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Hambro's Synagogue Burial Register


INTRODUCTION

THE REGISTER

The register is written in one hand until no. 233 (20 Dec 1807), and another takes over from 234 (20 Jan 1808). They are both neat hands and not difficult to decipher, although it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between the letters 'dalet' and 'zayin'. Presumably the register was kept by the secretary of the Hambro' Synagogue.

ITS PURPOSE

The avowed purpose was to make it easy to find the graves of the departed. It was not intended to be a death or burial register, as such. The book was begun, however, when the cemetery began to be used. Whether or not it was a contemporaneous record of deaths cannot be easily ascertained. Some of the entries are not in chronological order, and may have been entered at a later date. This would account for slight anomalies in the correspondence of Hebrew dates and the day of the week on which they are said to have occurred.

NUMERATION

The register is numbered from 1 to 15, 17 to 310, 322 to 331 (on page 18) and the numbers 303 to 331 repeated, but with different names and dates (on page 19, the archivist's pagination), with nothing written against the last three numbers, ie 329-31. To avoid confusion I have starred the numbers which occur on page 19. There is no number 16, and in the first enumeration there are no numbers 311 until 321 inclusive. On the last two pages of the register are the names of "strangers (orhim) who are buried in the cemeteries of the Dukes Place and New Synagogues". Presumably these "cemeteries" was the Brady Street Cemetery which the Great and New Synagogues shared from 1809.

In some cases members it is mentioned that a member is buried in Haggerston.

CLASSES OF MEMBERSHIP

In common with practically all Anglo-Jewish communities in the eighteenth century, and even in some cases until the end of World War II, synagogues recognized three classes of membership. Of first importance were the Ba'alei Batim, corresponding to the Vestry men of the English Parish. This class represented the main founders of the synagogue, their heirs, their sons-in-law, and those, generally the wealthy or otherwise distinguished, who were invited to buy in to the class. From the ranks of the Ba'alei Batim were chosen the office holders (President, Treasurer, etc.) and governing committee. The second rank were Toshavim - seatholders. They had a regular seat in the synagogue for which they paid an annual rental. They were entitled to recite kaddish according to their seniority, to be called to the Torah when joy or sorrow visited their family, to lead the prayers when tradition dictated they should, but not to take part in the governance of the congregation. The third class was Orhim - strangers or guests. These were generally the poor who sat at the back of the synagogue, possibly for decades, who had no regular seat, and paid no annual fee. They did contribute by the offerings, usually compulsory, they made when given some synagogal honour such as being called to the Torah.

When it came to burial congregations recognized just two classes - Ba'alei Batim on the one hand, and Orhim (representing the Toshavim as well as the Orhim) on the other. The Ba'alei Batim and their families were buried in a separate section, or in separate rows, whilst the Orhim had their own section. Anglo-Jewish cemeteries buried men and women who were living with non-Jewish spouses at the time of their death, as well as most suicides, at the edges of the cemetery. This was known technically as min hatzad - AT THE SIDE. The ninth row in the Lauriston Road cemetery seems to have been designated for this purpose, but the names and honorific titles of those buried in this row make it is most unlikely that they fell into these categories.

Married women ranked with their husbands, unmarried women and children with their fathers.

Who were the Orhim mentioned on pages 20 - 22 (nos. [332] - [373]) who were buried in the cemeteries of the Dukes Place, ie the Great Synagogue, and the New Synagogue? They were presumably men and their families who had regularly worshipped in the Hambro' and for whom there was no room at Lauriston Road. One supposes that the Hambro' came to some arrangement in 1809 with the other two congregations to relieve the pressure on its own burial ground.

RESERVED GRAVES

Apparently a grave space could be reserved for a spouse. R. Yehiel Preger, for example, was the first to be buried in the cemetery in February 1788, and his widow was laid to rest next to him ten years later. The reserved space was known as 'virgin ground'.

SURNAMES

In the register one finds the names by which people were known in the Synagogue, but not necessarily how they were known in the street, which is what one would expect to find in a synagogal register at the end of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Where one does find a 'surname' it may be classified as follows, although this is not an exhaustive list:

By English surname: Zvi Hart (35), Leib Norden (76), Anshel Keyser (89); Falk Franks (273);

By previous town or country of residence: Akiba Portsmouth (37); Nathan Liverpool (57), Abraham Oxford (86), Jacob Frenchman (288);

By present place of residence: Getz Whitechapel (82);

By town of family provenance: Samuel Mannheim (31), Isaac Halberstadt (70), Ber Emmrich (95);

By personal characteristics: Israel Rotscher (368), the red haired or complexioned;

By occupation: Aaron jeweller (17), Joseph schneider / tailor (18) [But, there is always the possibility that an occupational surname borne by an ancestor becomes the surname for a descendant who no longer practices that trade]; Moses barber (48), Jonah pencil maker (105).

One is left with a large number of names which cannot be classified because one does not know what they are, or what they represent. The name TOITER, as it is spelled at first, or TUTIR, as it is spelled later, borne by many people is difficult. A toiter is a cadaver, but it is not clear why this appellation is restricted to just a few people. Were they involved with some activity of looking after the dead? Or is the later spelling the more correct? And does that indicate that the deceased was a tutor? RISHER (343), SHEKOTZER (297), SHILDERER (365) AND WETZLIR (281) undoubtedly mean something to someone. Perhaps an imaginative or knowledgeable reader can throw some light on these names and the many other surnames which are to be found herein.

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ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN or CHILDREN WITHOUT A JEWISH FATHER

Children whose father's name is not given, but whose mother's name is given are likely to be either illegitimate or the the child of a non-Jewish father.

Number [348] 19 July 1810, Gittele bat Moses.

Number [350] 25 July 1810, Gitte bat Moses.

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THE WATCH HOUSE

At present (1997) there is a cemetery lodge which houses the key keeper. According to the last page of the register there was a watch house. What was its nature? Did it serve the function of the present lodge, providing permanent accomodation for a cemetery keeper, or was it an ohel, a small chapel, where vachers watched over the dead body when it had to be kept overnight, or where members took it in turn to keep watch for the first few nights after burial?

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PRONUNCIATION

The scholar can determine to some extent the way in which London Jews spoke at the end of the eighteenth century by looking at the Hebrew used to transliterate English street names and surnames. Thus we find, for example, Hoondsditch, Greville (Gravel) Lane, Kenterberry (Canterbury), Porshmoit (Portsmouth), Levirpoohl (Liverpool), Vitesheppel (Whitechapel - Hebrew has no 'w' sound), Axfort (Oxford), dshewlir (jeweller - Hebrew has no 'j' sound), barbir (barber). I have in all cases, to the best of my ability as sometimes the name is in any case unfamiliar, given the modern name. Only where words are written in the register in English have I faithfully copied them.

Unlike other eighteenth century documents which distinguish between a Peh and a Feh by drawing a line over the Feh , the two letters are written identically in this register. This does not matter so much when transcribing Fishman or fish man, one is not tempted to write Pishman or pish man, but without any other clue how is one to distinguish between Falk and Polak? The Hebrew consonants are the same for the two names.

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PUNCTUATION

There is virtually no punctuation throughout the register, other than abbreviation marks. I have added commas and full stops where necessary.

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PROSELYTES

There is only one reference to a proselyte, Abraham b Isaac Ger (259), and that is by no means certain. Most proselytes were, and are given the patronymic 'Abraham our father'. This one is 'ben Isaac'. The appellation 'Ger', which does indeed mean 'a proselyte' might, however, be a family name.

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ABBREVIATIONS & GLOSSARY

b = ben, the son of;

bH = ben HeHaver, the son of the Haver (an honorific title, roughly equivalent to the loose use of the English Esq;

KZ = Kohen Zedek, a priest;

nefel = an infant under 30 days old; a foetus;

P"M = Parnas & Manhig, ie President;

R. = Reb, an honorific title;

YZV = May its Rock & Redeemer preserve it/him;

Z"L = zichrono liverachah, may his memory be a blessing, used of the deceased;

' before a Jewish year indicates that the 5,000 is omitted in the original;

'[ah] = indicates that the name was written in the abbreviated form in order to avoid spelling the name of God in the Hebrew;

" " = Words within double quotation marks are in English in the Register;

[ ] = material in square brackets has been supplied by the editor.

