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United Kalischer Synagogue

London E.1.

 

              

         
 

Page created: 6 August 2007
Latest revision or update: 10 April 2014

Congregation Data

Name:

Kalischer Synagogue

Alternative Names:

United Kalischer (or Kalisher) Synagogue or Kalischer Chevra

When Founded:

Between 1881 and 1887 (per Geoffrey Alderman's "The Federation of Synagogues 1887-1987" p.20).

However, the congregation may have been a successor to the Kalischer Chevra of Steward Street, founded in 1873. The following report appeared in the Jewish Chronicle of 12 September 1873:

"A new synagogue was consecrated in Steward Street, Spitalfields on Sunday afternoon last. About three years ago several gentleman, natives of the town of Kalisch in Poland, and residents in London, formed themselves into a society, called the Kalischer Chebra, principally with the object of affording monetary and other assistance to poor Jews from their native town. The society is flourishing; and some little time ago the members resolved to obtain a synagogue of their own. With this object a warehouse in Steward Street was purchased, and plainly but neatly converted into a synagogue by George Lewis of Sandy's Row."

Address:

Great Alie Street, London E1,
formerly at St. Mark's Street, London E1.
possibly with a predecessor at Steward Street, Whitechapel, London E1 (see above)

Alie Street extends east-west on both sides of Lemen Street, in London's East End. The western section (600 feet extending to Mansell Street) was known as Great Alie Street and the eastern section (400 feet) was known as Little Alie Street. It is situated about 300 feet south of the junction of Whitechapel High Street and Commercial Road.

St. Mark's Street, now known as St. Mark Street (the northern 150 feet stretch of which was previously known as Alie Place) runs south 700 feet from (Great) Alie Street to Prescott Street (formerly Great Prescott Street).

Steward Street, situated in Spitalfields (some half mile to the north of Alie Street), runs north from Artillery Lane (the part which was formerly Artillery Street), parallel with Bishopsgate to the west. It now extends for about 600 feet to Spital Square, although it was previously shorter ending some 200 feet south of Spital Square.

Status:

Closed.

Although the congregation does not appear to be listed in the first (1896-1897) and subsequent Jewish Year Books. There is evidence that indicates that the congregation existed until at least 1922. In an obituary of Rabbi Israel Dainow, that appeared in the Jewish Chronicle of 17 March 1922, it states that Rabbi Dainow arrived in London in 1877, and after duties as a maggid, he was appointed Rav. of the Kalischer Synagogue, which position he held for 35 years. Also, according to Ron Altshul, a great-grandson of Rabbi Dainow, the ketubah of Rabbi Dainow's daughter, Raysa, on her marriage to Rav. Morris Altshul, states that the marriage was performed at the Kalischer Synagogue in 1898. However, the congregation may have merged into or changed its name to the Great Alie Street Synagogue.

Ritual:

Orthodox - Ashkenazi

Affiliation:

One of the congregations (as "Kalischer Chevra" per Geoffrey Alderman's "The Federation of Synagogues 1887-1987") that attended the meeting of 16 October 1887 to form the Federation of Synagogues, and became one of the original federated synagogues (as United Kalisher synagogue, per V.D. Lipman's Social History of the Jews in England 1850-1950)  on 6 November 1887.

Local Authority Districts:

Alie Street, St Mark Street and Steward Street are now in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, created on 1 April 1965, within the administrative area of Greater London.

Previously, all three streets were in the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney (established 1900) in the County of London (established 1889), both of which entities were abolished in 1965.

Alie Street (both Great and Little) and St Mark's Street were also within the civil parish of Whitechapel and Steward Street was within the historic Liberty of the Old Artillery Ground, both of which entities were in the former County of Middlesex until 1889 and both of which, from 1856 to 1900, were constituents of the Whitechapel District.

In 1921, the Liberty of the Old Artillery Ground was absorbed into the civil parish of Whitechapel, which was itself abolished in 1927, being absorbed into Stepney Borough parish (until that parish's abolition in 1965).

Registration Districts:

From 1 July 1837 - Whitechapel
From 1 January 1926 - Stepney
From 1 January 1983 - Tower Hamlets (which now holds the registers)

Other Congregation Information


Street Directory of Synagogues in East End and City of London

Jewish Congregations of the London East End

Greater London home page

List of Federation of Synagogues Congregations


Explanation of Terms Used
 
 
 


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