belarus_sig.jpg (14193 bytes)

Belarus SIG  All Belarus Database  Belarus Static Index  Grodno  Minsk  Mogilev  Vilna  Vitebsk  Belarus Resources  Online newsletter  Shtetls of Belarus  Archival records  Given names database  How to use this website  Current Projects  Membership  How to help  JewishGen-erosity  Contact us

Grodno Genealogy Group  Archives  District centers  Facts  History  Links  Newsletter archive  Resources  Shtetl study groups  Towns  Contact us

VOLKOVYSKY UEZD
 

VOLKOVYSKY UEZD INFORMATION:
Biskunicy, Boyarskaya, Derkachi, Dobrovol, Dombrovolskaya, Gornostaevichi, Gornostaevichskaya, Holstov, Izabelin, Izabelinskaya, Kolonnyi, Kremyanickaya, Levkovo, Luplyanka, Lyskovo, Lyskovskaya, Mal-Lopenica, Mezhirechskaya, Mogilevtsy, Mstibov, Mstivobo, Mstibovskaya, Narevka, Novodvory, Orancy, Penyugovskaya, Peski, Peskovskaya, Piesk, Podbolote, Podorsk, Podorskaya, Porozov/o, Porozovskaya, Ross, Rosskaya, Samarevicheskaya, Shidlovichi, Shidlovichskaya, Shimkovskaya, Slavatichi, Sventica, Svisloch, Svislochskaya, Tarpolskaya, Tolochmanskaya, Vereiki, Vereikovskaya, Vichukovskaya, Volkovsyk, Yalovka, Yushovskaya, Zelzin, Zelzinskaya, Zelva, Zelvyanskaya

Volkovsyky Uezd Population by Religion in 1887
 
Religion Volkovysk Volkoviski uezd
men women men women
Orthodox 717 606 63747 25321
Catholic 1118 1107 16476 21325
Protestant 133 1527
Jewish 1574 1274 78241 90738
Mohammedan 11 9 27 865
Total 3420 2996 61207 129776

1887 Volkovysky Uezd Population by Social Class
 
Title of the Estates Volkov Volkovyski uezd
men women men women
Nobility 1) hereditary 32 27 603 532
2) personal 101 92 77 88
Clergy 1) Orthodox "White" 3 64 66
1) Orthodox "Monkish"
2) Catholic "White" 1 40
2) Catholic "Monkish"
3)
4) 1 1
5) Jewish 1 15 14
6) Moslem
Urban Estates 1) Citizens (hereditary) 14 18
1) Citizens (personal) 22 17 5 7
2) Merchants 65 4 41 61
3) Middle-class 2649 2601 8188 8188
4) 105 96
Rural Estates 1) State peasants 42 34 16309 16002
2) Settlers 7 19 149 149
3) Peasants-proprietors 33593 33503
4) town peasants
5) Free people
6)
Military Estates 1) regular troops 315 68 526 4
2) irregular troops
3) 46 17 1462 1069
4) retired lower ranks 15 9 1099 1099
5) soldiers' children 10 4 268 264
Foreign VI. Foreign Subjects 6 8 273 182
VII. People who do not belong above<= /TD> 32 44
TOTAL 3420 2996 64876 61207

 

Volkovysky Uezd, Grodno gubernia fairs in 1887

Volkovsyk: 29 Jun

Zelva: from 25 Jun til 25 Jul

Porozov: 9 May, 13 Jun, 15 Aug, 8 Sep, 1 Nov, 6 Dec

Svisloch: 4 Mar, 20 May, 23 and 24 Aug

Yalovka: 7 Jan, 13 Jun, 15 Sep

Mstibov: 23 Apr, 24 Jun, 26 Nov

Ross: 1 Apr, 23 Apr

Volkovysk town and Volkovyski uezd Livestock in 1884:

Horses: 380/15321

Cattle: 820/46012

Sheep, simple: 325/44385

Sheep with thin fleece: 0/11931

Pigs: 682/40119

Goats: 250/283

Donkeys/mules: 0/0

Total livestock in Volkovysk: 2457

Total livestock in Volkovsyki uezd: 174,008

Buildings in Volkovysk in 1887: stone/wood

Habitations =96public: 3/

- church/monastery: /4

- social: 2/1

- private: 30/739

Public shop:

Social shop:

Private shop: /1

Social store:

Private store: 252/80

Theater:

Total: 287/825

Volkovysk 1887 Statistics for these zashtatnye cities, places, and pos= ady
 
Name of Settlement 1887 Population Distance from Gubernia city= Distance from district city= Lat/ Long Postal Address (P.S)
Volkovysk 6416 84 53 10 42 38 Volkovysk
Zelva p. 3094 108 24 53 9 42 59 Zelva
Izabelin p 310 101 10 53 5 42 43 Volkovysk
Lyskovo p 1285 121 37 52 51 42 46 Podorosk
Mal-Lopenica p 339 111 14 53 1 42 40 Volkovsyk
Mstibov p 1166 101.75 16 53 6 42 25 Volkovsyk
Novodvory p 1305 94 40 52 50 42 31 Volkovysk
Pesky p 1915 70 24 53 21 42 47 Pesky
Porozovo p 2279 84 28 52 57 42 32 Volkovysk
Ross p 844 70 15.75 53 17 42 34 Ross
Svisloch p 2424 70 29.75 53 2 42 15 Svisloch

Volkovyski uezd 1887 camps and Volosts with postal addresses

volost=smallest administrative/territorial unit of pre-Revolutionary Tsarist Russia;

Guberniya=Basic administrative/territorial unit of pre-Revolutionary Russia;

1 desyatina=  1.0925 hektar; 1 hectar = 10,000 square meters
 
Camp Desig-nation Name of district camps name of places: camp flats & volosts govern- ment Post Address Distance from camp flat Distance from district city Distance from gubernia city
1st  1st camp place: Izabelin city: Volkovysk 10 101
1st  Volost Izabelinskaya place: Izabelin city: Volkovysk 10 101
1st  Volost Podorskaya village: Podorsk Podorsk 14 24 100
1st  Volost Penyugovskaya village: Slavatichi city: Volkovysk 26 36 110
1st  Volost Mezhirechskaya village: Mezireche city: Volkovysk 15 24 100
1st  Volost Zelvyanskaya place: Zelva place: Zelva 20 24 108
2nd  2nd camp place: Lyskovo place: Zelva 37 121
2nd  Volost Zelzinskaya village: Zelzin Podorosk 25 35 110
2nd  Volost Lyskovskaya place: Lyskovo Podorosk 37 121
2nd  Volost Porozovskaya place: Pozorovo city: Volkovysk 20 28 84
2nd  Volost Gornostaevichskaya village: Gornostaevichi city: Volkovysk 22 20 88
2nd  Volost Tolochmanskaya Vel. Sventica city: Volkovysk 32 20 84
3rd  3rd camp place: Svisloch place: Svisloch 30 70
3rd  Volost Svislochskaya place: Svisloch place: Svisloch 30 70
3rd  Volost Boyarskaya village: Kolonnyi place: Svisloch 12 30 82
3rd  Volost Dombrovolskaya village: Dobrovol place: Svisloch 15 42 86
3rd  Volost Shimkovskaya village: Yaklovka place: Svisloch 14 41 82
3rd  Volost Yushovskaya village: Luplyanka place: Svisloch 18 46 82
3rd  Volost Tarpolskaya village: Levkovo Narevka 32 60 92
4th  4th camp place: Ross place: Ross 15.75 70
4th  Volost Rosskaya place: Ross place: Ross 15.75 70
4th Volost Vereikovskaya village: Vereiki city: Volkovysk 18 22 57
4th  Volost Shidlovichskaya village: Shidlovichi city: Volkovysk 22 20 8
4th  Volost Mstibovskaya place: Mstivobo place: Ross 24 16 102
4th  Volost Vichukovskaya village: Orancy place: Ross 18 12 75
5th  5th camp place: Peski place: Peski 24 70
5th  Volost Peskovskaya place: Peski place: Peski 24 70
5th  Volost Samarevicheskaya village: Podbolote Zelva 17 22 84
5th  Volost Kremyanickaya village: Derkachi city: Volkovysk 20 12 76
5th  Volost Biskunickaya village: Biskunicy city: Volkovysk 23 5 76