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(Archivist's note: THE HAMBRO' SYNAGOGUE BURIAL REGISTER (GROVE STREET CEMETERY) 1788 - 1813 [NOW CALLED LAURISTON ROAD, LONDON E8])

A BOOK OF REMEMBRANCE FOR THE GODFEARING

FOR THOSE WHO COME TO PRAY AT THE GRAVES OF THEIR ANCESTORS SO THAT THEY MIGHT EASILY FIND THE PLACE OF THEIR GRAVES WE HAVE SET HERE THE NAMES OF THOSE WHO HAVE LEFT LIFE AND ARE BURIED IN THE HOUSE OF LIFE OF THE HOLY COMMUNITY OF HAMBURG WHICH IS IN THE VILLAGE CALLED GROVE (GROF) STREET, HACKNEY, NEAR TO THE CITY OF LONDON

IN THE YEAR 'HE WILL DESTROY DEATH FOREVER' ACCORDING TO THE MINOR ORDER OF COUNTING [ie '548 = between 13 September 1787 and 1 October 1788]

THESE ARE THE NAMES OF THE SOULS OF THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL WHO ARE BURIED IN THE NEW BURIAL GROUND, IN THE VILLAGE CALLED GROVE (GROF) STREET, HACKNEY

 

THE FIRST ROW

No.

1 On the right hand side: R. Yehiel PREGER, he was the first to be buried in the land of the living, and he was buried on the good day Monday 3 Adar I '548 [= 11 Feb 1788]

2 On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 4 Iyar '558 [= Sat 19 May 1798] the wife of R. (virgin ground) Yehiel Preger Z"L

3 The wife of Abraham b Solomon TOITER buried the good day Monday 22 Adar II '548 [= 31 March 1788]

4 Jacob b Elij'[ah] buried on the good day Sunday 10 Nisan '548 [= Thursday 17 Apr 1788]

5 The virgin Esther ESHIR buried on Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 11 Nisan '548 [= 18 Apr 1788]

6 The woman Martha wife of [left blank] buried on the good day Wednesday 13 Sivan '548 [= Sunday 20 Apr 1788]

7 The woman madam Beila bat Zvi bH Dan HaCohen buried on the good day Sunday 8 Tamuz '548 [= 13 Jul 1788]

8 The wife of R. Eleazar Dov buried on the good day Sunday 14 Menahem '548 [= 17 Aug 1788]

9 The wife of R. Jacob bH Gershon HaLevi buried on the good day Wednesday 24 Menahem '548 [= 27 Aug 1788]

10 The wife of Meir PAULSTONE buried on the good day Wednesday 17 Elul '548 [= Friday 19 Sept 1788]

11 Simon b Samuel buried on the good day Sunday 26 Elul '548 [= 28 Sep 1788]

12 The wife of Simon b Samuel buried on the good day Sunday 9 Nisan '550 [= Wednesday 24 Mar 1790]

13 David EMDEN buried on the good day Wednesday the eve of Succot '549 [= 15 Oct 1788]

14 The wife of David EMDEN buried on Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 15 Tevet '550 [= 1 Jan 1790]

15 Simon b Benjamin buried on the good day Wednesday 5 Heshvan '549 [= 5 Nov 1788]

16 [There is no number 16]

17 Aaron JEWELLER buried on the good day Wednesday 5 Heshvan '549 [= 5 Nov 1788]

18 The wife of Zvi b Joseph SCHNEIDER (TAILOR) buried on the good day Tuesday 10 Kislev '549 [= 9 Dec 1788]

19 The wife of Nathan ENGLISHMAN buried on the good day Tuesday 8 Tevet '549 [= 6 Jan 1789]

20 Isaac bH Feiss Levi buried on the good day Tuesday 19 Adar '549 [= 17 Mar 1789]

21 The virgin Esther bat Abraham BELIN buried the eve of Rosh Hodesh Sivan '549 [= Monday 25 May 1789] [see no. 32]

22 The wife of Itzik CANTERBURY buried on the good day Sunday 25 Tamuz '549 [= 19 July 1789]

23 The wife of Mordecai b Meir buried Tamuz on the good day Wednesday 28 Tamuz '549 [= 22 July 1789]

24 The wife of Schwartz Eizak buried on the good day Thursday 21 Menahem '549 [= 13 Aug 1789]

25 Solomon NORWICH buried on the good day Thursday 11 Tishri '550 [= 1 Oct 1789]

26 Benjamin CAMPEN buried on the good day Monday 13 Heshvan '550 [= 2 Nov 1789]. "Died the 31 octr Buryed the 2 Nour 1789".

27 R. Lipman BUCHTIL buried on the good day Wednesday 15 Heshvan '550 [= 4 Nov 1789]

28 The wife of Hirtz TOITER on the good day Tuesday 20 Kislev '550 [= 8 Dec 1789]

29 The wife of Lipman SCHNEIDER (TAILOR) buried on the good day Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 26 Adar '550 [= 12 Mar 1790]

30 Leib b Ezriel [?HaLevi] [?HaCohen] buried on the good day Thursday 24 Nisan '550 [= 8 Apr 1790]

31 Samuel MANNHEIM buried on the good day Monday 3 Sivan '550 [= 16 May 1790]

32 Sender BELIN buried on the good day Sunday 15 Tamuz '550 [= 27 June 1790] [see no. 21]

33 The virgin Zipporah bat Abraham [buried] on the good day Wednesday the last day of Succot '553 [= Tuesday 9 Oct 1792] [The entry number "33" and an appropriate space was omitted when the Register was ruled up ready for use. The number was apparently inserted some two years later, and a burial recorded.]

34 The wife of Yakob BALBIRR buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 19 Menahem '550 [= 30 July 1790]

35 The wife of Zvi b Abraham HART buried on the good day Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 19 Menahem '550 [= 30 July 1790]

36 R. Moses BAHUR buried on the good day Tuesday 18 Heshvan '551 [= 26 Oct 1790]

37 A daughter of Akiba PORTSMOUTH buried on the good day Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 12 Kislev '551 [= 19 Nov 1790]

38 Esther bat Mordecai HAMBURGER buried on the good day Wednesday 14 Kislev '550 [= 2 Dec 1789]

39 A son of Akiba PORTSMOUTH buried on the good day Monday 6 Tevet '551 [= 13 Dec 1790]

THE SECOND ROW

40 On the right side: Benjamin bH Yehiel PREGER buried on the good day Tuesday 1st day Rosh Hodesh Elul '551 [= 30 Aug 1791]

