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Archival sources concerning the relationship between Partisans and the local population during the Nazi Occupation in Belarus (1941-1944)

contributed by Miriam Margolyes

These archival sources contain the following types of records:

  1. Documents relating to combat operations (organization of the partisan reserves, commandant's offices and self-defense groups; participation of the local residents in Partisans' combat operations).
  2. Documents relating to field services (collection of foodstuffs, clothes, money and arms for Partisans; Partisans' assistance to the local people in the sowing and harvesting campaign).
  3. Documents relating to the medical service of Partisans and the civilian population.
  4. Documents demonstrating different aspects of the relationship between Partisans and the local people. 

    The documents shown below are held at the National Archives of the Republic of Belarus (NARB). 

    Abbreviations:

    CC CP(b)B -Central Committee of the Communist Party (of bolsheviks) of Belarus; 
    RC CP(b)B - Regional Committee of the Communist Party (of bolsheviks) of Belarus;
    DC CP(b)B - District Committee of the Communist Party (of bolsheviks) of Belarus; 
    CPC BSSR - Council of People's Commissars of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic; 
    CHPM - Central Headquarters of Partisan Movement;
    BHPM - Belarusian Headquarters of Partisan Movement.

Documents relating to combat operations (organization of the Partisan reserves, commandant's offices and self-defence groups; participation of the local residents in the partisan combat operations) 

Summary report of the Partisan brigade named after Dzerzhinsky (Brest Region) for 1943 about participation of local residents from the villages Gitchychitsy, Vlasovtsy and Khodoki in the brigade's combat operations: Fond 4, Inv. 33a, File 479, Folio 8-9

Order of 17.01.1943 on setting up the Partisan reserves and combat groups in the Ponomarenko brigade (Minsk Region): Fond 4, Inv. 33, File 495, Folio 116-117

Order of 3.02.1943 for the Kirov detachment (Luninets district, Polesye region) on organization of commandant's offices; instructions about the rights and activities of the village commandants: Fond 4119, Inv. 1, File 2, Folio 47

Letter to the commander of the Partisan formation in the Slutsk Partisan-controlled zone (Minsk Region) dated 9.02.1943 about reinforcement of Partisan struggle: Fond 3515, Inv. 1, File 1, Folio 24-26

Order of 21.04.1943 on formation of the Partisan armed group in the village of Snyadyn, Petrikov district: Fond 4126, Inv. 1, File 20, Folio 8 

Order on organization of voluntary groups in the Marchenko brigade (Minsk Region), dated June, 1943: Fond 3500, Inv. 4., File 24, Folio 22 23

Instruction for the Pervomaisky Partisan detachment in the Pervomaisky brigade (Baranovichi Region) of 29.06.1943 "About Partisan attack of the "self-defense" guard-house in the town of Novogrudok": Fond 3610, Inv. 1, File 16, Folio 4

Order of 8.09.1943 on setting up the Partisan reserve bases in the brigade named after D. V. Tyabut (Vitebsk Region): Fond 3793, Inv. 1, File 3, Folio 176

Report for the Voroshilov Partisan brigade (Vitebsk Region) for November, 1943 about assistance of the local people in intelligence, communication and combat operations of Partisans: Fond 3887, Inv. 1, File 47, Folio 2 3 

Order 15 for the Bogushevsk Partisan brigade (Vitebsk Region) dated 12.12.1943 on organization of the short-term training courses for preparation of junior commanders from the local populace: Fond 3884, Inv. 1, File 1, Folio 14

Order 14 dated March, 1944 for the Partisan detachment named after I. I. Chukhlai (Pinsk Region) on organization of training centers for the residents of Leninsky District: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 287, Folio 32-33

Documents relating to medical service of Partisans and civilian population 

Report of 28.01.1943 on the Partisan hospital in the Slutsk Partisan-controlled zone: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 158, Folio 39

Letter of September, 1942 addressed to the CC CP(b)B by the secretary of the Klichev underground district committee of the CP(b)B Y. I. Zayats with request to send a doctor and medicines: Fond 4164, Inv. 1, File 3, Folio 3

Report of 15.05.1943 on the state of medical and health service in the Chapaev brigade (Vitebsk Region): Fond 3793, Inv. 1, File 81, Folio112

Final examination register of medical nurses from the Voroshilov and Kutuzov detachments in the brigade "Death of fascism" ("Smert fashizmu") (Minsk Region), dated 12.12.1943: Fond 4087, Inv. 1, File 6, Folio 15

Order 0119 for the Frunze brigade (Vileika Region) dated 22.12.1943 about medical service of Partisans and local population: Fond 3785, Inv. 1, File 37, Folio 102, 103

Extract from the report on the state of medical service in the Belostok Partisan formation from August 1943 to July 1944: Fond 3649, Inv. 1, File 5, Folio 98 103