Volkovyski Uezd 1887 Surnames and Occupations
 
TOWN OCCUPATION SURNAME First Name Pharmacy Number
Piesk physician Bitner  Cheslav Nikolaevich
Peski pharmacy manager Dlugosh #59 
Mogilevtsy physician Dzyakonski  Kazimir Evstafjevich
Ross physician Karo Nikolai Eduardovich
Porozovo physician Mazurkevich Vikenti Osipovich
Zelva pharmacy owner Panotski  Ooma #58 
Parozovo  pharmacy manager Sabishinski #60
Peski pharmacy owner Saroseka Ivan #59 
Holstov physician Shenskovich Mustafa Ivanovich
Parozovo  pharmacy owner Tochilovski Ignati #60
Svisloch physician Bitner Vladimir Zdislavovich
Volkovysk physician Krushevski Yulii-Ivan Yulievich
Svisloch pharmacy owner Milgof #57
Svisloch pharmacy manager Shidlovski Karl  #57 
Volkovysk pharmacy owner Tyminski  Andrei #56

Volkovyski uezd towns

Izabelin, Zabelin:

Kagan and Levin (Yiddish and Hebrew Encyclopedias of Lithuania): ?274. 

Yizkor: Piesk V'Most, 1975.

1836 rabbi: Yitzak Elkhanan Spektor (1817-1896) but he later went to Kovbo.
1868 rabbi: Yakov David Wilovski (1845-1914) called "Ridbaz".

Piesk (Piaski, Peski) in 1921:
Bialystok province, 650 mi ENE of Bialystok. Flour mills, Jewish community in trade and crafts.
Jewish population: 1847-662; 1897-1,615 (67%); 1921-1,249. [Source: Kugelmass, Jack and Boyarin, Jonathan. From a Ruined Garden, p. 271, see 71]

see Piechotka, Maria and Kazimierz. Wooden Synagogues, 1959.

1912 rabbi: Zvi Hirsh Kviat (1870-?)

yizkor: Piesk V Most, 1975 and Ayarah al chol, 1968 by Rach= el Shtilerman.

Volkovsyk (Volkavisk):

Kagan and Levin (Yiddish and Hebrew Encyclopedias of Lithuania) 2611.

yizkor: Volkavisker Yizkor Buch, 1949.

EJ article.

1887: Hamelitz correspondent was Menela Tamarin.
1889-at least 1894 rabbi: Yosef Eliasberg.
birthplace of Boston City Councilman, US congressman, Spanish-American War captain, composer of "God Save America," Samuel Hyman Borofsky (1865-?) .

see Piechotka, Maria and Kazimierz. Wooden Synagogues, 1959.

Yaluvka (Jalowka):

Kagan and Levin (Yiddish and Hebrew Encyclopedias of Lithuania) 3949.

mention in yizkor: Piesk V'Most, 1975.

Zelva (Zelwa, Bolshoye Selo/Velkaves/Malaya Zelva):

Kagan and Levin (Yiddish and Hebrew Encyclopedias of Lithuania) 3228. 

EJ article.

birthplace of Isaac Broyde 1867-1922, immigrated 1900 and was Jewish Division librarian of NY Public Library.