41 The wife of Joseph SCHNEIDER (TAILOR) buried on the good day Tuesday 4 Adar I '551 [= 8 Feb 1791]

42 Eizak b Solomon TOITER buried on the good day Sunday 16 Adar I '551 [= 20 Feb 1791]

43 R. Joseph b Naphtali SGL buried on the good day Monday 24 Adar I '551 [= 28 Feb 1791]

44 Mike b Mordecai buried on the good day Monday 25 Adar I '551 [= Tuesday 1 March 1791]

45 R. Elyakum b Mordecai buried on the good day Thursday 10 Nisan '551 [= 14 Apr 1791]

46 Solomon b Moses Hayim buried on the good day Wednesday the last day of Pesah '551 [= 27 Apr 1791]

47 Lezer b Ezekiel buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath Rosh Hodesh Sivan '551 [= 3 June 1791]

48 Moses b Yakob BARBER buried on the good day Thursday 14 Sivan '551 [= 16 June 1791]

49 R. Itzik HANOVER buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 15 Sivan '551 [= 17 June 1791]

50 The wife of Hayim b Rabbi Isaac buried on the good day Thursday 28 Sivan '551 [= 30 June 1791]

51 Mordecai b Meir buried on the good day Monday 12 Tishri '552 [= 10 Oct 1791]

52 The wife of Simon TOITER buried on the good day Sunday 23 Heshvan '552 [= 20 Nov 1791]

53 The wife of Levi FISHMAN buried on the good day Monday 18 Kislev '552 [= 14 Dec 1791]

54 Menasseh b Simhah buried on the good day Monday 25 Kislev '552 [= 21 Dec 1791]

55 Jacob Hayim b Juda buried on the good day Tuesday the eve of Heshvan Rosh Hodesh Shevat '552 [= 24 Jan 1792]

56 The wife of Moses b Juda buried on the good day Wednesday Rosh Hodesh Shevat '552 [= 25 Jan 1792]

57 The wife of Nathan b Feiss LIVERPOOL buried on the good day Sunday 10 Adar '552 [= 4 Mar 1792]

58 Itzik Y"T [= Yom Tov] buried on the good day Monday 11 Adar '552 [= 5 Mar 1792]

59 The wife of Joseph b Juda KZ buried on the good day Thursday 21 Adar '552 [= 15 Mar 1792]

60 The wife of Isaac b Abraham David buried on the good day Monday Rosh Hodesh Iyar '552 [= 23 Apr 1792]

61 Abraham TOITER buried on the good day Wednesday Tzom Gedaliah '553 [= 19 Sep 1792]

62 Abraham b Rabbi Naphtali buried on the good day Wednesday Rosh Hodesh Heshvan '553 [= 17 Oct 1792]

THE THIRD ROW

63 The wife of Getz b Elyakum buried on the good day Sunday 12 Heshvan '553 [= 28 Oct 1792]

64 Meir b Isaac buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 21 Heshvan '553 [= 9 Nov 1792]

65 Ezriel b Ezekiel buried on the good day Sunday 26 Heshvan '553 [= 11 Nov 1792]

66 Joseph b Zvi SCHNEIDER (TAILOR) buried on the good day Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 6 Tevet '553 [= 21 Dec 1792]

67 Tila bat Ezekiel buried on the good day Sunday 22 Tevet '553 [= 6 Jan 1793]

68 Sarah bat David HART buried on the good day Monday 23 Tevet '553 [= 7 Jan 1793]

69 Meir b Abraham buried on the good day Sunday 26 Adar '553 [= 10 Mar 1793]

70 Isaac b Ezriel HALBERSTADT [buried] on the good day Sunday 25 Nisan '553 [= 7 Apr 1793]

71 A daughter of Simon b Benjamin [buried] 18 Sivan '553 [= 29 May 1793]

72 The wife of Abraham b Enoch [buried] on the eve of the holy Sabbath 26 Tamuz '553 [= 5 July 1793]

73 Abraham b Enoch [buried] on the good day Monday Rosh Hodesh Heshvan '554 [= 7 Oct 1793]

74 The wife of Benjamin TOITER [buried] on the good day Sunday 21 Heshvan '554 [= 27 Oct 1793]

75 Hirtz TOITER [buried] on the good day Wednesday 21 Shevat '554 [= 22 Jan 1794]

76 A daughter of R. Leib NORDEN [buried] on the good day Wednesday 24 VeAdar '554 [= 24 Mar 1794] [See no. 78]

77 Juda b Nehemi'[ah] [buried] on the good day Sunday 28 VeAdar '554 [= 30 Mar 1794]

78 A daughter of R. Leib NORDEN [buried] on the good day Monday 4 Nisan '554 [= 7 Apr 1794] [See no. 76]

79 David b Meir KZ [buried] on the good day Sunday 27 Nisan '554 [= 27 Apr 1794]

80 The wife of David b Meir KZ [buried] on the good day Monday 5 Iyar '554 [= 5 May 1794] [See no. 79]

81 Samuel b Mordecai H"B [HAMBURG] [buried] on the good day Sunday 4 Iyar ['554] [= 4 May [1794]]

82 Getz Whitechapel [buried] on the good day Sunday 4 Tishri '555 [= 28 Sep 1794]

83 Zelig bH Feivel [buried] the eve of Yom Kippur '555 [= 3 Oct 1794] [See, however, the second part of no. 84]

84 The wife of Zelig b Leib [buried] on the good day Thursday Asarah B'Tevet '555 [= 1 Jan 1795]. On the good day Tuesday 23 Adar I R. Zelig bH Feivel buried '567 [= 3 Mar 1807] [See, however, no. 83]. Virgin ground on [I do not know the significance of the "on", nor how this plot could be "virgin" when there appear to have been two burials.]

85 The wife of Hirsh SHNITZUR [buried] on the eve of the holy Sabbath 11 Tevet '555 [= 2 Jan 1795]

86 The wife of Abraham OXFORD [buried] on the good day Sunday 13 Tevet '555 [= 4 Jan 1795]

87 The wife of R. Leib servant of R. Joseph EMDEN [buried] on the good day Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 25 Tevet '555 [= 16 Jan 1795]

88 The wife of Abraham BASS [buried] on the good day Sunday 5 Shevat '555 [= 25 Jan 1795]

89 The wife of P"M Anshel KEYSER [buried] on the good day Monday 6 Shevat '555 [= 26 Jan 1795]

90 Virgin ground

91 The wife of Abraham b Isaac [buried] on the eve of the holy Sabbath 2nd day Rosh Hodesh Adar '555 [= 20 Feb 1795]

92 The wife of R. Lipman BUCHTEL [buried] on the good day Sunday 10 Adar '555 [= 1 Mar 1795]

93 The wife of R. Itzik HALBERSTADT [buried] on the good day Tuesday 25 Nisan '555 [= 14 Apr 1795]

94 In this row on the good day Thursday 21 Kislev was buried Michel b Meir [No year is stated and the entry is obviously out of its chronological order. Thursday 21 Kislev corresponded with 6 December in 1792]

95 A daughter of R. Ber EMRICH buried 21 Tamuz ['555] [= 8 July [1795]]

96 Nathan FISHMAN buried on the good day Sunday 3 Menahem '555 [= 19 July 1795]

97 The wife of Feiss LIVERPOOL buried on the good day [illegible] 4 Tishri '556 [= 17 Sep 1795]

98 R. Feiss Levi buried on the good day Sunday 26 Heshvan '556 [= 8 Nov 1795]

99 Abraham OXFORD buried on the good day Monday 11 Kislev '556 [= 23 Nov 1795]

100 Rabbi Leib TUSHKI buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 13 Tevet '556 [= 25 Dec 1795]

101 The widow of R. Leib TUSHKI on the good day Wednesday the eve of Rosh Hodesh Tevet Hanukkah '564 [= 14 Dec 1803]

THE FOURTH ROW

102 The widow of Itzik b Hayim buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 29 Kislev '556 [= 11 Dec 1795]

103 Moses Nathan b Meir buried on the good day Sunday 7 Shevat '556 [= 17 Jan 1796]

104 R. Anshel EISEN STADT buried on the good day Monday 15 Shevat '556 [= 25 Jan 1796] [See no. 152]

105 Jonah b Meshullam PENCIL MAKER buried on the good day Sunday 14 Iyar '556 [= 22 May 1796]

106 The wife of Joshua b Juda buried on the good day Thursday 17 Sivan '556 [= 23 June 1796]

107 The wife of Jonah b Jacob buried on the good day Wednesday 7 Tamuz '556 [= 13 July 1796]

108 Raphael b Zvi HOLLANDER [buried] on the good day Monday 19 Tamuz '556 [= 25 July 1796]

109 Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 5 Tishri '557 buried HeHaver R. Isai'[ah] bH Yehiel ZL Scribe to the Three Communities in London [= 7 Oct 1796] [See no. 242]

110 The widow of Rabbi Naphtali bH Juda buried on the good day Sunday the eve of Succot 14 Tishri '557 [= 16 Oct 1796]

111 Rabbi Abraham NANSICH buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 3 Heshvan '557 [= 4 Nov 1796]

112 Simon b Joseph KZ buried on the good day Monday 6 Heshvan '557 [= 7 Nov 1796]

113 The wife of Joseph b Jacob HOLLANDER PARITZ (ie PARIS) buried on the good day Sunday 17 Tevet '557 [= 15 Jan 1797]

114 R. Joseph bH Joshua Feivel buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 14 Shevat '557 [= 10 Feb 1797]

Virgin ground

115 R. Elij'[ah] bH Joel buried on the good day Tuesday 18 Shevat '557 [= 14 Feb 1797]

116 The widow of R. Leib NORDEN buried on the good day Thursday 27 Shevat '557 [= 23 Feb 1797]

117 Jonah b Jacob buried on the good day Sunday 6 Nisan '557 [= 2 Apr 1797]

118 Rohl [= Rachel] bat Zissel servant of Joseph bH Joshua [buried] on the good day Sunday 20 Nisan '557 [= 16 Apr 1797]

119 Leah bat Yakob FRENCHMAN buried on the good day Tuesday the last day of Pesah '557 [= 18 Apr 1797]

120 The wife of Joseph b Jacob HOLLANDER buried on the good day Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 19 Menahem '557 [= 11 Aug 1797]

