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The following Appendices are part of Esther Rechtschafner’s comprehensive history of the Jews of Vitebsk. For the text of her article, please click on the link below:

 

Click here for “My Vitebsk” article

 

 

 

This article is copyrighted by Esther Rechtschafner.

Reprinting or copying of this article is not allowed
without prior permission from the copyrightholders
.

 

Appendices

 

Map of Grand Duchy of Lithuania (WIKI)

 

Map of Belarus Today (LS)

 

Map of Vitebsk Area (Minsk Gubernia Map of 1834, JGM)

map_minsk.jpg (405957 bytes)

 

Table 1: The Jewish Population of Vitebsk

Year Jewish Population Percentage of Total Population

1772 1227 25 % (1)

1811 5490 (2)

1847 9417 (3) About 50% (4)

1861 14,774 (5)

1897 34,420 (6) 52.4 % (7)

1923 39,714 43.7 % (8)

1926 37,013 (43,180) [9] 37.5 % (10)

1937 37,000 (11)

9/1939 41,000 (12)

1939                                                            between 45-52,000 (13) or 50-60,000 (14)

1940                                                            50,000 (before WW2) [15]

1941                                                            16,000 (in ghetto) [16]

1944                                                            0 (after WW2) [17]

1946 500 (18) 148,000 (19)

1960+ 20,000 (20)

2007 5000 (21) or 3500 (22) 15 % (23)

 

Table 2: Jewish Merchants of Vitebsk (24)

Product Merchants

Flour Gregory Gerschman (25), Zalman Markovitz

Sugar Meir Gerschman (26)

Food Israel Meckler

Paper Shamaria Meckler, Katzelbogen

Kerosene and oils David Yachnin, Gregory Glazer

Iron and leather Vitenberg, Moshe Pesrovsky, Nachman Parnes, Setronsky

Manufactured goods Trinan

Dried fruits Nutkin

Salted fish Yachnin, Mindlin

 

Table 3: Jews of Vitebsk at the turn of the century (27)

         Total population of Vitebsk gubernia: 1,489,246 (of those, 215,919 living in cities)

         Jews and Karaims: 175,635 (113,848 in cities)

         Yiddish as mother tongue: 174,240 (112,455 in cities)

         Total population of Vitebsk: 33,345 men; 32,374 women

         Jews in Vitebsk: 15,897 men; 17,555 women

         Religious affiliation among Jews: Judaism 99.94%, Russian Orthodox 0.03%, Catholics 0.01%, Protestants 0.01%, others 0.01%

         Age distribution of Jews of Vitebsk guberniya:

Age Male Female

<1 2,558 2,474

1-10 20,647 20,910

10-20 19,656 23,552

20-30 13,800 16,465

30-40 8,637 9,777

40-50 7,328 8,370

50-60 4,972 5,492

60-70 3,173 3,140

70-80 1,361 1,161

80-90 316 256

90-100 35 46

 

Consecration Speech

Photo Album

A Sketch of Old Vitebsk in 19th century (29)

 

Old Vitebsk (30)

Modern Vitebsk – The City Center (31)

City view

The Bridge Today (32)

Appendix Footnotes

1. BH, p. 1; EH, V.16, p. 76; EJ, V. 16, p. 191.

2. EH, V.16, p. 76.

3. VT, p. 4.

4. EH, V.16, p. 76.

5. VT, p. 4.

6. BH, p. 1; VT, p. 4.

7. BH, p. 1; EH, V. 1, p. 76; EJ, V. 16, p. 191, SV.

8. BH, p. 2; EJ, V. 16, p. 191.

9. VT.p.444.

10. BH, p. 2; EH, V.16, p. 76; EJ, V. 16, p. 191.

11. YV, p. 1.

12. YV, p. 1

13. VT, p. 444.

14. This is according to Nazi sources, and may not be correct. VT, p. 444.

15. HO, p. 403.

16. EH, V.16, p 76; EJ, V. 16, p. 192. This was according to the list made by The Jewish council. VT, p. 447.

17. HO, p. 403.

18. HO, p. 403; VT, p. 452.

19. EH, V. 16, p. 75.

20. EH, V.16, p. 76; HO, p. 403.

21. TCA, TCV. The population may be 10-15,000. Some don’t list themselves as Jews. RF

22. FJC

23. RF

24. VT, p. 134.

25. My Grandfather (Z’L)

26. My Great-Uncle (Z’L)

27. This data comes from the data of The First All-Russia Census of 1897 for the Vitebsk gubernia. VS,

LDS microfilm 1732226 SV

28. WUPJ

29. VWIK

30. The Jewish quarter was located at the right of the bridge. SV

31. Moscow Ave. This avenue stretches for nearly 4km in the southern part of Vitebsk. It ends at the entrance of the road to Moscow. The Vitebsk State University and the Vitebsk Technological University are situated here. W3

32. VC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Copyright 2007 Belarus SIG and Esther Rechtschafner

 

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