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Southern Africa Jewish Genealogy SA-SIG

Synagogues in Southern Africa

Moçambique, South Africa, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe


 
Editor: Dr Saul Issroff
Copyright © 2000-2013 Saul Issroff, Mike Getz, SAfrica SIG
and Jewishgen Inc.
URL: http://www.jewishgen.org/SAfrica/synagogues/index.htm
Revised: 12 August 2013

 
Data is available for the following countries ...
  1. Botswana
  2. South Africa
  3. Moçambique
  4. Zaire
  5. Zambia
  6. Zimbabwe

 

The following list of synagogues consists overwhelmingly of data which have been taken from The Jewish Year Book, 1969, SBN 900498-10-2, published by Jewish Chronicle Publications, London, and is published with the permission of the publishers. Additional information has been submitted by readers - they are acknowledged below. Yet more information has been taken from items which were circulated in the 'Safrica' electronic newsletter, books, newspapers and Internet newsgroup postings.
 
The intention behind this file has two parts. Firstly, to present a listing of as many of the functioning and defunct synagogues and Jewish houses of prayer in South Africa as possible. It was in these Batei Tefilah that births, marriages and deaths were recorded and solemnised. Secondly, to add to the listing whatever factual or anecdotal details might become available so as to build a genealogical resource. A future page is planned for the South African Jewish diaspora.
 
If you have some information or pictures which could be added to this file then please contact Dr Saul Issroff, Editor.
 
In some instances a synagogue may have more than one name, e.g. official, religious or colloquial. For example, Cape Town Hebrew Congregation, Great Synagogue, Gardens Shul and Kehilla Kedusha Tikvat Yisrael all refer to the same synagogue building and congregation. To these four could be added a fifth name since the congregation of the adjacent Old Synagogue (now the Jewish Museum) merely moved next door into new, larger premises. There may also be confusion where once geographically separate congregations share the same building but retain their individual identities. There are thus likely to be some ambiguities in the list. If you can supply some information to improve the descriptions then please contact Dr Saul Issroff at the address above.
 
The names of the four pre-1994 Union and Republic provinces, Cape, Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal, and that of South West Africa, now Namibia, are used here to reflect the position when the data was current. Where the data have been updated with more recent details so have the names been altered where appropriate.
 
According to The Jewish Year Book 1969, page 148, "The Jewish community began as an organised body at Cape Town on the eve of the Day of Atonement, Friday, September 26, 1841. Its first title was "The Society of the Jewish Community of the Cape of Good Hope," but there had been Jewish residents at the Cape long before the foundation of the Hebrew Congregation. In fact, Jews have been connected with the Cape of Good Hope from the earliest days of South African history."
 
Roger Harris.


 
 
We are grateful to the following for providing additional information:
Mark Windisch, Manfred Schwartz, Eli Goldstein, David Horwitz, Mike Getz, Rose Lerer Cohen, Haim Pogrund, Estelle Wolfers, Miranda Kark Beckenstein, Edmond Bloch, Bernard Lowe, Beryl Baleson, Jeff Cohen.
Names are in date order; the latest at the beginning.

 
Abbreviations:

 
C = Congregation
est = established
HC = Hebrew Congregation
J = Jewish
S = Synagogue
UHC = United Hebrew Congregation
UHI = United Hebrew Institutions



 
Botswana
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According to South African Jewish Report for 30 November 2001, page 14:

  • In March 2000, there was only one Jewish grave in the Jewish section of the general cemetery.
  • During the 1990's the community dwindled to about 30 members. It has since grown to about 70 identifying members with a further 30 unaffiliated persons.
  • Friday Night and all Festival services are held in a specially designated room in a fully kosher home. The shul also functions as a cheder.
  • The loan of a Sefer Torah from the African Jewish Congress has been requested.


 


 
Synagogues in South Africa
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Blue text indicates additional information.
Cross-references are shown in italic.