121 The widow of R. Abraham CAMPEN buried on the good day Wednesday 5 Heshvan '558 [= 25 Oct 1797]

122 The bachelor R. Itzik b Rabbi Hirsh PHIZIKI buried on the good day Thursday 6 Heshvan '558 [= 26 Oct 1797]

123 The wife of R. Ze'ev b Samuel BOMSLA buried on the good day Tuesday 27 Shevat '558 [= 13 Feb 1798]

124 The widow of R. Leib NIMEGEN buried on the good day Wednesday 18 Nisan '558 [= 4 Apr 1798]

125 The wife of Y"T [Yom Tov] of Y"T [Yom Tov] b Mordecai HaLevi buried on the good day Sunday the last day of Pesah '558 [= 8 Apr 1798]

126 Elij'[ah] bH Feiss HaLevi buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 4 Tishri '559 [= 14 Sep 1798]

127 The wife of R. Elij'[ah] b Joel died buried on the good day Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 6 Tevet '559 [= 14 Dec 1798]

128 Leib the brother of R. Feiss HaLevi she [sic] was buried on the good day Wednesday Rosh Hodesh Adar I '559 [= 6 Feb 1799]

129 A daughter of Hennele [a man's name, see 132] HAMBURGER buried on the good day Monday 13 Adar I '559 [= 18 Feb 1799]

130 Moses b Juda BOX MAKER buried on the good day Tuesday 5 Adar II '559 [= 12 Mar 1799]

131 The wife of R. Moses HaLevi buried on the good day Sunday 8 Elul '559 [= 8 Sep 1799]

132 The widow of Hennele HAMBURG buried on the good day Thursday 5 Tevet '560 [= 2 Jan 1800]

133 The wife of Nahman b Asher buried on the good day Sunday 8 Tevet '560 [= 5 Jan 1800] [See no. 147]

134 Zadok b Wolf FRENCHMAN buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath on the good day Friday 13 Tevet '560 [= 10 Jan 1800]

135 The wife of Jacob b Jonah H"SH [this is a standard abbreviation for, amongst other expressions, HALBERSTADT or HALBERSTAM] buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath on the good day Friday 20 Tevet '560 [= 17 Jan 1800]

136 Nathan b Asher buried on the good day Tuesday 6 Nisan '560 [= 1 Apr 1800]

137 The wife of Baruch b Jacob Zvi [no date]

THE FIFTH ROW

['Row' has changed from the Hebrew shurah to the Yiddish regil, and the Hebrew ordinal to a cardinal.]

138 Feiss b P"M his honour Leib b Jacob WHITECHAPEL buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 20 Sivan '560 [= 13 June 1800]

139 The wife of Elyakum b Zussmoins PRINTER buried on the good day Tuesday 1 Tamuz '560 [= 24 June 1800]

140 The widow of Abraham bH Elyakum POINSECKA buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 10 Menahem '560 [= 1 Aug 1800]

141 Samuel b Nathan b Asher in HACKNEY buried on the good day Monday 20 Menahem '560 [= 11 Aug 1800] [See no. 144]

142 Jacob Kalonymous the son of R. David b Kalman buried on the good day Tuesday 21 Menahem '560 [= 12 Aug 1800]

143 A daughter of R. Leib NORDEN buried on the good day Sunday 26 Menahem '560 [= 17 Aug 1800]

144 Jacob b Nathan b Asher in HACKNEY buried on the good day Sunday 3 Elul '560 [= 24 Aug 1800] [See no. 141]

145 David b Itzik LUBECK buried on the good day Sunday 10 Elul '560 [= 31 Aug 1800]

146 The bachelor his honour Eliezer Lipman b Mordecai HAMBURGER buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 19 Heshvan '561 [= 7 Nov 1800]

147 Nahman b Asher buried on the good day Sunday 28 Heshvan '561 [= 16 Nov 1800] [See no. 133]

148 Eliezer b David KZ buried Rosh Hodesh Kislev '561 [= 18 Nov 1800]

149 Hayim b Itzik LUBECK buried on the good day Sunday 2 Adar '561 [= 15 Feb 1801]

150 A servant [male] of R. Anshel KEYSER [buried] the first day of Pesah '561 [= 29 Mar 1801]

151 Zvi b Mordecai HaLevi buried on the good day [day not specified] 13 Iyar '561 [= Sunday 26 Apr 1801]

152 Simon bH Anshel EISEN STADT buried Isru Hag Shavuot '561 [= Wednesday 20 May 1801] [See no. 104]

153 Elij'[ah] b Alexander buried on the good day Monday 13 Sivan '561 [= 25 May 1801]

154 The wife of Samuel b Jacob HARBER [?HUNCHBACK] buried on the good day Sunday 26 Sivan '561 [= 7 June 1801] [His first wife? see no. 182]

155 A son of Zvi b Mordecai HaLevi buried on the good day Monday 10 Tamuz '561 [= Sunday 21 June 1801]

156 The wife of R. Yudela bH Feivel buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 12 Elul '561 [= 21 Aug 1801]

157 The wife of Yehiel b Menahem MASSIL buried on the good day Wednesday 24 Elul '561 [= 2 Sep 1801]

158 A daughter of Jacob b Reuben HaLevi "from NEWBRY" buried on the good day Tuesday 8 Tishri '562 [= 15 Sep 1801]

159 Isaac b Eliezer "from CANTERBURY" buried on the good day Tuesday Tishri the eve of Rosh Hodesh Heshvan '562 [= 6 Oct 1801]

160 A daughter of Solomon b Aaron "from BIRMINGHAM" buried on the good day Thursday 7 Kislev '562 [= 12 Nov 1801]

161 Leib b Reuben KZ "W. JONES" buried on the good day Thursday 28 Kislev '562 [= 3 Dec 1801]

162 R. Abraham bH Isaac buried on the good day Sunday 15 Tevet '562 [= 20 Dec 1801]

163 The widow of Jacob Hayim b Juda WHITECHAPEL [buried] on the good day Tuesday 2 Shevat '562 [= 5 Jan 1802]

164 The widow Michla wife of R. Joseph b Naphtali HaLevi ZL buried on the good day Sunday 26 Shevat '562 [= 24 Jan 1802]

165 Solomon bH Abraham NANSICH buried on the good day Thursday 28 Adar II '562 [= 1 Apr 1802]

166 The wife of Leib b Benjamin TUTIR buried on the good day Sunday 21 Shevat '562 [= 24 Jan 1802]

167 The wife of Jacob b Gershon HaLevi buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath Hol Hamoed Succot '563 [= 14 Oct 1802]

168 Feiss LIVERPOOL buried on the good day Sunday 5 Adar '563 [= 27 Feb 1803]

169 Naphtali b Benjamin buried on the good day Monday Ta'anit Esther '563 [= 7 Mar 1803]

170 A daughter of Yudela EMDIN buried 3rd day Hol Hamoed Pesah '563 [= Monday 11 Apr 1803]

171 The wife of Meshullam Elhanan b David buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 4 Tamuz '563 [= 24 June 1803]

172 Aaron b Solomon buried on the good day Monday 27 Menahem '563 [= 15 Aug 1803]

173 HeHaver R. Aaron ben HeHaver R. Dov HaLevi CANTOR of our congregation buried on the good day Tuesday 16 Heshvan '564 [= 1 Nov 1803]

THE SIXTH ROW

174 Zila ben R. Hirsh CANTOR buried on the good day Wednesday 22 Kislev '564 [= 7 Dec 1803] [See no. 178]

175 The wife of David b Kalman buried on the good day Sunday 3 Tevet '564 [= 18 Dec 1803]

176 Abraham b Uri buried on the good day Wednesday 20 Tevet '564 [= 4 Jan 1804]

177 The wife of Yehiel b Meshullam buried on the good day Wednesday Rosh Hodesh Iyar '564 [= 11 Apr 1804]

178 Samuel bH Hirsh CANTOR buried on the good day Monday 18 Sivan '564 [= 28 May 1804] [See no 174]

179 R. Joseph bH Solomon KZ PROOPS buried on the good day Friday 15 Tamuz '564 [= Sunday 24 June 1804]

180 Abraham b Samauel HART buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 5 Menahem '564 [= 13 July 1804]

181 The wife of Israel BARBER buried on the good day Sunday 12 Elul '564 [= 19 Aug 1804]

182 The wife of Samuel b Jacob HARBER [?HUNCHBACK] buried on the good day Monday 13 Elul '564 [= 20 Aug 1804] [His second wife? see no. 154]

