Page created: 6 August 2007
Latest revision or update: 10 April 2014
United Kalischer (or
Kalisher) Synagogue or Kalischer
Between 1881 and 1887
(per Geoffrey Alderman's "The Federation of Synagogues 1887-1987"
congregation may have been a successor to
the Kalischer Chevra of Steward Street, founded in 1873. The
following report appeared in the Jewish Chronicle of 12 September
"A new synagogue was consecrated in Steward Street, Spitalfields on
Sunday afternoon last. About three years ago several gentleman, natives
of the town of Kalisch in Poland, and residents in London, formed
themselves into a society, called the Kalischer Chebra, principally with
the object of affording monetary and other assistance to poor Jews from
their native town. The society is flourishing; and some little time ago
the members resolved to obtain a synagogue of their own. With this
object a warehouse in Steward Street was purchased, and plainly but
neatly converted into a synagogue by George Lewis of Sandy's Row."
Great Alie Street, London E1,
formerly at St. Mark's Street, London E1.
possibly with a predecessor at Steward Street, Whitechapel, London E1
Alie Street extends east-west on both sides of Lemen Street, in London's
East End. The western section (600 feet extending to Mansell Street) was known as Great Alie Street
and the eastern section (400 feet) was known as Little Alie Street. It is
situated about 300 feet south of the junction of Whitechapel High Street
and Commercial Road.
Mark's Street, now known as St. Mark Street (the northern 150 feet
stretch of which was previously known as Alie Place) runs south 700 feet
from (Great) Alie Street to Prescott Street (formerly Great Prescott
situated in Spitalfields (some half mile to the north of Alie Street),
runs north from Artillery Lane (the part which was formerly Artillery
Street), parallel with Bishopsgate to the west. It now extends for about
600 feet to Spital Square, although it was previously shorter ending
some 200 feet south of Spital Square.
congregation does not appear to be listed in the first (1896-1897) and
subsequent Jewish Year Books. There is evidence that indicates that the
congregation existed until at least 1922. In an obituary
of Rabbi Israel Dainow, that appeared in the Jewish Chronicle of 17 March
1922, it states that Rabbi Dainow arrived in London in 1877,
and after duties as a maggid, he was appointed Rav. of the Kalischer
Synagogue, which position he held for 35 years. Also, according to Ron Altshul, a great-grandson of Rabbi Dainow, the ketubah of Rabbi
Dainow's daughter, Raysa, on her marriage to Rav. Morris Altshul, states
that the marriage was performed at the Kalischer Synagogue in 1898.
However, the congregation may have merged into or changed its name to
the Great Alie Street Synagogue.
Orthodox - Ashkenazi
One of the congregations
(as "Kalischer Chevra" per Geoffrey Alderman's "The Federation of
Synagogues 1887-1987") that attended the meeting of 16 October 1887 to form the Federation of
Synagogues, and became one of the original federated synagogues (as
United Kalisher synagogue, per V.D. Lipman's Social History of the
Jews in England 1850-1950) on
6 November 1887.
Alie Street, St Mark
Street and Steward Street are now in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets,
created on 1 April 1965, within the administrative area of Greater London.
all three streets were in the Metropolitan Borough of
Stepney (established 1900) in the County of London
(established 1889), both of which entities were abolished in 1965.
Alie Street (both Great
and Little) and St Mark's Street were also within the civil parish of Whitechapel
and Steward Street was within the historic Liberty of the Old Artillery Ground,
both of which entities were in the former County of Middlesex until 1889
and both of which, from 1856 to 1900, were constituents of the
In 1921, the Liberty of the Old Artillery Ground was
absorbed into the civil parish of Whitechapel, which was itself abolished in 1927, being absorbed into Stepney Borough parish (until that parish's
abolition in 1965).
From 1 July 1837 - Whitechapel
1 January 1926 - Stepney
1 January 1983 - Tower Hamlets (which now holds the registers)
Other Congregation Information
Jewish Congregations of the London East End
Street Directory of Synagogues in East End
and City of London
Greater London home page
of Synagogues Congregations
Explanation of Terms Used