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The holiest days of Judaism are Rosh Hashanah, (the celebra­tion of the Jewish New Year), and Yom Kippur (the day of Atonement, which follows 10 days after Rosh Hashanah). Yom Kippur is the holiest day of the year and is the time when Jews confess their transgressions against their fellow men and ask that they be inscribed in the Book of Forgiveness and in the

Book of Long Life, and it is a day of fasting for Orthodox


Jews.23 For this reason, the local congregation always sought a

rabbi to conduct the High Holiday services.

During the early years the Jewish community observed Yom Kippur by fasting and spending the entire day in their synagogue in prayer and in listening to prayers.

The minutes of the Hovas Hochim Congregation from Decem­ber 6, 1944 to February 11, 1962, reflect the congregation's dedication to its faith, the loyalty of the members to their fellow man and country, and the constant financial battle necessary for

the upkeep of the Shul (Hebrew for house of prayer) and the


24 cemetery. For example, the balance of funds on hand on

March 6, 1945 was $401.75, and the congregation agreed to purchase a war bond and discussed the need for repairs on the roof and toilet, the need for a janitor for the Shul and a care­taker for the cemetery.

They held an annual picnic each summer for Shul members, and always began in the early summer their search for a chazzen and rabbi for the High Holidays. In the early 40's, they also had to locate a shocket for the community and a Sunday School teacher. There was a constant effort to develop more enthusiasm