183 A son of David MASHIAH [MESSIAH] buried on the good day Sunday 26 Tishri '565 [= Monday 1 Oct 1804]

184 "Miss Elias" buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 19 Heshvan '565 [= Wednesday 24 Oct 1804]

185 A child of Solomon b Elyakum buried Rosh Hodesh Tevet '565 [= Monday 3 Dec 1804]

186 Abraham b Hayim HaLevi buried on the good day Wednesday [?24] Heshvan '565 [= Monday 29 Oct 1804]

187 Abraham b Moses TUTIR buried on the good day Thursday 19 Kislev '565 [= 22 Nov 1804]

188 Joseph b Abraham BELLIN buried on the good day Tuesday 23 Tevet '565 [= 25 Dec 1804]

189 A daughter of R. Hirsh CANTOR buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 16 Adar I '565 [= 15 Feb 1805]

190 Reuben Jacob b Naphtali KZ buried on the good day Thursday 26 Nisan '565 [= 25 Apr 1805] (Virgin ground)

191 Meir bH Nahum buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 4Iyar '565 [= 3 May 1805]

192 Juda Leib b Samuel HaLevi buried the eve of Rosh Hodesh Sivan '565 [= Tuesday 28 May 1805]

193 The wife of Eliezer b Gabriel buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 10 Sivan '565 [= 7 June 1805]

194 Merela bat his honour Jonah b Ezriel H"SH [this is a standard abbreviation for, amongst other expressions, HALBERSTADT or HALBERSTAM] buried on the good day Sunday 12 Sivan '565 [= 9 June 1805] [For Jonah H"SH see no. 135]

195 The widow of R. Aaron NORDEN buried on the good day Monday 24 Menahem '565 [= 19 Aug 1805]

196 Elkanah b Abraham HART buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 5 Elul '565 [= 30 Aug 1805]

197 A daughter of Phineas b Hayim buried on the good day Monday 14 Tishri '566 [= 7 Oct 1805]

198 David b Elij'[ah] FIRST STRANGER buried on the good day Thursday 24 Tishri '566 [= 17 Oct 1805]

199 Meir b Samuel HaLevi SECOND STRANGER buried on the good day Wednesday 14 Heshvan '566 [= 6 Nov 1805]

200 Joseph b Meir THIRD STRANGER buried on the good day Sunday 21 Heshvan '566 [= Wednesday 13 Nov 1805]

201 The widow of Simon b Joseph KZ "SALISBURY" buried on the good day Sunday 14 Kislev '566 [= Thursday 5 Dec 1805]

202 Aaron b Baruch "of WESTMINSTER" buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 22 Kislev '566 [= 13 Dec 1805]

203 The widow of Nathan b Asher "of HACKNEY" buried on the good day Thursday 4th day of Hanukkah '566 [= 6th day Hanukkah, 19 Dec 1805]

204 David b Y[om] T[ov] HaLevi MASHIAH [MESSIAH] buried on the good day Monday 9 Tevet '566 [= 30 Dec 1805]

205 Zelig b Samuel buried on the good day Sunday 28 Shevat '566 [= 16 Feb 1806]

206 Zelig b Eliezer FOOTMAN buried on the good day Sunday 11 Nisan '566 [= 30 Mar 1806]

207 Ason of Zelig BOMSLA buried on the good day Monday 26 Sivan '566 [= 14 Apr 1806]

208 Sampson bH Issachar EMRICH "SAMSON GOMPERTZ" buried on the good day Sunday 13 Tamuz '566 [= 29 June 1806]

209 The widow of R. Samuel CANTOR FIRST FEMALE STRANGER buried on the good day Sunday 27 Tamuz '566 [= 13 July 1806]

210 The widow of Meir b Asher SHOCHET buried on the good day Monday 28 Tamuz '566 [= 14 July 1806]

211 Akiba b Meir SECOND STRANGER buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 22 Elul '566 [= 5 Sep 1806]

212 Abraham b Joseph ROCHESTER [my best guess: the Hebrew is Tzaddi Tet Resh Aleph Tet Tzaddi Tet Ayin Resh. I believe the scribe wrote the first Tzaddi Tet in error.] buried on the good day Tuesday 28 Menahem '566 [= 12 Aug 1806]

213 R. Eleazar Dov bH Mordecai buried on the good day Tuesday 25 Tishri '567 [= 7 Oct 1806]

THE SEVENTH ROW

214 Czarna wife of R. Zelig CANTOR of our community buried on the good day Sunday 7 Heshvan '567 [= 19 Oct 1806]

Virgin ground for R. Zelig CANTOR

215 The wife of his honour Asher b Ary'[eh] "De METZ" buried on the good day Thursday 4 Adar I '567 [= 12 Feb 1807]

Virgin ground for R. Asher b his honour Ary'[eh]

216 The wife of his honour Aaron b Baruch buried on the good day Sunday 14 Adar I '567 [= 22 Feb 1807]

217 Leah KEYZERIN THIRD FEMALE STRANGER buried on the good day Thursday 25 Adar I '567 [= 5 Mar 1807]

218 Leib b Solomon BARBER buried on the good day Sunday 5 Adar II '567 [= 15 Mar 1807]

219 P"M R. Eleazar b Phineas KZ KAMPEN buried on the good day Wednesday Shushan Purim '567 [= 25 Mar 1807]

Virgin ground for the wife of R. Eleazar KZ

220 HeHaver R. Ze'ev bH Samuel BOMSLA buried on the good day Wednesday Shushan Purin '567 [= 25 Mar 1807]

221 The wife of Shalom NORWICH buried on the good day Sunday 23 Iyar '567 [= 31 May 1807] FIRST FEMALE STRANGER

222 Moses TEIVEL buried on the good day Wednesday 4 Sivan '567 [= 10 June 1807]

223 Hayim b Juda HaLevi RUBECK buried on the good day Monday 16 Sivan '567 [= 22 June 1807]

224 Elyakum b Elyakum LEVIN buried on the good day Monday 4 Tamuz '567 [= Friday 10 July 1807]

225 R. Leib bH Abraham "Died at RICHMOND" buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 11 Tamuz '567 [= 17 July 1807]

226 Samuel b Jacob Hayim WHITECHAPEL buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 22 Elul '567 [= 25 Sep 1807]

227 Klein (Little) Meir buried THIRD STRANGER buried [sic] on the good day Thursday 11 Heshvan '568 [= 12 Nov 1807]

228 Leib b Baruch FIRST STRANGER buried on the good day Sunday 14 Heshvan '568 [= 1807]

229 Kalonymous b Phineas KZ buried on the good day Monday 15 Heshvan '568 [= 16 Nov 1807]

230 Zanvil OPPENHEIM buried on the good day Monday 22 Heshvan '568 [= 23 Nov 1807]

231 Solomon b Naphtali TUTIR buried on the good day Wednesday 24 Heshvan '568 [= 25 Nov 1807]

232 The wife of Leib b David SCHWASI buried the eve of Rosh Hodesh Kislev '568 [= MOnday 30 Nov 1807]

233 A daughter of R. Eleazar Dov buried on the good day Sunday 19 Kislev '568 [= 20 Dec 1807]

234 Benjamin Yusha LEMON MAN buried on Wednesday 20 Shevat '568 [= 20 Jan 1808] FIRST STRANGER

235 ? Leib b Elhanan HAMBURGER [buried] on Thursday 21 Tevet '568 [= 21 Jan 1808]

236 Mordecai b Moses SECOND STRANGER on Wednesday 10 Shevat '568 [= Monday 8 Feb 1808] buried

237 The wife of Simhah b Jacob SGL buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 19 Shevat '568 [= Wed 17 Feb 1808]

