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Page created: 5 May 2006
Latest update or revision: 13 August 2014
 

Plymouth Jewish Community

City of Plymouth

The city of Plymouth, an historic port on the south coast of Devon in South West England, has a population of about 240,000.  The county borough of Plymouth, created 1889, had been enlarged a number of times by incorporation of adjoining localities, including the incorporation of the municipal borough of Devonport in 1914.  In 1974, Plymouth lost its county borough status becoming a local government district within the county of Devon.  However, in 1974, it once again became a unitary authority, remaining within Devon for ceremonial purposes.

Plymouth Jewish Community

The Jewish community in Plymouth dates from about 1746, and the Plymouth Synagogue (of the Plymouth Hebrew Congregation) is the oldest Ashkenazi synagogue still standing in the English-speaking world.

 


Search the All-UK Database

The records in the database associated with Plymouth include:

Censuses

Extracts for Plymouth for  1841 / 1851 / 1861 / 1871 / 1881 / 1891 (1,612 records).

1851 Anglo Jewry Database

Individuals in the 1851 Anglo Jewry Database who were living in Plymouth during the 1760s (1 record); 1770s (2 records), 1780s (10 records), 1790s (13 records), 1800s (33 records), 1810s (104 records); 1820s (82 records), 1830s (114 records), 1840s (183 records), 1850s (294 records), 1860s (84 records), 1870s (50 records), 1880s (25 records), 1890s (6 records), 1900s (2 records) and 1910s (2 records).
 

The Jewish Congregations

The following are, or were, the Jewish congregations in Plymouth:

On-line Articles on the Plymouth Jewish Community*

Plymouth from "Provincial Jewry in Victorian Britain"  - Papers for a conference at University College, London, convened by the Jewish Historical Society of Great Britain, prepared by Aubrey Newman - 6th July 1975.  Reproduced here with his kind consent.

The Rise of Provincial Jewry - Plymouth by Cecil Roth, 1950. Available on JCR-UK as part of the Susser Archive.

Plymouth Synagogue. A short history by Rabbi Bernard Susser. Available on JCR-UK as part of the Susser Archive.

The Jews of South-East England. Rabbi Bernard Susser's 1977 University of Exeter thesis for his PhD degree. Available on-line by JCR-UK as part of the Susser Archive.

Circumcision Register of Joseph Joseph of Plymouth. Available on-line by JCR-UK as part of the Susser Archive.

Tombstone Inscriptions in the Old Jewish Cemetery on Plymouth Hoe. Available on-line by JCR-UK as part of the Susser Archive.

"Jewish Tombstone Inscriptions in S. W. England - Studies in Anglo-Jewish History No. 3", by Rabbi Dr. Bernard Susser, includes an Introduction that makes reference to Plymouth. Available on-line by JCR-UK as part of the Susser Archive.

Jewish Tombstone of South-West England.  A brief article by Rabbi Bernard Susser, primarily on the Plymouth cemeteries and their inscriptions. A valuable insight into how he was drawn into his historical studies. It usefully supplements the above. Available on-line by JCR-UK as part of the Susser Archive.

Biography of Nathan Joseph Altmann. Available on-line by JCR-UK as part of the Susser Archive.

Historical Maps of Plymouth. Available on-line by JCR-UK as part of the Susser Archive.

*See also Plymouth Synagogue home page for additional articles and other material relating solely to the Plymouth Synagogue.


Jewish Population Data

1746
1897
1915
1934
1945
1955
1965
1990
2005

260
400
400
370
350
225
200
181

Community founded (opening of Jewish Cemetery)
(Jewish Year Book 1898/9)
(Jewish Year Book 1916)
(Jewish Year Book 1934)
(Jewish Year Book 1945-6)
(Jewish Year Book 1956)
(Jewish Year Book 1966)
(Jewish Year Book 1991)
(Jewish Year Book 2006)


Other Plymouth Jewish
Information

Jewish Property and Heritage & Places of Local Interest 

Bibliography

Plymouth Cemetery Information (IAJGS Cemetery Project)
 

Jewish Congregations in Devon

Jewish Communities of England home page

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