  1. Aberdeen Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  2. Adath Yeshurun Congregation, 41 Hunter Street, Yeoville 2198. (affiliated to United Orthodox Hebrew Congregation, London)
  3. Aish HaTorah, Johannesburg
  4. Aliwal North HC, Cape
  5. Arthur's Road Orthodox Hebrew Congregation, Sea Point, Cape Town

  6.  
  7. Baal Shem Tov, Johannesburg
  8. Barberton Hebrew Congregation
  9. Beaufort West Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  10. Bellville Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  11. Benoni United Hebrew Institutions, Tvl
  12. Berea Hebrew Congregation, Tudhope Ave, Berea, Tvl
  13. Bertrams Hebrew Congregation, Bertrams, Tvl
  14. Bet Hamidrash Hachadash, see Cape Town Orthodox Hebrew Congregation (Vredehoek)
  15. Beth Hamedrash Hagadol, Doornfontein, Johannesburg.
  16. Beth Hamedrash Hagadol, see Central Orthodox Synagogue
  17. Beth Hamedrash, Fox Street, Johannesburg
  18. Beth Menorah Congregation, Pretoria. (Rabbi Wallach, circa 2001)
  19. Beth Yisrael, Johannesburg
  20. Bethal HC, Tvl
  21. Bethlehem Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  22. Blairgowrie Synagogue, Johannesburg
  23. Bloemfontein United Hebrew Institutions, OFS
  24. Bloemhof Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  25. Boksburg United Hebrew Institutions, Tvl
  26. Booysens, see Ophyrtown & Booysens HC
  27. Bothaville Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  28. Braamfontein Shul, Johannesburg, better known as Wanderers View Shul
  29. Brakpan UHI, Tvl
  30. Brandfort Hebrew Congregation,OFS
  31. Brits Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  32. Bronkhorstspruit Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  33. Brooklyn, see Maitland-Brooklyn
     
  34. Caledon Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  35. Calvinia Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  36. Camps Bay Hebrew Congregation (Cape Town), Capecbhc@netactive.co.za
  37. Cape Town - Camps Bay HC, see Camps Bay HC
  38. Cape Town Hebrew Congregation, Gardens, Cape Town
  39. Cape Town Jewish Reform Congregation, Cape
  40. Cape Town Orthodox Hebrew Congregation (Vredehoek), Cape Town
  41. Carletonville Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  42. Central Orthodox Synagogue (Beth HaMedrash HaGadol), Johannesburg
  43. Ceres-Wolseley Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  44. Chabad House, Cape Town
  45. Chabad House, Umhlanga, North Coast, KwaZulu Natal
  46. Chabad Synagogue, Sea Point, Cape Town
  47. Chassidim, Doornfontein, Tvl
  48. Claremont Hebrew Congregation, Cape Town, Cape
  49. Clocolan Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  50. Constantia Hebrew Congregation, Cape Town, Cape
  51. Constitution Street Shul, Cape Town
  52. Constitution Street Shul, Cape Town, see also Cape Town Orthodox Hebrew Congregation (Vredehoek)
  53. Cradock HC, Cape
  54. Cyrildene-Observatory Extension Hebrew Congregation, Tvl

  55.  
  56. Darling Hebrew Congregation: merged into Malmesbury Hebrew Congregation
  57. De Aar Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  58. Delmas HC, Tvl
  59. Dewetsdorp HC, OFS
  60. Doornfontein Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  61. Durban - Progressive J Congregation, Natal
  62. Durban United Hebrew Congregation, Natal
  63. Durbanville Hebrew Congregation, Cape

  64.  
  65. East London Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  66. East London Progressive J Congregation, Cape
  67. East London Reform Temple, Cape
  68. Emmarentia Hebrew Congregation
    [Shul Hall at 105 Komati Road, Emmarentia.]
  69. Englische Shul, see Queen Street HC, Oudtshoorn
  70. Ermelo Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  71. Etz Chayim Congregation, Berea, Tvl

  72.  
  73. Ferreirasdorp Shul, Johannesburg
  74. Ficksburg Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  75. First Johannesburg Hebrew Orthodox Congregation, Tvl
  76. Florida, see Roodepoort-Florida HC
  77. Frankfort Hebrew Congregation, OFS

  78.  
    Gardens Shul, see Cape Town Hebrew Congregation
  79. George Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  80. Germiston United Hebrew Institutions, Tvl
  81. Glendinningvale, See Port Elizabeth US Glendinningvale
  82. Glenhazel: Yeshiva College: 'Synagogue 1': (est about 1965)
  83. Glenhazel: Yeshiva College: 'Synagogue 2': (est about 1975)
  84. Glenhazel: Yeshiva College: 'Synagogue 3': Tzeirei Tzion
  85. Glenhazel Hebrew Congregation, Long Avenue, Glenhazel 2192.
  86. Glenmore Minyan, Durban
  87. Goodwood Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  88. Gouda Hebrew Congregation: merged into Malmesbury Hebrew Congregation
  89. Graaf-Reinet Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  90. Grahamstown Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  91. Great Park Synagogue, Johannesburg
  92. Great Synagogue, Cape Town, (Gardens Shul), see Cape Town Hebrew Congregation
  93. Great Synagogue, Wolmarans Street, Johannesburg (UHC - Jbg), Tvl
  94. Great Synagogue - Cape Town, see Cape Town Hebrew Congregation
  95. Green & Sea Point Hebrew Congregation (Cape Town), Cape
  96. Greene Shul, see St John's Street S, Oudtshoorn
    Greenside, see Parkview, Greenside & Districts HC
  97. Greenside Synagogue, Johannesburg
  98. Griqualand West Hebrew Congregation, Kimberley, Cape