Extract from the report to the BHPM on organization of medical service in the Suvorov brigade (Vileika Region) and health care of Partisans and local people in 1944.: Fond 3782, Inv. 1, File 12, Folio 98, 100 102, 106 

Extract from the report of I. Insarov, the chief of the BHPM Medical Service, addressed to the CC CP(b)B dated March 1944 about supplying medicines and medical equipment to the Belarusian Partisans: Fond 3500, Inv. 2, File 1027, Folio 77 79

Documents demonstrating different aspects of relationship between Partisans and local population

Report on the Chechersk district underground organization (Gomel Region) for the period from 14.08.1941 to 1.08.1943: Fond 4, Inv. 33, File 184, Folio 19

Resolution of the CPC BSSR and CC CP(b)B on creation of food bases for the Partisan detachments in the Vitebsk region, 1942: Fond 4, Inv. 3, File 1232, Folio 200

Report dated 12.07.1942 of the Berezino DC CP(b)B Chief to the field commandant's office in Mogilev about the disruption by Partisans to the tax collection carried out by the Occupation authorities in the district.: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 89, Folio 1

Instructions of P. K. Ponomarenko dated 5.02.1943 concerning orders for all Partisans detachments to be ready for action to defend the local population: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 30, Folio 344

Brief survey of the BHPD intelligence department dated 15.02.1943 referring to the situation in the occupied territory of the Polesye region: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 216, Folio 6-11

Report of the commander of the "Chekist" Partisan brigade (Mogilev Region) dated March 1943 concerning the formation of self-defense groups and their combat actions.: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 88, Folio 32-34

Extract from the report of the Suvorov Partisan detachment (Khoiniki district, Polesye region) dated 4.04.1943 concerning helping the local people with draught animals.: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 231, Folio 56

Minutes of the meetings of the Gressk DC CP(b)B (Minsk Region) for May 1943: Fond 4, Inv. 33, File 497

Resolution of the Senno underground DC CP(b)B (Vitebsk Region) dated 24.07.1943 concerning the preparation for Winter of the Partisan brigades, the detachments deployed in the Senno district and referring to the participation of local people in this work.: Fond 4, Inv. 33, File 484, Folio 214

Resolution of the Gressk underground DC CP(b)B (Minsk Region) dated 30.07.1943 concerning the harvesting campaign and food supplies for the Partisans and the local population.: Fond 4, Inv. 33, File 497, Folio 30

Resolution signed by the CC CP(b)B Secretary P. K. Ponomarenko concerning the harvesting campaign of 1943.: Fond 4, Inv. 3, File 1245, Folio 40

Internal report of 7.09.1943 referring to the tasks of the Iliya DC CP(b)B: Fond 4, Inv. 33, File 490, Folio 175-178

Order of B. Platon, the BHPM and CC CP(b)B Commissioner, member of the Baranovichi underground RC CP(b)B dated 6.12.1943 to the secretaries of the Yuratishki and Ivie RC CP(b)B, and to the commander and commissar of the brigade "Vperiod" (Forward)": Fond 3620, Inv.. 1, File 1, Folio 19

Report of the Vitebsk RC CP(b)B Secretary B. Stulov to the CC CP(b)B dated 24.04.1944 concerning the state of the Partisan movement in the occupied districts of the Vitebsk region and about the situation in the Surazh Partisan-controlled zone: Fond 4, Inv. 29, File 158, Folio 201 208

Report of the 15th Partisan brigade's commander M. I. Badin to the BHPM commissioner at the Kalinin front Ryzhykov, dated 25.08.1944, detailing the instances of looting amongst the Partisans: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 16, Folio 179 180

Political report of the "Diadi Koli" brigade's commissar, dated August 1944, to the secretary of the Minsk RC CP(b)B Machulsky about the poor attitude of the brigade's Partisans towards the local population: Fond 4, Inv. 33, File 495, Folio 55

Record of the Danukalov Partisan brigade (Liozno district, Vitebsk region), 1944: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 22 

Record of the Dovator Partisan brigade (Kurenets district, Vileika region), 1944: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 59

Record of the 32th Partisan brigade named after Kalinin (Krasnaya Sloboda district, Minsk region), 1944: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 163

Record of the Partisan brigade named after Stalin (Baranovichi region), 1944: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 245

Record of the Chapaev Partisan brigade (Kobrin district, Brest region), 1944: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 317

Record of the Partisan brigade named after Lenin (Gantsevichi district, Pinsk region), 1944: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 281

Record of the Shchors Partisan brigade (Chechersk district, Gomel region), 1944: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 197 

Record of the Partisan brigade named after A. Nevsky (Baranovichi region), 1944: Fond 3500, Inv. 4, File 243

Record of the 8th Partisan brigade (Brest region), 1944:

2003 Belarus SIG