CURRENT CZECH NAME: Hodonin
OTHER NAMES/SPELLINGS: Göding, Goeding
LOCATION: Hodonin is a small town in Moravia, located at 48.52 longitude and 17.08 latitude, 55-60 km SW of Brno (seeMap - by Mapquest, then click on your browser's "Back" button to return to this page).
HISTORY: A Jewish community
existed in Hodonin as early as the first half of the 17th century.
Most Jewish families of the fairly large community were expelled from the
town in the 18th century. Only 13 Jewish families were granted permission
to reside in Hodonin in 1798-1848: David Bauer; Isak Berger; Samson
Frankl; Lazar Frankfurt; Benjamin Haas; Israel Körner; Isak Mändel
(Rabbi Sekl Göding); Markus Matzner; Markus Popper; Lazar Redlich;
Jakob Stiasny; Bernhard Weiner and Benjamin Weller.
GENEALOGICAL RESOURCES: Birth, Death and Marriage record books for Hodonin may be located at the Czech State Archives in Prague, Statni istredni archiv, tr. Milady Horokove 133, CZ-166 21 Praha 6, Czech Republic, tel/fax: +42 (2) 333-20274. Search JewishGen/Internet resources for Hodonin.
NOTABLE RESIDENTS AND DESCENDANTS:. The journalist and author Siegmund Kolisch (b. 1816 Korycany, d. 28 December 1886 Hodonin) owned a mine in Hodonin. His brotherís gg-grandson, E. Randol Schoenberg, is the author of Getting Started With Czech-Jewish Genealogy on the Austria-Czech SIG web page and the submitter of this page.
SYNAGOGUES: A synagogue was built in the former ghetto in the 17th century, and rebuilt in the 19th century when Moorish style elements were added. It was destroyed during the Nazi occupation.
CEMETERIES: There are two
Jewish cemeteries in Hodonin. One cemetery location is suburban,
on flat land, isolated, and marked by a sign or plaque in written
in the local language. The marker mentions the Jewish community cemetery.
The cemetery is reached by turning directly off a public road, and it is
open to all. It is surrounded by no wall or fence and there is no
gate. The approximate size of cemetery is 0.7918 hectares, with the
boundaries unchanged since 1939. There are 1 to 20 stones, none in
their original locations. Stones are datable from 17th century to
19th century. The cemetery has tombstones and memorial markers made
of marble and granite. The tombstones are variously flat shaped stones,
finely smoothed and inscribed stones and flat stones with carved relief
decoration. Some of the tombstones have traces of painting on their
surfaces, with iron decorations or lettering and with bronze decorations
or lettering. Inscriptions on tombstones are in Hebrew, German and
Czech. The cemetery contains no special memorial monuments nor any
known mass graves. The present owner of the cemetery property is
the municipality, and the cemetery property is now used for recreation
use (park, playground, sports field). The adjacent properties are
commercial or industrial. The cemetery is visited occasionally by
private visitors. Vandalism occurred during World War II, and
between 1945 and 1981. Although no maintenance has been performed,
there is occasional clearing or cleaning by authorities. Uncontrolled
access and vandalism pose a moderate threat; weather erosion, pollution,
vegetation, existing nearby development and proposed nearby development
constitute additional threats.
CONTACTS: Town officials: Magistrate ing. Frantisek Karkoska, Mestsky urad, 695 32 Hodonin, tel. 0628/22519. Local officials: Anna Cinkova, Mestsky urad - referat kultury, 695 32 Hodonin, tel. 0628/22519. Regional officials: PhDr. Jaromir Micka, Okresni urad - referat kultury, 695 00 Hodonin, tel. 0628/416. Interested parties: Muzeum T.G. Masaryka, dir. Dr. Tatana Martonova, zamecek, 695 00 Hodonin, tel. 0628/21834. Other sources: Marketa Mlynska, Druzstevni ctvrt 12/3131, 695 03 Hodonin, tel. 0628/22851.
SOURCES: Gedenkbuch der Untergegangenen Judengemeinden Mährens, Hugo Gold ed. (1974), pp.. 54-56; Die Juden und JudengemeindenMährens in Vergangenheit unde Gegenwart, Hugo Gold ed. (1929), pp: 211-224 (pictures); Jiri Fiedler, Jewish Sights of Bohemia and Moravia (1991), p. 73; International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies Cemetery Project, Czech Republic, Hodonin.
SUBMITTER: E. Randol Schoenberg, 3436 Mandeville Canyon Road, Los Angeles, California 90049-1020 USA. Tel: 1-310-472-3122 (h), 1-213-473-2045 (w). Fax: 1-213-473-2222. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Web Page: http://www.schoenberglaw.com.
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