238 A daughter of Abraham POINSECKER buried on Monday 22 Adar '568 [= 21 Mar 1808]

239 The wife of R. Nathan BRESLAU (Deborah bat Jacob PROOPS ZL) buried on Monday Rosh Hodesh Av '568 [= Monday 25 July 1808]

240 The wife of Isaac b Levi [buried] [Rosh Hodesh] Av '568 [= Monday 25 July 1808]

241 The wife of Moses b Nathan SOPHER [SCRIBE] buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 19 Menahem '568 [= 12 Aug 1808]

242 R. Yehiel SCRIBE of our community buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 19 Menahem '568 [= 12 Aug 1808] [See no. 109]

243 The wife of Phineas Zalman FOOTMAN buried on Tuesday 23 Menahem '568 [= 16 Aug 1808]

244 Meir bH Samuel SAMTOR from BERLIN FIRST STRANGER buried on Thursday 6 Heshvan '569 [= 27 Oct 1808]. "Brought from the Kings Bench"

245 Jacob b Moses SECOND STRANGER buried on Sunday 15 Heshvan '569 [= Saturday 5 NOv 1808]

246 The wife of Meir b Jacob Lissau THIRD FEMALE STRANGER buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 28 Heshvan '569 [= 1808]

Gravel Lane, Houndsditch

247 The wife of Zvi b Dan buried on Monday 9 Kislev '569 [= 28 Nov 1808]

248 A son of FEIVELSON buried on Monday 10 Kislev '569 [= Tuesday 29 Nov 1808]

249 The wife of Eizak BELLIN buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 21 Kislev '569 [= 10 Dec 1808]

250 Virgin ground for R. Eizak BELLIN

251 Moses b Meir FIRST STRANGER buried on Sunday 13 Tevet '569 [= 1 Jan 1809] Petti coat Lane

THE EIGHTH ROW

253 R. Israel FALK [or POLAK] SECOND STRANGER buried on the good day Wednesday Rosh Hodesh Shevat '569 [= 18 Jan 1809] Petticoat Lane

254 R. Meir THIRD STRANGER buried in Haggerston

255 The wife of Kalman POULTERER Friday on the eve of Pesah '569 [= 31 Mar 1809]

256 R. David b Kalonymous buried 2nd Intermediate day of Pesah '569 [= Tuesday 4 Apr 1809]

257 The widow Pya stranger (sic) FIRST FEMALE STRANGER buried on Thursday 25 Iyar '569 [= 11 May 1809]

258 Pearl bat Rabbi Naphtali ZL buried on the eve of the holy Sabbath 4 Sivan '569 [= 19 May 1809]

259 Abraham b Isaac PROSELYTE SECOND STRANGER buried on the good day Thursday 24 Sivan '569 [= 8 June 1809] Wint Field Street

260 Joseph b Zekel THIRD STRANGER buried Friday on the eve of the holy Sabbath 25 Sivan '569 [= 9 June 1809]

261 Beila bat Kopil PORTSMOUTH died and buried Friday on the eve of the holy Sabbath 23 Tamuz '569 [= 7 July 1809]

262 Kreindela wife of Samuel MANNHEIM buried on the third day Tuesday 27 Tamuz '569 [= 11 July 1809]

263 The wife of his honour Anshel HaLevi buried on Tuesday 26 Menahem '569 [= 8 Aug 1809]

264 The widow Sarah wife of Meir SHEIBEN SCHNEIDER (TAILOR) FIRST FEMALE STRANGER died and buried on Monday 16 Elul [? '566] [? = 28 Aug 1809] Feather Stone Street, Moorfields

265 Ozriel b Benjamin buried on Tuesday 17 Elul '569 [= 29 Aug 1809]

266 Abraham MANNHEIMER buried Simhat Torah '570 [= Tuesday 3 Oct 1809]

267 A daughter of R. Leib NORDEN buried on Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 26 Tishri '570 [= 6 Oct 1809]

268 On Sunday 5 Heshvan '570 [= 15 Oct 1809] was buried his honour Simhah COHEN

269 Issachar b Abraham TUTIR buried on Tuesday 14 Heshvan '570 [= 24 Oct 1809]

270 Jacob SCHWEITZER SECOND STRANGER buried on Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 24 Heshvan '570 [= 3 Nov 1809] Marlborough Court, Petticoat Lane

271 Jakob b Meir THIRD STRANGER buried on Sunday 11 Kislev '570 [= 19 Nov 1809]

272 The widow of Solomon SCHNEIDER (TAILOR) FIRST FEMALE STRANGER buried on Sunday 16 Iyar '570 [= 20 May 1810] Sparks Court, Dukes Place

273 A child [of] a son [of] Falk FRANKS SECOND STRANGER buried on Tuesday 18 Iyar '570 [= 22 May 1810] in Haggerston

274 The widow of Moses COHEN THIRD FEMALE STRANGER buried on Wednesday 19 Iyar '570 [= 23 May 1810] Petticoat Lane

275 On Wednesday 21 Kislev '570 [= 29 Nov 1809] his honour Zelig EMDEN

276 On Tuesday 5 Tevet '570 [= 12 Dec 1809] was buried the wife of Anshel OPPENHEIM

277 On Sunday Asarah B'Tevet '570 [= 17 Dec 1809] was buried R. Moses Jonah b Kopman

278 On Wednesday 5 Shevat '570 [= 10 Jan 1810] was buried Benjamin b Abraham

279 On Thursday 2 Adar II '570 [= 8 Mar 1810] was buried Eizak b Solomon FRENCHMAN

280 On Sunday 2nd day Hol HaMoed Pesah '570 [= 22 Apr 1810] was buried the wife of Menahem b Isaac HaLevi

281 On Sunday 29 Tamuz '570 [= Tuesday 31 July 1810] was buried Feiss COHEN WETZLIR FIRST STRANGER

282 On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 1 Elul '570 [= 31 Aug 1810] was buried a nefel of R. Solomon CAMBRIDGE SECOND STRANGER

283 On Tuesday 19 Elul '570 [= 18 Sep 1810] was buried a woman in Haggerston THIRD FEMALE STRANGER "No. 3 Baileys Court, Beel Yard, Temple Bar"

284 On Sunday 19 Menahem '570 [= 19 Aug 1810] was buried a daughter of R. Leib NORDEN

285 On Wednesday 22 Menahem '570 [= 22 Aug 1810] was buried Judah Leib b Rabbi Naphtali ZL

286 On Wednesday 22 Menahem '570 [= 22 Aug 1810] was buried the virgin Yitche bat his honour Meir OPPENHEIM

287 On Tuesday 5 Elul '570 [= 4 Sep 1810] was buried Joel b Jacob

288 On Thursday 21 Elul '570 [= 20 Sep 1810] was buried a daughter of R. Yakob FRENCHMAN Hannah bat Yakob FRENCHMAN

289 On Tuesday 4 Tishri '571 [= 2 Oct 1810] was buried the wife of Abraham FISHMAN [? = FISH MAN]

290 On Thursday 6 Tishri '571 [= 4 Oct 1810] was buried the wife of Abraham b Hayim SGL

291 On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 21 Tevet '571 [= Thursday 17 Jan 1811] was buried his honour Joseph bH Jacob HOLLANDER

292 On Sunday 2 Shevat '571 [= 27 Jan 1811] was buried a daughter of Mordecai Pesah FIRST FEMALE STRANGER

293 On Tuesday 2 Adar '571 [= 26 Feb 1811] was buried Judah b David SECOND STRANGER

294 On Wednesday 17 Adar '571 [= 13 Mar 1811] was buried the wife of Aaron Mordecai b Zvi SGL

295 On Monday 22 Adar '571 [= 18 Mar 1811] was buried a daughter of Judah b Ezekiel

296 On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 23 Iyar '571 [= 17 May 1811] was buried a daughter of Aaron SHULIEL

297 On Thursday 18 Menahem '571 [= 8 Aug 1811] was buried the wife of his honour Abraham b Joseph SHEKOTSER [? = A SCOUNDREL, SCAMP]

298 On Tuesday 14 Elul '571 [= 3 Sep 1811] was buried the wife of Matos b Nathan

299 On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 2nd day Rosh Hashannah '572 was buried his honour Simhah b Mordecai FIRST STRANGER

THE NINTH ROW - AT THE SIDE

300 On Sunday 16 Shevat '570 [= 21 Jan 1810] was buried Judah b Jacob Hayim

301 On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 10 Shevat '572 [= 24 Jan 1812] was buried his honour David b Jonah PASTRY COOK