Zelva is a small town, center of Zelva district, situated on the left bank of the river Zelvyanka about 129 kilometers from Grodno on the Volkovysk-Slonim road. 1992 population: 8300. The town is first mentioned in the Chronicles of 1470 when Michail Nachovich established a Catholic church in Big Zelva. In 1477, a Catholic church was established on the estate "Small Zelva" that belonged to Ivan Geneitavich. In the sixteenth century, the Grand Duke of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania presented Small Zelva to the governor of Zhaimoityi: Stanislav Yanovich Kezhgail. In the beginning of sixteenth century,  the hospital belonging to the church of Big Zelva was established. In the first half of the sixteenth century, Zelva belonged to Ivan Vishnevski, Yuri Illinich, Ivan Zaberezinski, and Mihail Zenovjevich. In 1524, according to the documents, Big Zelva was called a mestechko [town] of Volkovysk povet. In 1536 and in 1565, it was privately owned. In 1550-1560, Malaya Zelva belonged to Stanislav Komarovski and Bolshaya Zelva belonged to Yan Glebovich. In 1568, Yuri Illinich presented Bolshaya Zelva to Mihail Krishtaf Radzivil who then presented it to Yazerski in 1581. The name "Zelva" was adopted at this time.

In the first half of the seventeenth century, Zelva belonged to Sapega. I n 1616, the mestechko consisted of a market, three streets (Dvornaya Street, Myazheritskaya Street, and Volkovyskaya Street), seventeen taverns, and two mills. In 1643, Kazimir Sapega met there with a king of Rechpospolitaya [Poland], Vladislav IV. Beginning 1655, it belonged to Duke Polubenski. From 1685-1831, Zelva belonged to Sapega again. In 1690, it was a center of Volkovysk povet with ninety houses. In 1720, Zelva obtained the right to hold fairs . In 1739, Piyary established a residence there.

In the second half of the eighteenth century, the Zelva fair were considered to be among the biggest in all of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The people mostly sold horses. In the middle of the market place was a hotel and two hundred shops. In 1795, Zelva was governed by the Russian Empire and was a volostj center of Volkovysk povet. In the end of eighteenth century, there were 147 houses.

In 1809, there were 143 houses. In 1831, Zelva was confiscated from Sapega by the state. In 1863, there were 163 houses, 1315 people, a Catholic church, an Orthodox church, three synagogues, a mill, a school and a brewery. In 1897, there were 2879 people, a technical school, a hospital, one mill, a brewery, a honey factory, and a candle factory. In 1908-1913, woodcutting factory existed.

I n the twentieth century, Malaya Zelva merged with Bolshaya Zelva. During the World War I, Germany occupied it. In 1919 and 1920, the Polish Army occupied Zelva. Beginning in 1921, Poland governed it as a gmina [town] center in Volkovysk powiat of Belostok voevodstvo. In 1939, it belonged to the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic.

Beginning January 15, 1940 it was a small town and district center. On July 1, 1941, occupying Nazis killed 6049 people in Zelva and its region. In July 12, 1944, the Red Army liberated from Nazi control. In 1962-1966, it belonged to Volkovysk district. In 1971, the population of 4300 had a construction plant, a buttery, a public service factory, three secondary schools, a forestry school, a music school, a sports school, a youth center, a kindergarten, a House of Culture, a cinema, two libraries, and a Monument to the Heroes. Architectural landmarks: Troitskaya Church (19th century), the Catholic Church of Lady Maria (early 20th century). 1.5 kilometers to the west is an  archeological site: settlement "Goprodistche" and an ancient site to be excavated. A Belorussian poet Geniush lived there.

Sources:

Sachenka B. I [editor], Encyclopedia of the History of Belarus. 1996, Volume 3, p.455.

Ksiega Adresowa Handlowa, Warszawa Bydgoszcz 1929
 
 

Copyright by Ellen Sadove Renck-1999
HTML by Joanne Saltman