  99.  
  100. Harrismith Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  101. Heidelberg, see Riversdale & Heidelberg S
  102. Heidelberg Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  103. Heilbron Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  104. Henneman Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  105. Hermanus Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  106. Highlands House Home for the Jewish Aged, Cape Town, Shul in the
  107. Highlands North, see Sydenham-Highlands North HC
  108. Hopefield Hebrew Congregation: merged into Malmesbury Hebrew Congregation

  109.  
  110. Jagersfontein Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  111. Jeppestown & Eastern Districts Hebrew Congregation, Jeppestown
  112. Johannesburg Hebrew Congregation (est 1891, now obsolete) (UHC - Jbg), Tvl
  113. Johannesburg J Reform S (obsolete), now United Progressive J C of Jbg, qv.
  114. Johannesburg Sephardi Hebrew Congregation
  115. Johannesburg Synagogue

  116.  
  117. Kalabaskraal Hebrew Congregation: merged into Malmesbury Hebrew Congregation
  118. Keetmanshoop Hebrew Congregation, SWA
  119. Kehilla Kedusha Tikvat Yisrael, see Great Synagogue (Gardens Shul), Cape Town
  120. Kempton Park United Hebrew Institutions, Tvl
  121. Kensington Hebrew Congregation, Kensington
  122. Keren Kayemet Tikvat Yisrael, see Great Synagogue, Gardens, Cape Town
  123. Kimberley Hebrew Congregation, Kimberley, Cape
  124. Kingwilliamstown Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  125. Kinross Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  126. Kirkwood Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  127. Klerksdorp Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  128. Koffiefontein Hebrew Congregation
  129. Koppies Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  130. Kroonstad Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  131. Krugersdorp UHI, Tvl (includes West Rand HC)

  132.  
  133. Laingsburg Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  134. Lichtenburg Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  135. Linksfield Senderwood Hebrew Congregation
  136. Lions Shul (a.k.a. Two Lions Shul), Sivewright Avenue, see Doornfontein H.C.
    Named for the two lion statues which are placed one at either end
    of the steps at the entrance.
  137. Louis Trichard Zoutpansberg Hebrew Congregation, Tvl

  138.  
  139. Mafeking Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  140. Maitland-Brooklyn Hebrew Congregation (Cape Town), Cape
  141. Malmesbury Hebrew Congregation, Cape.
    Includes Darling HC, Gouda HC, Hopefield HC, Kalabaskraal HC, Morreesburg HC, Philadelphia HC, Piketberg Hebrew C, Saldanha HC.
  142. Marquard Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  143. Mayfair Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  144. Messina Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  145. Meyerton, see Vereeniging & Meyerton UHI, below
    Michau Street Synagogue, see Strand HC, below
  146. Middelburg Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  147. Middelburg Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  148. Milnerton Hebrew Congregation
  149. Moorreesburg Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  150. Morreesburg Hebrew Congregation: merged into Malmesbury Hebrew Congregation
  151. Mossel Bay Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  152. Mowbray, see Observatory & Mowbray
  153. Muizenberg Hebrew Congregation, Cape

  154.  
  155. Namaqualand Hebrew Congregation, Springbok, Cape
  156. New Hebrew Congregation (Schoonder Street), Cape Town
  157. Nigel Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  158. Northfield Minyan, Johannesburg
  159. North Eastern Hebrew Congregation
  160. North-Western Reform S (obsolete) (United Progressive J Congregation of Johannesburg)
  161. Northcliff & District Hebrew Congregation
  162. Northern J Reform C (obsolete) (United Progressive J Congregation of Johannesburg)

