr.Abramovich Nathanson 182
Dr.Baruch Nissenboim 183
Rabbi Ephraim Derprimediker 183
Abraham Alexandrov 184
Baruch Cholodenko 185
Dr.Alexander Chin 186
Dr.Projansky 187
Hirsh Kogan (Zvi Cohen) 189
Dr.Zvi Shwartzman 190
Zelig Sofer 192
Ya'akov Shvidki 192
Abraham Wertheim 193
David Wertheim 194
Arieh-Leib and Nadia Blank 195
Israel Blank 195
Noah Lifshitz 196
Chanina Krachevsky 198
Chaya Glass 199
Yitzchak Resnikov 200
Dr. P.Yeroslavsky  
   
THE THIRD ALIYAH  
   
Yoseph Raviv: Bendery in the past and under the Soviet regime 203
David Weiser: Signposts to Eretz-Israel 206
Leah Steiner: On a new road 209
Leah Steiner: The Shreibman legend “Out of the strong came forth sweetness” 210
David Carmel: Miracles at sea 212
   
ROOTS IN THE HOMELAND  
   
Rivka Davidith: Couch grass 215
Eitan Haber: Old fighter in a new role 216
Mordechai Sever: Sound of echo 217
D. Ben Yechiel: Our aunt Leah 218
   
LANDSCAPE AND BEING  
   
Ya'akov Fichman: Bessarabia (poem) 221
Mordechai Ben Moshe Sever: Figures and shadows which have disappeared 222
Rivka (Riva) Drovatzky 233
I.Gabai Simcha Zehubel: 236
I.Manik: Deep in autumn nights (poem) 238
Dr.Joseph Kruk: We all have but one Rabbi Abraham Wertheim 239
Joseph Shapira: Big hearted David Wertheim 241
Mordechai Sever: Rabbi Eli Shu'b R.I.P, scholar and genius 242
Moshe Sever (Sverdlik): The influence of synagogues 245
Moshe Sever (Sverdlik): A proposal to found a pension fund fifty years ago 247
The activities of Ort and Oze 248
Moshe Bik: Aharon Helfand, the famous cantor 442
   
CONTENTS
(in Yiddish)
 
   
REMINISCENCES AND HISTORIC REFLECTIONS  
   
Avraham Hayat: Bendery – My Hometown 253
David Carmel: Our town 262
Itsik Manger: At the Dniester 272
Leon Garfield: Bender as seen in history 273
   
RELIGIOUS, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL LIFE  
   
Prof. Yitschak Fein: A city of belief and conspiracies 279
Leon (Judah-Leib) Garfield: In changing times 284
Yitzchak Abramovich: **Poem 297
Rabbi Dr. Aharon Wertheim: Memoirs from the Bendery Rabbinate 298
I.L.Yonathan: Bessarabian Zionist Activists 302
Hanania Wlowitz: Ezrath Ani'im Charity 303
I.Manik: The teachers street 305
I.Manik: Diarde's pay, poem 306
Leon (Judah-Leib) Gardield: Poalei-Zion in Bendery 307
Leon (Judah-Leib) Garfield: The culture league 311
Shmaria Hrushtesh:We acted in theater 313
David Carmel: The author Rivka Davidith: R.I.P. 315
I.Manik: (Lederman) Now it happens (poem) 315
Joseph Shwartzman: Hazamir 316
Yakov Fein: The founding and the activities of Maccabi 317
Yichezkel Bronstein: The poet Yehoshua Manik (Lederman) 319
I.Manik: (Lederman) Ben Zion Shochat (poem) 321
I.Manik (Lederman) Father sings a folk tune 322
Israel Rabinovich: Thoughts for the fifteenth day of Shvat 322
Abraham Hayat: Mother 323
I.Manik (Lederman): Rabbi Moshe Sever 324
Literary prize given to Rabbi Sever 324
Mordechai Sever: Hear, brother, hear 326
   
FROM THE JEWISH PRESS  
   
Bendery News 335
In the predicament of need 335
Memorial service for the riot victims in Eretz Israel 338
   
OCCUPATION AND HOLOCAUST  
 
Rabi Israel Bronfman: Bendery after the Shoah 347
B.Levi: In those dark days 350
Miller David: Testimony of a witness 351
I.Manik (Lederman): Deep in the autumn night 354
Judah Leib Garfield: In your blood shall you live 354
Judah Leib Garfield: Bendery society 357
Bessarabian Jews build a life in Israel 358
The Progressive Bendery Benevolent Society 359
Afterword: P.Bendersky 361
Memorial Candles 365
List of Martyrs (Names extracted from the “Memorial Candles” section)  
   
English Section
David Carmel: Bendery III
List of Martyrs (Names extracted from the “In Loving Memory” section XXXV


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