Uniting genealogists with Jewish roots in Sub-Carpathia Ukraine.

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Sources of records for Sub-Carpathia Ukraine.

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Jewish theme films related to Sub-Carpathia Ukraine.

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Maps for Sub-Carpathia Ukraine research.

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Typical homes once found in Sub-Carpathia Ukraine.

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Travel information, etc., for Sub-Carpathia Ukraine.

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Sub-Carpathia


People have inhabited Sub-Carpathia since ancient times. Various relics have been found in Sub-Carpathia. The most ancient finds go back to the Paleolithic Period (the early Stone Age—300,000 BCE).

The region was officially called:

  • Subcarpathia (Kárpátalja) or North-Eastern Upper Hungary, during its period of Hungarian rule lasting a thousand years.

  • Rusinsko or Karpatske Rusinsko, then mostly as Subcarpathian Rus' / Ruthenia or Subcarpathian Ukraine after the Treaty of Trianon in 1920 until 1938, when it was part of Czechoslovakia. After 1927, it was referred to as: Subcarpathian Land (Czech: Země/Zem podkarpatskoruská, Slovak: Země / Zem podkarpatskoruská) and Podkarpatská Rus' (Ukrainian: Підкарпатська Русь).

  • Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine when the region briefly declared its independence in 1939.

  • Sub-Carpathia after it was annexed by Hungary from 1939 to 1944.

  • Transcarpathia (Закарпаття / Zakarpattia) when it was part of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (after briefly returning to Czechoslovak rule) from 1945 to 1991.

  • Sub-Carpathia (Закарпаття / Zakarpatt'ya) since 1991, as part of Ukraine.

Alternative, unofficial names used in Czechoslovakia before World War II, included:

  • Subcarpathia (Czech / Slovak: Podkarpatsko)
  • Transcarpathia (Czech: Zakarpatsko; Slovak: Zakarpatská Ukrajina)
  • Transcarpathian Ukraine (Ukrainian: Закарпатська Україна / Zakarpats'ka Ukraina)
  • Carpathian Rus' / Ruthenia (Czech / Slovak: Karpatská Rus')
  • Hungarian Rus' / Ruthenia (Czech: Uherská; Slovak: Uhorská Rus', rare)



Click the following topics to open and close them.

→ Sub-Carpathia - Timeline
→ Sub-Carpathia - Oblast (county)
→ Sub-Carpathia - Raions (districts)
→ Sub-Carpathia - Culture
→ Sub-Carpathia - Economy
→ Sub-Carpathia - Education
→ Sub-Carpathia - Castles
→ Sub-Carpathia - Palaces
→ Sub-Carpathia - Festivals
→ Sub-Carpathia - Heraldry
→ Sub-Carpathia - Trivia
→ Sub-Carpathia - Additional Reading

In Appreciation

The JewishGen Sub-Carpathia SIG is hosted at no cost to the public by JewishGen, Inc., a non-profit corporation. If you feel there is a benefit to you in accessing  this site, your JewishGen-erosity is appreciated.

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Synagogue images from Sub-Carpathia Ukraine.

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Cemetery images from Sub-Carpathia Ukraine.

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Villages and towns from Sub-Carpathia Ukraine.


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Family spotlight and personal memoirs from Sub-Carpathia Ukraine.

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Survivor testimony and memoirs from Sub-Carpathia Ukraine.

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Klezmer music and Sub-Carpathia Ukraine.

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