  163.  
    Observatory, see Valley-Observatory HC
    Observatory, Tvl, see Cyrildene-Observatory
  164. Observatory & Mowbray Hebrew Congregation (Cape Town), Cape
  165. Odendaalsrus Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  166. Ohr Somayach, Regent Road, Sea Point, Cape Town [E-mail]
  167. Ohr Somayach, Shingwetzi Road, Gallo Manor
  168. Old Synagogue, Gardens, Cape Town, Cape. See also Cape Town HC.
  169. Ophyrtown & Booysens Hebrew Congregation
  170. Orange Grove Synagogue
  171. Oudtshoorn: Queen Street HC, see Queen Street HC
    Oudtshoorn: St John's Street S, see St John's Street S
  172. Oudtshoorn UHI, Cape
  173. Oxford Synagogue, Killarney Johannesburg
  174. Oxford Synagogue, North Avenue, Riviera, Tvl (UHC - Jbg)

  175.  
  176. Paarl Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  177. Parkview, Greenside & Districts Hebrew Congregation
  178. Parow Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  179. Parys Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  180. Philadelphia Hebrew Congregation: merged into Malmesbury Hebrew Congregation
  181. Pietersburg Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  182. Pietermaritzburg Hebrew Congregation, Natal
  183. Piketberg Hebrew Congregation: merged into Malmesbury Hebrew Congregation
  184. Piquetberg Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  185. Ponevez Hebrew Congregation, Doornfontein, Jbg
  186. Ponevez Shul, Maynard St (formerly Vandeleur St), Cape Town
  187. Ponevez Shul, Cape Town, see also Cape Town Orthodox Hebrew Congregation (Vredehoek)
  188. Port Elizabeth Hebrew Congregation, Glendinningvale
  189. Port Elizabeth Progressive J Inst
  190. Port Elizabeth Raleigh Street Synagogue
  191. Port Elizabeth Summerstrand Cong
  192. Port Elizabeth UHI
  193. Port Elizabeth US, Glendinningvale
  194. Poswohl Hebrew Congregation, Mooi Street, Johannesburg, Tvl
  195. Potchefstroom Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  196. Potgietersrus Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  197. Pretoria Adath Israel Synagogue, Sibelius Street, Pretoria, Tvl
  198. Pretoria Great Synagogue, Paul Kruger Street
  199. Pretoria Hebrew Congregation, Schroder Street, Groenkloof, Pretoria
  200. Pretoria Progressive J Congregation Temple Menorah
  201. Pretoria United Hebrew Congregation, 721 Pretorius Street, Tvl
  202. Prieska Hebrew Congregation, Cape

  203.  
  204. Queen Street HC, Oudtshoorn. [Englische Shul]
  205. Queenstown Hebrew Congregation, Cape

  206.  
    Raleigh Street Synagogue, see Port Elizabeth Raleigh Street S
  207. Randfontein UHI, Tvl
  208. Reitz Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  209. Riversdale & Heidelberg Synagogue, Cape
  210. Robertson Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  211. Robben Island: On 23-24 November 2001, some 62 members of the South African Jewish community, including the Chief Rabbi Cyril Sacks and Rebbetsin Ann Sacks, Rabbi Lewis Furman (Ohr Somayach) and Jonny Altman (Cape Town Yeshivah) attended the first ever Shabbaton on the island. The Shabbaton was organised by the Cape Town Yeshivah and the Union of Orthodox Synagogues (Cape Council).
  212. Roeland Street Shul, Cape Town
  213. Rondebosch Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  214. Roodepoort-Florida Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  215. Round Shul, see New Hebrew Congregation, Cape Town
  216. Rustenburg Hebrew Congregation, Tvl

  217.  
  218. Sabie Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  219. St. John's Street Synagogue, Oudtshoorn. [Greene Shul]
  220. Saldanha Hebrew Congregation: merged into Malmesbury Hebrew Congregation
  221. Salt River, see Woodstock & Salt River HC
  222. Sandton Synagogue, Johannesburg, Tvl
  223. Schoonder Street shul, see New Hebrew Congregation, Cape Town
    Schoonder Street shul, see also Roland Street Shul
    Sea Point, see Green & Sea Point
  224. Senekal Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  225. Sephardic Hebrew Congregation, Cape Town
  226. Sephardi Hebrew Congregation, see Johannesburg Sephardi Hebrew Congregation
  227. Society of the Jewish Community of the Cape of Good Hope
  228. Somerset West Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  229. South-Eastern Hebrew Congregation, Rosettenville, Jbg
  230. Spanish & Portuguese Jews, Congregation of
  231. Springbok Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  232. Springs & District Progressive J Cong
  233. Springs UHI, Tvl
  234. Standerton Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  235. Stellenbosch Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  236. Strand Hebrew Congregation (Michau Street S), Cape
  237. Strand Hebrew Congregation (Wesley Street S), Cape
  238. Sydenham-Highlands North Hebrew Congregation, 24 Main Street, Rouxville, 2192, Jbg