*

302 On Tuesday 14 Shevat '573 [= Monday 18 Jan 1813] was buried [No name] SECOND STRANGER

303 On Monday 23 Adar II '573 [= Thursday 25 Mar 1813] was buried his honour Abraham b Hirsh CANTOR

304 On Thursday the eve of Rosh Hodesh Nisan '573 [= Wednesday 31 Mar 1813] was buried the widow of Isaac b Samuel

305 On Sunday 12 Nisan '573 [= Monday 12 Apr 1813] was buried Leib b Simon

306 On Tuesday 26 Iyar '573 [= Wednesday 26 May 1813] was buried Gella the widow of Eizak TUTIR

307 On Monday 24 Tishri '574 [= 18 Oct 1813] was buried his honour Kopil b Zekel [See no. 322]

308 On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath Rosh Hodesh Tevet '574 [= Thursday 23 Dec 1813] was buried Rebecca the widow of R. Isai'[ah] SOFER [SCRIBE]

309 On Wednesday 6 Tevet '574 [= 29 Dec 1813] was buried Zalman b Yakob

310 On Sunday Asarah B'Tevet '574 [= 2 Jan 1814] was buried a daughter of Yakob FRENCHMAN

[From 311 until 321, both numbers inclusive, no numbers have been entered, so of course there are no entries of names or dates or other information.]

322 On Monday Rosh Hodesh Adar '574 [= 21 Feb 1814] was buried the widow of Kopil b Zekel [See no. 307]

323 On Monday 8 Adar '574 [= 28 Feb 1814] was buried the virgin Beila daughter of R. Ber EMMRICH

324 On Sunday 11 Iyar '574 [= 1 mAY 1814] was buried Rabbi Elyakum Getschlig b his honour Abraham

325 On Thursday 15 Iyar '574 [= 5 May 1814] was buried his honour Mordecai b R. Aaron CANTOR OF OUR CONGREGATION YZV

326 On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 20 Tamuz '574 [= 8 July 1814] was buried the widow of Moses BOX MAKER

327 On Thursday 11 Menahem '574 [= 28 July 1814] was buried the virgin Mindela daughter of his honour R. Reuben Jacob HaCohen

328 VIRGIN GROUND - a woman who miscarried was buried 329 [Blank entry]330 [Blank entry]331 [Blank entry]

THE TENTH ROW

[The following numbers with a star* have been starred by the editor to avoid ambiguity as they duplicate to some extent numbers already entered in the register.]

303* On Sunday 19 Shevat '572 [= 2 Feb 1812] was buried the widow Miriam Frantchi THIRD STRANGER

304* On Thursday 7 Adar '572 [= 20 Feb 1812] was buried Yom Tov b Mordecai SGL

305* On Wednesday 21 Adar '572 [= Thursday 5 Mar 1812] was buried Moses MANNHEIMER

306* On Thursday 11 Iyar '572 [= 23 Apr 1812] was buried R. Elhanan POLAK

307* On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 11 Sivan '572 [= 22 May 1812] was buried Mordecai b Zvi HaLevi

308* On Wednesday 20 Menahem '572 [= 29 July 1812] was buried Madam Miriam the wife of R. Reuben KEYSER

309* On Monday 8 Tishri '573 [= 14 Sep 1812] was buried a daughter of his honour Meir HaCohen

310* On Tuesday 28 Heshvan '573 [= 3 Nov 1812] was buried P"M his honour Zvi b Peretz

311* Virgin ground for the wife of his honour Zvi b Peretz

312* On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath Rosh Hodesh Tevet '573 [= 4 Dec 1812] was buried Bezalel b Hayim

313* On Thursday 28 Tevet '573 [= 31 Dec 1812] was buried the widow of Hennele HAMBURGER

314* On Sunday 23 Shevat '573 [= 24 Jan 1813] was buried a daughter of his honour Meir HaCohen

315* On Thursday 27 Shevat '573 [= 28 Jan 1813] was buried his honour Bendit bH Juste

316* On Wednesday 3 Adar '573 [= 3 Feb 1813] was buried the wife of his honour Phineas b Simon

317* On Friday 5 Adar I '573 [= 5 Feb 1813] was buried the wife of Abraham COBBLER

318* On Tuesday 9 Adar I '573 [= 9 Feb 1813] was buried his honour Aaron b Daniel SGL

319* On Thursday 18 Adar I '573 [= 18 Feb 1813] was buried his honour Falk b Meshullam

320* On the eve of the holy Sabbath 10 Adar II '573 [= 12 Mar 1813] was buried a daughter of Samuel MANNHEIM

321* On Tuesday 14 Adar II '573 [= 16 Mar 1813] was buried his honour Isai'[ah] b Judah

[Page 20 of register] THESE ARE THE NAME OF THE STRANGERS [ORHIM] WHO WERE BURIED IN THE CEMETERIES OF KK DUKE'S PLACE AND THE NEW SYNAGOGUE FROM THE YEAR '569 [= 1809]

[332] On Tuesday 12 Menahem '569 [= 25 July 1809] [was buried] a nefel of Jacob b Moses, Petticoat Lane, FIRST STRANGER, D[ukes]"P[lace]

[333] On Monday 18 Menahem '569 [= 31 July 1809] [was buried] Simon b Isaac, Shoe Maker Row, SECOND STRANGER, D"P

[334] On Tuesday 26 Menahem '569 [= 8 Aug 1809] [died] Shemai'[ah] b Rabbi Falk [Polak] from BRESLANPETER and was buried on Wednesday 27 thereof, THIRD STRANGER, D"P

[335] On Wednesday 4 Elul '569 [= 16 Aug 1809] [was buried] Leib MASSIL, FOURTH STRANGER, D"P

[336] On Monday 16 Elul '569 [= 28 Aug 1809] [was buried] Saul b Feivel, Tripes Yard, Petticoat Lane, FIFTH STRANGER, D"P

[337] On Sunday 18 Kislev '570 [= 26 Nov 1809] [was buried] the wife of Judah SHILO ENGLANDER, Cox Square, Petticoat Lane, FIRST STRANGER, NEW SYNAGOGUE

[338] On the eve of the holy Sabbath 23 Kislev '570 [= 1 Dec 1809] [was buried] a child of Zelig b Angele, Garden Court, Petticoat Lane, SECOND STRANGER, NEW SYNAGOGUE [See no. 347, where Zelig is attributed to DUKES PLACE]

[339] On the eve of the holy Sabbath 8 Tevet '570 [= 15 Dec 1809] [was buried] Israel [B'Jon ?] Windfield Street, Petticoat Lane, FIRST STRANGER, KK DU[kes]P"L[ace]

[340] On Monday 25 Tevet '570 [= 1 Jan 1810] [was buried] Leib SHNEIDER [TAILOR], Windfield Street, Petticoat Lane, SECOND STRANGER, KK DU[kes]P"L[ace]

[341] [No date - possibly the same as no. [340], the previous entry.] The widow of Mordecai JEWELLER, THIRD STRANGER, KK DU[kes]P"L[ace]

[342] On Sunday 8 Adar I '570 [= Monday 12 Feb 1810] [was buried] [No name] Kops Yard, Petticoat Lane, FOURTH STRANGER, KK DU[kes]P"L[ace]

[343] On Thursday 17 Adar II '570 [= Friday 17 Mar 1810] [was buried] Jacob RISHER, FIFTH STRANGER, KK DU[kes]P"L[ace]

[344] On Wednesday 19 Iyar '570 [= 23 May 1810] [was buried] the widow of Moses COHEN b [Chono ?] HAMBURG

[345] On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 27 Sivan '570 [= 29 June 1810] [was buried] Hayah bat Kopil COHEN from BRUMITLHEIM, FIRST STRANGER, NEW SYNAGOGUE

[Page 21 of the register]

[346] On Wednesday 9 Tamuz '570 [= 11 July 1810] [was buried] [No name] SECOND STRANGER, NEW SYNAGOGUE, John Square, Houndsditch