  239.  
  240. Temple Beth Am, Hillbrow, Tvl (United Progressive J Congregation of Johannesburg)
  241. Temple Emanuel, 38 Oxford Road, Parktown, 2193. (United Progressive J Congregation of Johannesburg)
  242. Temple Hillel, see East London Reform Temple, above
  243. Temple Israel, Paul Nel Street, Hillbrow, Tvl (United Progressive J Congregation of Johannesburg)
  244. Temple Israel, Upper Portswood Road, Green Point, Cape Town (Reform)
  245. Temple Israel Wynberg, Cape (Reform)
  246. Temple Shalom, Louis Botha Avenue, Highlands North, Tvl (United Progressive J Congregation of Johannesburg)
  247. Thaba'nchu Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  248. Theunissen Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  249. Tifereth Israel Synagogue, Upper Schoonder Street, Cape Town.
  250. Tzeirei Tzion Synagogue, see Glenhazel: Yeshiva College: 'Synagogue 3'
     
  251. Uitenhage Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  252. Umtata Hebrew Congregation, Transkei Dist
  253. Union of Orthodox Synagogues (UOS)
  254. Uniondale Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  255. United Hebrew Congregation, Johannesburg
  256. United Progressive J Congregation of Johannesburg (est 1946)
  257. Upington Hebrew Congregation, Cape

  258.  
  259. Valley-Observatory Hebrew Congregation, Jbg
  260. Vanderbijlpark Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  261. Vereeniging & Meyerton UHI, Tvl
  262. Volksrust Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  263. Vrede Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  264. Vredefort J Soc, OFS
  265. Vredehoek, see Cape Town Orthodox Hebrew Congregation (Vredehoek), Cape
  266. Vredenburg & District Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  267. Vredenburg Hebrew Congregation: merged into Malmesbury Hebrew Congregation
  268. Vryburg Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  269. Vryheid Hebrew Congregation, Natal
  270. Vryheid Memorial Beach Synagogue, Durban

  271.  
  272. Wanderers View, Johannesburg, (also known as Braamfontein Shul, Johannesburg)
  273. Warmbaths Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  274. Waverley Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  275. Welkom Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  276. Wellington Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  277. Wepener Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  278. Wesley Street Synagogue, see Strand HC, above.
  279. West Rand Hebrew Congregation, Tvl: merged with Krugersdorp UHI
  280. West Street Shul
  281. Willowdale Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  282. Winburg Hebrew Congregation, OFS
  283. Windhoek Hebrew Congregation, (SWA)
  284. Witbank Hebrew Congregation, Tvl
  285. Witwatersrand Old Hebrew Congregation (est 1887, now obsolete) (UHC - Jbg), Tvl
  286. Wolseley Cape, see Ceres-Wolseley HC
  287. Woodstock & Salt River Hebrew Congregation, Cape Town
  288. Worcester Hebrew Congregation, Cape
  289. Wynberg Synagogue, Cape (Orthodox)
  290. Wynberg Synagogue, see Temple Israel, Wynberg, Cape (Reform)
     
    Yeoville, see Adath Yeshurun Congregation
  291. Yeoville Synagogue, Hunter Street, Johannesburg (UHC - Jbg)

  292.  
  293. Zastron Hebrew Congregation
  294. Zoutpansberg, see Louis Trichard Zoutpansberg HC

 


 
Synagogues in Moçambique
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  1. Maputo

 


 
Synagogues in Zaire
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These refer to communities rather than to actual synagogues

  1. Kinshasa (formerly Leopoldville)
  2. Lubumbashi (formerly Elizabethville)
  3. Likasi
  4. Kannga
  5. Kisangani


 


 
Synagogues in Zambia
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  1. Lusaka Hebrew Congregation
  2. Ndola Hebrew Congregation

 


 
Synagogues in Zimbabwe
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According to an article in South African Jewish Report for 5 October 2001, page 14, Zimbabwe Jewry is almost entirely concentrated in Harare (500 souls) and Bulawayo (250 souls) and the Jewish population of the country had declined by 90% since Zimbabwe gained its independence in 1980. The Zimbabwe Board of Deputies mainly attends to cemetery maintenance in rural parts.

  1. Bulawayo Hebrew Congregation
  2. Gwelo Hebrew Congregation (defunct)
  3. Gweru community
  4. Harare Hebrew Congregation (formerly Salisbury HC)
  5. Harare Sephardi Hebrew Congregation
  6. Kadoma community
  7. Kwe Kwe community

 

 
 
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