[347] On Thursday 10 Tamuz '570 [= 12 July 1810] [was buried] a child of Zelig b Angele [See no. 338], Garden Court, Petticoat Lane, FIRST STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[348] On Thursday 17 Tamuz '570 [= 19 July 1810] [was buried] a child of Yittele bat Moses {See no. [350]}, SECOND STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[349] Another on Thursday 17 Tamuz '570 [= 19 July 1810] [was buried] a child of Mordecai b Abraham DANZIG, THIRD STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[350] On Wednesday 23 Tamuz '570 [= 25 July 1810] [was buried] a child of Yitte bat Moses {See no. [348]}, FOURTH STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[351] On Monday 28 Tamuz '570 [= 30 July 1810] [was buried] a child of Lipman b Zekel, FIFTH STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[352] On Thursday 4 Heshvan '571 [= 1 Nov 1810] [was buried] a child of Abraham b Feivel Petticoat Lane, FIRST STRANGER, KK NEW SYNAGOGUE

[353] On Sunday 7 Heshvan '571 [= 4 Nov 1810] [was buried] [Nelinkel ?] Isaac b Nota SECOND STRANGER, KK NEW SYNAGOGUE

[354] On Sunday 12 Kislev '571 [= 9 Dec 1810] [was buried] Leib b Feitleman, London Hospital, FIRST STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[355] On Tuesday 14 Kislev '571 [= 11 Dec 1810] [was buried] Abraham b Meir HaCohen SECOND STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[356] On Thursday 13 Shevat '571 [= 7 Feb 1811] [was buried] the widow [of] Henshi PELLECKEN [if read as FELLECKEN, then perhaps it indicates someone who was involved with skins] THIRD FEMALE STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[357] On Monday 4 Tevet '571 [= 31 Dec 1810] [was buried] a child of David b Avigdor MARKS, FOURTH STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[358] On Thursday 21 Tevet '571 [= 17 Jan 1811] [was buried] a woman in Gravel Lane, Houndsditch FIFTH STRANGER [male!], KK DUKES PLACE

[359] On Wednesday Isru Hag Pesah '571 [= 17 Apr 1811] [was buried] R. Zelig SCHNEIDER [TAILOR], Marlborough Court, Petticoat Lane, FIRST STRANGER, NEW SYNAGOGUE

[360] On Wednesday Isru Hag Pesah '571 [= 17 Apr 1811] [was buried] the wife of R. Hayim b Wolf, New Court, Petticoat Lane, SECOND FEMALE STRANGER, NEW SYNAGOGUE

[361] On Wednesday 14 Iyar '571 [= 8 May 1811] was buried a child of Moses b Isai'[ah], Mill Yard, Goodmans Fields, SECOND STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[362] On the eve of the holy Sabbath 23 Iyar '571 [= 17 May 1811] [was buried] the widow of Paltiel, Gravel Lane, THIRD STRANGER [male!], KK DUKES PLACE

[363] On Monday 25 Sivan '571 [= 17 June 1811] [was buried] a child of Abraham b Mordecai, Cox's Square, Petticoat Lane, FOURTH STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[364] On Thursday 5 Tamuz '571 [= 27 June 1811] [was buried] a nefel of Leib b Zalman GUBITZ, FIFTH STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[365] On Monday 21 Tevet '572 [= 6 Jan 1812] [was buried] Abraham SHILDERER [perhaps someone involved with debts], in Stoney Lane, FIRST STRANGER, NEW SYNAGOGUE

[366] On Monday 21 Tevet '572 [= 6 Jan 1812] [was buried] Abraham b Moses CANTERBURY, Stoney Lane, SECOND STRANGER, NEW SYNAGOGUE

[367] On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 7 Heshvan '572 [= 25 Oct 1811] [was buried] R. Tevele from BRISTOL, FIRST STRANGER, DUKES PLACE

[368] On Friday the eve of the holy Sabbath 10 Kislev '572 [= Tuesday 26 Nov 1811] [was buried] the widow [of] Israel ROTSCHER [perhaps, the Red Haired] SECOND FEMALE STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[369] On Sunday 12 Kislev '572 [= Thursday 28 Nov 1811] [was buried] Yakob b Meir, Ross Court, Eastsmithfield, THIRD STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[370] On Tuesday 7 Shevat '572 [= 21 Jan 1812] [was buried] a daughter of Moses b Isai'[ah] HESS, Wells Yard, Goodmans Fields, [see no. 372], FOURTH FEMALE STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[371] On Sunday 12 Shevat '572 [= 26 Jan 1812] [was buried] the wife of Asher b Sender, Garden Court, Petticoat Lane, FIFTH FEMALE STRANGER, KK DUKES PLACE

[372] On Thursday Rosh Hodesh Adar '572 [= 13 Feb 1812] [was buried] the wife of Moses b Isai'[ah] HESS, Wells Yard, Goodmans Fields, [see no. 370], FIRST FEMALE STRANGER, NEW SYNAGOGUE

[373] On Thursday 7 Adar '572 [= 20 Feb 1812] [was buried] R. Joseph Nathan [? NATHAN], Steel Alley, Houndsditch, SECOND STRANGER, NEW SYNAGOGUE

"NB 4 Vacant places where the watch House now stands".

[End of the Register]

----------------------

Hypocoristic & Other Name Forms Used in this Register and elsewhere in 18th/19th Centuries

Abish = Abraham

Anshel = Asher

Arbilai = Abraham

Ber = often follows Dov or Issachar

Bunam (from the French Bon Homme)

Dov = often followed by its translation Ber

Eizak = Isaac

Eizik = Isaac

Eliezer = often occurring in English as a surname or a forename, George or Lazarus

Feiss = A mid-European form of Feivish

Feivel = Phoebus, cognomen of Uri and Shraga (a lamp); often occurring in English as a surname or a forename, Phillip/s

Feivish = Phoebus, cognomen of Uri and Shraga; often occurring in English as a surname or a forename, Phillip/s

Fishel = Feivish

Gitcha = see Gittel

Gittel = 'A good lady'

Gittela = see Gittel

Hadas = In English 'Myrtle'

Hana = Hannah

Haya = Feminine of Hayim, life

Hayim = often occurring in English as a surname or a forename, Hyman, Hyam/s

Hena = Hannah

Hendela = Hannah

Hennah = Hannah

Hevva = Eve

Hindela = Hannah

Hirsh = associated with Naphtali, Zvi; often occurring in English as a surname or a forename, Henry

Hirtz = variant of Hirsh, the modern spelling is often Hertz or Hertzl in its hypocoristic form

Hunnah = Elhanan

Issachar = often followed by Ber, Behr (hence - Behrman), Baer

Isserle = Israel

Itzik = Isaac

Jakob, see Yakob

Juda = Judah, ie the German spelling with an Aleph at the end of the word instead of the Hebrew spelling with the letter Heh

Judah = often with Leib or Aryeh; often occurring in English as a surname or a forename, Levy or Lyon/s

Judela = Judah

Kopil = Jacob, (medieval: Cop)

Kossel = Yekutiel

Leib/ush = Juda/h, Aryeh

Lekish =

Lemela = Asher

Lezer/Lezel = Eliezer Lima = Lemela = Asher

Loze/r = Eleazer, Eliezer

Manela = Menahem Marram (MHRM) = Meir Mendele = Menahem Menki = Menahem Merela = Mary, Miriam

Michael = often with Yehiel Michel = Michael, often following Yehiel

Michal = A female name

Mirrel = Miriam

Model = Mordecai

Monas = Menahem Monis = Moses

Naphtali = often followed by Zvi, Hirsh or Hirtz Nota = Nathan

Pheivish, see Feivel/Feivish

Pya = Zipporah

Rechel = Rachel

Rechela = Rachel

Reizecha = Rose Sender = Alexander

Yakob = The German form of Jacob Yette/le = perhaps from Yenta, or Gittele

Yozel = Joseph

Yozela = Joseph

Yudel/a = Judah

Yusha = Joshua

Zanvil = Samuel Zekel = Isaac, Ezekiel Zelig = with or without Isaac, being Hebrew & German for 'happy'

Zemel = ?Meshullam Zender, see Sender Zimela = Samuel Zischa = Feminine variant of Suss, sweet

Zissel = perhaps from Alexander, or from Israel

Zvi = often follows Naphtali, and both are often followed by Hirsh or its variants

SON WITH SAME NAME AS FATHER

224 Elyakum b Elyakum LEVIN


 

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